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  • Folk Museums and Collections in EnglandAuthor(s): M. M. BanksSource: Folklore, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Mar., 1945), pp. 218-222Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. on behalf of Folklore Enterprises, Ltd.Stable URL: .Accessed: 18/06/2014 01:08

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  • 218 Collectanea

    course and she will conceive." 95 Or: " Take the milk of a bitch and wash with it her privy parts and immediately have intercourse with her and it will be efficacious with the help of God. And this has to be done several times." 96

    Ass. " Take wool and dip it into ass's milk and put it on her navel at the time of intercourse and she will conceive." 97

    Mare. " For pregnancy.... Let the woman drink mare's milk for nine consecutive days without her knowing and have intercourse with her ... and she will conceive immediately." 98

    Bear. Of the use of bear's milk we have already heard above. Cow. " Let the woman wash her womb in milk when having inter-

    course with her husband and she will conceive." 99 Goat. Of the use of goat's milk we have already heard above. Addi-

    tionally let us mention the following charm: " Take the first milk of a goat before the kid had touched the udder, make a small cheese of it, put it into a new linen cloth, and tie it upon the left arm; it must never be taken off, and the woman will then bear children." 100


    9s Sepher Segulloth we iddoth, manuscript, 74b. 96 Toldoth Adam, 4a, no. 9; Mar'eh Hayyeladim, 34b. 97 Mar'eh Hayyeladim, 35a. 98 Sepher Segulloth weHiddoth, manuscript, 67b, quoting R. Nathan Omri.

    99 Sepher Rephuah wejlayyim, chapter 12, p. 35b. 100 Gaster, ibid. For the use of milk by various peoples as a cure for barrenness

    see Hartland, Primitive Paternity, I, 62, I 14 ; Hovorka-Kronfeld, op. cit., II, 515, 516, 517.


    THE infOrmation concerning the Museums and Collections in the following list has been supplied, very kindly, by the curators and owners, in some cases as the result of personal visits. With the meagre details quoted, highly interesting photos, notes and comments have also been given, but war-time conditions prevent their reproduction at the present time. The list cannot clairm completeness, for there are still private collections of which little is known, and even large collections, such as those in store in Bristol, await a favourable opportunity for housing, classification and exhibition.

    The last entry tells the tragic tale of a fine collection dispersed; else- where too, smaller collections have been broken up at the death of the owner, whose family and friends have felt little sympathy with a preserva- tion of " old rubbish ".

    Lines from the letter of a keen collector who bequeathed her Village Museum to a friend during her last illness this year, make a suitable intro- duction to a list of Museums and may guide would-be collectors to the happiest method of collection.

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  • Collectanea 219 " Downside, East Hendred, Berks. zoth February, 1944.

    .. I always say that the Museum made itself, for the village people used to bring me old things which they thought would interest me. At last I had a few things put away in a drawer where they lived a lost life. Then I thought, and collected them together, and putting them together on a table in an unused little room thus made a refuge for these Old Age tools. This idea came to me partly by the Dedicatory Epigrams in the Greek Anthology commemorating the fishermen, huntsmen, etc., who in their old age hung up their simple instruments in the Greek Temples. I had also seen the collection of local relics in Winchcombe church.

    As soon as I put the few things I had on a table I went out and waylaid one of the village people with her small children and declared the Museum open! This was Whit Monday, 1933. The children were de- lighted and others came and brought things or talked of old things and I began to ask the wheelwright, the blacksmith, the carpenter, the builder and work people of all sorts, and so I soon got to know about and to possess things I had never heard of or read of. I have learned all sorts of inter- esting things from men who had spent their life in farm work and other trades belonging to earlier times. I think I have between 700 and 8oo things....'' Lavinia Smith.

    Bedfordshire. Luton Public Museum, founded 1927 to illustrate " every- day life and culture of the people of the district throughout the ages ". The Rural Industry Room is supplemented by exhibits of Hat and Lace Making Industries. A Children's Room shews samplers with furniture for children's use, toys and school equipment. There is also a School Loan Collection.

    Berkshire. East Hendred Museum, opened 1932 ; a collection of domestic and agricultural tools and implements of the district. (See prefatory note above.)

    Buckinghamshire. At Reddings, near Aylesbury, Mr. H. J. Massingham began to form his Collection about 1935. It consists largely of imple- ments of agricultural and rural cults and lace-making, with rare items such as a Regency sand picture, seventeenth century bells, a fine smock, and a magnificent set of spellikins.

    Cambridgeshire. The Cambridge and County Folk Museum, founded 1935, is housed in the Old White Horse Inn and contains a collection illustrating the social life of the people of Cambridgeshire, with a shop window of the eighteenth century.

    Devonshire. Torquay Museum exhibits old implements and domestic apparatus, chiefly of farmhouse type.

    Dorsetshire. The Pitt Rivers Museum near Farnham has among its Archaeological specimens English, Scottish, as well as foreign pottery, and old bicycles, carts, etc.

    Essex. Colchester and Essex Museum, in Colchester Castle, founded about 1846. A large collection of local agricultural implements. It includes the Holly Trees Museum, devoted to a very large collection of speci- men products of local industries and connected implements.

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  • 220 Collectanea

    Gloucestershire. Gloucester, Bishop Hooper's Lodging, a museum for the display of the Folk-Culture and Historical relics of Gloucestershire, opened 1935, with two Trades Rooms, cases of bells, specimens of fight- ing equipment of Fighting-Cocks and objects illustrating the home life of the district.

    Cheltenham. The Municipal Museum contains Folk Culture exhibits and has a large collection of specimens stored for a possible Folk Museum of the future.

    At Winson, near Cirencester, is a small collection of old tools con- nected with coach-building, ironwork from old Cotswold wagons, drays and harrows, with a few field-labourers' implements. Private owner Mr. W. W. Field.

    Hampshire. Alton. The Curtis Museum, founded 1855 by William Curtis, M.R.C.S., in which a large section exhibits once-familiar objects of everyday local life in farms, hop-gardens and kilns, and from the woods and the downs such things as charcoal-burners, hurdle-, hop- and sheep-rack makers' material, also articles of sport or for the use of poachers and keepers. Indoor arts are amply illustrated with fine specimens of needlework, pottery and glass. (See Folk-Lore, March 1944.)

    Winchester. The City Museum exhibits illustrations of the older clay pipe industry, grocers' and apothecaries' trades, home laundries, with old watches, toilet articles and a Sedan chair complete, also tools of the lace-workers.

    The West Gate Museum also has a collection of objects of Folk Culture.

    Alresford. Mr. P. W. Ford, Ropley, has a private collection of fire- marks, horse brasses, etc.

    Herefordshire. Hereford. The Public Museum has a very large collection of domestic and agricultural Bygones and implements still in use, lace, pottery and many English costumes.

    Hertfordshire. The Hertfordshire Museum, founded privately by Robert Thornton and William Frampton Andrews awaits adoption by the Town Council. It includes articles of kitchen and general fire appar- atus, with farmers', shepherds' and other countryside implements, also bells, barrel-organs, needlework, etc.

    New Barnet. The Abbey Folk Park and Museum exhibits Folk arts and utensils of great variety, English and foreign, against a pre-historic background in its Park. An old barn has been arranged as a chapel with beautiful furnishing and decoration. Privately o


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