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AlI1HlI1l-\a AJlll1Hbl B CV13TaIlOH MeTpaB CV11111 T (11 K 2 =1 000 000 21 AM2= 0,01 M21 CM2=0 0001 M21 MM2=0,000001 MOCHOBHafi e A L t l H L t l ~ a CKOpOCTLtl B ClIlMeTp B ceKYHAY (1 ~ )c1 KM = 1 . 1000 M = 0 28 ~Lj 3600 e ! e1 eM = 1 . 0,01 M = 0 01 ~e 1 e ! eM 1 . 1 3600 KM KM1 C =1000 KM . 3600 Lj = 1000 Lj =3,6 YA. B.ITepLIwKHHKnaccYqe6HHKW1Si 06IUeo6pa30BaTemHbIXyqpe)K,l:temmPeKOMeH,rlOBaHO MmrnC'I'epCTBOM 06p a 30BaHIDiP OCCmfcKOH ctJe,l:{epamml O-e H3):taHHe, ):tonOJIHeHHOeDPOepQGAO "MOCKOBCKli1e yye6Hli1Kli1MOCKBa . 2006Y):(K 373.167.1:53BBK 22.3.fl72II27Y'I e6Hlt K II o.nr OTOBJIeHK H3,l(aHHIO H. B. fPUJLOU0 6U'lIIepLlIDKII H, A. B.II27 u3uKa. 7 KJI . : yt-l e6. )lJl.fl otimeofipa aos ar-, yqpelKAeHIiH / A. B. IIe-ps rmxnn. - lO-e H3,l(., .non. - M. : )J;poepa, 2006. - 192 c. : HJI.ISB 5-358 -00257 -X xnura H Bll Jl eTCH nepcpa60TBHlthlld f1SPIl6I1TOld Y' IC(i UHKS A. B. n c op bl Ul KH H8 . 4> 113111KeCTIl 1I Maccoii TeJI a ... . .... . 62 28. j],lII1IlMOMe Tp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 29 . Cnoacemre ,lI,BYX CII JI . Ha rr p nBJI CHHh I X no onnoii npar-r on. Ci lJI . ......................... . 68 30. IlJIn TP CHIIH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 31 . 'I'pearre n OKOSi .. .... ... . . .......................... .. 73 32. Tpenue B np apozie If Te XHIIl( e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 74F'n aaa IIILI,ABJIEHHE TBEPLI,bIX TEJI, IKHAKOCTEt'l11 rA30B 33. ,L(8BJlellue. E J{lIUUlJ,bI J{llBJletUIH .............. . ... ... . . ... ... 77 34. Cnocodsi yMCHblll HitSi II YBCJIlPlellllH p;aBJI CHIlH .. . .. .. ........ ... 8019 1 35. .lla BJI e HUC r a aa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 36. ITe p ,lI,IP I8 ,lI,8 0JICIIJUI H r83aMU . 3axOH ITa c K IlJUl . . . . 85 37. .118.BJI eHHe B H r AJ C . . . . . . . . 88 38. P IlC' IeT ,lI,anJIeHllSl iKU,lI,KOCTlI lI8 ,lI,IIO II CTeHKlI COCYJJ,8 . . . 90 39. Coofintmomuecn c o Y,lI,bI . . . . . . 93 40. Bec o 0 3JJ,y x n . ATMocepHoe ,lI,80JIelI ue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 4 1. ITO'-ICMY c YILlec T BYCT 0 0 30U nrnaa 060JIOlI1 U{ (! Cl1l 6 0, ..v a m epu.n,vI. ytHHl l)m 31I K Y, Bbl OYJleT nOCTOH HHO p a m npnn, CBOU auaruuauar s HOBble TepMlIHhl II TP I caMhI nocr-nr-art, Sl3bIK ::rro ii unrep Huayx u.9 S0npOCbl1. LfTO B cj:>1t131t1Ke nOHIt1Ma lOT nOA TepMIt1HOM qm 3V1 y eCKOe reno ? 2. LfTOHa3blBa lOT s e uiecrsora? n p lim eAVlTe nplt1Mepbl cj:>Vl3V1yeCKIt1X Ten VI Be w,eCT8.3. B l.leM CXOACTBO It1 p aan u -m e Ten, 1t1 30 6 p a>t er o H n o B0 3l1.W lliHOCTH H e o .n; HH paa. Q'I'06h1 H a Yllll Th TaIKeHJl e Mom HO Ha 6JllOABTb aa onsrr e. Ha pUCYH-xe 36 TeJI em K a C x arrens m mea, 11:3 KOTOPOH xepea OAHH aKO-BbI n p MeiKYTKU spesr HM n anaror KaIIJIU. Ilpa ABumeHHIf TeJI JKKU nOAAe lICTBu eM npUBH38HHo r o K Heii rpy aa MbI BRAUM, tITO P8CCTOHHHSl Me:>KAYCJIeAaMl1: 01' x an JI b HeOAHHaKOBbI . A 31'0 U 0 3U8 ' meT , '-ITO 38 odunascoe ecenpOMem YTKH Bp eMeHll reneacxa n p OXOAHT pasn.ue nym u.? n c1. axoe ABVl)KeHVl e uaauaaior pasHoMepHblM? 2. Kaxoe ,D,SVl)f(eHVl e Ha3bl-aaior HepasHoMepHblM? 3. npltlse,D,vfTe npltlMepbl HepaBHoMepHor o ,D,SVl)f(eHltlSl.3315 . CKOpOCTb. EAIIIHIIIl-' I C OpOCTMMsr ronopara, ozma TeJIa ,n;BllmyTcSl 6hICTpee, zrpyr-ae Me,n;-JIeHHee. Hanparaep, no rnocce nraraer rypacr , aBTOM06llJIh,B soazryxe JIeTllT CaMOJIeT. ,Z:(onycTllM, see ona ,n;BllmyTcSI pasnosrep-HO, TeM He MeHee ,n;BllmeHlle 3TllX TeJI 6y,n;eT ABTOM06llJIh ,n;BllmeTCSI 6blCTpee nenrexona, a CaMOJIeT 6bICTpee aBTO-M06llJISI. B OpMyJIH ,n;JISI aaxoaczrenaa CKOpOCTll 6y,n;eT llMeTb Bll,n;:sv = t'CKOPOCTb TeJIa IIpH paBHOMepHOM ,lJ;BH:lKeHHH - 3TO BeJIHQHHa,panaaa OTHOlUeHHIO IJYTH KO BpeMeHH, aa icoropoe 3TOT IJYTb rrpoirzten.34rJUUJa I I. B::JaI1Mon.eAC1ll118 TenB MeJKAYHapOAHOH CMCTeMe (Cll) CKOpOCTh M3MepmOT 6 mempaxna celCyuiJy .8TO 3HatiMT, xro sa eduicuuu ClCOpOCmU npUUU.MaemC.R. ClCO-poem malCOZO pa6H..O"ltepUOZO 06U:HCeUU.R., npu lCOmOpO.M sa1 celCyuiJy meno npoxoiiurn ruim, paetoaii 1 mempu,CKOPOCTb TeJIa MOJKHO M3MepHTh TaKJKe B tcu.nomempax 6 uac tcu.nomempax 6celCyH-oy (K;); canmuscempax 6celCyH-iJy (C;).Tlpu.mep: IToe3A, ABMr 8HCb paBHOMepHO, aa 2 ti IJpOXOAMT IJYTb, pas-HbIH 108 KM. BbltiMCJIMTe CKOpOCTb ABMJKeHHH IJOe3Aa.Barranrera yCJIOBMe 3BAati11 M penrara ee.AaHo:s = 108 KMt=2tiPenreaae:sv = -t 'v - ? v = 108 = 54 KM .2 ti qBhIpa3I1M CKOpOCTb noeaaa B eA11B11u;aX Cll, T. e. K11JIOMeTpbl nepene-AeM B MeTpbI, a xacsr B cexynzrsr:54 KM = 54 000 = 15 ti 3600 C COTBeT: v = 54 KM , 11JI11 15 .q cTaK11M o6pa30M, 'IHCJIOBOe 3HalJeHHe CKOpOCTH 3aBHCHT OT BbI6paH-HOH e;:J;HHHIJ;bl.CKOPOCTb, KpOM e tiMCJIOBOrO 3HatieHHH, 11MeeT 11 narrpaaneuae.ECJI11 Tpe6yeTcH yaaars, rne 6YAeT HaxoA11TbCH xepea 2 ti CaMOJIeT,BbIJIeTeBIII11H BJIBAHBOCTOKa, TO Heo6xOAHMO 3HaTb He TOJIbKO aaane-H11e ero CKOp OCTM, HO H ee aanpaarreuae.BeJIMti11HbI, xoropsre, KpOMe ti11CJIOBOrO 3HatieH11H (MOAyJI.H), 11MelOTerne M aanpaanenne, Ha3bIBalOT BeKTopHbIMH.CKOPOCTb - 3TO eetcmopnast tpu.suuectcasi 6e.nU'lUua.Bee sercropasre BeJIUti11HbI 0603HatialOT COOTBeTCTBYIOIIJ,I1MI1 6YKBaMHco CTpeJIOtiKoH. Hanpnxep, CKOpOCTb 0603HatiaeTCH 6yKBOH V co crpe-JIOtiKOH, a MOAYJIb CKOpOCTM TOll JKe 6yKBOH, HO 6e3 CTpeJIOtiKH V.35...r Aall a II.Pl-1 C. 37H a pncynxa x CTpeJUKHO H 31' 0 YCT8HOBI1Tb aa ODbITe ? T I.LJ;aTeJI bHble onsr-ThI DO 113yqeHlUO .n,Bu m eHlUI Ten 6 bu m arrepnsre rrposeneasr r. I'amureem.O Hn nOa BOJlUJI U YCTaHOBlI1'b, qTO eCJIH na Te.TIO He .n,eiicTBYIOT npyrtre TeJIa,TO OHO H8.XOAUTCfl IiJIIl B DORoe, lIJlH AnUiKeTCJl npaa omraeimo 11 p8BHOMep-HO OTHOCIITeJlbHO 3 eM u .H Bne B K e co xpaaemra CKO pOC-TU Tena npn OTCYTCTBlIlI neircrarra aaHero n pyrux Ten na asmaror nnepuaeii.(Haepuua - 01' n8T . UnepL{Ua - - aeno.n,BU>KHOCTb. oeaAeflTeJlhHOCTb .)T a RUM 06pa30M, ,lJ.BU>IeMy MaTepHaJla MO:iKeT P8CC4IlTaTb Maccy 6y.n;YI.lI,err M8IllltHbI. CTPOU-TeJlb MomeT onpenemrrs. IopMynVl pyeTCs:l 3aKOHiyKa? 5. KaKaanacusaerca 3aKOHiyKa?. B CTenaB rr OBCe).l,H e n HOH jf{lI3H H O'Kl-ITe 3TH CHJIbI aa pn cymce 68.A aHO:m. = 1,5 K I"Hg ::= 10-KI'FTSUK - ?P - '!erneaa e:F n1 a< = gtn,P = gm ,HFT R1K = P == 10 - . 1, 5 tcr = 15 I-I.HTOTBeT: FT Rm = P = 15 H.Teneps Jl306pa3uM CllJIbI rp8cPMl:JeCKH. Bsrfiepesr MacIDTa5. Ilycrr,3 H 6YAeT pasen OTpC3Ky Ammoii 0,3 eM. Tor A8 CUJIY B 15 H aeofixoznoaoHallepTHTb OTpe3KO i ,D,JIliHO" 1, 5 CM.JIeAy eT yl.{HTbIB8Tb, QTO lIJIn T.fDKeCTH AeHcTByeT na TeJIO, a 38a-qHT, npan >KeHB K 8MOMy TeJIy. Bec n H:CTBy eT HR onopy HJIH nonsec,T. e. npi JlO>KeH K on ope, B namest cnyxae K TOJIy. 01. '-lTO3Ha'-l Il1T 1I13Mepll1Tb KaKylO-nll160 cany? 2. 4ro npll1HHTOsa eAl'1HII1u,y CII1 -nu ? 3. KaK pacc-nrrar s Cli1nY TIDKeC1l1, Ha reno nlO60H Maccbl?4 . no KaKoH opMyne MO)KHOonpenenars sec r ena?4 n U UJffHle HHe 91. Onpenerrare CI1JIY TH>KeC'rlI . na TeJIO Maccoii: 3,5 Kr;400 r ; 1,5 '1' ; 60 r .2. I-I i i A.I1Te sec TeJla, Macca x oropor o 5 xr-, 300 r .3. B ee senoae 8 700 H. Onpenezr a r e ero Maccy. ne.naar e pHCyROK IinOK8>KIiTe sec TeJla.64I'nana II. 1CT H 1 n4. Bsrpaaare B HhIOTOHax CJIeAYIOI.IJ;Re Cl1JIhI : 240 KH , 25 KH, 5 KH,0,2KH.5. Ha CTOJIe CTOl1T TeJIeBI130p MaccoR 5 Kr. Orrpenemrre CUJIY THmec-'I'll U sec TeJIeBU30pa. I-I306pa3I1Te 3TH CUJIbI aa p n cyax e.Ha n p arcr a x e tI 8CTO n p UXOAHTCH U3MepHTh CHJIy, C KOTOpOR OAHO Te-JIO neiicr ay er aa APyro . ,I:(JIR H3Mep eHHR CHJIhI IlCrrOJIh3yeTCH npatiop,KOTOPhIii: a a bIBBeTCR AIIHaMOMeTp ( 0'1' rpen. 8UnQ.lIfUC - CUJIa, stern-peo - H3Mep HlO) .,l];HHaMoMeTp hI 6blBaIOT p 3JIU'lHOr O yCTpoHCTBa. OCHOBHaH I1XtI aCTb - TBJIhHaH npy xca a a, KOTOpOH n p a n aror pa3HYIO epOPMY B 3aBU-CHMOCTH 0'1' H83HaQeHU