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  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    Fundamentals of Sport &

    Exercise Nutrition


    Check your receipt for course expiration date.

    After that date no credit will be awarded for this program.

  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    How to Complete this Program

    Thank you for choosing an Exercise ETC correspondence program for your continuing education needs. To earn your CECs/CEUs you will need to read

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  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    Fundamentals of Sport and Exercise Nutrition

    Course Objectives

    After completing the Fundamentals of Sport and Exercise Nutrition

    course, the participant will:

    1. Understand the definition of Sport Nutrition and how it applies to

    athletic performance.

    2. Learn the history of Sport Nutrition from the early 1900’s to present

    day, and how the science and discoveries along the way have impacted how athletes are encouraged to eat and supplement in the

    modern day.

    3. Understand that sport nutrition is equally as important as the training

    program in achieving long-term goals, performance, and recovery for novice athletes up to professional athletes.

    4. Gain an appreciation of the job opportunities for a Sport Nutritionist and the process for obtaining a certification.

    5. Know the difference between a Sport Dietitian and a Sport Nutritionists.

    6. Understand the concept of Scope of Practice and how it protects both the consumer and the practitioner.

    7. Understand energy in the body as it relates to adenosine triphosphate and how the creatine phosphate system, anaerobic metabolism, and

    oxidative phosphorylation work to create it, and when each of these energy systems is needed.

    8. Understand where creatine is made in the body, what food sources it is contained in, and the increase in performance that supplementing with

    creatine can have.

    9. Understand the concept of metabolism and the basic concept of

    calories in versus calories out in weight maintenance, weight loss, and weight gain.

  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    10. Be able to differentiate between basal metabolic rate and resting

    metabolic rate, and understand the thermic effect of food on metabolism.

    11. Learn the guidelines to follow to reduce body fat in an athlete, including the correct time to attempt fat loss, and the effects it can

    have on performance.

    12. Learn the appropriate percentages of carbohydrates, fat and protein

    that an athlete needs to have for maximal performance and recovery, and how meals should be spaced throughout the day.

    13. Understand the effects of starvation diets.

    14. Understand the make-up of a carbohydrate, sources of carbohydrates,

    how it is stored in the muscle as glycogen, and the amount of carbohydrates obtained from fruits, vegetables, grains, beans, milk,

    nuts, and sugar.

    15. Learn the appropriate carbohydrate consumption for varied levels of

    fitness, carbohydrate products that have been developed specifically for athletes, and the amount of carbohydrates that should be consumed

    before, during and after exercise.

    16. Understand the importance of carbohydrate loading for athletes

    involved in prolonged endurance events, the protocol to follow, and symptoms the athlete may suffer during the process.

    17. Learn the research history of protein supplementation, as well as an understanding of the 20 amino acids, which make up proteins in the

    body, including which are essential, and which are non-essential.

    18. Understand the importance of protein in other body structures besides

    skeletal muscle.

    19. Understand the concept of anabolic versus catabolic and what the

    appropriate consumption of protein is for various types of individuals and athletes.

    20. Be able to adjust protein requirements based on a weight loss diet, know how to increase protein requirements for a vegetarian, and

    understand how to decrease total caloric consumption if protein supplementation is used after a workout.

    21. Understand recommendations for fat in the general population and athletic populations.

  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    22. Learn the chemical make-up of a fat molecule, and what differentiates

    a saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fat, and the foods where they can be found.

    23. Learn how fat is digested, stored, and utilized for energy.

    24. Learn how the percentage of fat used changes based on being at rest

    and varying different levels of physical activity.

    25. Understand the impact of excessive intake of saturated fat and the

    formation of LDL cholesterol, and how it can impact health.

    26. Understand what a vitamin is, the difference between fat soluble and

    water soluble vitamins, and the function of the B-complex vitamins, vitamin D, vitamin E, and folate.

    27. Know the Dietary Reference Intakes for the 13 essential vitamins and the tolerable upper intake level.

    28. Understand that many athletes do not meet recommended intakes because of dietary restriction, and that they need higher amounts of

    antioxidants due to oxidative stress from physical activity.

    29. Learn the difference between vitamins and minerals, the role of

    calcium and vitamin D in bone health, the role of iron in oxygen transport, and the role of zinc in immune health.

    30. Know the recommended daily intake of the 21 minerals required in the human body, which minerals are likely to be deficient in athletic and

    non-athletic populations, and sources of minerals in food.

    31. Understand the importance of fluid and electrolyte balance in the body

    and how it is affected by sweating

    32. Learn how to make an individualized plan for fluid and electrolyte

    replacement for athletes before, during and after exercise.

    33. Learn the signs of dehydration, the effect on performance of

    dehydration, and the complications that can occur from hyperthermia.

    34. Understand the different methods of determining body weight, fat free

    mass, and body mass index, and understand how increased body fat can impact health.

  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    Fundamentals of Sport and Exercise Nutrition

    CEC/CEU Test

    This is a multiple choice test. Circle the best answer for each question.

    1. What is the purpose of applying nutrition principles for sport nutrition?

    A. Improving training

    B. Recovering from training C. Increasing body fat

    D. Improving performance

    2. When were the first studies on sport nutrition regarding carbohydrates and fat done?

    A. 1930’s B. 1940’s

    C. 1950’s D. 1960’s

    3. When were the first studies on glycogen storage, use and resynthesize


    A. 1930’s

    B. 1940’s C. 1950’s

    D. 1960’s

    4. Which college in the 1960’s was the first to create an electrolyte beverage, later known as Gatorade?

    A. Ohio State B. University of Florida

    C. Stanford University D. Harvard

  • © 2016 by Exercise ETC Inc. All rights reserved.


    5. In what year was the Krebs cycle discovered for fatty acid metabolism?

    A. 1913 B. 1919

    C. 1927 D. 1937

    6. Approximately how many grams of carbohydrate per kilogram of body

    weight daily will benefit marathon runners and other long distance endurance athletes?

    A. 2 grams B. 4 grams

    C. 8 grams D. 15 grams


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