Forty-Fourth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization (To End of May 1935,--With Special Reference to India)

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  • Forty-Fourth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of theHistory of Civilization (To End of May 1935,--With Special Reference to India)Author(s): George Sarton, Kurt Vogel, Ralph E. Ockenden and Frances SiegelSource: Isis, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Feb., 1936), pp. 468-536Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/225313 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 14:06

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  • Forty-fourth Critical Bibliography of the

    History and Philosophy of Science and of the History

    of Civilization

    (to end of May 1935,-with special reference to India)

    This forty-fourth Bibliography contains about 4I0 items of which 67 deal with India. They have been kindly contributed by the ten following scholars belonging to 4 different countries: C. W. ADAMS (Hertford, England) A. POGO (Washington) R. C. ARCHIBALD (Providence, R.I.) SHIO SAKANISHI (Washington) C. A. KOFOID (Berkeley, Calif.) G. SARTON (Cambridge, Mass.) RALPH E. OCKENDEN (London) KURT VOGEL (Munich) J. PELSENEER (Brussels) MARY E. WEEKS (Lawrence, Kans.)

    This Bibliography includes as usual a series of addenda and errata to SARTON'S Introduction to the History of Science, vols. i and 2 (Baltimore and London, I927 and I931). Its purpose and methods have been explained in the preface to the thirty-eighth Critical Bibliography (Isis 20, 5o6-o8).

    The section on India is especially full, as I have liquidated as much as I could of my stock of notes concerning it.

    I have in my drawers a large number of notes which I shall be glad to publish as soon as I have been able to check them upon the originals.

    I entreat the authors of relevant books and papers to send me copies of them as promptly as possible in order that their studies may be registered in this bibliography and eventually reviewed and discussed. By so doing they will not simply help me and every other historian of science but they will help themselves in the best manner for they will obtain for their work the most valuable publicity and its certain incorporation into the literature of the subject.

    Many of the notes were checked and the final manuscript and proofs of this Critical Bibliography were kindly read by Dr. M. C. WELBORN.

    Harvard Library I85 GEORGE SARTON. Cambridge, Mass. 3506.0I

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  • viiith TO viith CENT. B.C. 469

    PART I

    FUNDAMENTAL CLASSIFICATION (CENTURIAL)

    VIIIth Century B.C.

    Hartner, Willy. Das Datum der Shih-Ching-Finsternis. T'oung Pao 31, i88-236, I934. ISIS

    " Die Sonnenfinsternis von - 775 IX 6 (jul. Stil), die in China seit dem Ende der Hanzeit, in Europa seit rund 200 Jahren (GauibiJ) als ' Shih-ching- Finsternis ' betrachtet wird, kann nicht mit dieser identisch sein, da sie im Gebiet des alten China (Unterlauf des Gelben Flusses) nicht sichtbar gewesen ist. Die Sonnenfinsternis von - 734 XI 30 ist in der Zeit zwischen dem Beginn der Choudynastie (1122 V. Chr.) und dem Ende der Ch'un- ch'iu-Periode (470 v. Chr.) die einzige, die mit den Angaben der Shih-ching- Ode (Chinese Classics IV, 320) ubereinstimmt."

    Pfeiffer, Robert H. State letters of Assyria. A transliteration and translation of 355 official Assyrian letters dating from the Sargonid period (722-625 B.C.). XIII+265 P. (American Oriental series, 6). New Haven, American Oriental Society, 1935. ($4.50). IsIs

    These letters (except one) were selected from those published in cunei- form by R. F. HARPER (Chicago 1892-1914). The present translations are independent of those made by L. WATERMAN (3 vols. Ann. Arbor 1930-I).

    Some of the letters may interest our readers: " Public works: building materials, carpenters, construction work, foundation inscriptions, digging of canals. III. Agriculture and commerce. Transportation: delivery of horses, and of miscellaneous items. Ships, and transportation by water. Husbandry: shepherds. Agricultural produce. Metal work and sculpture. Weaving. VI. Magic and medicine. The collection of texts on magic and divination. Magical ceremonies, incantations, expiatory rites. Medi- cine. VII. Astronomy, astrology, and divination. Astronomical observa- tions. Interpretation of astronomical omens. Interpretation of meteoro- logical omens. Animal omens and their interpretation. Determination of auspicious days." The scientific contents are meager but such as they are the historian of science dealing with that period should take them into account. G. S.

    VIIth Century B.C.

    Fox, W. Sherwood; Pemberton, R. E. K. Passage.s in Greek and Latin literature relating to ZOROASTER and Zoroastrianism translated into English. 7ournal Gama Oriental Institute no. 14, 147 P., 1929.

    Isis

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  • 470 vth CENT. B.C. TO ISt CENT.

    Modi, Jivanji Jamshedji (I854-1933). The birth-place of ZOROASTER.

    Journal Cama Oriental Institute, no. 9, I-I13, 1927. ISIS

    Vth Century B.C.

    Rey, Abel. Les mathematiques en Grece au milieu du Ve siecle. 92 p., 8 fig. (Expose's d'histoire et philosophie des sciences, i). Paris, HERMANN, 1935 (i8 fr.) ISIS

    Esquisse de la pens&e mathematique au ve siecle B. C. - un age d'or qu'on ne peut qu'admirer davantage i mesure qu'on le connait mieux. L'a- vant propos est une defense habile de l'histoire des sciences. Ceci est suivi de la traduction in extenso du prologue du commentaire de PROCLUS aux Elements d'EucLIDE: le seul texte ancien un peu etendu relatif a i'histoire des mathematiques jusqu'a EUCLIDE. Ensuite: i. Considerations generales; 2. Le theoreme dit de PYTHAGORE; 3. La port6e technique des speculations mathematiques jusqu'au milieu du Vs siecle; 4. Arithm6tique et systeme metrique, algebre, geometrie et algebre geometrique; 5. Le bilan des connais- sances mathematiques des Gtecs au milieu du vc siecle et les nouveaux problkmes; 6. HIPPOCRATE de Chio; la quadrature des lunules; 7. Les premiers e61ments. La duplication du cube. L'Apagoge. Un appendice discute la decouverte de NEU,GEBAUJER relative aux equations cubiques babyloniennes.

    G. S.

    IlIrd Century B.C. (whole and first half)

    Jorg, Edgar. Des BOETIUS und des ALFREDUS MAGNUS Kommentar

    zu den " Elementen "des EUKLID (nach dem Codex Z. L. CCCXXXII B. der Biblioteca Nazionale di S. Marco zu Venedig). Zweites Buch. 34 P. (Heidelberg doctor's thesis). Bottrop i.W., POSTBERG, 1935.

    ISIS

    Interesting contribution to the study of the mediaevel EUCLID tradition, a by-product of the author's investigations on REGIOMONTANUS. G. S.

    Souques, A. Que doivent 'a HEROPHILE et a ERASISTRATE I'anatomie

    et la physiologie du systeme nerveux? Bull. de la socie'te' franf. d'hist. de la meid. 28, 357-65, 1934. ISIS

    Ist Century (whole and first half)

    Temkin, Owsei. CELSUS' " On medicine " and the ancient medical sects. Btull. of the Institute of the History of Medicine 3, 249-64, 1935.

    ISIS

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  • Ist (2) TO ivth CENT. 471

    Ist Century (second half)

    Maspero, Henri. Les origines de la communaute bouddhiste de Lo- Yang. Journal asiatique 225, 87-107, 1934 (received March 1935).

    ISIS "En resume tout ce que nous connaissons du Bouddhisme en Chine au

    1er siecle de notre ere nous ramene a YING, roi de Tch'ou, et a son entourage. C'est autour de ce premier protecteur que s'organisa la plus ancienne com- munautee bouddhique connue, celle de P'eng-tch'eng. C'est dans ce milieu que se developpa (s'il ne s'y forma pas) le taoismne bouddhisant qui devait ouvrir la voie au Bouddhisme en lui permettant de se repandre subreptice- ment dans les communaut6s taoistes, de sorte que celles-ci jouerent a son 6gard dans une certaine mesure un r6le analogue a celui que les communautes juives du monde romain jouerent a 1'egard du christianisme naissant."

    Sage, Evan T. Medicine in the romance of PETRONIUS. Annals of medical history 7, 192-96, I935. ISIS

    IInd Century (whole and first half)

    Gordon, Hirsch Loeb. L'emofilia. I1 morbo di SIMEONE BEN GAMALIELE II (secondo secolo). Policlinico, 19 p. Roma, I1 Poli- clinico, I934- ISIS

    According to the Tosefta, Rabbi SIMEON BEN GAMALIEL II, tanna of the third generation, president of the Great Sanhedrin, who flourished in Palestine in the first half of the second century, was already aware of the existence of hemophilia, - and in cases where circumcision had caused the death of three brothers, he stated that it was better not to circumcise a fourth one. Elaborate discussion of this and of our knowledge of hemophilia in general.

    G. S.

    (Ptolemy, Claudius). Geography of CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY, translated into English and edited by EDWARD LUTHER STEVENSON; based upon Greek and Latin manuscripts and important late fifteenth and early sixteenth century printed editions, including reproductions of the maps from the Ebner Manuscript, ca. I460, with an introduction by JOSEPH FISCHER (S. J.). xvI-+I67 P., ri6 p. of reproductions. New York, Public Library, 1932. ISIS

    Reviewed by AUBREY DILI-Ell, isis 22, 533-39, 1935.

    IVth Century (whole and first half)

    Horapollon of Nicopolis (Intr. I, 358). See J. MASPERO in Bulletin de l'Institut franfais d'archeologie orientale (vol. XI, I914). HENRI SOTTAS Lettre de Champollion a' Dacier (Paris 1922, P. 26-8, 76, passim). G. S. ISIS

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  • 472 viith TO VTIIth CENT. (2)

    VIIth Century (whole and first half)

    Rasslan, Wassel. MOHAMMED und die Medizin nach den Ueber- lieferungen. 5I P. (Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften, H. i). Berlin, EBERING, I934. ISIS

    VIIth Century (second half)

    Ananias, Armenian astronomer and mathematician (Note to be added to Introduction, I). Gestorben c. 670. Schrieb i) Eine Selbst- biographie, in der er seine Reisen zur Erlernung der Mathematik schildert. Sein Lehrer: TviXLKOS in Trapezunt. 2) "'QJber die Masse und Gewichte." 3) Eine Aufgabensammlung mit 24 Aufgaben mit wertvollem geographischem und historischem Inhalt " Frage und Auflbsung "; Problemstellung und Losung, aber ohne L6sung6- methode. Die Aufgaben stehen auf der Hohe der griechischen arithmetischen Epigramme oder der Aufgaben bei NICOLAS RHABDAS. 4) Aufgaben (6), die beim Schmausen geboten werden." 5) Eine kurze Anleitung zu den Rechenoperationen. Isis

    Text und Ubersetzung - Gesamtausgabe von PATKANIAN (Petersburg I877) ohne 3-5. Zu i) Ubers. von F. C. CONYBEARE in Byzant.. Zeitschr. 7, i897, 572-584. ZU 2) Ausg. PATKANIAN S. 27-31, 3. Zu 3) Ausg. von Aufg. i-6 in Bazmavep, Venedig I853, 48, I44, 335; I854, i6o, 256; I855, 304; Aufg. I-24 in Sion, Jerusalem i866, 78, 94, io8 f., I57 f., 174 f.; kritische Ausgabe von G. TER-MKRTTSCHEAN in Ararat I896, 143-I56, I99-208. Deutsche tbers. von P. SAHAK KOKIAN in Zeitschr. fur die osterr. Gymnas. 69, I919/20, 112-II7. 4) und 5) ist unediert.

    Kritik. C. FRIEDRICH NEUMANN, Versuch einer Geschichte der arme- nischen Literatur, Leipzig I836, IOO-OI. ZU 2) PASCAL AUCHER: Erklarung der Masse und Gewichte der Alten, Venedig i82I, S. 207; V. VAZQUES QUEIPO: Essai sur les systemes metriques et monetaires des anciens peuples I, Paris I859, S. I96-200. Zu 3) L. ALISCHAN in Schirak, Venedig i88i, S. 2 ff. in Ararat, Venedig I890, S. 138; und in Haiapatum, Venedig I90I, S. 531-33; GR. CHALATHEANZ in Das armenische Epos, Moskau I896, S. 223 if; P. AKINIAN (der die Ausgabe von 4 und 5 vorbereitet) in Handes Amsorya 27, 1913, S. 78.

    KURT VOGEL.

    VIIIth Century (second half)

    Mashillah (Intr. I, 53I). The tract De compositione et utilitate astrolabii is not inserted in the ISO3 ed. of Margarita Philosophica. It appears to have been first appended to the edition of I 5 I 5, and was reproduced (I think) in every subsequent edition. The title in I 5 I 5 was Astrolabij Messahalath compositio. RALPH E. OCKENDEN. ISIS

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  • ixth TO xth CENT. 473

    IXth Century (whole and first half)

    Van de Vyver, A. DICUIL et MICON de Saint-Riquier. Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire I4, 47 p., I935. ISIs

    "La grammaire et le comput 6taient les sciences en faveur lors de la Renais- sance carolingienne. Dans ses capitulaires, CHARLEMAGNE obligea le clerg6 a connaitre le comput eccl6siastique aussi bien que F'Ecriture, les prieres et le chant. De nombreuses ceuvres et compilations de comput virent le jour a la suite de l'assemblee de computistes qui se reunit en 8og sur l'ordre de l'empereur et arreta les principales donnees, souvent controversees, servant 'a etablir la date de Paques. Je me propose de decrire ces ensembles de textes, 1a plupart du temps tres decousus et anonymes, - ils font le desespoir des auteurs de catalogues de manuscrits, --et de classer leurs copies, qui presen- tent en niarge des cycles pascals les plus anciennes chroniques m6dievales, dans un de mes ouvrages qui etabliront F'evolution scientifique du haut moyen .ge en se basant avant tout sur P'6tude comparee des recueis ou corpus de

    traites en usage pour chaque matiere, aux differentes 6poques, dans de nom- breux centres. A pr6sent, je voudrais preciser l'ceuvre, tres variee, de l'un des rares computistes qui nous ait confie son nom, l'irlandais DICUIL. On connait depuis longtemps son De mensura orbis terrae, la premiere compilation medievale de geographie, redig6e en 825."

    IXth Century (second half)

    Giles, Lionel. A topographical fragment...

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