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FOODS FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS. Wilna Jansen v Rijssen Food Control Department of Health Vrijsw@health.gov.za. FOODS FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS. Department of Health www.gov.za/department/health Cluster: Pharmaceutical: Policy and Planning Food Control. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • FOODS FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMSWilna Jansen v RijssenFood ControlDepartment of Health

    Vrijsw@health.gov.za

  • FOODS FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMSDepartment of Health

    www.gov.za/department/health

    Cluster: Pharmaceutical: Policy and PlanningFood Control

  • LEGISLATIONGenetically Modified Organisms Act, 1997 (Act 15 of 1997)

    Genetically modified organisms

  • GMO ACTDepartment of AgricultureExecutive Council for GMOsDoA, DACST, DEAT, DoH, Do, DTI

    Advisory Committee - experts

  • FOOD FROM GMOGMO maize kernelsNot a GMO but obtained from GMO and containing GM-material maize mealNot a GMO but obtained from GMO and not containing GMO material glucose

  • LEGISLATIONDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

    Food industry (processed foods)Consumers

  • LEGISLATIONFoodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act 54 of 1972)

    Food safety

  • FCD ACT

    Department of HealthDirectorate: Food ControlGroup: GMO food 4 professionals 5 Masters degrees (Biotechnology/Microbiology/Plantbiochemistry/Toxicology and Nutrition)

  • FCD ACTGroup: GMO food

    Confidentiality clearance

    Ethical BoardsPharmacy CouncilSA Council for Natural Scientific Professions

  • FCD ACTRoles, Functions and responsibilities of Group GMO food

    GMO - Food SafetyGMO Food LabellingGMO Food Communicate

  • FCD ACT/GMO ACTFOOD SAFETYRoles, Functions and responsibilities of Group GMO food

    Verify compliance of applications with SA legislation and policies, international standards and guidelinesRisk assessmentsWrite reportsAdvise the Director: Food Control

  • FCD ACT / GMO ACT

  • FOOD SAFETYAuthorities

    Codex Alimentarius (FAO/WHO)

    Organization for Economic and Social Development ( OECD ) 22+ countries

    International Life Sciences (ILSI)

    Others

  • FOOD SAFETY

    Codex Alimentarius (FAO/WHO)

    International Food Safety Standards and Guidelines based on scienceFacilitate trade

    World Trade Organization

  • CODEX ALIMENTARIUSGeneral Principles for the Risk Analysis of Foods derived from Modern BiotechnologyGuidelines for the conduct of safety assessment of foods derived from recombinant-DNA plantsMicro-0rganisms (in preparation)( fish)

  • FOOD SAFETYFCD ActPolicy Guidelines for toxicological assessments OECD Guidelines for testsChemicals (pesticides)Microbial pest control agentsBotanical pest control agents (prep)GMO-foods based on CODEX (new)

    website

  • CODEX ALIMENTARIUS

    RISK ANALYSISRisk Assessment Risk Management Risk Communication

  • CODEX ALIMENTARIUS

    RISK = HAZARD X EXPOSURE

  • GMO SAFETY AND RISK ASSESSMENT Case by caseExpressed substances (non-nucleic acid substances)Compositional analysis of key componentsEvaluation of metabolitesFood processingNutritional modificationothers

  • GMO RISK MANAGEMENTLegislationPoliciesExecutive Council for GMOImplementation

  • GMO RISK MANAGEMENT

    Policies - DOHCodex Alimentarius standards and guidelinesDepartmental Guidelines for chemicals/pesticidesFull assessments of GMO and productsFull assessment of GMOs for food and for feedAntibiotic resistant genes phased out

  • CODEX Q&AWhat overarching scientific principles should be applied to the safety and nutritional assessment?

  • CODEX Q&ASubstantial equivalence? Concept not a methodWell established component of Risk AssessmentNo alternative strategies to provide a better assurance.

  • CODEX Q&ALong-term effects?Pre-marketing safety assessment and methodology used are adequate to detect and evaluate any possible long-term effects.

  • CODEX Q&APotential allergenicity?Assessment of potential allergenicity to be conducted in all cases

  • CODEX Q&ARisks arising from the use of antibiotic resistance marker genes in plants and micro-org?

    Subject to standard safety assessment as for any other introduced gene product

  • ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCEGene transfer from plants and their food products to gut organisms or human cells only a rare possibilityAlternative transformation technologies encouraged

  • FAO DIRECTOR-GENERAL: Dr Jacques Diouf, Manilla, 7 December 1999We have no problem with GMOs as long as they are proven to be safe to human beings and have no negative impact on the environment

  • EUROPEAN UNION9 OCTOBER 2001 81 research projects financed by the EU over the last 15 years, at a cost of $64 million on GM crops and products made from. Research has not found any new risks to human health or the environment beyond the usual uncertainties of conventional plant breeding

  • EUROPEAN UNION9 OCTOBER 2001 Research has not found any new risks to human health or the environment beyond the usual uncertainties of conventional plant breedingIndeed, the use of more precise technology and greater regulatory scrutiny probably make them even safer than conventional plants and food

  • COMMUNICATION:FCD ACTLABELLING REGULATIONSA label not a warning but only a method to convey information and to provide a choice.

  • CONSULTATIONS Total 35Port Folio: 3Interviews: radio, TV, journals, telephone, othersConferences: 4Groups: 9Workshop#1 (71 representatives)Workshops#2 #3 #4(food industry)Workshop: comments

  • CONSULTATIONSFOOD LEGISLATION ADVISORY GROUP 5 MEETINGFLAG sub committee

  • CODEX ALIMENTARIUSFramework Codex Definitions

  • DRAFT LABELLING REGULATIONSMandate from the Minister

  • DRAFT LABELLING REGULATIONSMandatory nutritional and natural toxin changes / allergens / genes from animals or humans

    Voluntary Improved / enhanced characteristics

    Voluntary Non-genetically modified

  • FOOD FROM GMOGMO maize kernelsNot a GMO but obtained from GMO and containing GM-genetic material maize mealNot a GMO but obtained from GMO and not containing GMO material glucose

  • CODEX ALIMENTARIUSLABELLINGPRINCIPLES No food should be described or presented in a manner that is false, misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding its character in any respect.Must substantiate a claim

  • CODEX ALIMENTARIUSLABELLINGPROHIBITED CLAIMSare e.g. those that

    cannot be substantiatedcould give rise to doubt about the safety, orexploit fear in the consumer.

  • SA Labelling RegulationMISLEADINGAnalytical Methods are NOT RELIABLEFew Methods validatedNo statistically acceptable sampling methodsPaper trailing not reliable

  • LABELLINGCOSTVerification expensive30 000 products of soybeans and maize onlyIncrease in price with 8 to 18% (Australia)

  • SA LABELLING RegulationCHOICEPRICESmall percentage consumers read the detail on labelsChoice could decrease with increasing production /manufacturing of GM-food

  • SA LABELLING RegulationNON GM FoodIdentity preservation system (Segregation)Export channel

  • SA LABELLING RegulationRecommendationsSABS Code of Practice: IPSGuidelines