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  • Latvia, February 5, 2007

    Frontier Research in BelarusFrontier Research Frontier Research inin BelBelaarusrus

    Sergey Maksimenko Belarusian State University

    Research Institute for Nuclear Problems

    Ludmila Shmygova InterUniversity R&D Marketing Centre

    Belarusian National Technical University

    Minsk, Belarus

  • The Republic of BelarusThe Republic of Belarus

    AREA: 207,600 sq km ~ 3 x Latvia or ~ 2/5 of France

    POPULATION: 10,5 mln


    Agricultural lands occupy 45% of our territory, including 30% of tillage. Forests cover 36% of the area.

    Moscow 700 km

    Riga 500 km

    Berlin 1100 km Warsaw 600 km

    Kiev 800 km

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    Year 1997 2000 2005

    Total of which:

    33200 32900 30200

    Researchers 19600 19700 18300

    DSc 730 820 780

    PhD 4100 3800 3230

    Number of personnel engaged in R&D



    Number of personnel engaged in R&D per 1 mln Japan: 4900 Germany: 2800 BELARUS: 1800 Russia: 3600

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    Distribution over fields

    Natural Engineering Medicine Agriculture

    Total 22.4% 56.8% 4.6% 6.9%

    DSc 39.1% 25.1% 11.0% 9.5%

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    Training of the research personnel

    Year 1990 1997 2000 2002 2005

    Number Of PhD students

    2980 4100 5200 6050 5040



    Number of PhD theses/year: 650 Number of DSc theses/year: 100

    Natural sciences: ~ 56%

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    Financing of sciences

    Year 1997 2000 2003 2005 Gross domestic product, %

    0.73 0.72 0.61 0.69

    RB budget exp- enditures, %

    1.47 1.12 1.07 0.81

    More than 80% of financing goes to State Programs of Basic Researches, Oriented Basic Researches and Applied Researches

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    Where we do research? National Academy of Sciences of Belarus:

    ~ 60 Research institutions and centers

    Educational sphere: ~ 50 Universities and High Education


    Industry: ~ 40 Design and prospecting bureaus

    Presidium of NAS B

    BSU, Physical Department




  • The Belarusian State University: 20 000 students 16 faculties 131 professors 168 research professors 800 PhD holders 850 PhD students

    Physics Mathematics Engineering Computer Science Biology Chemistry History Geography Law Philosophy International Relations Journalism

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    EU-Belarus: where we are? High level R&D staff

    Well-developed system of R&D staff education and training Powerful academic basis

    Experience of international R&D cooperation

    A lack of funds

  • httphttp://fp6:// what we do…

    Belarus National Information Point Belarus National Information Point ofof thethe 7th 7th FrameworkFramework ProgrammeProgramme

    forfor ResearchResearch andand TechnologicalTechnological DevelopmentDevelopment ofof thethe EuropeanEuropean CommunityCommunity

    Cou ntry

    INTAS proj

    YS grnts

    Bel 5, 4 % 4,4%

    Rus 70,3% 70,0%

    Ukr 11,5% 12,5%




    The foundation has agreements with many FSU counties and (inter-) national organizations providing joint calls for international projects, such as: Special Call for projects with foreign scientists “Nauka-MC” Call for Joint Projects with CNRS «BRFFR-CNRS-2007»

    Call for Joint Projects with JINR (joint inst nucl res Dubna)

    Calls for Joint Projects with FFRs of Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Mongolia

    Latvia? why not!

  • Information inter –University R&D Portal

    www. icm. by

    Банк данных НИОКР ВУЗов

    Информация о направлениях научных исследований, аспирантуре и докторантуре ВУЗов

    Маркетинговая информация по разработкам ВУЗов

    Ряд программных сервисов

    Виртуальная биржа научно-технических разработок


    Russian and English

  • Belarus-Latvia Center for the Technology Transfer

    Information services Partner Search and Joint Projects

  • Joint R&D projects with Latvia

    Во время проведения VI Национальной выставки РБ в Латвии состоялась встреча зам. Пред. ГКНТ г-на И.В. Войтова с Министром образования и науки Латвии г-жой Б. Ривжей. Стороны договорились о под- держке в 2007 г. Нескольких совместных белорусско-латвий- ских проектов.

    During the VI Belarus National Fair in Riga (Dec 2006), the Deputy Head of the State Comm For Sci and Tech Dr I. Voytov and Minister of Sci and Ed of Latvia Ms B Rivge agree to support several joint Projects.

    Good news!

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    To choose attractive and fashionable R&D topic To be involved in national R&D programs To provide top-level publications, recognizable by the scientific society, and other forms of dissimilation of research results To be incorporated in international collaborations

    What is the elementary cell in the R&D structure?

    LABORATORY (research group)

    How research group can survive in aggressive environment and show research progress?

    Direct contacts between groups!

  • Collaboration in Nanoelectromagnetics:

    TU/e Eindhoven J.Havercort

    PENN S TATE Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics


    : :

    Usikov Institute For Radiophysics And Electronics Ukraine,Kharkov


    J. Herrmann, I.Hertel

    A.Hoffmann, D.Bimberg

    O.Yevtushenko N.Ledentsov I.Krestnikov

    Heat-and Mass Transfer Institute NAS Belarus

    Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix NAMUR, BELGIUM Ph. Lambin

    Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS Novosibirsk

    Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Switzerland L. Forro

    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, E. Campbell

    Zhdanok S Kuznetsov V

  • The research is partially supported The research is partially supported through:through:

    Belarus Foundation for Fundamental Research,Belarus Foundation for Fundamental Research, Ministry of Education of Belarus,Ministry of Education of Belarus,

    Belarus State Programs of Basic ResearchBelarus State Programs of Basic Research ‘NANOTECH’, ‘ELECTRONICA’, ‘MATERIAL’

    INTAS INTAS 96-0467, 97-2018, 03-50-4409, 05-1000008-7801, 06-1000013-9225

    04-83-3607 (young) 05-109-4595 (young) International Bureau BMBF (Germany)

    WEI-001-98 and BEL-001-01 NATO NATO

    Science for Peace Program SfP-972614 and SfP-981051 Collaborative Linkage Grant

    PST.CLG.980375 World Federation of ScientistsWorld Federation of Scientists

    National Scholarship Program, Ind. Grants 2004 and 2005 University of Technology/University of Technology/EindhovenEindhoven (NL)(NL)

    DFG and Berlin Technical UniversityDFG and Berlin Technical University

  • Joint seminars and workshops as startup events

    India is much more distant from Belarus then Baltic countries.

    Why not?

  • R&D in the Republic of BELARUS

    SOME EXAMPLES: They are ready to engage in


  • Laboratory of Nonlinear OpticsLaboratory of Nonlinear Optics Head of the laboratory – Academician of NASB, Prof. Valentin Orlovich Laboratory staff: 2 professors; 4 doctors; 6 young scientists and post-graduate students Scientific collaboration: with the scientists from USA, France, Italy, Germany, Poland, Russia, Japan

    Main directions of investigations: 1. Laser physics (all-solid-state tunable lasers in UV, visible, and near IR, diode-pumped lasers). 2. Nonlinear optics (physics of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS), applications of SRS for the 3. conversion of laser parameters. 4. Laser spectroscopy (spontaneous Raman scattering, surface-enhanced Raman scattering and

    their applications) The main results for the last years: ! three new types of solitary waves are observed; ! super-Gaussian statistics of radiation intensity fluctuations in broadband SRS is revealed; ! for the first time, Raman conversion of femtosecond laser pulses in crystals is obtained; ! for the first time, intracavity SRS in pulsed diode-pumped microchip lasers is studied; ! for the first time, continuous wave generation in crystalline Raman lasers is obtained; ! all-solid-state pulsed, quasi-continuous wave and continuous wave laser s


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