Folk Songs & Lullaby

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<p>Folk Songs &amp; LullabyPrepared by : Abdul Khalid bin Yusoff Amirul Zakwan bin Abu Bakar Evanna Devi A/P Seyapalan Hanis Ayuni binti Zaman</p> <p>Folk Songs Used to refer to a narrative song that uses traditional melodies to speak on a particular topic.</p> <p> Often, topical folk songs address social and political issues such as work, war, and popular opinion.</p> <p> Often these songs are passed down within a community.</p> <p> Many folk songs have been around so long that nobody is entirely sure who their composers were.</p> <p> This music is also referred to as traditional music and, in US, as "roots music".</p> <p> Different countries have their own traditional folk songs.</p> <p>Characteristics of Folk Songs Music transmitted by the mouth, oral tradition.</p> <p> There is no copyright to the songs because there is no author.</p> <p> Music that has an unknown composers.</p> <p>Categories of Folk Songs Ritual (eg : wedding) Social Festive and Non Festive Religious and Non Religious (religious services)</p> <p>Examples Of Folk Songs</p> <p>Baa Baa Black Sheep (1765)Baa, baa, black sheep, Have you any wool? Yes sir, yes sir, Three bags full. One for the master, One for the dame, And one for the little boy Who lives down the lane.</p> <p>History of Baa Baa Black Sheep Written for those oppressed by the Master and the Dame who collect all the wool dates back to 1275 when Edward I imposed an export tax that allowed him to collect a tax on any wool exported from any port in then country</p> <p> Earliest known publication dated in 1744.</p> <p>London Bridge is falling downLondon Bridge is falling down, Falling down, falling down. London Bridge is falling down, My fair lady. Build it up with iron bars, Iron bars, iron bars, Build it up with iron bars, My fair lady. Iron bars will bend and break, Bend and break, bend and break, Iron bars will bend and break, My fair lady. Build it up with gold and silver, Gold and silver, gold and silver, Build it up with gold and silver, My fair lady.</p> <p>History of London Bridge London Bridge is falling down is about the destruction of London Bridge during the Great Fire of 1666. Many disasters struck the bridges - Viking invaders destroyed the bridge in the 1000's which led to a fortified design, complete with a drawbridge. Building materials changed due to the many fires that broke out on the bridge.</p> <p>Malaysian Folk Songs Makyong Ulik Mayang Inang</p> <p>Lullaby A lullaby is a soothing song, usually sung to young children before they go to sleep, with the intention of speeding that process.</p> <p> As a result they are often simple and repetitive. Lullabies can be found in every culture and since the ancient period.</p> <p> The simple lyrics, nature, and storyline of lullabies are usually intended for children, and are therefore suitable for them.</p> <p> Among the purposes are to express mixed feelings, to teach kids about nature and life.</p> <p>History of lullaby Lullabies have existed throughout human history and some of the ones we sing to this day are hundreds of years old.</p> <p> Although no one is certain, it is believed that the name lullabies comes from the lull -ing and by ing sounds one makes to help a baby fall asleep.</p> <p> The term comes from a Hebrew phrase, Lilith-Abi meaning Lilith begone. Lilith is a folkloric character who was believed to steal children in the night and these incantations were sounded to keep her away.</p> <p>Popular lullabies &amp; originRock-a-bye Baby1. One is that it was written by English immigrants to America upon seeing Native American women rocking their babies in birch-bark cradles suspended from tree branches. 2. Another theory is that it was written in the late 1700s about a family that lived in a tree and their children slept in hollowed out boughs.</p> <p>Twinkle twinkle little stars1. Jane Taylor and her sister Ann published their second book of poems for children, called Rhymes for the Nursery back in the 1806 in England.</p> <p>2. The lullaby is based on the poem The Star written by Taylor.</p> <p>The Star poem by Jane TaylorTwinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are! Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky! When the blazing sun is gone, When he nothing shines upon, Then you show your little light, Twinkle, twinkle, all the night.</p> <p>Then the traveler in the dark, Thanks you for your tiny spark, He could not see which way to go, If you did not twinkle so. In the dark blue sky you keep, And often through my curtains peep, For you never shut your eye, Till the sun is in the sky. As your bright and tiny spark, Lights the traveller in the dark,Though I know not what you are, Twinkle, twinkle, little star.</p> <p>Characteristics of Lullaby Infant directed speech Pattern of speech changes Slow tempo Range of speech changes (high and low)</p> <p>Examples of Lullaby</p> <p>Hush, Little Baby Hush, little baby, don't say a word. Papa's gonna buy you a mockingbird And if that mockingbird won't sing, Papa's gonna buy you a diamond ring And if that diamond ring turns brass, Papa's gonna buy you a looking glass And if that looking glass gets broke, Papa's gonna buy you a billy goat And if that billy goat won't pull, Papa's gonna buy you a cart and bull And if that cart and bull fall down, You'll still be the sweetest little baby in town</p> <p>Twinkle twinkle little star Twinkle, twinkle, little star How I wonder what you are. Up above the world so high Like a diamond in the sky Twinkle, twinkle, little star How I wonder what you are! When the blazing sun is gone, When he nothing shines upon, Then you show your little light, Twinkle, twinkle, all the night. Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are!</p> <p>Then the traveler in the dark Thanks you for your tiny spark; He could not see which way to go, If you did not twinkle so. Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are!</p>