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  • 279 Vernon Street # 8 • Oakland, California 94610 • tel/fax 510.451.4168 • [email protected]

    Final Report

    CHILD CARE AND HOUSING LINKAGE RESEARCH STUDY

    Prepared for The County of San Mateo Office of Housing

    in conjunction with The San Mateo County Child Care Coordinating Council, Inc.

    By

    Brion & Associates

    with

    Vernazza Wolfe Associates, Inc.

    Funded by a grant from

    First 5 San Mateo County

    June 2003

  • Final Report: Child Care and Housing Linkage Research Study

    June 10, 2003

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Executive Summary........................................................................................................... ii OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................... II RECOMMENDATIONS....................................................................................................... III

    Acknowledgements .......................................................................................................... xi I. Introduction.....................................................................................................................1

    CONTEXT ......................................................................................................................... 1 PURPOSE OF STUDY.......................................................................................................... 3 BACKGROUND.................................................................................................................. 3 STUDY ORGANIZATION .................................................................................................... 4

    II. Supply and Demand Conditions ................................................................................. 6 OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................... 6 ISSUES TO CONSIDER........................................................................................................ 6 Child Care Demand ...................................................................................................... 6 Child Care Supply ......................................................................................................... 7 Housing Development and Growth............................................................................... 7

    CURRENT CHILD CARE SUPPLY AND DEMAND ................................................................ 8 PROJECTED HOUSEHOLD GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT ................................................ 12 FUTURE CHILD CARE NEED ........................................................................................... 14

    III. Policy Review and Assessment.................................................................................18 POLICY IDEAS ................................................................................................................ 18 1. AB1600 Child Care Impact Fees ............................................................................ 18 2. Child Care Inclusionary Ordinance ....................................................................... 25 3. Encourage or Mandate the Provision of Child Care Facilities in Affordable Rental

    Housing Developments ......................................................................................... 28 4. Child Care Density Bonus ...................................................................................... 30 5. Child Care through Development Agreements, and Other Zoning Requirements . 32 6. Use of Public Surplus Land .................................................................................... 34 7. Financial Assistance and Cost Offsets.................................................................... 37 8. Municipal Zoning, Permit Streamlining, and Planning Support ............................ 40 9. Public Education Targeting: Neighbors, Landlords and Tenants, Real Estate

    Community and Planners...................................................................................... 43 10. Rehab Financial Assistance and Allocating Newly Rehabbed Units for FCCHs. 46 11. Child Care Opportunities in Public Housing Projects......................................... 48 12. Child Care in General Plans and Other Planning Documents ............................ 49 13. On-Site Child Care as a Congestion Management Tool ...................................... 52 14. Child Care and Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program ................................ 54 15. Child Care Facilities and CEQA Checklist .......................................................... 56 16. Public Ownership of FCCH Units in Affordable Housing Projects – A Vancouver

    Policy Proposal..................................................................................................... 59 OTHER POTENTIAL POLICY IDEAS.................................................................................. 61

  • Final Report: Child Care and Housing Linkage Research Study

    June 10, 2003

    IV. Project Case Studies.................................................................................................. 64 SUCCESSFUL CHILD CARE/HOUSING PROJECTS ............................................................. 64 Affordable Housing Projects....................................................................................... 64 Market Rate Housing Projects.................................................................................... 69 Lessons Learned.......................................................................................................... 73 Affordable Housing Developments and Child Care ................................................... 73 Market Rate Housing Development and Child Care .................................................. 74

    V. Recommended Policy Strategy.................................................................................. 75 RECOMMENDATIONS...................................................................................................... 75 All Cities and County.................................................................................................. 77 Cities with Growth Potential ...................................................................................... 78 Small Cities or Built Out Cities .................................................................................. 79 Other Recommendations ............................................................................................. 79

    BIBLIOGRAPHY ........................................................................................................... 82 Appendix A: Detailed Data................................................................................................1 Appendix B: Other Projects with Child Care ...................................................................1

    LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES

    Table S-1 Summary of Policies and Recommendations .........................................................v Figure 1 San Mateo County Development and Land Uses.................................................... 2 Table 1 Children 0 to 13 by Age/Child Care Group and Area.............................................. 8 Table 2 Labor Force Participation Rates by Area.................................................................. 9 Table 3 Supply of Child Care Spaces by Type and Area...................................................... 10 Table 4 Children in San Mateo County Needing Care by Type and Area............................ 11 Table 5 Child Care Supply Gap or (Shortage)/Surplus by Type and Area........................... 12 Table 6 Projected Households in San Mateo County by City: 2000 to 2025........................ 13 Table 7 Recent Housing Building Permits by Area: 1993 to 2002 (1).................................. 14 Table 8 Future Child Care Need by Type and Area............................................................ 15 Table 9 Current Unmet and Future Child Care Need, 2003, and 2004 to 2025 ................... 16 Table 10 South San Francisco Projects with DAs and Child Care....................................... 33 Table 11 Examples of Local Low-Interest Loan Programs for Child Care.......................... 39 Table 12 Summary of Potential Child Care & Housing Policies......................................... 76

  • Final Report: Child Care and Housing Linkage Research Study

    June 10, 2003

    ii

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    San Mateo County Office of Housing and the San Mateo Child Care Coordinating Council, Inc., (4Cs) commissioned this Child Care and Housing Linkage Research Study. The purpose of this Study is to examine ways to increase the provision of child care in the County by linking child care both to residential development and to local policies that affect residential land use. The audience for this Study includes County staff and officials, San Mateo cities, the development community, and child care advocates. An Advisory Committee provided guidance to this Study by suggesting programs and policies and by evaluating the draft Study before its distribution to a wider audience. This process will culminate with a Summit on Child Care, to which a wider group of San Mateo County officials and staff and child care providers will be invited to participate.

    Overview This Research Study is not a static report. Instead, it represents the first phase of a public effort to dev