Functions of Bones - Wikispaces Skeletal+...•Movement due to attached skeletal muscles ... •Blood cell formation. 2 Jan 91:53 PM Types of Bones Human skeleton has 206 bones ... The Muscular System

Download Functions of Bones - Wikispaces Skeletal+...•Movement due to attached skeletal muscles ... •Blood cell formation. 2 Jan 91:53 PM Types of Bones Human skeleton has 206 bones ... The Muscular System

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  • 1

    Jan91:53PM

    TheSkeletal&MuscularSystems

    Jan91:53PM

    FunctionsofBones Supportofthebody

    Protectionofsoftorgans

    Movementduetoattachedskeletalmuscles

    Storageofmineralsandfats

    Bloodcellformation

  • 2

    Jan91:53PM

    TypesofBonesHumanskeletonhas206bones

    Jan91:53PM

    MicroscopicAnatomyofBone

  • 3

    Jan91:53PM

    TypesofBoneCells

    OsteocytesMaturebonecells

    OsteoblastsBoneformingcells

    OsteoclastsBonedestroyingcells

    Jan91:53PM

    StagesintheHealingofaFracture

  • 4

    Jan91:53PM

    TheAxialSkeleton

    Formsthelongitudinalpartofthebody

    Dividedintothreeparts

    SkullVertebralcolumnBonythorax

    Jan91:53PM

    TheSkull Twosetsofbones

    CraniumFacialbones

    Bonesarejoinedbyfusedjoints

    Onlythemandibleisattachedbyafreelymovablejoint

  • 5

    Jan91:53PM

    TheSkull

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheSkull

  • 6

    Jan91:53PM

    TheFetalSkull

    Thefetalskullislargecomparedtotheinfantstotalbodylength

    Gapsallowthebraintogrowoverthenext2years

    Jan91:53PM

    TheVertebralColumn

    Cervicalvertebraecomprisetheneck7

    Thoracicvertebraehaveribsgrowingoffofthem12

    Lumbarvertebraecomprisethelowerback5

  • 7

    Jan91:53PM

    Jan91:53PM

    TheBonyThorax Formsacagetoprotectmajororgans

    Madeupofthreeparts

    SternumRibsThoracicvertebrae

  • 8

    Jan91:53PM

    TheAppendicularSkeleton

    Limbs(appendages)

    Pectoralgirdle

    Pelvicgirdle

    Jan91:53PM

    ThePectoralGirdle

    ComposedoftwobonesClaviclecollarboneScapulashoulder

    blade

    Allowarmstohaveexceptionallyfreemovement

  • 9

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheUpperLimb

    Thearmisformedbyasinglebone

    Humorous

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheUpperLimb

    Theforearmhastwobones

    Ulnapinkyside

    Radiusthumbside

  • 10

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheUpperLimb

    Thehand

    Carpalswrist

    Metacarpalspalm

    Phalangesfingers

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesofthePelvicGirdle

    Hipbones

    Comprisedofthreepairsoffusedbones

    Ilium Ischium Pubicbone

  • 11

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheLowerLimbs

    Thethighhasonebone

    Femur

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheLowerLimbs

    Theleghastwobones

    Tibiafrontleg Fibulabackleg

  • 12

    Jan91:53PM

    BonesoftheLowerLimbs

    Thefoot

    Tarsalsankle

    Metatarsalssole

    Phalangestoes

    Jan91:53PM

    TheMuscularSystem

    Threebasicmuscletypesarefoundinthebody

    Smoothmuscle Cardiacmuscle Skeletalmuscle

  • 13

    Jan91:53PM

    SmoothMuscle Involuntarynoconsciouscontrol

    Foundmainlyinthewallsofholloworgans

    Alsolinebloodvessels

    Slow,sustainedandtireless

    Jan91:53PM

    CardiacMuscle

    Involuntary

    Foundonlyintheheart

    Beat100,000timesaday,35milliontimesayear,andover2.5billiontimesinalifetime

  • 14

    Jan91:53PM

    SkeletalMuscle

    Producemovement

    Maintainposture

    Stabilizejoints

    Generateheat

    Jan33:03PM

    AnatomicalTerms DistalAwayfromthemainpart

    ProximalClosetothemainpart

    CranialEndwiththemouth

    CaudalOppositeendofthemouth

    AnteriorTowardstheheadend

    PosteriorTowardsthetailend

    DorsalBackside

    VentralBellyside

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