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  • FIZIKA (SAOBRAAJ)

  • 2

    1. Fizika i njeni metodi ....................................................................................................................................... 4

    2. Osnovne fizike veliine. Internacionalni sistem mera (SI) ........................................................................... 4

    3. Osnovni pojmoji kinematike .......................................................................................................................... 5

    4. Pravolinijsko kretanje ..................................................................................................................................... 6

    5. Uniformno (ravnomerno) kretanje ................................................................................................................. 6

    6. Jednako ubrzano kretanje ............................................................................................................................... 7

    7. Krivolinijsko kretanje ..................................................................................................................................... 7

    8. Analogija izmeu pravolinijskog i krunog kretanja ...................................................................................... 8

    9. Sila i masa. Koliina kretanja ......................................................................................................................... 9

    10. Njutnovi zakoni .......................................................................................................................................... 9

    11. Impuls sile i koliina kretanja .................................................................................................................. 10

    12. Zakon odranja koliine kretanja ............................................................................................................. 11

    13. Rad i energija ........................................................................................................................................... 12

    14. Zakon odranja energije ........................................................................................................................... 13

    15. Gravitacija. Njutnov zakon gravitacije..................................................................................................... 13

    16. Posledice Lorencovih transformacija ....................................................................................................... 14

    17. Elastinost vrstih tela ............................................................................................................................. 15

    18. Elastina deformacija istezanja ................................................................................................................ 15

    Sudar ........................................................................................................................................................ 15

    Oscilacije ................................................................................................................................................. 17

    Primeri harmonijskih oscilacija................................................................................................................ 17

    Oscilovanje tela obeenog o elastinu oprugu ......................................................................................... 18

    Matematiko klatno ................................................................................................................................. 19

    24. Priguene harmonijske oscilacije ............................................................................................................. 19

    25. Prinudne oscilacije ................................................................................................................................... 20

    26. Agregatna stanja ....................................................................................................................................... 20

    27. Prostiranje talasa u elastinoj sredini ....................................................................................................... 21

    28. Jednaina progresivnog talasa .................................................................................................................. 21

    30. Odbijanje i prelamanje talasa ................................................................................................................... 22

    31. Difrakcija talasa ....................................................................................................................................... 22

    32. Interferencija talasa .................................................................................................................................. 23

    33. Polarizacija talasa ..................................................................................................................................... 23

    34. Stojei talasi ............................................................................................................................................. 24

    35. Doplerov efekat ........................................................................................................................................ 25

    36. Zvuk ......................................................................................................................................................... 26

    37. Brzina zvuka. Jedinice ............................................................................................................................. 26

  • 3

    38. Ultrazvuk ................................................................................................................................................. 27

    39. Temperatura. Termometri ........................................................................................................................ 27

    40. Temperaturske skale ................................................................................................................................ 28

    41. Toplota i masena koliina toplote ............................................................................................................ 29

    42. irenje vrstih tela pri zagrevanju ............................................................................................................ 30

    43. Prenoenje toplote .................................................................................................................................... 31

    44. Idealan gas. Jednaina stanja idealnog gasa. ............................................................................................ 32

    45. Osnovna jednaina kinetike teorije gasova ............................................................................................ 34

    46. Raspodela energije po stepenima slobode ................................................................................................ 34

    47. Unutranja energija i masena koliina toplote idealnog gasa ................................................................... 35

    48. Srednja duina slobodnog puta. Difuzija ................................................................................................. 35

    49. Osnovni pojmovi termodinamike ............................................................................................................. 36

    50. Prvi princip termodinamike ..................................................................................................................... 36

    51. Drugi princip termodinamike ................................................................................................................... 37

    52. Kruni procesi .......................................................................................................................................... 37

    53. Klauzijusova nejednaina ........................................................................................................................ 38

    54. Realni gasovi. Jednaina Van der Valsa .................................................................................................. 39

    55. Fazni prelazi ............................................................................................................................................. 40

    56. Experimentalne izoterme. Kritina taka ................................................................................................. 41

    57. Dijagram stanja. Trojna taka .................................................................................................................. 41

    58. Toplotna pretvanja ................................................................................................................................... 42

    59. Razvoj teorija o prirodi svetlosti .............................................................................................................. 42

    60. Izvori svetlosti. Brzina svetlosti ............................................................................................................... 43

    61. Zakoni odbijanja i prelamanja svetlosti ................................................................................................... 43

    62. Fotometrijske veliine i jedinice: ............................................................................................................. 45

    63. Ogledala .......................................................................................................................................