# fizika final

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Sve za fiziku -ftn

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• FIZIKA (SAOBRAAJ)

• 2

1. Fizika i njeni metodi ....................................................................................................................................... 4

2. Osnovne fizike veliine. Internacionalni sistem mera (SI) ........................................................................... 4

3. Osnovni pojmoji kinematike .......................................................................................................................... 5

4. Pravolinijsko kretanje ..................................................................................................................................... 6

5. Uniformno (ravnomerno) kretanje ................................................................................................................. 6

6. Jednako ubrzano kretanje ............................................................................................................................... 7

7. Krivolinijsko kretanje ..................................................................................................................................... 7

8. Analogija izmeu pravolinijskog i krunog kretanja ...................................................................................... 8

9. Sila i masa. Koliina kretanja ......................................................................................................................... 9

10. Njutnovi zakoni .......................................................................................................................................... 9

11. Impuls sile i koliina kretanja .................................................................................................................. 10

12. Zakon odranja koliine kretanja ............................................................................................................. 11

13. Rad i energija ........................................................................................................................................... 12

14. Zakon odranja energije ........................................................................................................................... 13

15. Gravitacija. Njutnov zakon gravitacije..................................................................................................... 13

16. Posledice Lorencovih transformacija ....................................................................................................... 14

17. Elastinost vrstih tela ............................................................................................................................. 15

18. Elastina deformacija istezanja ................................................................................................................ 15

Sudar ........................................................................................................................................................ 15

Oscilacije ................................................................................................................................................. 17

Primeri harmonijskih oscilacija................................................................................................................ 17

Oscilovanje tela obeenog o elastinu oprugu ......................................................................................... 18

Matematiko klatno ................................................................................................................................. 19

24. Priguene harmonijske oscilacije ............................................................................................................. 19

25. Prinudne oscilacije ................................................................................................................................... 20

26. Agregatna stanja ....................................................................................................................................... 20

27. Prostiranje talasa u elastinoj sredini ....................................................................................................... 21

28. Jednaina progresivnog talasa .................................................................................................................. 21

30. Odbijanje i prelamanje talasa ................................................................................................................... 22

31. Difrakcija talasa ....................................................................................................................................... 22

32. Interferencija talasa .................................................................................................................................. 23

33. Polarizacija talasa ..................................................................................................................................... 23

34. Stojei talasi ............................................................................................................................................. 24

35. Doplerov efekat ........................................................................................................................................ 25

36. Zvuk ......................................................................................................................................................... 26

37. Brzina zvuka. Jedinice ............................................................................................................................. 26

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38. Ultrazvuk ................................................................................................................................................. 27

39. Temperatura. Termometri ........................................................................................................................ 27

40. Temperaturske skale ................................................................................................................................ 28

41. Toplota i masena koliina toplote ............................................................................................................ 29

42. irenje vrstih tela pri zagrevanju ............................................................................................................ 30

43. Prenoenje toplote .................................................................................................................................... 31

44. Idealan gas. Jednaina stanja idealnog gasa. ............................................................................................ 32

45. Osnovna jednaina kinetike teorije gasova ............................................................................................ 34

46. Raspodela energije po stepenima slobode ................................................................................................ 34

47. Unutranja energija i masena koliina toplote idealnog gasa ................................................................... 35

48. Srednja duina slobodnog puta. Difuzija ................................................................................................. 35

49. Osnovni pojmovi termodinamike ............................................................................................................. 36

50. Prvi princip termodinamike ..................................................................................................................... 36

51. Drugi princip termodinamike ................................................................................................................... 37

52. Kruni procesi .......................................................................................................................................... 37

53. Klauzijusova nejednaina ........................................................................................................................ 38

54. Realni gasovi. Jednaina Van der Valsa .................................................................................................. 39

55. Fazni prelazi ............................................................................................................................................. 40

56. Experimentalne izoterme. Kritina taka ................................................................................................. 41

57. Dijagram stanja. Trojna taka .................................................................................................................. 41

58. Toplotna pretvanja ................................................................................................................................... 42

59. Razvoj teorija o prirodi svetlosti .............................................................................................................. 42

60. Izvori svetlosti. Brzina svetlosti ............................................................................................................... 43

61. Zakoni odbijanja i prelamanja svetlosti ................................................................................................... 43

62. Fotometrijske veliine i jedinice: ............................................................................................................. 45

63. Ogledala .......................................................................................................................................

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