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Full text of "Collections - State Historical Society of Wisconsin"

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3 1833 01052 7130

Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center






State Historid\l Society


\ For the Tears iSS:;, iSS'^, and iSS;.

\ . DRdPBK

vox.. X.

With a GExia^Ai, T.ndkx to Vols. I. X.



I lS8S.


This tenth volume of the Wisconsin Historical Sociefy's Coll cat ions com\)\etcF, the first series; of the^woik, end in- cludes a full index of the whole. Little need, be offered by way of apology or explanation. In the infancy and poverty of the State, it was difficult at first to enlist the sympathies and encouragement of our people in the work of saving our historic materials; diflicult to avert the obstacles thrown in the vray by a doubting or querulous Legislature: difficult to secure even the smallest pittance for the most pressing needs of an irifant institution; and difficult to secure the early publication of its garnerings, even in the rudest form. To inspire faith and hope, that what v/as sought to lay the loundations of such an institution was really necessary, or would contribute to the honor, fame and up-building of the youthful State, was a matter of no small effort. But it is gratifying to refiect, that all our early promises of useful- ness, and pledges of economy, with faithfulness and devo- tion to the work in hand, have been fully met, and even niore than realized.

During a period of over thirty years, under a single guid- ance, much of our Early Wisconsin story has been brought out, and not a little of it pretty thoroughly discussed and elucidated. Our pioneers have aided materially in this good work Grignon, Brisbois, Shaw, Lockwood, Ellis, Childs, Mteker, Mr. and Mrs. Baird, Martin, tlie Parkinsons, Bracken, Lapham, Strong, Lothrop, Frank, Clark, Fonda, Powell, Vieau, De La Ronde, Beouchard, Mrs. Bristol, P>runson, Ilolton, Merrill, Peet, Rice, Whitford, Butler, and many others.

Such an array of contributors have very naturally covered a" wide range of topics, embracing nearly every- thing touching the primitive history of Wisconsin and the

4c Wisconsin State Historical Society.

Northwest arcli.T'ology, Indian manners, wars, customs, language, Indian nomenclature, and Indian trade; early French exploration, settlement, growth of the country, pro- gress of education, and pioneer biography.

Not a little yet remains, in the way of details, to be developed, and wrought into historical narrative. Many doubts and difficulties have been explained in the course of these thirty odd years' discussions, so that it will be easier hereafter to investigate the sources, subjects, and details of our early history. The more modern era of settlement and expansion has yet to be grappled with and elucidated; but the gathering of the Lawe, Porlier, Boyd, Martin, and other papers will much facilitate the labor. The important part Wisconsin played in our civil war is yet to bo told, and considerable material has been gathered for this ])urpose.

Commencing this labor for the Society thirty odd years ngo, with no pecuniary resources whatever, v^ith only some i\{iy volumes, of which all but two were Wisconsin puhlica- lious, and now exhibiting some one hundred and eighteen thousand books, newspaper files and pamphlets a collec- tion uiJccjuaUed west of the Alleghanies with a galler}' of portraits, and a rare collection of prehistoric and other curiosities, witii the Library performing a splendid work in behalf of our literary investigato'-s, is a consummation most gratifying to the people of Wisconsin.

Devoutly trusting that the future may have great pros- perity in store for the Society, and that my successor, Keuben G. Thv/aites, may find his hands strengthened, and his h< art encouraged, in the great work upon which he ha.s entered witii so much spirit and enthusiasm, I retire from tho Society 's service with grateful thanks for the unflag- t(ing conridenco and encouragement I so constantly received from my associates, and the people of Wisconsin.

Lyman C. Draper.


Page .

iktroduction 8-4

Table of CoinTents -^-6


ISSi 9-10

1S85 11-12

Synopsis of Ankual RnroKi, 1SS3 13-20

188 1 20-28

1885 28-40

Jean Nicolkt, by F. II. Garneau and Rev. J. B. Ferland, with

notee by Benjamin Suite 41-46


Emanuel Crespel 47-53

French Foriii-ications neak the mouth of the Wisconsin.

"Hoi.i> THE Fout! " by Prof. Jaine5 D. Butler 54-03

Tay-cho-de-kah The Four Lake Country First White

Foot-Prints Thicre, bj Prof . J ) mop D . Batler Ci-S9

Laweand CxUIGNON Papers, 1701-1821 90-141

Papers of T. G. Anderson, British Indian Agent 143-149

Indian Gampaion of 1832, by Capt. Henry Smith 150-107

Reminiscences OF the Blaci". Hawk War, by Gen. Ri>b-rt And- erson KjS-I'G

Incident of the Black IIavvK War, by c;oI. Chas. WliitLlesey 170-177

Battle of Peckatonica, by Lieut. IJ. G. Fitch 178 -183

XoTES ON THE Black IIawk Wak, by Hon. Peter Parkinson 181-212 j

Sketches OF Indian Chiefs and Pioneers of the Northwest, by j

Col. John Shaw . ~ ''^ ---'

CAUt-Es OF THic Black IIawr War. by Hon. Orlando Brown 223-220

BiacK Hawk Scraps from old Newspapkr? 227-22S

Robert S. Black AND the Black Hawk War, by Geo. George

W.Jones 229-230

Reminiscences of Wisconsin in 1833, from The ^]adison Demo- crat 231-234

CoL. Henry Gratiot, a Pioneer of Wisconsin, by Hon. Elihu

B.Washburne ^^o-^&O

ilRs. Adele I'. Gratiot's Narrative 201-2*0

Early Wisconsln Exploration and Settlement, by Hon, James Sutherland 270-291


6 Wisconsin State Historical Society.

Page. NoTKS ON Early Wisconsin Exploration, Forts and Trading

Posts, by Kev. Edward D. Neill, D. D 292-306

French Fokt at Prairie du Chien a Myth, by Consul Willshirc

iUittei field : 307-320

Early F'rf.isCH Forts in Western Wisconsin, by Lyman C.

Draper ". 321-372

AuTooRAi'ii Collections of the Signers of the Declaration

of Independence, and of the Constitution, by Lyman C.

Draper 373-447

Sketch of Hon. Andrew Procdfit, by II tn.Breese J. Stevens. . 448-450 Memorial Sketches of O. 11. Conover, LL. D.

liesjlulions of regret, by Gen. DavM Atwood 451-452

Memorinl address, by R^v. Chas. IT. Richards, D. D 453-408

Memorial address by Ctupf Justice Ors imus Colo, LL. D 469-473

Wisconsin- Necrology, 1S79-S2, by Lymau C. Draper 474-490

Additions and Correction:; 491-509

General Index to Vol. I.-X. inclusive 511



'r':^rfiT ';t



J*reeidenf.^ Hoa. John A. Rice. Merton.

Vice-Presidents. lion. Harlow S. Ortou. LL. D., Madison; Hon. Morgan

L. Martin, Green Bay; Hon. James T. Lewis, LL. D., Columbus; Hon.

Jaines Sutherland. Jan. sville; Hon. M. M. Davis, Baraboo; Chauncey \

C. Biitt, Esq., Portage C ty; Hon. John H. Rountree, Platteville; Hon. i

Simeon I^lills, Madison; Hon. J. F. Potter, East Troy; Samuel Mar- j

shall, Esq., MiLvaukee; Hon. John T. Kingston, Nocedah; Gen. David

Atwood, Madison; Hon. Moses M. Strong, Mineral Point; Hon. Thad

C. Pound. Clr'ppewa Falls; Hon. J. J. Guppey, Portage City; and Fred.

S. Perkins, Esq., Burlington.

Honorary Vice-Presidents. Hon. Cyrus Woodman, Massachusetts; Hon.

G. W. Bradford, New York; Hon. Perry H. Smith, Illinois; Robert

Clarke, Esq., Ohio; Hon. A. C. Dodge, Iowa; Hon. L. J. Farwell,

Missouii; Hon. C. C. Trowbridge, Michigan; Chas. Fairchild, Esq.,

Massachusetts; Col. S. V. Shipman, IlliDois; Hon. Fhilo White, LL. D.,

New York; Hon. Araasa Cobb, Nebraska, and Samuel H. Hunt, Esq.,

New Jersey .

Corresponding Secretary. Ijymciu C. Draper, LL. D.

Jiecording Secretary. Robert M. Bash ford.

Treasurer. Jlon. A. H. Main.

L?T)rarjon Daniel S. Durrie.

Assistant JJhrarians Isabel Durrie, .and Isaac S. Bradley. Curators ex-officio Uou. J. M. Rusk, Governor; Hon. E. G. Timme, Sec- retary of State ; Hon. E. C. McFetridge, State Treasurer, and Hon. Alex. Mitchell. Life Director. For one 2/ear Ex-Gov. Lucius Fairchild, Dr. O. M. Conover, J. H. Car- penter. LL.D., Col. Wm. F. Vilas, Hon. B. J. Stevens, Prof. W. F. Allen, Hon. D. K. Tenney, Hon. A. B. Braley, CoL Thomas Reynolds, and Prof. R. B. Anderson. For two years James D. Butler, LL.D., Hon. B. E. Hutchinson, Hon. J. D. Gurnee, N. B. Van Slyke, Gen. C. P. Chapman, Hon. H. H. Giles, Isaac Lyon, Prof. J. B. Parkihson, Hon. G. B. Burrows, and Hon. J. A. Johnson. For three years Gen. G. P. Delnplaine, Hon. Andrew Proudfit, Hon. S. U. Pinney, Dr. Joseph Hobbins, Hon. R W. Keycs, Hon. S. D. Hust- ings, Geo. Raymer, lion. M. :M. Jackson, Sani'l Klauber, and Hon. J. C. Gregory.

I' ' : .. f.

i .hv-

8 Wisconsin State Historical Society.


Lihrarij, Farcha^cs and Fixtures 'Rvi?,\i, Tiiiime, McFetridge, Draper,

Conover, Burrows and Batler. Legislative Conferenec Committee Fairchild, Keyes, Mills. Pinney, Gile?,

Brale}-, At wood, Yilas, Burrows and Van Slyke. Publication Draper, Batler, Andersou, Atwood and Bashford. Auditing Accounts Hastings, Mills, Allen, Anderson and Chapman. Finance ]\[cFetridge, Van Slyke and Klaubcr. Fndon-hie.nt Rice, Proudfit, Rusk, Mills, Van Slyke, Chapman, Bin-rows,

Johnso;', Atwood and Giles.

Literarij Fxchanges Durrie, Hobbins, Timme and Klauber.

Cabinet Lyon, Allen, Stevens, Keyes and Durrie.

iS^utural History Hobbins, Delaplaine and Stevens.

P^'inting Parkinson, Raynier, Atwood and Carpenter.

Art Galleri/ Fairchild, Rusk, Vilas, Reynolds and Raymcr.

Historical Xarratives Pinney, Orton, Tenney, Proudfit and Hutchinson.

Indian ITistorij and Nomcn^ilaturc Cliaprnan, Butler, Allen, Stevens, Reynolds and Grcgorj'.

Lectures and Essai/s Parkinson, Butler, Conover, Durrie and Hutchiu- Bon.

Soliciting ComnLittee Chapman, Hobbinfi, Braley, Giles, Proudfit and Johns^jn.

Binding Fund Draper, Tenney, Gregory and Hayes.

A.nnual Address Braley, Burrows, Pinney, Gurnee and Gregory.

MembersJiij} Xominations Bashford, Chapman, Vilas, Guruec and Mills.

jye-Historic Antiquities Butler, Rice, Perluns, Allen, Conover and Giles.

J^mn Committee Chapman, Carpenter and Hastings.

Obituaries Atwood, Draper, Braley and Bashford.


I'resident Hon. John A. Rico. Merton.

Vice- Prehidcn til lion. Ilarlou- S. Ortou, LL.D., Madidou; Hon. Morgan L. Martin, Green Bay; Hon. James T. Lewis, LL.D, Columbus; Hon. James Sutlierland, Janesvilie: Hon. M. M. Davis, Uaraboo; Ciiauucey C. Rritt, Esq., Portage City; Hon. John H. Kountree, Platlevillo .: Hon. Simeon Mills, Madison; Hon. J. F. Potter, East Troy; Samuel Marshall, Esq., Milwaukee; Hou. John T. Kingston, INecedah; Hon. David Atwood, Madison; Hon. ?-Ioses M. Strong, Mineral Point; Hon. C. L. Colby, Milwaukee; Hon. J. J. Guppey, J'orLage City; aui Fre:l. S. Perkins, Esq.. Burlington.

Honorary Vice-Presidents Hon. Cyrus Woodman, Massachusetts; F. L. Billon, St. Louis; Hon. Perry H. Smith, Illinois; Robert Clarke, Esq.' Oliio; Hon. Geo. P. Smith, Pluhideli)hia; Hon. L. J. Farwell, Misouri; Hon. W. H. Wyman, Cincinnati ; Chas. Fairchild, PJsq., Massachusetts; Col. S. V. Shipman, Illinois ; lion. Aniasa Cobb, Nebraska ; CoL R. T . Durrett, Louisville; and Samuel H. Hun^, Esq., Newton, N. J.

Corresponding Secretary hymnn C. Draper, LL.D.

Recording Sec relit ry Robert :sl Bashford.

T)msurer llon. A. H Main.

JAbrarian Daniel S. Durrie.

Assistant Libra rians IsahcUa Durrie, and Isaac S. Bradley.

Curators e.r-oJicio Hon. J. M. Rusk, Governor; Hon. E. G.Timme, Secre- tary of State; Hon. E C. McPetridge, State Treasurer, and Hon. Alex. Mitchell, Life Director.

CURATORS, ELECTIVE. /'oroe//ear J. D. Butler, LL D., Hon. B. E. Hutchinson, Hon. J. D.

Guruee, N. B. Van Slyke, Gen. C. P. Ciiapmau, Hon. H. H. Giles, Isaac

Lyon, Prof. J. B. Parkinson, Hon. G. B. Burrows, and Hon. J. A,

John.son. ^^ort ICO years Gen. G P. Delaplaine, Hon. Romaii/.o Bunn, Hon S. U.

Pinney, Dr Joseph Ilobbins, Hon. E W. K^-yvi^, Hon. S D Hastings,

Geo. litaymer, Hon. M. M. Jackson, Sam'I Klauber, and Hon. J. C.

Gregory, J-'or three yrars Gcn. Lucius Fairchild, O. M Conover, LL. D , J. H. Car-

Knter, LL. D, C(^I. W. F. Vilas, }i. J. Stevens, Piof. W. F. Allen. Hon.

I). K. Tenney, Hon. A. B. Braley, Maj. F. W. Oakley, and Prof. U. B.


2 H. C.


Wisconsin State Historical Society,


Lihrary Draper, Ilobbius, Batler, Allen and Parkinson; ex officio, Ru:^k, Timine and McFet ridge.

Fina)ice ^lills, Carpenter, Van Slyke, Teiuiey and Cliapmau.

Auditing Accounts Hastings, Mills, Chapman, Allen and Carpenter.

Printing and Puhlication Draper, Biitier, Atwood, Anderson and Bash- ford; ex officio, Tiinmc and McFetridge.

Art Gcdlcvij and Ca?H"/ic^ llobbins, Faireliild, Delaplaine, Stevens and Bunn.

Contribidions and Endowments P'airc'iild, Johnson, Tenney, Keyes and Burrows.

Lilerarij Exchanges Durrio, Braley, Raynier, Klauber and Oakley.

jSatural Ilisforij Burrows, Parkinson, Gregory, Van Slyke and Bunn.

Historical Narratii-es, Lectures and E.ssajis Orton,'Pinney, Vilas, Giles and Braley.

Xomi nation of ]\[cnihers Bashford, Jackson, Braley, Main, Jacobs and Stevens.

Prc-lfistoric Anliquiti(s and Indian llisfoyi/ Builer, Bice, Vilas, Giles and JClauber.

Ohitnarirs Atwood, Jiiekson, Pinuey, Draper and Basbford.




President Hon. John A. Il'ce, Morton.

Vice-Prc- leaving an unexpended balance of S8.'21.

To tlio Binding Fund the following additions liave been made: Donation, Geo. Plumer Smith, ^~); H. -mem- ber of the second Wisconsin Constitutionttl convention: Mexican MS. documents of Btistamente, Santa Anna and otliers, from Dr. C. C. Blanchard; snow slioes presented to the late Rev. Dr. Alfred Brunson by the Chippewas at La Pointe, Lake Superior, in l-^l-k from liis family; Egyptian corn, grown by L. R. Scely, AVaterloo, Wis., from J. A. B. Whitney; portion of a brass chain found near Hellenville station, near Jefferson, AVis., seven feet below the surface, from G. Snyder.

Since our last annual meeting, our Society has lost its hon- ored president, Gen. C. C. Washburn. He lived a life of great industr^^ and groat usefulness; and has left behind him a name and memory tliat will not soon be forgotten. His life and services have been fittingly commemorated bv our Society, as ^vill be seen in our forthcoming volume of Collections.


In making the thirtieth report of tlie Society's growth and conditio)), showing an average annual increase of the Library of o,r>vO books and pamphlets, thus aggregating nearly lii"i,OoO, some might inadvertantly suppose that the book nuirket was well nigh exhausted, and that we have little need of further accretions to our literary collection^. Of the millions of volumes that have been is- sued from the press since the invention of i)rinting, ^Nlr, Jus- tin Winsor, the Librarian of Harvard, intimates that not more than on(>-lialf of one per cent, are in the combined Librarie.-. of this comitry. But among this small number in our American collections, are some of the choicest gems of literature so rare that even European scholai'S have been known to cross the Atlantie to consult them. Such visits will, in all probability, hv yet more frecpient in the coming years, when learned anti(]naries will institute exhaustive rcsearclic's into the origin, migrations, habits, customs and

TiiiKTiET}! Report January 4, 1884. -Ji

o1)Scare, mysterious liistory of our Indian races. Every treatise, tract and frai^ment on the subject will then be called in retiuisition. In this age of culture and science, similar investigations will be made in every department of human inquiry hence the necessity, so far as our ability will permit, that our Society should keep pace with these steadily inci'easing demands for light and knowledge.

It is only within the past thirty years that American Libra- ries fairly entered upon a career of earnest endeavor to pro- vide adequate means to meet the growing wants and literary tastes of the countr3\ Millions of dollars have been ex- pended in this direction largely from the bounty of enlight- ened and generous benefactors. Hitherto the East has fur- bished the Astoi'S, the Lenoxes find others, who have founded and endowed noble Libraries, worthy alike of the age and the givers. Such examples should not be lost upon the West. AVe begin to see, in a small way, some of the fruits. Mr. James McMillen, of Detroit, recently gave the Michigan University Library 80,500 for the purchase of a Shakespeare collection of 2,5110 volumes; while another gentleman, too modest to allow his name to bo associated with his gener- osity, contributed 84,000 to the same Library for the pro- curement of books on history and political science. AVould that such rare examples might be multiplied a hundred fold, and our Society share libeially in their distribution.


The receipts of the year into the General Fund, including the small balance on hand as shown by tlie treasurer's re- lort of Jan. o, 188-'), have been s:,/)()S.:>l; and the expenditures the same.


The Binding Fund has been augmented from the usual sources accrucil interest, s^'.m.o-i; sale of duplicate books =^>01. ;.);}; annual membership dues, ^l'2C,: H(m. Alexander ^litchell, doiuUion, ;;>l0O;Sanuiel .Alarshall, donatit)n, 850: rent of Texas land, s'.. 10 aggregating from all these sources, ?l,l.{L:i5, and malcmg the present amount of the fund 811,- 414.-n.

J/,' I

22 Wisconsin State Historical Society.


Most of the departments of our Library have been much increased during the past year notably those of Annericnn and local history, genealn'j^y, American and foreign biog- raphy, magazines and reviews, and our rapidly increasing collection of Suakespereana. The growth of the Shakes- peare department has been more than double that of any preceding year including :2S volumes of issues of the Xew Shakespeare Society. The increase in our bound ne\vspa])er files has been very limited, ha,ving had none bound during the year; but the purchased additions include several rare volumes of the last centur\'. A valuable atlas of American and European maps of ]T;>S, etc., has been added to our map and atlas collection. Oar department of genealogy and heraldry has bsen increased .SO v^olum33; while we have se- cured 30 volumes of the Bibliotheca Sacra, and 28 volumes of the second series of the Pennsylvania Geological Reports.

Our Society has been fortunate, after thirty years eff jrts, in securing a copy, with its ancient inap, of that exceedingly rare volume Thevenot's Collection of Voj^ages, published at Paris in IGSl, giving an account of Marquette's travels through AVisconsin the first white traveler who penetrated our soil, via the Wisconsin river, to the Mivssissippi, and the fu\st printed chronicle of that primitive exploration. We have secured, by importation, a valuable vv^ork of a similar charaxter, though of modern print, Gabriel Gravier on the Discovery of America by the Xormands, in the tenth century. Paris, 1S71:, 4to. Another rare volume secured is * A Letter to a Friend," relative to Braddock's Defeat, published at Boston in 1758.

The additions to the Library during the past year have been 1,083 volumes; of which 1,-lls were by purchase, and 5G5 by donation; and '3,400 pamphlets and documents, of which 501 were obtaincKl by jturchase, and the remainder, 1,7 43, were by donation, together with ISO by mounted news- paper cuttings. Of the book additions, o'j were folios, and 'ij'/ quirto3, increasing the number of folios in the Library to ?>,[']]. an I the quartos to -t,30], and both together to 7,8'50.

' .n)f '.'';.ini>;; K

Thirtieth Anxual Repoiit. 25

Oil portrait of S. ]\I. Brookes, a pioneer artist of Chicago and Milwaukee, now of San Francisco. Presented by him- self.

Two transparencies of Keokuk, Sauk chief, and Es-en-se or liittle Shell, a Chippewa, or Turtle Island, Dakota. Pho- tographed on glass. Ijarge cabinet size, framed; from Jas. C. Pilling, of tlie Bureau of Ethnology, Washington, D. C.

Photograph of the State Senate of Wisconsin, of 1883, from A. C. Isaacs, rosewood frame; same of the clerical force of Assembly of ]SS3, from I. T. Carr, chief clerk, with rosewood frame, from Mr. Isaacs; same of the south capitol extension building, showing the disaster of November 8, 18S3, three views, and of the capitol building enlarged purchased. Also photograph of the Dane county, Wis., Bar of ISo'.i pur- chased.

Steel engraved portrait of Jit. Rev. C. F. Robertson, Bishop of Missouri, from Bishop Robertson.


Antiquities A small copper liatchet, two and one half inclies long, one inch wide, found on the North Branch, of Crawfish river, Jefferson county, Wis., from Frank Winter- hng, of Jefierson Wis.; copper chisel with tang, five inches long and one and tlirce eights of an incJi wide, found on John- son's Creek, Jefferson county. Wis., H. C. McMillen; copper needle, six and a half inches long, a copper spear, five and a quarter inches long, and an iron arrow liead two and a Jewhall House fire, January 10, 188;j, from M. M. Schoetz, Milwaukee.

Natural History Sj^eciwens Section of a tree petrified, found in Monroe county, Wis., presented by A. W. Durkee; quartz crystal and coral formations, found in Portland, Wis., from John J. Wilsey, of Portland: a tine specimen of coral formation, found on to wn ^'8, range 9, Marathon county. Wis., from Hon. John Ringle; Markesan granite, sample from Pine Bluff, Green Lake county. Wis., from S. Barter; drift copper, found on the farm of Wallace Gate, of Muk- wanago, Wis., from Col. E. B. Gray; specimen of rock salt, from the salt inines of Cheshire, Eng., from Thos. Hadkin- son, Black Earth, AVis.; rattle snakes' rattles, from R. A. and F. F. ]\Iorgan, Eaglo Valley, Buffalo county, AVis.

Miscellaneons AVar mace i)rosented by James Bardon, of Superior, Wisconsin, given him by a Roman Catholic priest, who received it from 'Sitting Bull," who said it was used in the figlit where Custer and all his command were killed, presented through Professor J. D. Butler, LL. D.; gun lock from the Newhall House fire, from Jas. McCoy, Alihvaukee; also fused type and a small earthern dish from same, from T. Coughlin, Mil- waukee; a flint-lock gun used by Jacob Senior, late of Bentcn, Lafayellc county, A\'isconsin, used by liim at the surrender of Detrcut. Michigan, and subse- quently in tlie war of JSlx^-J 1, from AV. AV. Gillette, of Ben- ton, AVisconsin: s])eciinen of si)indle of cotton, made at Beaver Dam, AVisconsin, Factory, from IFF. ALarsh, Sun


Thirtieth Annual Report. 27.'

I'rairic; oue of the first tacks made in Wisconsin, by C. W, Dean, ISSo, at Evansville, Wisconsin, from Mr. Dean, with his photograph; a framed looking glass, eleven by seventeen inches, formerly owned by Isaac Brooks, of Fair- field, Connecticut, buried in the ground, in July, 3 779, for j)reservation when the place was burned by the British at that time, presented by his grandson, W. B. Patterson, of Evansville, Wisconsin; a southern pike, made in Baltimore^ ^Faryland, in ]sni, called the "Marshal Kane pike," with a photograph of Confederate pikes and lances used in the civil war in ISGl-o, collected by Captain W. McK. Heath, Phil- adeli^hia, Pennsylvania, presented by him; a copy of Yicks- burg Daihj Citizen, of July 2, 18G2, on wallpaper the last issue befon; the surrender of the f)lace, from J. J. Donnellou, CJiicago, Illinoi",.

The Society has made a purchase of 050 numbers of longlish and American periodicals, to complete the sets in tlie Library. Bishop C. F. Robertson, of St. Louis, has donated 'Vi volumes of the "Spirit of Missions," to complete the set in the Library; and General F. E. Bryant, 3 copies "Wiscon- sin Bar Association Proceedings, 1881." A complete set of proof specimens of the several series of postage stamps issued by the United States Government from 1847 to 1883: also specimens of the current series of stamped envelopes^ presented by the United States PostofTice Department. Copper coin. Island of Guernsey, one, two, and eight doubles, 1830 and 1831, from Peter Ozann, Somers, Kenosha f-ij. F. \Y. Oakley 20 00

Hon. J. G. Tiu.rp 20 00

H-.n. 1). Jv. Tenn.v 20 00

Hon. M. M. Jackson 20 00

Hon. Jolm A. Johnson 2*) 00

t; .-al-^ ..r/ ' :A


Wisconsin State Historical Society.

Hou. B. J, Stevens 20 OO

Wayne Ramsey oq oO

Hon. Philo Wliite 12 50

Gen. John Lavvier iq qq

Hon. G. H. Paul 10 00

Miss Clara IM Stevens 5 oO

Mrs. Jj. M. Thomas ...........]... 5 CO

Geo. Plunier Smitli '< 5 PO

W.r. Sanders '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'. 2 00

Hon. Geo. Gary 2 00

J. B. Holbrook 2 00

C. M . Tliurston 1 50

Hon. E. N. Foster 1 50

F. T. Ilaseltine ........*.!.!!.!!! 1 1)0

H. M. Nicholson 1 qO

Dr. A. S. McDill '...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'.['.['.'.[[[[['. 75

Donations $3, 209 25

Accrued interest, 1807-84 5, 350 94

Duplicate books sold, IsGT-lSS 1 2! 804 7H

Membersliip fees, net, 1867-1884 1^ 184 45

Rent of Texas land ' 6 40

Total $12, 615 83

Tlie annual increase of the Binding Fund since its incep- tion in 1SG7, is shown b}- the following table:




Jan. 1807

$100 00 108 10 172 73 308 5"^

Jan. 1808

$8 10 04 03 195 79 89 55 198 31 173 43 973 78 921 02

1,343 82 731 98 795 10 928 98 920 73 888 07

1,033 56 913 51

1,134 25

],2J1 02

Jan. 1809

Jan. 1870

Jan. 1871

458 07 056 38

Jan, 1872

Jan. 1873

829 81

Jan. 1874

1 803 59

Jan. 1875

7.54 (j]

Jan. 1870

4 008 43

Jan. 1877

4 800 4 1

Jan. 1878

5 5*)5 51

Jan. 1879

6, 524 49 7 445 ''2

Jan. 1880

Jan. 1881

S 333 89

Jan. 1882

9 307 45

Jan. 1883

1(1 '>79 90

Jan. 1884

11 414 21

Jan. 1885 . .

l^ 615 83


The additions to the Library during the past year have been 2,540 volumes, of which l,0(iO Avere l)y purchase, and !M0 by

'/ M'M: ( .,, '. I :;[(

ii'i. / ;,'!

Thirty-First xVxnual Report. 33.

donation and binding of newspaper files. Also 1,84") ])aniph- lets and documents, of which 310 were obtained by pur- chase, and the remainder, 1,475, were by donation, and 0(j by mounted newspaper cuttings. Of the book additions 3GC were folios, and 21)0 quartos, increasing the number of folios in the Library to 4,70:?, and the quartos to 4,084, and both to- gether to 0,380.

Among these Library additions have been quite a number of valuable and rare Englisli county histories, in folio and quarto; the Hakluyt Society publications, 47 volumes: Mer- cure de France, various years from IGOo to 1770, 29 volumes,, and 10 other bound newspaper volumes preceeding this cen- tury; Schlozer, Epistolary Correspondence, in Germany, relat- ing to our Revolutionary war, 1770-81, 10 volumes; Royal Microscopical Journal, 28 volumes; 30 volumes of xVmerican liistorical atlases, together with large additions to the sev- eral departments of our collection, as may be seen by the following table of summary additions to the Library.

We can best realize the strength of the Library by citing that of a few of the departments: Bound newspaper files, 1,583; British and American Patent Reports, 4,308; genealogy and heraldry, 054; Shakespearean literature, 042; maps and atlases, 057.


American Patents . H

Britisli i)atfMits . . . 70-

American history and travel 76

American local history 99

American Revohitiunary war history 18

American luuian^ 25

Sutte Histories and Documents 81

I nited States Documents and Surveys 197

Slavery and Civil war 88

^ 'anada 45

Ma;^a7.ines and Reviews 320

1 listorinix

New York Atlas

Same -

New York Free Enquirer

New York American

Dublin i'euny Journal

New York Chrisi jau Intelligencer

New York & Richmond Co. Free Press

Now York Ladies ]\Iorning Star

Waldie's Literary Qjunibus

Cincimiati Literary Examiner

Albany Rough Ib.^wer ct Argus

Nov,' York, New World

Washington Cam]>aign

I'rague Constitutionalle Blatte

Southern Literary (iazette

Honolulu Friend

Chambers Edinburgh Journal

Frankfort C'ommonwfalth

London Pall Mall (iazette

London Scientilic Opinion

Loudon Spectator

London IVm n'ar

London I'all'Mall Budget

London Saturday Review 1

Chicago Advance

London (;()od Templars and Watch Word

Boston Woman's Journal

lioston Union Signal ;

Harpers Weekly

j^Iancliester Alliance Ne s

l>inu'din New Zealand Herald ...


cousin nevvs])aperd



































































1870 -80





1 875-83










36 Wisconsin State Historical Society.

Melbourne Temperance News

Chicaf^o Dial

Hartford CI ristian Secretary

Chicago N. "We^^t Lnmberman

Minneapolis N. Western Jliller

New York I>aldwin"s Montlily ,

Cliicap;o Kail Koad Age

New "i'ork Nation

Chicago Timoa

Chicago Tribune

New York World

New York Tribune

Chicago Stand ard

Chicago Weekly Magazine

San P'rancisco Rescue

Philadelphia S. School Times

Washinirton Congressional Record.











1882-8 ;3

























Of this imusually large newspaper addition, 11 volumes were published in the seventeenth century, '-U volumes in the eighteenth, and the remainder in the present century. Our newspaper department ranks among the ver}" best in the country there can be but one or two, if any, exceeding it in variety and extent covering a period of almost three centuries. Of the seventeenth century, our bound files number 70 volumes; of the eighteenth, o:?"2 volumes; of the present century, 0,085 making a grand total 4,583.


An oil portrait of the late Col. Geo. II. Walker, of Milwau- kee, Wisconsin, painted by C. W. Heyd, with heavy gilt frame, presented by C. F. Ilsley for estate of Mrs. G. H. Walker; oil portrait of Col. Henry Gratiot, early settler of La Fayette county, AVisconsiu, copied from a miniature by J. R. Stuart, gilt frame, })resonted by ]Mrs. F. B. Washburne, of Chicago; oil portrait of Samuel ^larshall, of ^Milwaukee, gilt frame, painted by C. W. Heyd, of ]\lilwaukee, presented by ^Ir. Marshall: large cabinet photograph of Gen. A. C. Dodge of Burlington, Iowa, gilt frame from Kev. Dr. Wm. Salter, of Burlington: crayon i>ortrait of liev. S. A. Dwinnell,, late of Kc'i'dsburg, Wisconsin, fran;ed, from ]\[rs. Dwinnell: large colored lithograpb of the Battle of Ciettysburg, gilt frame, from ^McCormick Harvesting ^lanufacluring Co.

The oil and crayon i>aintings now in the Art Gallery num- ber I'ilt, Itcsidcs many pliotograi)hs and engravings.

TiuRTY-FiKST Annual Rei'ORT. ;}7

Coin and Currency Specimen metric gold stella, goloid dollar and metric silver dollar presentation pieces from United States i\lint to members of congress ]S7!i, valued in coin $G.lO per set, presented by W. H. AVyman, Cincinnati, Ohio; two $] Confederate notes, two SlOO interest notes, one $oO note, two 820 notes, two 810 notes, two $5 notes and one .$20 note of State of Georgia, from Tennessee Historical, Society by G . P. Tlmrston, Nashville, Tenn.; two dollars Ber- rien county, Michigan, note, February, ISoS, from 'M. Mullen, }*rairle du Cliien, Wisconsin: -^b and 50 cents blank business vScrijtt of Astor, Wisconsin Territory, from J. H. Hickcox, Washington, 1). C. ; copper piece Louis XVI., 1701, copper token, Coalbrook, England, 1702, Wainflect half penny 1705, token Isaac Newton, 1703; token reform bill lSo2, ten cen- times Napoleon I, 1S02, from Matliew Croft, Edgerton, Wis- consin; Spanish quarter of a dollar 17SG, found in Necedah, Wisconsin, and presented by Wm. Perault, Necedah; Scents note of Blue Ridge, Turnpike Co., Va., Jan. 18, 1SC2, 2b cent note of Farmers" Savings Bank, Richmond, Va.,]8G2, 50 cent note of Confederate bank, Winchester, Va., Feb. 1, 18G1, and $2 note of corporation of Richmond, Va.. April 10, 18Gl,from ^Irs. A. A. Meredith, Madison, Wisconsin.


A wheelbai row, wheeled from Waterloo, Wisconsin, 25 miles, to Madison, Decembci- G, 18.^1, by A. J. Roach, on an agreement with A. J. Hutchinson, that he would do so if Cleveland was elected President, the latter if Blaine was elected fj-om Mr. Roach; cannon ball that killed Myron Gardiner, of Company B, Second Wisconsin Volun- teers, July 18, ]8G];he was the first three years' soldier frcm Wisconsin, killed by the Confederates in the civil war 18G1- "J>^'''5, deposited by Captain W. H. Harris, of Caledonia, Min- nesota: a gun received by the Society from River Falls, Wis- consin, donor and history unknown; a sword, two feet in lengtli, taken from a cannon of the First New Orleans Bat- tery at Shiloh, A])ril 7, 18G2, from Geo. F. AVinter, of Bara- boo, Wisconsin, formerly of the Fourteenth Wisconsin In- 1

Gantry; specimens of tiie mai'o, or covering of the loins, used j

\:0{ ,;. , /

38 Wisconsin State Historical Society.

by natives of Tahiti, Hawaiian Island, of both sexes, usually their only garments, from Professor E. S. Holden, Madison, Wisconsin; also from the same, Massachusetts Daily Gazette and Boston Neics Letter, May 30, 1771; the Saltillo, Mexico. Picl-et Guard, April 14, LSJS: a relic of Mexican war, from Hon. L. -W, Barden, Portage, Wisconsin; a Mexican news- paper, P\'bruary 0, 1S4.-1, Montere}^ Mexico; American Pioneer of April 10 and IMay '^, 1847, and Washington, D. C, National Bepuhlican, August 3, ISCS, from ^frs. A, A. ]\Iere- dith.

Antiquities ^tone gorget, green variegated, six and a half inches long, fine specimen, found in town of Lavalle, Sauk county, Wisconsin, in 1884, plovv^ed up on new un- broken land, from B. G. Parrott, I.avalle, AVisconsin; large stone spear, fine specimen, four by ten inches, plowed up on section in, town 11 north, range 3 west, in town of Kickapoo, Vernon county, Wisconsin, from W. N. Carter, Viroqua, Wisconsin; ])iece of iron (spike?) taken from Father Mar- quette's grave, 1877, from Father Edward Jaker, Hancock, Michigan; plaster cast of large stone pipe, having a man's face on the upper side, from W. P. Clarke, Milton, Wiscon- sin; iron ax, cut out of a white oak tree, in town of Fulton Rock county, AVisconsin, tree two and a half feet in diame- ter, and found in the center, from Matthew Croft, Edgerton, AVisconsin.

Natural History Specimens Fo^sU clam large size, found near lulgerton Creek, Rock county, AVis; two specimens of float copper, found near Edgerton, AVis.; petrified wood and obsidian, from Yellowstone Park, from Alatthew Croft, Edgerton, AVis.; mummied cat, found in a building at Stoughton, AVis., between two walls, when taken down in 1883, from Dr. Chas. Sether, Stoughton, AVis.; two specimens of fossil fish, found in digging a well near Appomatox, Potter county, Dakota, fifty feet below the surface, from, John Fallows,

]\[aps and Atlases \ valuable collection of fifty-two early charts and maps of America, in sheet form, ] 050-1778. purchased: forty- five bound volumes of Atlases. This makes the total number of I^laps and Atlases in the Library,

':,.,' Ci'i

Thirty- First Annual Report. -.,

ur>7, many of them of great historic rarity and value in tracing early American settlement, and primitive geograph- ical nomenclature. The additions this year, of the seven- teenth century, are chiefly of French publications, at a period when France was especially enterprising in her explorations and cartology of Canada and Xew France, including tiie region around and west of the Great Lakes hence Uieir great value to the historian and investigator of the North- West.

Autographs and Jranmcripts An autograph document, signed, of John Hart, a signer of Declaration of Indepen- dence, purchased; autograph letters of Edward Everett to ^V. S. Johnson, dated July 25, Nov. -22, Dec. 0, and Dec. 25, 1830, also two letters of Mrs. Everett to same, Sept. 30 and Dec. 2G, JS30, from Mrs. A. A. Meredith; Rev. S. A. Dwinnell's manuscripts of his early history of Walworth Co., Wis., from -Arrs. S. A. Dwinnell, Reedsburg, Wisconsin; deed of land near Dortmund, W^estphalia, Germaiiy, on parchmeiit^ bear- ing date M-17, from Carl Klingsholz. ^fanitowoc, Wisconsin; manuscript record book of claims to land in Milwaukee and other counties in Wisconsin, kept at Milwaukee 18:5:, from James S. Buck, Milwaukee;manuscript copy of roster of em- ployees of American Fur Co., ISIS and 1819, from D. H. Kel- ton, U. S. A.; powers of attorney of Elisha Konkapot, of De- troit, Feb. 5, 183:, and Lucy Konkapot of .Madison Co., New Vork, March IS, 183:, to Robert Konkapot, of Green Bay, ^\ isconsin, to sell certain lands, with certificate of Henry H. Sclioolcraft acting superintendent of Indian affairs, De- troit, Mich., from Dr. M. M. Davis, of Baraboo, Wis. ^Letter of R. F. Rising of Madison, Wisconsin, dated Oct. ^"'S 1837, to B. Shakelford of Green Bay, Wisconsin, in regard to c. survey of road from Fond du Lac, AVisconsin, to Madi- ^^on: a letter from Franklin Hatheway, of Astor, Wisconsin, to Hon. J. D. Doty, relative to a survey at .Aladison, Wiscon- j^in, and of a route from .Aladison to .Alilwaukee, via Fox ^-ake. dated Oct. 5. 183:, with receipts for work performed; also receipts of Eben Peck, of Madison, to F. Hatheway for ^oard,Sept. li, 1837; K. F. Rising and Hiram Penover to

4.0 AViscoNsix State Historical Society.

same for surveying-, September J 9, ]837, from Cliarles Doty, Alton, 111.

Besides the usual Library work of the year, the sixth vol- ume of the Library Catalogue is nearly through the press. It not only shows the steady growth of the Library, but .proves a ready guide to all students and investigators in their researches after truth and knowledge. The removal of the Library into our new quarters has been a tedious and laborious work yet one, in its accomplished results, most gratifying to all interested in such a collection of literature in all its diversified branches.

We can but record, with sincere expression of regret, the death, within the year, of two of our worthy associates and coadjutors, O. M. Conover, LL. D., who has been officially -connected with the Society, and one of its most intelligent and unflagging workers ever since the Society has had an existence, and whose career and worth are deservedly set forth in this volume; and the venerable Mr. Isaac Lyon, in his ninetieth year, Avho has for nearly fourteen years served as Cabinet-Keeper for the Society voluntaril}^ as a labor of love. He will long be kindly remembered by many thou- sands of the people of our State for his unwearied attentions in exhibiting to them the vai'ious objects of curiosity and interest in the Cabinet.


Hv F. II. GARNEAU and Rkv. ,J. B. FERLAND, with Notks By BENJAMIN SULTE. '

Translated hij Hon. Horace liublee.

[P''roiii the Journal dc Quebec, Aim\ 20, l*oi ]

Mr. Editor: Your readers should tliank Mr. Ferlaud for the pubhcaiion of his Xotes on the liegiHtcrs of X(jtre Dame of Quebec. It diverts us from our political discussions, and car- ries us back towards the glorious times when our fathers were laying- the foundations of a new empire. I shall neverthe- less venture some remai-ks on the daiiger of exaggeration. TJH'se remarks came into m}^ mind as I read what Mj-. Fer- laud reports of Jeax Nicoj.et/ a couretir cle hois, and later an Indian interpreter. In his first function, Xicolet belonged to that class of men concerniug whom the complaints of the chiefs of the Colony were never exhausted. They were in- deed of a kind outside of Ian:, and irrepressible. They were encountered everywhere from Hudson's IJay to Lake Superior.

-^[r. Shea, in his History of the Discovertj of the Missis- '^'J'P'y li^'^ fallen into an error through preconceived ideas, though with a puri)Ose very laudable, as I admit. It suffices

'This trio of antiquaries are confesseily among the ablest who have niuile iuvestisatious into the early lii.story of New France; and tiiis discus - i'n by such distinguished writers regarding tlie jiriiuitive history of U isronsin, well merits preservation in thi; .Collect ions oi our S .ciety. iN'f.'rence to it and to Mr. C. W. Butter:ield"s work on Nicolet. not tlien '"^^ueil, but which subsequently apjieared, is made in UVs. Hist. Colls ^>ii. 1S8. L. C. D.

' In Nicolefs time there were no courcHr.enetrated, by means of the small rivers, lakes and portages, i as far as Lake Huron, which \w crossed, and visited a part of the I-ake of Illinois now Michigan of Green Bay, where ho was environed by restless and unknown tribes; he Jean Nicolet. 45 pursued his route toward the West, ascended the Fox river, passed by a short portage to the Wisconsin, and thus passed upon the waters that belong to the vast basin of tbe Missis- sippi.' He rested about forty leagues from the Fort of Que- bec, after having seen the northern coast of Lake Huron, and a part of the countries which compose the States of Michigan and Wisconsin. This voyage and these discov- eries would have sufficed to make the reputation of five or six traders among our neighbors. The Governors had on divers occasions to complain of the courcurs dc hois; this class nevertheless served to discover the greater part of North America, for our voijaguers of the upper countries were the successors and substitutes of the former. If some of these men brought shame upon the French name, others succeeded in establishing the good opinion that the savage tribes long held for all that belonged to France. The talents and capacity of Xicolet were highly appreci- ated by tlie Governors, since on three occasions he was charged with negotiating peace between the French and the savages, first with the Iroquois, then "with the tribes about Lake Michigan, and, finally, in company with P. Ragucnau, with the Iroquois at the fort of Three Pavers. As an interpreter, he was of the rank of the founders of several of the first families of the country. Charles Le Moyne, since Lord of Longueil, as well as others, ac(iuired their titles of nobility by ihe services they rendered in this capacity. The hand vvri ting of jSTicolet, as well as his nom- ination to the position of commissaire,' which demanded an aptitude for accounts, prove that he had received a good education. Moreover, his marriage with the daughter of Guillaumo Couillard, the title of Honorable given him in several docu- ments, the marriage of his daughter with a member of the ' We have no proof of this. Foil uu] nevor saw anything on tho siil)ject ^x-vpt tlK- text of IVre Viinont cited above. K. Scltk. 'N'icok't was ntver comujissaire. See my Melanges, 418. B. Si'Lxa 46 Wisconsin State Historical Society. noble family of Le Gardeuv de Repentigny, show the import- ance whicii Nicolet enjoyed in the Colony. I have therefore regretted that a man so generally es- teemed in his time, and wlio rendered such important serv- ices to his country, shouM liave remained almost unknown among us. We should not have to express this regret if we had had a number of men like ]\L Garneau, devoting them- selves with ardor and success to the study of the history of Canada. J. B. F. Fekland, Priest. Note ox Nicolet. I have learned from the President of the So?iete Academique, of Clierbourg, France, tliat the Nico'.et family existed in that placi-' during tlie sixteenth century; and tliat at the time that our Nicolet was born, tliere were several brauuhes of the family in and around Cher- bourg. There are at the present time no less than tlnrty-seveu families of the Nicolets in the commune of Ilainneville alone, a place of nine hun- dred souls, four miles from Ciierhourg, aside from those in Cherbourg and elsewhere. The village of Delamer, whicli forms a part of Hainiieville, has DO other inhabitants than the Delamer families the name of the mother of our Nicolet was Margaret Delanit-r. Father Yimont's writings are invaluable. I suspect that he "pumi)ed' Nicolet for information. In one of his annual letters that of 1642 he nearly declares the fact. B. fcJULTE. >r.\'>. ;H ,r I)E LLXGEllY'S EXPEDITIOX AGAINST THE FOXES, 1728. By rev. EMANUEL CRESPEL. In the fiftli volume of our Society's Collections, CrespeFs account was giveu as translated by tlie late Gen. W.n. R. Smith; b it as it was not com- plete, it is deemed proper to give the reverend Father's full text as fur- ni^he 1 by the English translation of his travels, published in London in 171)7. Father Crespel was a Fl niisli J-Iissionary, after the o:der of Recollects. ]Ie came to Canada in 1721; and for his narrative of the Fox expedition of 1728. in wluch I e served as a clinnlain to the French forces, all lovers of Wisconsin history must feel grateful to him, accompanied with the regret that he had n^ it preserved many m >re details. On his return to France, tlie ship on *\ liicli he sailed was wrecked in November, 173G, on the desert island of Anticosti. on the borders of Labrador, where he and his compan- ions speat the ensuing Winter, enduring much suffering ar.d i>rivation. In June following, he returned to Quebec, and to France in 1738. He did not probably long survive, as his work v.as published under the editorsh'p of ln"s brother, Ijouis Crespel, first ir German, at Frankf -rt and Leipzig, in 1751, and then an ediiiou i i French, at Frankfort, in 1752, and another at Amsterdam, in 17.")7 thus including t'le Evglish translation, we have four editions of this little work. L. C. D. 1 was drawn, in 17-2S, from my curacy to go as chaplain to a party of four luinJrud I'^j'ench, which the Mar(jui.s tie lieauharnois commanded, and who v/ere to be joined by hnined its construction.'" Such is the language of a recent historian, who further declares belief in any French fort near Prairie du Chien to be "one of the mock pearls in Wisconsin history." Belief in such a post is dear to me as adding souiething to the length of our annals, and yet I would not hold to a delusion. The real existence, however, of at least one French military post, near the mouth of the Wisconsin, still seems to me pretty well pi-oved. Tlie point was one where a stronghold would naturally be built. It was the northern limit of the Illinois tribes, and a starting point for raids against tlie Iroquois, who had estab- lishments near Cliicago.' It was the starting point for all expeditions, either up, down or beyond the Mississippi. On 'History of Ciawfoivl count}', AVisconsiii, p. 329. edited by C. W. Butter- fit'M, a)id a papr>r ivad licfori' tlie Madit-ou Eiferary Cliih l)y Mr. ButUnfield. S. J. Clarlvo, tilt.- ]>ulili.slit'r of the History of C^rawford county, di-claiiiis any sliare or rt'Siioiisil^ility for the statenient.s made by ]\Ir. Butterfu'ld. L. C. D. La rolherle, ii, p. ]33. French Fortifications. '*' Hold the Fort." 55 Jeffreys" map of 1770, a line is drawn from Prairie du Cliien to Omalia, and inscribed " French route to the Western In- dians." In 1721, in a report to the British King from the Governor of Pennsylvania, it was montioned as one of the three great routes from Canada to the Mississippi/ and in subsequent reports, it was remarked, that "since the peace of Aix-la- Chapelle, 1713, the French had greatly increased the number of forts on the rivers which run into the Mississii)pi."'' Concorning Prairie du Chien, Captain Carver, who was there in 1700, thus writes: "This town is a great mart, where tribes from the most remote branches of the Mississippi annually assemble, bring- ing with taem their furs to dispose of to traders." This trafRc was even then no novelty. It had been going on there four score years before. As early as ]G80, La Salle had purposed to send traders to that point. ^ If, then, French forts were early built an3''wliere, one might Vt''ell be looked for at such an emporium as early ruse at the confluence of the Wisconsin and Mississippi. Put in our primitive period forts abounded. They were common among Indians, even before the coming of the white men." La Salle on a march usually at night set a rude stockade about his camp.- In 1(J70, having to wait a few days on the St. Joseph for a party of his men, ho built a fort at the mouth of ilie river.'' In 1682, he built a'.iothcr fort near Memphis, on a bluff, where he halted only six days, and wluTO he expected to make a still shorcei" sojourn.' iSor does his custom of rearing a stronghold wherever he stopped, appear to have been unusual among French pioneers. Kvery trading-house was fortitied so far as possible. Cadet's, at the Sault, is called a fort, by Carver. The estab- ' Colonial Rocords of Now York, V, p. G21. 'Colonial Ilislory of New York, 11, ]>. 008. 'Parkinan, p. 2G2. M/a PotluM ie, 11. p. 9G: Parki.iairs La Salle, p. 20G; Bradbury, Travels, 114. ''l\ukm;m. ;:US. 'Idem, p. 149. Idem, p. 277. '!,.) '.i. { , .,',1 v... i 56 Wisconsin State Historical Society. lisliinent of Solomon JuDcau, at Milwaukee, bore the same name. Witness a pioneer poem, which runs thus: "Juneau's palace cf logs was a store and a fort, Though surroun 'ed hy ueitlier a ditch nor a moat, For often this 1 juely and primitive place, Was sore'y beset by that blood-thirsty race With whom Juneau had merL-autile dealings." Still better may the name fort have befitted the structure which must have arisen for such an entrepot as Prairie du Chien. Marquette was a man of peace, but his mission-house was palisaded.' The Jesuits, though non-combatant black gowns, in g-eneral fortified iheir missions. TJiey also tau^^ht the Indian how to improve his strongholds, by chang-ing circles to squai-es, and adding flanking towers at the cor- ners.' Thus improved aboriginal stockades were not a whit inferioi' to tiie Fort, at Prairie du Chien, as shown on the United States map of IS^^O. The representation of the fort on that map, which has been derided by our anti-fort investigator, is a square with four smaller squares at its corners. This was the conren- lional sign or ])rinter's mark for every military work with- out an3' reference to its magnitude. That there was really a French fort near the junctioji of the Wisconsin with the Grand River, appears the more likely when we consider the mdure of such posts. What was it? Lewis and Clark, on Sept. -11, 1804, came to what they call a Frencli fort, almost due west of Prairie du Chien, and near Council BlulTs. In their notice of it they say: "The estab- lishment is .si.xty or seventy feet square, picketed in with red cedar, with sentry-boxes at two of the angles. The pickets are thirteen and one-half feet above the ground.' Soon afterwards, Pike, going up the ^lississip[)i from Prairie du Chien, rt-cords that the fort at Sandy Lake was one luin- di-ed feet square, with two bastions pierced for small arms 'Parknian's La S die, p. 49. Ibid., pp. 03. 9!), 2:'.S; I'iirk-mun's Jesuits page 308. 'Lewis & Clark's Travels, i, p. 100; Gass' Journal, p. 42. French For.TiFicATioxs. " Hold the Fort." 57 the pickets about one foot in diameter, and squared on I the outside.' It was no long labor to build such a defence. In 1727, the missionary, Father Guignas, vo^-aging up tlie Mississippi, I passed Prairie du Chien, and made an establishment on the f north shore of Lake Pepin. He wrote in his diary: "The ! day after landing we put our axes to the wood. On the I fourth day following, the fort was entirel}' finished." - I On the thirteenth of March, 16S2, La Salle's men^ near 1 the mouth of the Arkansas, " threw up a rude fort of felled I trees in less than an hour." '' I Lest it should be thought that Prairie du Chien is too far I west for us to expect to discover a French fortification there, \ let it be noted tliat before 1724, Fort Orleans had been built \ hundreds of miles up the Missouri, iiear the mouth of Grand I River.' i On the whole, every one familiar with the habits of French I pioneers in the wide West, v/ill admit that many forts must \ have been thrown up by them i}i emergencies, and then I have perished without their names ever being put on record. f "They had no poet, and they died." f Even in the absonce of all evidence then, it would appear f a bold assertion that tliere was never any French military I post near the mouth of the Wisconsin, unless "some official f Froncli document can be discovered giving an account of I such VN^ork, or some traveler jnentions it." But is all evidence of a French fort at Prairie du Chien lacking? P>y no means. In the American Slate Papers regarding Public Lands ' ^ve read tliat on February 25th, 1818, Hon. George Robert- son, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported to the House of llepresentatives, that "in the year 1755 the Gov- ' Pike's Travels, App. p. 38. * Shea's Earh/ Voiingcs Up and Do^vn the ^fissif^sippi, p. 172. ' I'arknuin's La Salle, 278. * Davis & Durrie's Hist. Missouri, pp. 11-12; Dr. John MitclieU's Conte:>t "* America, \\ 19G. * "^'ol. iii, p. 3-ii. 5-11. C. Tr--' ,1 I. 'I 58 Wisconsin State Historical Society. eriinient of France established a military post near tlic mouth of the Wisconsin." The report to Congress was based on information given by a Government agent wlio had visited Prairie du Chien, and gathered up testimony on the spot. According to the oldest inhabitants^ some of whom had resided there well nigh from the close of the Revolutionary war, it was only during that contest that the French fort was burned. It is argued by our sceptical annalist that this fort was an ordinary log house. It seems to me more proi)erly named a fort. It was so named by almost everybody known to have been acquainted with those who had seen it. Among its stores were no less than three hundred and sixty bales of fur, and as a rule every fur factory was fortified. It was defended by a body of armed inen, as forts are wont to be. But, says our skeptic, it was built on the site of a pre-his- toric fort, and tlie works of mound-builders passed for those of the Fre]ich. Such a site was fitly preferred, and such works became French when used as foundations by the French, and incorporated into works of their own. Baptize an old Jupiter, and he becomes Jew Peter straight-way. Early tradition at Prairie du Chien reported a French fort burned there. Skeptics concerning the existence of such a fort hold that tliis tradition g]-ew out of the burning of a certain log house there. But there is no evidence that the house in ciucstion was burned at all. Their only witness in the matter simply says that certain bales of fur which had been stored there were burned. The store-house was occu- pied by friends of those who arc supposed to have set it on fire. Such an incendiary supposition is unreasonable. Or the log-house may have been fortified, and so styled a fort. J. Long, traveling in 177S, north of Lake Superior, says: "The house of Shaw, a trader on Lake ]\ranontoye, miglit very properly bo styled a fui-t, being secured by high pick- ets." ' But evidence is at hand of French forts near Praii'ic du Chien before 1755. ' Long's Travels, p. G."). :;. ( FiiENCH Fortifications. " Hold the Fort." 'ji>^ Early in the eighteentli century, tlio Indians of the Xorth- West, as tlie Canadian Colonial Company were informed, svere endeavoring to open commerce with the English on the lower Mississippi. Thus the directors of this Company were led in 1701 to dispatch agents to Callieres, the Cana- dian Governor, in ^Montreal, with a plan to thwart this trade. This plan consisted in estahlishing posts at the mouth of the Ohio, on the Wisconsin, and further up the [Mississippi among the Sioux. It was argued, tliat if the Indians found in these places sometliing to satisfy their needs, and the French whom they loved, they would abandon the thought of going among siraiigers. The necessity and usefulness of such establishments were clear to the Governor, and though he felt forbidden by a royal order to license their organiza- tion, yet he declared some such measure to be urgently de- manded, and tlie authorities in France were so informed,' They may have followed his advice. But there is reason \ to think that even before the opening of the eighteenth century, forts had been erected by the French, near Prairie du Chien. Regarding an earlier post there, onu of my authorities is La Potherie, who, before tlie year ]v()2, had completed a work in four volumes concei'uing Xcw France. The portion concerning Canada lie vv'rote first, and that from personal knowledge, and desired to penetrate six hundred leagues into the interior. " Lacking health and leisure for such an enterprise, he mo.de the most careful inquiries,'' as the mis- sionary Bobe, his contemporary, testifies "from the Indian cliiefs who came from all quarters to Montreal to dispose of their furs, and was informed about whatever he relates with the utmost accuracy and thoi-oughness, by Nicholas Perrot, ^vho, for more than forty years before, had been the princi- pal actor in all that had'taken place among the aborigines f^f iheFar West\ The nari-ativc of La Potherie is that [in lOSo?') the I\Ii- ^f;""i;ry, v., pp. 17.'), 302, *Ui I'otlierio, iv., \>. 2CS. 'Tailhan, p, :m. .1 , . ,. Ml 60 Wisconsj:s State Historical Soctety. \ ; ^mis, whose villages lay a few leagues below the month of I the Wisconsin, came, forty strong, to Green Bay where j Nicholas Perrot had arrived as Governor of the Is orth-AVest. } "** They begged him to set up his establishment on the Mis- i sissippi, and near the Wisconsin, in order that they could i . sell their furs there'. I SPor gaining his consent they brought him presents, a I i'-beautiful specimen of lead from their region, and each of . * v.the forty gave him four beaver skins'. The ]\Iiamis had undertaken this embassy because they , - had previousl}'" been forced to sell peltry cheap, and pay ] '. | I who were waiting for him there, and he also discovered and ^ I tested the lead mine, twenty leagues below which forage.- -after was called by his name.' . Vol. II, p. 251. I "'LaPotherie, ji, 2G0. | 'Oil lour ])rojiiit de s\'t;il)lir dans viiigt jours au dossous de la rivloi'- ^ d'OuiskoTiclie. I 'IVetablissenifiit de Porrot se fit au dc^sous d'Ouiskoiicht', daus une situ- | a,ti;e on l^ake WiiiiiL- b g- himbermaii, viii,401, U),' Car.ev, I'r. 1). W.. v, 3IG. CaiJies, William, in Bl.iek Hawk war, ii.3l9, 370, 37-'. (J.t.ney, N'. 1''., early Juneau cjunty settler, vii, 381. C iriK ijier, , early Juneau ci.auily settler, vdi. 4)0. Carpenter, F. B., sketch of, bi. G','. Caip-nLcr, iiemy, early Kiiiiberman, viii, :.U0. Ciirienter, Alalt 11., ix, 3l],3")'l,38). Carpenter, liiehard, early li-.ieiae settler, vii, 3.'.j. Cii-peiiter, l;obert, in Barstow's cavalry, vi, 11 -.i. Cupeiiter, S. P)., Wisconsin writer, v, 171; vi, 1 1 .'. Carpeiit-r, Ste)ilieii IL, sketches of, viii,i."J, 84 8G,8S-9 1,108,471. Cair, Pn f. F. S., on John W. Pliint, v, 30,40. C.ur, Spencer, eurlv clergyman, 1.^,419. Cair, W. P, early Juneau couniy settler, viii, 3'iO,381. Carri , Sabrevor de, a French ofticer, vii, 3 17; Carroll, early French trader, iii, 'iiin.-r, .ImUe II, C . viii, 4i 0, Skinnel-, Jidiii li,, eai ly miner, vi, KI3, 112. SI. inner. .M.a-;aii L , i.\-. 4.2, I .3, ^kiniU C'love, or .Ml, I'leas.inl, \ i. 110, 120. S, link -kill, an Iiidi ui hadi^e, v, r.'5 SI ill -r, Kcv. r,. 1''.. on prehiuoric ci.ipiicr iniplelilenls, \:ii, 152-101. Slaii-hler, (ii'..!-.- II., cailyjiane county setller, \i, 311.", lOi). Slau^'lilei, Widiani 1!, enrl\- Dine c. If selll r. iv. Is;. ISO; \i, :;07-100, 4^7: \ii, 70; ix. 13, ; .K, hi, .:;2. Sl.i\er\-, elloi'!-, I.ir, in Illinois, vii, 208. 200, :;i3 310, SkiNeiv I'l' I'.iwiiees, in Wi-cousiii, vii, 158, iw", i;i) Slo.ui. lihainar (.' , \ i 80, Sniiri, I ..Lie ,iiid Uich.ird, early Wai.kcsha sell!,-!-,, i, l.J,-, Sine id, !1< race, a jd nieiu-, ii, 2J(. 331. .Siiullinu lead, proci'ss of. \ i, 2s5 287. Sniet, J, I', lie, died, ill. 130. Smiley, |),, i- illy ,Jaiies\ide -,ul,-r, vi, 4:i3. Sinilli. . Icille I ill IJIack llauk w.ir. ii, 113; iv, 311 315; \i. 111. .s'ni ih, A. 1),, earlv supreme court jiid.i^e, iv, 107; v 172. Slid h, .Vdam, early Vawti cuunly selller, vi, Im'. Smith, A. Ilvair, caily JaiRsvdli.- siller, \i, .33; ix. 114. 415. .Siniih. Allans us, cai ly Waluorlh c uinty selll -r, \i, 100. Siiiitli, l;eiij:imin, early (.irecn May scuKi-j \ii. 211, Smilli, c. 1!., early Juneau county selller, N ii', 3i'0-3;0. Sndili. Du. r, early Wahvortli cinml v scltkr, VI. 450. Smith, Ind^e S., early (i.ilelia settler, \i,2;9, 201 Sleidl, l/elll. !:. hllliy, I ". S. A,, \in, o05- Sniilh, Ceoi^; , c.il ly Slieliy-an Sillier, iv, :;;! .. Snddi. (ieoi ee 1;., ,,11 11. S. Ikurd, \ il, 433- l-iO; in lie nil ri nil, \'i, lOS 1:10, releiences I'l, V, 17;: i\. 111, l-'l. Lis Siiiilh, CM^:nr^i: b'., i ai l> I_j4'sl diT, \ i, 3SS, 300. Sniitli. Majir Heiirs', iiolici>, of, v. 201,202; "U lilacK llawi> w.\i\ .v, 1,50-1.57. Sndlli, Is:iac, on early seilLinent of Icoek eoniiu-. vi, 410. Smith, C 1 .1 , coiiinr.indant at Circeii IJay in 18^0, ii, 117'. 550' Wisconsin State Historical Society. Siiiitlt, J;im(>s, siKii'i' of DL'clarulioii, pi-r- trail uf, x. :5'j;M. .'.'.I'l. Siiiitli, .laiu.-s, .-aiU (I li'MKi srlll r, \i, .r./J, biniili J.HL-i>on, ui lllai-k llawl; \\ar, \i;, ,M3, Snulh, l.t C^>1. Jcrfiiiiah. x, ITa. tiuilli, Jcifiiiiali, .)r, cailv li K'-^l'ili'i-, \i, S'.r.. Kinilli. Jufl, early Ualworlli cuumI)' ^clici, vi, iM. Siiiilli. John, caily Juiicau cuiinlj- Mtilir, viii, li'iH. yiiiiil;, Ji.liii A ,ix, iCl; X, Hr). Biiiilli, John Y . on iii-i;nii of An oricaii lu- ll i,in. iv. 117-1j1; oh Klca/cr \\ illianis lunl tlie lust |iii ICO. vi, ur, .'.U8-31.'; sU t. li ot lln- )itV of. vii.-l.")','-45'.); niisci llaiiouus r.-fert-iiccs 'to. \ i, .-i-S. v.i, ;.'ll 41.1 4l'r-i\ viii, 3U4 Smith, Col. Jo.st-i)li 1-.. U. S. %., vii, i!l."i. Sinilli, I'K'f. O. K., viii, -400. iSinilli, Patiick, oarlj- Juneau settler, viii, 'Mi.' t-niitli, I'rriy II., vi, 'M. tjniitli, Kev. lienbtii, eaily Beaver Dam c'leij,'vinaii, i i 33, IbJ. Siiiilh, Lir. S. C'(jni|>tiin, viii, 41?. Sm 111, Seuall, ix. Ab5. iSinilh. Syl\e>ti-r (.J , early Walwrrth 00111113- settler, vi, IW, -I'iS. yuiiili Truman, L,, i arly Blihvaukee settler, i, 131. Smilh, C.I. T. W.. X, IVl. simili, (ien. W. 1-'., ix. .'i7;2-3r5 378. ISiniih, Win., e.irly Kriiu.sliii county settler, slc.-teh i.f.x, -175 tbiiiitli, Williaiu K, governor of Wi.-consin, IX. -410. Smith. (Jen. Wm. K,a \\ihC'in'iln wiiter, iii. M. 401; V, 171; vi ;il, .Ri'J. 413; vin. IMS; i\. 387; history (f Wiseunsin cited, ii, 74, ;.',' J, y-Jl,3J8, 313. 3I'J, 3,j8. Rii.hh, Winliell, X, 1.'>1. taiiiyih. (jell. , at I'rairie du Chien In IblO, ii, 1:^7. R'S. Siiake-cliarmiiif?. v, ~'8J. iSnellii g, Jostjiii, at rraiiie du Cliien iu 18;7, ii. 1C5. b'n.lhii '. Col. Josiah. ii, 132, 133, l.'-.4. 1,5'i, 1C5, 1(111. 330; V, G5, 1:J'J, 141, 14;!, l.VJ, 154, 401; viii, 2r,9, ;,'i.O. Snt-lliiiK, William J., ini AVi-eoiisin history, V. (i.^, Di, r^6, 121;, K'J, HI, l.j:>, 15J; vni, ^JjI, Snow slonn, big, on Ked rivtr of N'urlh, ii, 191, 1'J','. Snvder, Dr. , at Mineral Point in ISxiO, ii, 331. Sm der, Capt. AJnia \V., in IJlack llauk wai-, ii. 35 J. Snyiitr, William, viii, 471. Soaji'-r, A. D., eai ly Monroe county SL'ttlcr, iv,3'Jl. Soft '^l.i) le river, Indian name of. i, 100 Soldiers' orpli iiis' hu/ne, 01 i ;in of, n i, 7ii-78. Si'l>uiii|4i. i\, 4 :'( .-liears. M hirl, i.,rl\ 1 lilnia sett ler, \ 1, .'77. .'^peel, :\|irli ,ei,-keleh (.f,.\, 181, IK") Sim li, l./ckiej Ii , .-ketelii.f, x. 4-0. S| eiii-.T. Iiinris, in BUn k llauk war. ii, 311, :il.-. .;.,.) 351 30(1, 307, 37.5.3^3,381; vi,40l. Siii'iKrr, (apt Th iiiia-, i.x, 4.0. S| 1 td.p, a Siini\, V, 137, 139-141. ^pi.oii.-r. ,le.liilh,iii, eai'ly Walwoitli i' lunty settler, vi, 4.53, 175 .SpiMiner, 1'. L., supreme com t leiiorter, v, 172; X, 4,58. SiMion 'r, W.v man, viii, 411 Spocji-, .\dol| 1ms, t ally \\ ahvurih cmmty set- tl r, VI, 4.3, 4 0,4;5 Spoor, J. >., early Walworth comity settler, vi.402. Spolt d Arm, a Winnehago cliiif , viii, 271, 272, ^iO; x, ^^5-1^0 189, 190, ml. Spiitled .Xiin, a ^\imiel).it_'o village, vii. 291. S .rague.Klw. i:., x, 429-30, 417, .-^laMeiie, Will. B . aiiio.;iapli eoil-'ctiin, x, 375-381, 3S3, 38i), 400, 424, 431,440, 4 12, 507. Sp iiig Di'ir, or (.'--coc-ton, an Ott lua, vi, 105, 100. Spriiiglield.lll., in 1822,1,9.5. Spr I g I'rairie, Waluorth county, \i, 1,50, 408; viii, 370. >(pia\v pi iiit, or Wiiuieiiu ili. vi, 318,397. .^ipiaw pi-airie, llliiioi-, \i, 451, 451. .^q lire.. U. W., X, 505-G. Siacy, Dr. .ioliii, e.iil,- leacher, \i, 4511-4'JI. Staml.:iugh, (' 1. Samuel C^, i, m'; d, 132-110; iii.x:93--95: iv, 1S5. 18ti; vi, 3, 331; \ii,2J8; viii. 270 312.313.3-4. Stanley, Abi am K., sketch of, iii, C4. f taiin', Henry D., ix, 448. Siarr, Elislia, early early ."Milwauk -e settler, iv, li., 258, 2m0. Stair. Henry, in lllaek Hawk war. vii, '-"95. Starr, Ira, early Walwuilh county s'tller, vi, 452. Starr, Willi im. ix, 431 Starved rock, lllini i-,ix,119. Staidfer, 1). McN., x, 375, 085, 393, 130,410,443, 4 15. Steiidmaii, S,las, early Sheboygan settler, iv, 33S; iv:, 391. Si ea 111 In. ats, early, 11,94,95.1.52, 4 3.421,411; v, 214,210,201.273, vi, 27r, 278; vm.3;5, x,79. Slebl)m ::: :. .i. IM. -in. S(r\ fii-; I'l'in:. i, I-,'.'; i i. 1 lu. Stew lit, , uil.i- I i.y linlian-i.v. 1 IS. ,^t wait, llM. early \\ i.u.iL-s:ia s-;lli.iii. a New tj.aius agent, \.i ,41;, 4-,'5 13S,41l-4ll Stre ss,'uth. W i hel'ii.ear'y New Olarus cl^r- {,'Vmaii,\iil. 4J1, 4J.J 4.7. 4 ',3, 431 43S. ftiii kl.iiid. U, \V., mills at I'leso.ti, i.i.4(!3. fct od.-. C'cl. .James M,, in Ula.k liauk war, V, 287,289. X. 170,200, Stroi g, & McCart.iey, 'iJioneers, viii, 47ij. 477. Stronu. Cliiuiicey U., early Juneau county St ttler, \iii, ;j'Jl. b'tiMiig, Jl'is's. tr-olo;;i-!t. viii, 401; ix, C7. 73. Stio ig. Moses SL, on VViscoii.siii Indian wars, viii, 241- 28 J; luibcellaueous r^fereuces to, iv. 8S T.I2; vi. 31S, 3riS: vii, x'MJ, 3'J.'. 409, 440; i\. 37^ 131. 13.'; x. 04. SiVb.S. Stiiii,' liiiinnl.or L >ii;i-u.c-eiii e', a (Jliip- I civa chi. f. V, 4il0.4Jl. S:r .p , :\1 iicT, i\-, 4:)l, S ivKer. .1 M . c.ih K'-n.-iri ->'ill.-r. iii,:=Hj. ^:.;-U.. .1 !ia. eirl, .>!..... v. 1. ii.i>-i n.irr, .\ !")> i;i S...'. i. i: ! ;;.. 1' i:a' .\iu :.,>:. I'l;,- c>\.i\. - 1 ." \ 1 J,li;>-, Sii-r ir C'lei-k d ^"-jiiius, v, ;ii; ; mi, JJI, 2;i.', 29."). SuL;ar Crei-k iirajiie, vi, 449. Sa iivaii. J lin U , earlv survejor, vii, 119. Sully. Kohert M., painter uf Indian poi traits, 11. 12. 17, 4J, 47, 51, 03. Sully, Tlmmas, ear y artist, li. \K 50; iv, 11 J. .~ulo-, I eiijamin, on Jean Nicolet, viii, bl, Ib8-I91; IX. 107; x, 41; lef.-iences to, 3ii4, 372. Summd, Juneau c lint v. i, l:j8; vid, 3!)3. Sumner, Capl K, V.. U. S. A., 3' 2. 3;i Sundown, .John, alias John Denny, an Uueida, ii, 417. .Sup'-rior citi', a jiaper town of ]83),vi, 478. Sup:'rii r. Like, c lunlry of, iv, I'Jl; c.vplora- lioii of X, 294-;98. SiipzTior, Sia e, ti he callel, x, 80. Sill dam. W. 13., eaily Jun-au county settler, viii, 3S0, 3S1. Sutherland, Jas., on eaily Wisjonsin, x, 2i0- :-91. Suth.'ilaiid, Thos. W, x, 78. Smihim. .lohu v.. e.irly Urem IViv settler, ii,42r, iv, 108; VI. 307, i90,391,3'.)7 ITS. Suydam, Mrs. J. V,, early Uieeii Lay settler, IV, 1L5; \ii,2'j4 Swam|i and oveitl iwed I inds, vi. 8S-90. Su .111, Mose-:,e. lily Indian ti aJer, mi,210. , i Swan lake, viii,3l2, Swciiiev, ,lohii, ix, 453. Sweel. U-ijit. , eai l3' Sheboyg;ui settler, ix, 39.. Sweet, , ill Black Hawk war. ii. 3rj9 Sw.'et. Alauson, early Mi.w auKee sei I Irr. ii, 18.48,479, iv, 2-0, 2ol,~75; \i, 390, 3;i4, 39.J, 43 J Sweet, (jell. Lenjaniin J., vii, 400. Sweel, Claries, early iiimljeriuaii, viii, 403. Swer t, Ireeliorn, ix. l';2 Siveetskiw, .lohii, eany miner, vii, 291. Swine and slieep introduced into western W isL'Oiisin, ii, 17 1. Sw s-i c-loiiy of New (.ilaru-, viii, 81. 4' 1-4 15. Sv,er, , eailv Milw.aikee sei tier, iv, 201. S\ eaiiiore creek. 1,71.83,98, x, 1.58. .S\ 1 .e--ter, William, .'i pioneer, vii, 214. Symingiou, C.ipt. John, vi, 359. Taft, Lucius, early New London settler, .iii, 479. Tamier. l'/."kiel, early I'r trie dii Chieii set- tler, ii, 1.7: V, 2 l,2ri,2i"). Tahalerro. M \. Lawreiiee, In.liaii agent, ii, Kii: V, Ml. 'lal niadg.;, Oov. N. l'., ii,304; v, 311, 374; vi, 373. Tallman, William A., ix, 4.'7,4.'8. Talon, i .t.ju hint of New l.r.inee, i i, UW, 101, lu3, 119 Tai k, .Mrs. C L A., v, 10.'-104, 100, 1(;7. Tank, mio, oi Fox i i er Imp. eo., ii,499. Taniur. f'.dwa'-.l, m W i.scoii.-^iii m 18i8, viii, 249,287-292,475. ^''aiiier, J nil s, eulv missiomry, vi i, 475. T.inn,'r, J hn, Imli.in c iptive. \ iii,475 Tasse, Jo eph, on Lai glade, v. i, 3, 77, 123, 405; refereiicv^ to Ue Vil.ieis, vi.i,207. Tasbimaujuiiy, an liidiau disli, 1, CJ. 552 Wisconsin State Historical Society. Taverns in earlv tiiiu-, i, 130, U'\ U\, Wi. 11."); iv,--ir)G. Tavil"'-'l ''! ' '. -"'' -'^'' , , , ,! Tiiy i-li '-iHM-.ili.thr Four Lakf oniiil ly, \, M. Tav-f-iii:ili. X, 1 1, Taylor, Alfiv.l I'.., n', i'-'- Ta>lui-, Jii.lt," I'-ivi I, iv,3Sr ^^ Tiivliir. rr llrr, vi. 452, 401; \ii!,3;u. Taylor, Hii-lianI Con \Vi-rons ii ii, omuls, iv,3.10,3i;8; ri-funvd to.x,:!.. T.ivior, st-i>ii''ii. ii'iy "i-ii.T oil ^\i-;;"",:'''' ii :21'.) 1M> I'.iO; iv,'.i:;,iil. -.iAi/it:: vi,-,'ll'.l,o03; \i,i,0-j,t.3, 101; LV, 100, 1114. X. 3r.r,4'.l..-0. Ta\la-, William, caily Jma-:iu coiialy srl- tlfr,viii.3l)l,;Wi. Taylor, William U., Kovomor ft U i>cons:n, iv.34J. .. . , Tivlor .ol. Zuliarv, mmlary scrvuv-;. r, iv, IHl; V, 2^0; vi,.3','3, 3SS, ;i:':!, :;.!";; v:i. 401; x,'243. ' , . . Te-sh.-siiint,'-;,'i-l>av, a rlui^iu'W.L eliiet. ix, Tel'e lie Cliieii. or l).->;;".s Head, a \Viimeli.i-:.> (hi -f, IX, 300. Tluuiies l):.lt'e,iv,3i;0 oVO; x.'.iO Tliateher. 15. 1!., X , 37;-). 3S0, 3-1. 3!)S. (12. Tlinver, Edwin, early Imiibmnaii, \ in, 400, Tliebalt, or Tlii4i.aii. Jesepn, early Koc; e..uiity settler, \ 1,422 421. Tliioeaii THieail or Tibaiili, .VU-'ii-nn. eailv (irecn'liavsetil.r iii. Jr2.2"3; x. 13;, 138, 140 Thi-rinan, U-or^^-, fnrly M.el;o.\ .uaii si tiler, iv. 3 0. Thir.l lake, Iiali.in vilhi^'e al, x, , I. Thomas, a Mel... moneeehi.l. ^ee lomah. 'Mr. in IS, a >^ac eliiel, ix. 21:.. 2 !. , 2.i I, -, i . 'llionias, C-ipl. . ni L'4;Kk ilawk war, v, 2.SU. Thomas, .\. 1) , \i,41S. Ti.omas, Ci.l. .J..nr-s, armv eoi lri(.'loi-,i, 1'). Thomas, John K . on ^hehuy:;a.i c .aiil,\ set- tlaiu-nt. iv,38'J 3'.il'.. , ,> , , Thomas, J. T ami -..U.nio'.i, early ^\alwollh e.iiiiiiy set tier, \i, 417.4 IS. Tiiomas, laei.t. .Martin, al i'.aiiie da (Jiien, ii,100;"vi,2'.)0; viii,2l'.0. Th an IS, O. 1!., x,34r-3r)0. Thoiins, Sarah, IX, 410. Thomas, W. It , \i 112; \ in. 4.''>1. i'yi. 'I'homas, Dr. Will. am M., ix, 4;l\ Tlaanpsoii, Daniel, eurly Wankebha settler, i, l;37. Tlioinp-ion, Col. Isaac, vii, 4C8. Thoiu[is.in, .James, e:irly ijalemi settler, vi, .80. Tli.impsoii, ,1. Im IS, 413. Th lup-'ii. l-imis, .;ii ly On en I!ay .setlh r, .II, J II. 212; \ih, 403 Tlhi.ip o 1, Kol erl, eaily Neie.lah settler, viii, tOi. Th..ins II. Cha-;.. X, 40i;, 111. r;it..ii. M.-iU, raie aUto,;,'raph of, x, 3-1; |M.riiarL ..f. :!'.i2 Thorpe. Klihii. e;uly bheboyK-.iu s.^tll. r, iv lil.t 'I'll, .-ill , eaily Walworth camty .-.llh-r, I xi l.r,. 1 Tlir..e..m' r.on < '^iit. .lolm. in Ll lek Hawk I \u\i: \, 3.-l-:i'3; x. 222 .71. : Til. hells, , e;uly Walwoilh comity -. lllci; VI. 4-3. Ti.les ill Ihe l.ik.s, i, G2; vi, IC'.I; vn.23i),2 ,. l'Ji;loi\ (i -oi'^-e (I ,eally .Mr walikee si-lller Till iiiv.l'r. (' . ..Illy Wahvorlh eoimty set- tler. vi.ir.S 471 , 17.") Tiltoii. lr.iiii.,x, ];i-.ih,e:uly Walwarth canity set- I ll.T, \i. 117 . . I T reh.or M:imb.-;m, lake, linlian name ol, 1, I 111 I T,,l. ins, 1.1-24,12.". ... T. ii-lee,T ,.'ailv Ke;i.-.^ha s.-tH.-r, Ml 1:1. { |-,,.M,..,.i,a, , 111 ]!i:u-k Hawk war, 11, :)I0, 1 3;:i T.iVMi-eiid, .\.. A., e.'.ilv I.a 1-avette county s. ttl.i-.-ieii h ol, iil.r.O; i,-, l'J.5. Toxsiis.'ImI, I>. L , \-:. 43s. 4o.M.-eu.l,l''r.in. i- H..sk. tch ..f,x,4Sl. To\\-l.v, W alias, earlv Kei,o-ha s tt'.M-. 11, I.">1, 4"'0, 408,47), lia, I7'J; iii,37;,3i3,3.S,3,9, 40.->! 100. , . ^ .. Tr icy. M. de. ^;ei .-lal and viceroy v.L ^e\^ Fiaac.-,iii,100, 101. 'Ir.ale, eailv linlim. S.-- Fur ti;ide. T,,un, H. {'.. .'arlv Keiio-l,, Mtilei; 111 102. Trao or Dea^i Kill, river ai.d r.ipids, Indian I ii.lii..-ol, i. l-.M. 122. I 4',e .li -: s;,.,. h..|i.in tr. ;. IS. 175. Tullis I'. 11 , v,i. 1,-, I. Tu|'|M_-r. Il.ir\t3', t-arh' \Vah\urtli cnuiilj- set- IMT. M. 4 U Tim l.c)- 1 ivi i'. Jumm. ix", 'M7. ;.'10, r.'iS TunitT, Aiisi.u, (.ally \V,il>voiiii oouiit}- si-t- tlc-r, VI. -IJS. Tun (T. Cli .il'-s W., carlv ICcii' slia M-ti:)/!-, ii, l.jl, i'M' r.'.): i i. iVi-y^H. .i'.iG. 4I'J. Ti:rn.-i-, i :![,]. H^ ii; v. i\, 110. 'J'ljiiic-r, i'rof 11. J., iii:ly J .n./-,\ illu Uai li-r, V, {;;. 'Iiir j.ei-, J.. ( ailv li'iiil"'! Ill in, ^lii, 1 '1 'iunii r, Jciliii. rarlv Man^io.-i e.li.i r, \iii, 06?. 'I'liiiit-r. ()r>;uii:i.s viii A',\J. Ti.rtlecM'ck, i.v, 5'i, (i;.'. Tmllf Urt-i'k, idwii ol'. viii 370. Tuttle, , .'ariy Indian U-a.k-r. vi, ~'7.j, ;:J80, x;h;i Tuei'.lv, Jclni H., early .Milwaukee hittl.T, i, 131; iv. >.->?, 'S::k Tu iii^s. M i. iiaviil )'... i. 101: li, x.'.53; iv.r.G- INU; vii,31.ti, 3i'."i; viii, iJOii, 310, ;j7a. Twill Hi; T\ler, H., early Jiiii'-au county leaelier, \iii, Ulrick. Pi. ire, or Willijek, x, 137-1 10. Uuderuoud. William (J, early ^\allwat(lsa settler, vii, -HI. U|)liuiii. I) A. J., ta-lv 51 I\v:uikee .-ettler, iv, lii: ;r)5. 2b7. \iii. 4,70, 4tiO Upiiuiii, Ne\\e.l, earJy Mieboygaii sutller, iv, 340. U.siiek, %V. W., early La Cro.s^se settler, iv, 3.^5, am. Utter. H. and O. J., eurly ^\ahvnrlh county settlers, vi, 148. Vail. , early ;\Ii;waiikee laveiiidvcener, i, 127; i^ -Su. Vaher. li shop De St., v, 87. Valhy, Alltoine. i.v. 4.Vi. Van Bunker, Jlobts. early lumberman, %ili, 399. Van Clevo, Lieut IL V . U. S. A , \ii. ;)73, lC:i. Van de H' K'lt, aiieluul, early Keno.-lui .-el- tler, iii, 379. Vi. u der ,\ eulen. Key. K. .J., v. 11)7 US. Vail Hyke, N.. r p.,rt . uC'.irvei f,' ai t \i,;>17. Van ]\later, , eailv Indian tr.ulei, vi, 411. Van Matre. J Im .J, i.v, 450. Van Metie. A 1'., early Indan trader, vi, 27'i, 290. 291; vii, 2!ll. Van jI^e^s, John \V., in Larstow's cavaliv, vi, 113. Van Nor-triiiui, A If., iv, ;j87. Van Saut, Abiitr, eaily Green county settler, iii 4ii Van Scl.jinck. Henry O., x, 37."), 441. Van Pickle, . a pioneer, vi, 40^,411. Van Sl\ ke. Rev. I). O.. x, 307. Van^I ke. Jam. s. eailv Wahvoith county sett ler, vi , 450, 40] , 4b'>, 4 ".C, 4C4 Van SIvk.-. [..., eaily Juneau county settler. v,ii,380,33l. \ Ol \ ilin, I' 0,1, It M .ir.l I.;,, , , ,,|^ \^ .1 ivol .11 roil ,1 \ . I 1, I ,, VI, 1, II,., \'.Ul W-K.-, I' 1; ,lii,i r. |i . ra.lv UuON.llll eoinil \ ^ ! le s, \l, 41.1,4 2 N'.wi \V.i.K'"ii.r. , 111 lAacU ll.iwk war, ii, ;ii!,;ii.i,:i;o .,71,311. Van W".. liner, \Vil..nii, early Waluoilh .(.llnlV -.ettl.-r, VI. -117. V.,n I, J ill) ear.y (iiveii V:iV s. tt'er. lii. 242. Na .1 e il, -Al II ijui-. lie, i 2."). MJ; y,7;,71( HI- 84.. S ., lii'.i, 112. I Li; vii.. -.'13 ,'17 V.iiilIi ,S iinuel (J., e.uly \\ah\ . .rtii county setd.i-. V,. 4 4. V.iii;,'li I, Wni. W".. i.\. 131 \'.'.-.ier, , , arlj- liiinlj nil in, iii 1 S Vee iei, l;irliar.i K .early I'or.a es tiler, viii, .i.'O. \-,..i ., Cipf. de (Mi-ly euMiinai,d,ai;t at (i ..1 1; i\, III, 2)1-.', 1. \'.-.,,'ii - ., la -III (;,;',!. ,11 l.i I -.1 al. \' ii. '/j-.'^. Ver.i^'U I |iii..e ol, c.viiieiti.jii \siili C..luiiilju.s jioi ir. il i;-.,7'.t .'';.(-ha-ka, ov Washinsrton I)eK niray, or Sn.ike cm, v, 150,297 307; x, 500,50:,! Wau-inai -uir-spc, a \\ iimebag i < hief, ii.iiOI. Wau me j^e sa-ko, an Indian cnief, i.i,17; iv, 30,8.', 1)3. Wau-nau-ko, a ;Men iinonee chief, iii, 294. Waui)aea, iii,487. Waup.ica county, iii. 478-488. Waupeety river. ), 118,120. Waii-pe slii'-ka, or Tile Winnebaf^o Prophet, i, 12, 72, SI. Waii-pe se |iin, treachery of, iii. 2*0-228. Wau-pe-te-se-pe, meaning of, iii, .337. Waiipim, x,74 Waiisau,iii,-1.3s.4IO. Wausaii, or liiti; Bud falls,!, 122 Wan-slie-own, a .Milwaukee Indian, iii, 291. Wiuwatosa, \ii 411. Wau/. 'ka, loeality of a Fo.x vi'lage. i.v, 295. Wayne, (icii. Aiilho'v, defeats Indians, iii, 91,1.38,300.301: vii,;i28. Way-ue to go-ehe, In lian name for French- men, v,4ll. Wei, French firt on Wabish, v,ir4 118. Webb, Benjamin L., of Detruit, vii, 400. Webo, Jas Watson, x,504 Webb, (ic'i. Luiher E ,ix.45;l Webster, Dinid, manuscripts of, x, 430. Webber. Frauk, early Juneau county set- tlor, viii, 390 Wehster, John C, early Maustou settler, viii, 387. Webster, J. P., vii, 4 ,5. W.-bster, Jiulg-I. W., vii, 470. Webster. Noali. on western antiquitie.s, vii. 80. Webser, W. J. aid Pet r, early jaueau county .settlers, vi 1,379.381. Weed, CVphas, early Kenosha settler, ii, 409, 471; i i,390. We"-Uali, a M 'notnone" chief, ii', 270, Weeks, Lemuel W. early Milwaii-ee physi- cian, i V, 2.59, 2 ;i, 204 275, 2.S1 . 285-287. Weeinp-pe K les, e.irly Indian chief at Md- waukee, i,35. Wi-e-nu-saie, Menomonee ch'ef, x,9G Wei..hlman, F J., early soldier at Green Biy, viii. 3. '4,. 325. Wl Henry, 1,02; vii, 241. Wlit.ii^, W. L.eaily Keiioslia settler, iii, 411. V\ liitley, Col. William, at the Thames, iv, 309- 1571. Wil I mores, Tlie, early Walworth county set- tleis, vi. 4.50. Uhiliiev. Daniel M.i, 104; 11,141: iii. 4.37,438; iv, 101, 102, ICO, 107, 175-170, 105,214,330; vi,27U, 2.S1J; VII, 210 210, 223, 230, 2-11, 25.'. 25H, 200, 20, 370; viu, 302, 301, 300: viii.470; ix,3J2. Whitaey, Emily, early Green B^y settler, is. 410. Wl.iiiiev, II., early Kenosh.i settler, iii, 393, 304,4118. WhilLey raiiids. i.l22; viii. 375. Whitun, E v., early jii.lge, vi,219, 379. Whittlesej', Asaph. ix.412 Whittles y. Col. t harles, i,2l,04; iii, 139, 141, 403,404; \ iii, 108, 100; x, 177, Who..-pah Ln-dL.-tah, or Ued Wing, a Sioux chi f, ix, 178. Who-w.iy lull , or Broken Leg, a Siou.x chief, ix, U9-172, W ide Month, n Chippewa chief, iii,314; v^ 129, 130,130,141,400. Wilcox, Alon/.o, viii,4C7. ^\l.C'X. Cyreiius, early Walworth county seit.er. \i, 448. Wile. iX Handull, early Brown county settler, VI, 29,312 ^Vll i-cat currency and banking, i,132: v,272. Wild, Josluiu, early New G.arus setil r, viii, 437. Wiikii soir.s. Gen., invasion of Canada, x, 107. V\ iharil, l'd"ai'dai.d George, early luiubcr- men. viii. ;j83. 384. Willard. (ie, ig-.in Ilaek Hawk war, ii, 413. Wihard, Henry A . x, 376,435. WillaiM. J.jsiah K., ix. 420. Uilley.Mis. ,ix.437. Willg hs, Carl.skelcii of, x, 489. ^\ ill lams, .early miner, v, 318, Williams, Deacon, early \\ah\orlh county settler, vi, 448. Will ams. Ell iizer. early Wisconsin mission- arv,i,08; ii,94.4;8-42l : iii, 56,212. 2.52: v,3.7, 354.370; John Y Smilh on, vi,308 3)2; vii, 208, 210. 213, 215, 223, i25--28. 231, 233, 2 it, 237, 2)1,244,202,413; viii, 3,2-;iu0; ix, 321, 322; x, 278. Williams, ^Irs. E'eazer, x, 407. Williams, Il< nij', early JLlwaukee pioneer,!, 131; ix,4)l. \\ ilhams,l.-rael. Sr. and Jr., enrly Walworth county s.-tt.eis, vi,457,4G2, 404. Widiams.J. C, early Waupaca settler, iii, 486. Williams, Jennie, ix, 444. Williams, John K., early La Fayette county settler, ix. 417. W illiams, Mrs. Moses, early AValworth county teacher, \i, 451. Wiilams, O. P., early Portage settler, vii, 348, 3.57. Wi.liams, William, rieture of, x, 391-2. William's bav, vi. 450. Williamson. E. M., early Madison settler, vi, 376. I '.M %'/ 55G Wisconsin State Historical Society. Williamson. J., early lumberiirin, v^ii. l')'^ Wil.i ton, (i/ort;,- 11., t-ar.y Jane^ville sit.L-r, vi, -i;ii; ix, 4.')). Wili.iw or.-rk. l.i.'liUind coiintv. i. K>'J. ^\ ihu'ii . Allen, l>i ilisli IiiUiui trailer, ix, lis, ir'J 181. Wiisdn. Alevaiider, early Walwurtli county .set Her, \i. -l.V.I. Wilson. \iii isa. early Juneau county seltl.r-, viii. .-JTO.;;;;'. ary. aso. Wil-on. (jar.lnei-, tailv Kenoslui settler, i i, 3',m;-3'.I',I Wi son,,) a., early Kenosha .setll r ii,lJ8, r.U; i i 3;i,:i;8. Wil->un, Dr. Samuel W., v, ti:.'; iv.lli. Wil .on, VVilli III v., early .Mi.waukee \>\Ai li-ner, iv, 2 7. Will e. .4, a Juneau couutj- niill-\\ r gilt, viii, 4M.A77. Wiltse, Henry .\., early ^(jvernnient siu'veyor, IV, at;;;. Wi-na-.a. or tlie .Sun, a W'iiuiebagu inin- (lerer, iii. 3'i'j. \\ inchest r,(j n. ,del'eal at the Uaisin,iii, 30 -30.s,31K,.J19 ^\'in^;ra or Dead lal>, Fi it, see t'ort W'inneba-'o. AVinneliiiK > ln.4-Jl-4I.S; lii. 1:.' , 137, 148-l,j(), 1 3 iHi3,'.ii4, -Jlv! S-l. -i;h~:.'7H. i!K.T -JSl): iv.'.)"). 171-1 71. lKi.'Jll,,;2l7.-J;'7,-'33,i-!ii,x.'3S; v.'.)i).!)3, 91. Ill 1U3. 101. n-J. 113 I 3 rJS, ll-J-lTiS, 178- il. .'.vj. :> i 0, 279-z-i:. ^:>:,-2'.>7. 3)i-30!i, 3 iu. 331, 3."i3; vi, I8!).:.'0i.-,'lll,:2 4.;J-'r), :.81-~'8'>, :^88~;;.".)i), 3SS. 3l).l,47'i, 477; v i. 57.1 t>, li.7.170,:J 4,v'J3- ^^li, >'7l, ^74, .;7'.l. 2'.ll. J.I.'. -Jflrj. 31(i, 3i7, 3-.'!, 31.', 3iii, 37)0. aOl. 3rr;-:--,il. 3 ~'.:ii.3 3 5. ,375, 381 .3:M, 1(4 308,400, 1:3,114, 475 viii :i-.>8, ,.> 1 i, 2.");--,'0 4 '^71,27 i. ~'7U. ;i-8. :;!li>. 301. 300 310, 3iG, 318.3 '.) 33."), 33il. 311, 370. 407; ix. 115. 1 ."> ;. 1 'X>. ] OO.-J 1 ', -J 1 1 .. ;i .' .', 2 1 ~\'G. 2:0, i'3 i 2;', 1, 2;',, CU,V4i. ,'lM.V5->. X!S1 .-iOO; X, 1,5, ll'J. K'l, MJ. 184. 2M. 2 '.)-.70, 4'.)3-."). 500. \\ iune iai; viii.2.'0- 222: war of 1812-15, w.Hi. 83. 12.'-l-.'4. 220- 223; lii, 200-20S. 208-280,3 01, 302. ;W4-.300, 3u9-3.'4, .3-'0-328; iv. 214, 245; v, 90.142,143; VI. 1.59. IHl. 188,190, 97, 201; v. i, 171,284 309-312; ix, 100. 103-199. 201. 209 2.32, 2.54^ 2.55,200,272, 294-29', 299; Winnebago out- break, or hed Liid distirbance, lt,;27,i General Index to Vols. I X. 557 Wisconsin 80.Hr.c, 130-130. St. Croix & Like Supei i ,r K. K , vi, 100. S:ikae_';iii lik; idcniilied. ix, i:W-131. Silioiil Liws en. let d, v,343. Schools. See Kdu;;atio:i. Seal, first territorial, iii, 13. Sertlement of the country, iv, IHO, 187. Sliebiiygan couiitv, sketch of, iv, 135; sst- tlenu-iit of, i\-,3S9 390. Sinclair's treaty, 1781, ix.3S3,3S5. Siddiers' orpliaiis' home, vi, 70-78. Spaaisli me lal found, i.v, 130-130. Sla;e Historical society, sec nid hiiiiuiI re- port, ii.3-i) ^; third do., iii, 1-00,333: Imii tli do, IV. 17-43: lifth do., 45-115; sixlli do.,v, 1-5; seventh do., 5, 0. e glitli d >.. 0-10; liiiitli d..., 10-13: t-iith do., I.'-IS; el 'venlh do., 18-31; tw Iflh do., 31-33; thirleeiitll do., 33-31 ; foiiit -entli do., 101-l';3: lif- teeiitli do., vi 11-33: sixteeulli do. ,33-38; .seventeenlh il )., 39-51; ei^ht"eiitli dc,.,55- 70; nineteenth d >., vii, 11-30; tweiilieth do. ,37-41; tweufv-firsi. do., 45-01 ; t\ventv- seeiiiid do., 03-79; tweiity-tnir I do., viii, 13 33; twenty-fourth do.', 33-00; twenty- liftli do , Ua-8"i; tweiitv-sixthd > ,ix, 13-31; t.^ entv-s-ventli do., 31-38; tuentv-i iglilh do..3J-39; r weiit\--iiiiitli do., x, 13-30; tlii.-- li 'til do.,30-3S; thirty-first do., 38-4 1; au- to rr.ipli collections of, x, 17, 30, 39,3 ii', rWS- 413.43), 410; early history of the society, i,5, 0; mi-cellaneoiis nff-re nee -.vii, 80-101; ix, 70.79. 93. 94, 130, 1 .'1, 135, 1 30, 345. State horary, origin of, vi,:W4 Steamboats, advent of, ii, 94, 95, 153,433,434, 404. Storrow's vi-it, vi, 154. Tann-r's obs.-rvati oiis, viii,2S7-393. Tiveriis,early,i,l:iO. 140, 141,14 4, 145. Teachers, early, VI, 451, 450, 401. See Edlica- liini. Temperance, elToits, early, vi,453, 150, 457. Teiiney on early times in Wisconsin, i, 94- 103. Territorial arcliives. siig,'estioiis as to dis- po-i!ioii of, VI. 3:-8. 3S9 Territoi'i il couns aiiil jiidg.'.s, vi, 37-i, 379, 410, 447. Territori.al government, movements tor, in is:r),ii,399-3l3 Territori il !e islitiires, iv. 187-191. Territory organized, i, lOO; ii, 3.7,308; iv, 187. Tr.iders and voyageurs; see Fur tra:le. Travt-lingin early ilavs, vi, 96.307. University, state, v,315. Upp r Wisconsin Country, paper on, iii, 435- 453 Villiers, Neyon de, vi, 476. 558 Wisconsin State Historical Society. Wi'^coiis;in Wt'stern Wisconsin described, vi, 297. Wliisky sellin;< to Ijclians, law ag uiist, iii, 3i9. Wiiiitlesey's ivcoUectioiis. 18:, i, 01-85. \Viutfrs. iii. 4j1,-j5(;-458, 17;i.4T4. Wisconsin city, on Rock river, \i,431, KJ^i, 431, 473. WivL'on^iu city, uii Wi.scousiii river, vi, 31)1, 478. Wiscoii'i'i Hci-hts, ballli- ,it, i, 73.83,100: iv, 1!:4, 3 10,347; v,-.>liO; vi, 400; viii,253,;i81,315; .x.ie.', i99,i;jr.x!io,-ji8. WisfDiisin river, I'all.s ami rapids, i, I'Jl.lU.'; forks of, I-.JO; ili-scription of, viii, 28U; iimds on, i.v, 57, til, tO, (.7,73; di.scovery ..f, 301, 30;. nvij. 391, llie of, ix, 108-11.;; liKlian i Wisconsinapulis, early ji 3;i4. VVi>lieet, a Sac cliii'f, i,KI. Wi,ner, Henry, x, 389, 107. Witherill, B. I''. H., remiaisceuces of 1101 tliwest, iii, 297-337. \Vitheiill, Janies, of MicliiKan, iii, 335, 330; vii, 212 Wolcott, Col. Charles, ix, 418, 449. Wolcott,E. 15., ear. y Milwauuee physician, iv,-58, 273; ix, 44-.'. Wolf, OUl,a Winnebago chief, ix, 220. Wolf river, ix, 57. Wolvertou, yieplieu, early, Sheboygan settler, iv, 340. Wolves, bounties on, vi, 451. AVoinen, pioneer, hardships of, vi, 473 175. Wonewoc, \ iii, 382-384. Wood, Dr. .early Walworth county set- tler, vi, 45 .',471, 475. Wood, Albert, IX, 434. Wood, Abraham, early Dane and Sauk county s-ttUr, vi, 318, 397. 398, 177; vii,3L0. Wood, Asa, in liars ow's cavalry, vi, 113. Wood taniily, attacked by Indians, vii, 309. Wood, James, vi,')21. Wood. Miij. John L>., x, 175. Woodbridge, , lieul. governor of Michi- gan, )i,4.3. Woodbridge, E , earlv Kenosha settler, ii,4"j7. Woodbrujge, Timolhy and brotheis, earlv Kenosha .settlers. iii,;i82,399, 400. Woodbri Ige, William, viii,217. Woodi ri Ige, W. \\'.. in Black Unwk war, ii, 349,8.-i3,3,j5,359,377,;378,407; vi, 405; ^ii,292. Wood county, lii, 435-452. Woodio. Key. Peter, early AVlsconsiu clergy- man, ii, 451, 455, 450; i 1,371. Woodle, Isaat', in Harsto\\ 's cavalry, vi, 112. Woodmai\, Cyrus, ix, 322-335, 3.50. Woodward, Judi;o , ou the lake tides, i,Oi. Woodward, A. IJ., viii, 287. Wood worth, Sanniel, ix, 457, 458. Wool, Uen John E.. at Ureen Bay in 1818, v, Workman. Sidney S., early Whitewater set- tler, vi,419. Worrell, ur. E Iward, U. S. .\., v'i,;)7,S WoithiriL'ton, David, early .Mdwaiikee teach- er, v, 330. Wor.hinu'ton, D.iiiion, ix, 117,4 18. Wortliiiiglou. Khjah, early Walworth coun- tv si'tiler, vi,451. Wright, iliram A., sketches of, ii, 17,53 53: v 3 5. ' Wright, I.ueien, early Walwortli county set- tl.r, vi,458. Wright, .--ilas, friend of the Onedias, iii, .57; ou WisciMi-in boundary, iv, 351. WriglilstiMvn, vii. 412. Wyaiul ttes, or lUjrons, iii, 97, 98, 12J, 127,212. Wylii's. The, early Walworth coui.ty settlers, VI, 459. ' Wyinaii, W. W., public printer, ii, 318. \\'y-o-be gall, a ^i lUX hunter, ix, Kil, ]r2. Wyth.lieoige, r.m; autograph of, x, 3S1, 3DS, 411. Yankton ban a of Sioux, li, 144, 145, 195. Y ites, Peter, i.'f, 433. Yeiser, Capt. . , at Prairie du Chieu ia 1814, ii, 12M21: ix. 295,291 Yellow Huiks, x,221. Yellow CloiRi, a Meiiomonee chief, iii, 270. Yellow Di g, a Menomouee chi.-f, iii,270. Yellow or Painted Rock, creeK,v, 126. Yelow liver, liulian names of, viii, 396, 397. Yellow Thurder, a Winnebago eh.ef, i, 74; vii, 346,31.2, 393, :J91, 398. 401; viii, 80; x.221. Yeoman, , early Waupaca coumy set- tler, iii. 480. Young. Dr. , early Walworth county set tier, vi, 471. Young, Mrs Ann, longevitj^ of, viii,45C. Young, Aus'iii, v,254. Young, C. E.. & Uibbs O., Jr., on Prescott and Pierce c^^ unty, iii,458-4.5. Yt)ung, H., Smith, early Walworth county settler, vi, 447. Young, James, a clergyman. ix,453. Young, ,lolin C, longevity of, viu, 405,463. Young, I\l lias K., vn,4i9. Youn)/,Ste|)hen, early himberinan, viii, 404. Yout, Brisijue. See Biisque. Zane.lead refuse, vi, 287. Zimmerman, J. U., early New tilarus set- tler, vdi, 433. Zinmeiman, John, 'early New GlarLLS cler- ' gyuien, vi. 1,425,427, 433. 77 1683 1x6


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