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Forensic Anthropology Forensic Anthropology Age Determination Sex Determination Number of Individuals Age Determination Sex Determination Number of Individuals Cause of Death Individual Identification Disease Processes Cause of Death Individual Identification Disease Processes Forensic Analysis Team What Can Be Identified ?? What Can Be Identified ?? N Minimum number of individuals N Sex [not gender] N Approximate age N “Race” N Approximate stature N Commingling N Skeletal injury N Cause of death N Time since death N Human or not Steps in Identification Steps in Identification N Anatomical arrangement N Examination & description N Correlation w/missing persons N Re-examination N Correlation w/ putative dead Separation Techniques Separation Techniques N Positive articulation N Ultraviolet light N Blood groupings N Trace analysis N Coloration & markings N DNA analysis N Associated documents Human ?? Human ??

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Forensic Analysis Team
What Can Be Identified ??What Can Be Identified ??
N Minimum number of individuals N Sex [not gender] N Approximate age N “Race” N Approximate stature N Commingling N Skeletal injury N Cause of death N Time since death
N Human or not
N Anatomical arrangement
N Examination & description
Separation TechniquesSeparation Techniques
N Positive articulation
N Ultraviolet light
N Blood groupings
N Trace analysis
N Coloration & markings
N DNA analysis
N Associated documents
Ante- or Post-mortem Damage ?Ante- or Post-mortem Damage ? Age DeterminationAge Determination
N Dental eruption N Bone size & maturity
N Epiphyseal closure N Third molar root N Sacral segments N Pubic symphysis
N Cranial sutures N Sternal rib end changes N Peri-auricular margins
Age DeterminationAge Determination
Age DeterminationAge Determination
3
N Wide age ranges
Age DeterminationAge Determination
N Relatively inaccurate
Age DeterminationAge Determination
N Deltoid tub. robusticity
N Browridge
N Bicondylar breadth
sexual dimorphism
MaleMaleFemaleFemale
FemaleFemaleMaleMale
Sex DeterminationSex Determination
Sub-pubic concavity
Ventral arc
MaleMaleFemaleFemale
MaleMale
FemaleFemale N Shape of symphyseal block N Ascending ramus width N Acetabulum size
Sex DeterminationSex Determination
N Elevation of the auricular surface around its entire margin
MaleMale
FemaleFemale
N Ala vs. promatory width
N General breadth
Sex DeterminationSex Determination
N Tooth form
Race DeterminationRace Determination
… such analysis is based on the premise that race is a biological reality. By NO means a ‘given.’
…… such analysis is based on the premise that race is a biological reality. By NO means a ‘given.’
Race DeterminationRace Determination
Anterior ViewAnterior View
Race DeterminationRace Determination
N ~9,000 year old find
N Caucasian ???
N Compare to xrays
N Provides information for insurance claims
N MIAs, war dead
PopularityPopularity