final risk management plan

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IntroductionAccording to Little Leagues website, From those humble beginnings, Little League Baseball has become the worlds largest organized youth sports program. In the space of just six decades, Little League grew from three teams to nearly 200,000 teams, in all 50 U.S. states and more than 80 countries.(HISTORY OF LITTLE LEAGUE) The baseball division consists of Tee-Ball, Minor League baseball division (ages 7-11), 9-10 year old baseball division, Little League Baseball Major division (ages 10-12), Intermediate (50/70) Baseball division (ages 11-13), Junior League baseball division (ages 12-14), Senior League baseball division (ages 13-16), and the Big League baseball division (ages 15-18). (DIVISIONS OF PLAY)Typical risks include a batter getting hit by a pitch, or even the pitcher getting hit by a line drive. Both of these are the most common type of risk, but there are a few more. People who are watching the games are to sit behind home plate, and also are known to stand on the side next to left and right field. Due to this common choice, the spectators are to be aware at all times incase a foul ball is to occur. According to an online pediatrics journal, The term Little League elbow refers to medial elbow pain attributable to throwing by skeletally immature athletes. Pitchers are most likely to be affected by this condition, but it can occur in other positions associated with frequent and forceful throwing.(Risk of Injury From Baseball and Softball in Children) In order to protect the pitchers arm, there is a limit of how many pitches may be thrown. Most leagues recommend no more than 200 pitches per week, or 90 pitches per outing, but it depends on the age of the individual. (Risk of Injury From Baseball and Softball in Children) There has always been a concern for baseball players who slide headfirst. According to the pediatrics online journal, The avoidance of head-first sliding and the use of softer balls should be considered. For children younger than 10 years, there have been anecdotal reports of rare but serious cervical spine injuries occurring when a player slides head-first, hitting an opponent with the top of the helmet. (Risk of Injury From Baseball and Softball in Children) According to the same article, This injury is similar to that caused by spearing (using the head as the lead object) in football. Such sliding should be banned for players younger than 10 years. (Risk of Injury From Baseball and Softball in Children)Safety RisksAccording to the Little League website, their mission statement is Little League Baseball, Incorporated is a non-profit organization whose mission is to "promote, develop, supervise, and voluntarily assist in all lawful ways, the interest of those who will participate in Little League Baseball and Softball." (THE MISSION OF LITTLE LEAGUE)The following equipment is whats needed to play baseball: baseball bat, proper fitted glove, batting helmet, cup for protection, baseball cleats, sliding pants, and baseball pants. All of the equipment listed above may be purchased at any local sporting goods store. Regular safety check that commonly occurs are maintaining the field and making sure the turf is properly cut. Also, making sure the field is not too wet has always been a priority. If there were rain in the forecast coaches have to keep the parents up to date and check the field on a practice or game day so they can ensure its safe enough to use. According to Little, lightning safety is a priority. In this article, it says, When the thunder that Little Leaguers hear is not the roar of the crowd, it is time to get inside, because lightning may be close behind. Thats why the NOAA National Weather Service is teaming up with Little League Baseball and Softball to provide valuable life-saving information regarding the dangers of lightning. (Lightning Safety, 2015) The league requires background checks to be completed by every coaching instructor and those who assist the coach for practices and games. Coaches are not permitted to go through training for the skills that are found within the sport, but have to be aware of the safety precautions that must be expressed in any given emergency. An accident notification form, which is provided in step 4, allows doctors and any emergency service official to be given accurate information. Special RisksThere are many injuries that can occur while playing little league. On the Little League website, there are many helpful forms to view about safety. The Play It Safe form is available to view online and gives a better understanding and appreciation of making Little League a safe activity. The website doesnt list the possible injuries that may occur, but the following injuries can possibly happen at a moments notice. Head injuries may occur any moment due to the batter, pitcher or any other defenders being hit by the ball. Participants have the possibility to get into a collision, which can cause a head, arm, leg, neck, or back injury. Its important to note that equipment is to be used to help prevent the injury, but it doesnt guarantee participants are immune to getting injured. Incident/ Accident ReportingIts important to know that the required protective equipment to play does not prevent all injuries players may receive while participating in baseball/softball. (Little League) There is an accidental claim form to fill out incase an injury were to occur. According to the claim form, If injuries occur, initially it is necessary to determine whether claimants parents/guardians or the claimant has other insurance such as group, employer, Blue Cross and Blue Shield, etc., which pays benefits. (This information should be obtained at the time of registration prior to tryouts.) If such coverage is provided, the claim must be filed first with the primary company under which the parent/guardian or claimant is insured. (Little League) Below is an accident notification form that shows what the parents, if the claimant is under 19 years of age, have to fill out.

Emergency Action Plan The next four images represent an emergency plan for Hometown Little League. This plan provides a lists of emergency numbers, emergency procedures, and also a site map incase anyone would require the location of first aid, field emergency, restrooms, exits, and concessions.

Travel Policy

The travel policy is not only written for those who play travel ball, but for all participants. There has to be a waiver fill out if someone who isnt their parent or guardian provides a participant with transportation to and from games/practices. The waiver may be filled out at any time during or before the season, but must be completed before the child receives transportation from someone who isnt his or her legal guardian. Coaches are required to stay alert and be sure their participants receive a ride from their parent/legal guardian. These rules and regulations are set for the safety of the participants. This waiver is to be filled out to prevent a possible lawsuit being filed against the person transporting the participant. Instruction and SupervisionThere must be a few rules and guidelines set in place before anyone is given the authority to instruct and supervise the children of Little League. All coaches and assistants to the coach must go through a background check before being able to instruct his or her participants. Before leading the first practice, instructors are given a set of rules and regulation to ensure their participants are provided with a safe environment. The supervisor is the league-leading official who is responsible for observing and evaluating instructors and participants during league events. Supervisors will be making appearances to random events to observe and ensure all precautions are being met. This includes making sure all safety regulations are being met. Also, supervisors are to make evaluations of all instructors. These evaluations are a recording from the observations supervisors make as he or she visits the event sites. The evaluations are kept as a record incase an incident involving the instructor were to occur. At the end of each regular season, the supervisors tell the instructors if they are allowed to return next season as a coach. There is a level of fairness included and teams are selected by a lottery. For example, think of how the NBA, MLB, and NFL select their draft picks. This keeps teams from being unbalanced because the best players are more than likely to be selected right away. There are multiple rounds in the draft, and teams select one player per round. Lastly, it is important for training programs to be approved by the supervisor. Training programs can be too tough for a certain age group, so supervisors must be able to determine whether its safe or unsafe. This is to ensure the safety of all participants while at practice and during a game. Performing a training program that is considered unsafe may result in an injury. METHODS TO REDUCE ABUSE AND MOLESTATION CLAIMS There are rules and guidelines to follow incase there were to be any form of abuse towards the children. According to Little Leagues online website, For more than a decade, Little League has led the way among youth sports organizations in assisting local leagues to keep child sex offenders out of the program. (LITTLE LEAGUE GUIDELINES ON REPORTING ABUSE) Every little league baseball program performs mandatory background checks on the adults who participate. This includes coaches, umpires, and the adults who run the program. According to A Parents Guide to the Little League Child Protection Program, Generally, a person involved in a local Little League program should not put himself or herself in a one-on-one situation involving a child who is not their own. (LITTLE LEAGUE GUIDELINES ON REPORTING ABUSE) A good tip is for the parent/guardian to stay and watch the practice is he or she is at least a little uncomfortable with leaving their child with the coach. Its important to notice if anything is bothering your child. According to A Parents Guide to the Little League Child Protection Program, Some of these symptoms may be present in a child who has been or is being sexually abused, when such symptoms are not otherwise explainable: sudden mood swings, excessive crying, withdrawal, nightmares, bed-wetting, rebellious behavior, fear of particular people or places, infantile behavior, aggressive behavior, and physical signs such as pain, itch, bleeding, fluid or rawness in private areas. (LITTLE LEAGUE GUIDELINES ON REPORTING ABUSE) EMPLOYMENT GUIDELINESThose who are active Little League baseball are not paid employees, but are considered volunteers. All coaching staff and parent volunteers are not paid, but coaches are recommended to know at least some knowledge about baseball. All coaches are required to pass a background check in order to participate. Those who wish to be a coach must also complete a coaching certification. Umpires must also go through a background check to ensure the safety of the children and spectators. Those who wish to become an umpire must first be certified, and are also given the rules and regulations incase any speculations occur during games. Lastly, umpires are paid individuals who receive a stipend per game. The image below shows what the Little League Volunteer Application form looks like. Volunteers are able to sign up as a League Official, Coach, Umpire, Field Maintenance, Manager, Scorekeeper, and Concession Stand.

Participant Agreement Form and/or Parent Guardian Waiver


ACCIDENT NOTIFICATION FORM. (2015). Retrieved from Developing an Emergency Plan. (2015). Retrieved from OF PLAY. (2015). Retrieved from HISTORY OF LITTLE LEAGUE. (2015). Retrieved from Lightning Safety. (2015). Retrieved from Little League. (2015). ACCIDENT NOTIFICATION FORM. Retrieved from League. (2015). Little League Baseball & Softball CLAIM FORM INSTRUCTIONS. Retrieved from LITTLE LEAGUE GUIDELINES ON REPORTING ABUSE. (2015). Retrieved from Little League Volunteer Application. (2015). Retrieved from Player registration form. (2015). Retrieved from Risk of Injury From Baseball and Softball in Children. (2015). Pediatrics, 107(4). Retrieved from THE MISSION OF LITTLE LEAGUE. (2015). Retrieved from


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