filiacion matrimonial, extramatrimonial y adopcion

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    Ley aplicable: Filiacin matrimonial,extramatrimonial y adopcin

    Naysha Obdulia Guevara VargasShirley Edith Huallpa TejadaKaril Alberto Rivera PradoEdduars Giusseppe Ji!"e# $a#o

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    2

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    +,-edi%aos este trabajo a "uestros

    padres por su i"%esa"te apoyo) a

    "uestros %opa.eros por la aistad y

    a "uestro pro/esor por su e"trega ta"to

    al %urso %oo a "osotros,0

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    3

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    INDICE

    PAG.

    PRESENTACIONCONTENIDO

    TITULO ILEY APLICABLE

    CAPITULO IFILIACION MATRIMONIAL

    I. Definicin....7

    II. Pl!" #$%i#" & #'ni#" (e)e*+cin.7

    III. C*"* (e ne)cin (e l,+e-ni((...

    I/. Pl!" ,-

    cci"n-...0

    /. Ti+1l-e* (e l ccin..

    /I. Filicin #+-i#"nil en #+e-i in+e-nci"nl

    CAPITULO IIFILIACION E4TRAMATRIMONIAL Y RECONOCIMIENTO

    I. Definicin (e filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil3

    II. C"n*++cin (e l filicine%+-#+-i#"nil..3

    III. Decl-cin 51(icil (e filicine%+-#+-i#"nil...6

    I/. Definicin (el -ec"n"ci#ien+"

    /. C-c+e-e* (el-ec"n"ci#ien+"..

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    6

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    /I. S15e+" c+i8" & ,*i8" (el -ec"n"ci#ien+"7

    /I.. S15e+" c+i8" (el -ec"n"ci#ien+".7

    /I.2. S15e+" ,*i8" (el-ec"n"ci#ien+"...

    /II. F"-#* (el -ec"n"ci#ien+"

    /III. Efec+"* (el -ec"n"ci#ien+" 8"l1n+-i" & (e l (ecl-cin 51(icil (e,+e-ni((..

    I4. Filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil en #+e-iin+e-nci"nl...0

    4. Rec"n"ci#ien+" (el 9i5" en #+e-i

    in+e-nci"nl..2

    4I. De l i#,1)ncin (el-ec"n"ci#ien+".22

    4II. Le)i+i#cin.22

    CAPITULO IIIADOPCI:N

    I. Definicin.2

    II. Cl*e* (e (",cin2

    III. Re;1i*i+"* (e l(",cin..2 en+"nce**e enc"n+-=n en 1n *i+1cin (e infe-i"-i(( & c"n (e-ec9"* -e*+-in)i("*> l ,- (e l(en"#incin (e ile)'+i#"* ;1e *e le* (i". En el C(i)"Ci8il (e 03< *e le* cl*ific en

    le)'+i#"* en +n+" ;1e 9='n nci(" (e 1n #+-i#"ni" e ile)'+i#"* *i el nci#ien+" *e ,-"(1c'

    f1e- (el #+-i#"ni". P"- e5e#,l"> en *1ce*i"ne*>el 9i5" ile)'+i#" 9e-e(= l #i+( (e l" ;1e

    le c"--e*,"n(' l le)'+i#". C"n el C(i)" Ci8il (e 06> *e *1,e- e*+e +-+" (i*c-i#in+"-i" en

    http://www.monografias.com/Derecho/index.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos7/anco/anco.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos7/anco/anco.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos12/eticaplic/eticaplic.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos5/fami/fami2.shtml#sucehttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos5/fami/fami2.shtml#sucehttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos7/anco/anco.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos12/eticaplic/eticaplic.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos5/fami/fami2.shtml#sucehttp://www.monografias.com/Derecho/index.shtml
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    e*+ i)1l(( (e l"* 9i5"* n" *i)nific> ,"- c1n+" el e5e-cici" (e l"* (e-ec9"* (e l*

    (ife-en+e* in*+i+1ci"ne*f#ili-e* *e =* en c-i+e-i"* (i*,-e* ,- 1n" & "+-"*> =*("* en l

    *i+1cin (e 9ec9" en ;1e *e enc1en+-n l"* 9i5"*. A*' el e5e-cici" (e l ,+-i ,"+e*+(

    -e*,ec+" (e 9i5"* #+-i#"nile* n" e* i)1l l (e l"* e%+-#+-i#"nile*. En el ,-i#e- c*">

    l"* ("* ,(-e* e5e-cen (ec"n*1#"el e5e-cici" (e e*+ in*+i+1cin f#ili-. Y en el *e)1n(">

    e%i*+en c-i+e-i"* ,- "+"-)- 1n" 1 "+-" el e5e-cici"> c"#" +#,"c" l" e* en l 1+"-i!cin

    ,- #+-i#"ni"* (e #en"-e*. P- l (e*i)ncin (e +1+"-e*> en el c*" (e l"* #+-i#"nile*

    n" *e -e;1ie-e c"nfi-#cin 51(icil> l" c1l *' e* nece*-i" +-+$n("*e (e l"*

    e%+-#+-i#"nile*. P"- l" +n+" e* nece*-i" *=e- l c"n(icin (e l"* 9i5"* l"* #+-i#"nile*c1n(" ncen (e ,(-e* c*("*> & l"* e%+-#+-i#"nile* c1n(" ncen (e ,(-e* n"

    c*("*> en+en(i?n("*e ;1e l (i8i*in (e l"* 9i5"* n" cl*ific *in" (e*c-i=e l *i+1cin (e

    ell"*.

    En *e)1n(" l1)-> -ec"-(-e#"* ;1e c"n l le)i*lcin ,*( C(i)" Ci8il (e 03 el

    c(i)" (e 06> *in en+-- clific-> (en"#in 9i5"* e%+- #+-i#"nile* ;1ell"* c"nce=i("*

    & nci("* f1e- (el #+-i#"ni" +l c"#" *e (e*,-en(e (el -+'c1l" 3 +"( l

    n"-#+i8i(( -efe-i( l"* 9i5"* e*+$ i#,-e)n( (e l i)1l(( (e l"* #i*#"*> *en e*+"*

    #+-i#"nile* " e%+-#+-i#"nile*> c"#" l" #n( l C"n*+i+1cin P"l'+ic (e l Re,=lic en

    *1 -+'c1l" 2 inci*" 2 & e*,ecil#en+e el -+'c1l" n" *i)nific (e5- (e l(" l ,"*icin (e e*+"* 9i5"* en -elcin *1* ,(-e*>

    1n"*> ,-"8enien+e* (e -elci"ne* #+-i#"nile* & "+-"* (e ,(-e* n" c*("*.

    Finl#en+e> +-+-e#"* l (",cin> en l ;1e *e e*+=lece 1n -elcin ,+e-n" " #+e-n" filil

    en+-e ("* ,e-*"n* ;1e n" l" *"n ,"- n+1-le!> -elcin ;1e )ene- l"* #i*#"* (e-ec9"* &

    (e=e-e* -ec',-"c"* en+-e ,(-e* e 9i5"*> c"#" *i *e +-+- (e 1n -elcin ,+e-n" " #+e-n"

    filil n+1-l. L" ;1e n+1- n" (> 51(ic+1- l" "+"-) c"n l *"le#ni(( *el( ,"- l le&. El

    (",+(" in)-e* en cli(( & c"n l"* (e-ec9"* (el 9i5" #+-i#"nil> ,"- ell" *1 -e)1lcin le)l

    *e enc1en+- en l filicin #+-i#"nil.

    http://www.monografias.com/trabajos12/consti/consti.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos/discriminacion/discriminacion.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos13/trainsti/trainsti.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos35/consumo-inversion/consumo-inversion.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos35/consumo-inversion/consumo-inversion.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos12/consti/consti.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos/discriminacion/discriminacion.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos13/trainsti/trainsti.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos35/consumo-inversion/consumo-inversion.shtml
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    7

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    L (",cin e* 1n in*+i+1cin *"cil ;1e 8iene *+i*fce-> ,"- 1n l(" el n9el" (e ,+e-ni((

    en ,e-*"n* ;1e ,"- (i8e-*"* #"+i8"* l n+1-le! le* 9 ne)(" l ,"*i=ili(( (e ,-"c-e-> &

    ,"- "+-" l("> "+"-) 1n f#ili ;1ell* ,e-*"n* ;1e n" l +ienen> " ;1e +eni?n("l n"

    enc1en+-n en ell el cl"- (e 1n filicin (i)n & *"li(-i.

    N1e*+-" C(i)" Ci8il (e 2 c")i l fi)1- )"=e-n$n("l en f"-# #1& *e#e5n+e l (el

    C(i)" n,"lenic"> *' *l" (",+=n l"* #&"-e* (e "* ;1e n" 9='n 9ec9" 8"+" (e

    c*+i(( & *in 9i5"*. L (",cin ce*= *i el (",+n+e +en' 9i5"* le)'+i#"* " -ec"n"c' 9i5"*

    n+1-le*. El C(i)" Ci8il (e 03< -e)1l l (",cin en *1* ("* #+ice*> l (",cin ,len> en

    l ;1e *e e*+=lec' 1n -elcin ,+e-n" filil 1+?n+ic> & +#=i?n *e -e)1l l (",cin

    #en"* ,len " *e#i ,len> ;1e *e li#i+= l "=li)cin (el (",+n+e (e li#en+- l

    (",+("> ,1(ien(" (",+- *l" l"* #&"-e* (e "* *in (e*cen(enci c"n (e-ec9"

    9e-e(-> (e=ien(" *e- *nci"n( 51(icil#en+e. El (",+n+e e5e-c' l ,+-i ,"+e*+( *in

    e#=-)" el (",+(" #n+en' l"* (e-ec9"* & (e=e-e* c"n *1 f#ili n+1-l. El C(i)" (e

    Men"-e*> Le& 30 *el= ;1e en el c*" (e #en"-e* =n("n("* " en ,eli)-" #"-l> l"*

    -e;1i*i+"* (e e(( & l fl+ (e 9e-e(e-"* ,"('n *e- (i*,en*("* ,"- el H1e!. L (",cin

    -eci?n *e 9c' ,len (e*,1?* (e 1n " (e *e- c"nce(i( & ,"(' *e- -e8"c( en c1l;1ie-

    #"#en+" ,"- el H1e!. E*+ le& f1e #"(ific( ,"- el Dec-e+" Le& 2220 ;1e e*+=leci l

    i--e8"c=ili(( (e l (",cin> & *e ce,+ c"#" ,len l (",cin (e*(e ;1e l *en+enci

    ;1e(= c"n*en+i( *in +ene- ;1e e*,e-- 1n ".

    TITULO ILEY !LIC"LE

    C!ITULO IFILICION #TRI#ONIL

    I$ DEFINICION

    E* l ;1e c"--e*,"n(e l 9i5" 9=i(" (en+-" (el #+-i#"ni". El 9i5" nci(" (1-n+e el

    #+-i#"ni" " (en+-" (e l"* +-e*cien+"* ('* *i)1ien+e* *1 (i*"l1cin +iene ,"- ,(-e l

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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    #-i("> 1n;1e l #(-e (ecl-e ;1e e* (e "+-" 9"#=-e "> *e c"n(en( c"#"

    (1l+e-.

    E*+ filicin #+-i#"nil *e ,-1e=

    C"n l* ,-+i(* (e nci#ien+" (el 9i5" & (el #+-i#"ni" (e l"* ,(-e*. P"- "+-" ("c1#en+" ,=lic" en el ;1e *e -ec"n"!c e%,-e*#en+e l 9i5"> ,"-

    e5e#,l" el +e*+#en+". P"- l *en+enci ;1e (e*e*+i#e l (e#n( (e c"n+e*+cin (e l ,+e-ni(( & P"- l ,"*e*in c"n*+n+e (el e*+(".

    II$ !L%O #&I#O Y #INI#O DE 'E(TCION

    L f-#1l (el -+'c1l" 3 *in e#=-)" e* nece*-i"> c"#" &

    l" 9e#"* #nife*+("> =-i- l ,"*i=ili(( (e ;1e el #-i(" ;1e n" *e c-e ,(-e (el

    9i5" ;1e l1#=- *1 #15e- ,1e( ne)-l". Pe-" c1$le* *e-$n *1* -)1#en+"* ,-

    i#,1)n- l 9i5"> "=8i#en+e e*+"* (e=e-$n e*+- -efe-i("* l ne)+i8 (e ?l> (e 9=e-

    +eni(" +-+" 'n+i#" c"n *1 #15e- & en ,-+ic1l- en el ,e-'"(" (e l c"nce,cin> ,1e*

    =ien e*+* e%i)enci* n"* lle8n c"n*i(e-- el ,l!" (e )e*+cin> (en+-" (el c1l

    (e=e c"#,-en(e-*e l c"nce,cin & el l1#=-#ien+" *"=-e el ,-+ic1l- n" e* ,"*i=le

    e*+=lece- 1n ,l!" nic" (e )e*+cin> ,1e* ell" (e,en(e-$ (el "-)ni*#" (e l

    #15e-> *in e#=-)" -e*1l+ nece*-i" fi5- 1n ,l!" #'ni#" & #$%i#"> & *' l" 9

    en+en(i(" el (e-ec9"> e*+=lecien(" ,l!"* (e ('* & 3 c"#" #'ni#" & #$%i#"

    (e )e*+cin.

    III$ C(O( DE NE'CION DE L !TERNIDD

    Refie-e el -+'c1l" 3 l le& n" ,1e(e ,-e*1#i- -elci"ne* e%+-#+-i#"nile*> ,"-

    l" +n+" el #-i(" *l" ,-"=-$ l fec9 (el #+-i#"ni" & l (el nci#ien+" (el 9i5"

    -+'c1l" 37> -ec&en(" l c-) (e l ,-1e= en l #(-e & el 9i5"> & (e#$*

    ,"-;1e n" -e*1l+ l)ic" c-e(i+- ;1e n" *e *1," l)" " ;1e n" "c1--i l)"> e*+"

    e*> l (en"#in( ,-"=n! (i=lic. Sin e#=-)" ,"- e%ce,cin *e li#i+ e*+

    ccin> & e*+"* *"n l"* c*"* (el -+'c1l" 3 en+"nce* *1

    c"n(1c+ +-(1ci( en l cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni" c"n e* #15e-> -e8el ;1e ?l *e

    c"n*i(e- -e*,"n*=le (el e#=-!"> " (#i+e e%,-e* " +$ci+#en+e ;1e e* *1

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    0

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    9i5". Se ,e-#i+e i)1l#en+e cci"n- 1n +-+$n("*e (e 1n 9i5" #1e-+"> *i e%i*+e

    in+e-?* le)'+i#" en e*cl-ece- l -elcin ,+e-n" filil> e* e8i(en+e ;1e *e +-+-' (e

    (e#"*+-- 1n c1*l (e in8li(e! (e #+-i#"ni" ;1e ,"(-' *e- 1n (efec+"

    *1*+ncil ;1e 9) in*","-+=le l 8i( en c"#n.

    b) Cuando sea manifiestamente imposible dadas las circunstancias que haya

    cohabitado con su mujer en los primeros 121 das de los 00 anteriores al del

    nacimiento del hijo.!E*+ c1*l e*+$ -efe-i( l"* ,l!"* #'ni#" & #$%i#" (e

    )e*+cin> & en ,-+ic1l- l c"nce,cin> en+"nce*> c1n(" el #-i(" c-e(i+e ;1e

    f1e i#,"*i=le +ene- +-+" 'n+i#" c"n *1 #15e- en el ,e-'"(" (e l c"nce,cin ,"(-$

    -e*1l+- 8ic+"-i"*"> 9"- =ien> e*+$ i#,"*i=ili(( ,"(-' *e- 1*enci> ,-i8cin (e

    li=e-+(> enfe-#e((> cci(en+e> *e,-cin (e 9ec9"> ,e-" en c1l;1ie- (e e*+"*

    c*"*> l ,-1e= -ece en el #-i("> ,1e* en e*+e *1,1e*+" l ,-e*1ncin ,+e- i*+iene ,len 8i)enci. Un e5e#,l" f$cil (e ,liccin (e e*+ c1*l l" +en(-'#"*

    c"n 1n 9i5" nci(" 1n 3 (e "c+1=-e (el 2> en+"nce* el #-i(" (e l #15e- ;1e

    l1#=- e*e 9i5"> (e=e-$ ,-"=- ;1e f1e i#,"*i=le 9=e- c"9=i+(" c"n *1 #15e-

    en l"* #e*e* (e ene-"> fe=-e-"> #-!" & =-il (el 2 ;1e 8iene *e- el ,e-'"(" (e

    c"nce,cin> & ;1e =-cn l"* 2 ('* ;1e l1(e el c(i)".

    c) Cuando est" judicialmente separado durante los primeros 121 das de los 00

    anteriores al del nacimiento del hijo.!-ec"-(e#"* ;1e *e)n el -+'c1l" 332 (el

    c(i)"> l *e,-cin 51(icil *1*,en(e el (e=e- (e c"9=i+cin> ,"- l" +n+" #-i("& #15e- & n" +ienen l "=li)cin (e +ene- +-+" 'n+i#". Al #-i(" le =*+-$ ,-"=-

    c"n l -e*"l1cin 51(icil (e *e,-cin & l ,-+i( (e nci#ien+" (el ,-e+en(i("

    9i5"> c"n l c1l e*+-$ c-e(i+n(" ;1e l c"nce,cin *e (i" c1n(" & e*+=

    *e,-(" 51(icil#en+e (e *1 #15e-. Si l #15e- le)- ;1e n" "=*+n+e l

    *e,-cin 51(icil> c"9=i+-"n (1-n+e el ,e-'"(" (e l c"nce,cin> " ;1e l"*

    cn&1)e* *e -ec"ncili-"n (e*,1?* (e l -e*"l1cin (e *e,-cin> *"=-e ell

    -ece-$ l "=li)cin (e ,-"=- +le* 9ec9"*. E*+ c1*l *e e%+ien(e l"* c*"* (e

    *e,-cin ,-"8i*i"nl (1-n+e 1n 51ici" (e in8li(e! (e #+-i#"ni"> (e *e,-cin

    (e c1e-,"* " (i8"-ci".

    d) Cuando adole#ca de impotencia de absoluta.! (e=i e*+- c"#,-en(i(" (en+-"

    (el *e)1n(" inci*"> *in e#=-)" *e 9 c"n*i(e-(" ,e-+inen+e -e)1l-l" ,"-

    *e,-(". A;1' l i#,"+enci ;1e *e -e)1l e* l c"e1n(i> e*+" e*> l i#,"*i=ili((

    (e -eli!- el c"i+". E*+ i#,"+enci =*"l1+ (e=e 9=e- e%i*+i(" (1-n+e el ,e-'"("

    (e l c"nce,cin. L c-) (e l ,-1e= -ece en el #-i(".

    e) Cuando se demuestre a tra$"s de la prueba del %&' u otras pruebas de

    $alide# cientfica con igual o mayor grado de certe#a que no e(iste $nculo

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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    parental.! E*+e n1e8" inci*" 9 *i(" (ici"n(" ,"- l le& 276 (el 2 (e

    (icie#=-e (e 002Refie-e l n"-# ;1e el 51e! (e*e*+i#-$ l* ,-e*1nci"ne* (e

    l"* inci*"* ,-ece(en+e*> c1n(" *e 91=ie- -eli!(" 1n ,-1e= )en?+ic 1 "+- (e

    8li(e! cien+'fic c"n i)1l " #&"- )-(" (e ce-+e!. Rec")ien(" l"* l+i#"*

    8nce* en )en?+ic> el le)i*l("- 9 in+-"(1ci(" 1n ,-1e= cien+'fic ,- ne)- l

    ,+e-ni((> & ell" n"* ,-ece ","-+1n" & c"n8enien+e> en -!n (e ;1e *e (=n

    #1c9"* c*"* en ;1e el #-i(" n" *e enc"n+-= en nin)1n" (e l"* *1,1e*+"* (el

    -+'c1l" 3 & 1n c1n(" n" *e ,-e*en+en l* c1*le* & e*+1(i(*> ,"(-$

    -ec1--i-*e l ,-1e= cien+'fic> ,e*e ;1e l #(-e & el 9i5" )"cen (e l

    ,-e*1ncin ,+e- i*.

    I)$ !L%O !R CCIONR

    El le)i*l("- +"# 1n ,"*+1- e*,ecil en -* (e f8"-ece- l filicin #+-i#"nil &

    ,- n" ,-"l"n)- 1n *i+1cin (e ince-+i(1#=-e> e*+=lece 1n ,l!" =-e8e> *in

    e#=-)" n" -e,- ;1e ell" ,1e(e & (e 9ec9" c"n(1ce 8i"len+- el (e-ec9" l

    i(en+i((> c"#" l" 8e-e#"* #$* (eln+e el ,l!" e* (e c(1ci(( ,"- l" ;1e n" *e

    *1*,en(e ni in+e--1#,e. El -+'c1l" 3 *i e*+18" ,-e*en+e en el l1)-> " (e*(e el (' *i)1ien+e (e *1 -e)-e*"> *i

    e*+18" 1*en+e> ,-e*1#i?n("*e ;1e c"n"ci el 9ec9" (el ,-+" el #i*#" (' ;1el

    ;1e -e)-e*. E*+e ,l!" ,-en+e#en+e f+l & *e ,lic-' incl1*" ,- el c*" (el

    inci*" +" (el -+'c1l" 3 e*+" e*> c1n(" *e c1en+ c"n 1n ,-1e= (e 8li(e!

    cien+'fic.

    )$ TITULRE( DE L CCION

    C"--e*,"n(e l #-i(" & *i ?*+e 91=ie- #1e-+" " *e enc1en+- inc,ci+("> en+"nce*

    l le& ,-e8? "+-* ,e-*"n* ,- ne)- l ,+e-ni((. /e#"*

    Si el #-i(" *e enc1en+- inc,ci+(" ,"- enc"n+--*e ,-i8(" (e (i*ce-ni#ien+"> "

    *"-(" #1("> cie)" *"-("> cie)" #1("> *1f-e -e+-(" #en+l " (e+e-i"-" #en+l>

    en+"nce* l ccin ,1e(e *e- e5e-ci+( ,"- l"* *cen(ien+e* (el #-i(" 9"- =ien> *i

    l"* *cen(ien+e* n" cci"nn (en+-" (el ,l!" 0 ('*> ,"(-$ 9ce-l" el #-i(" (en+-"

    (e 1n ,l!" *e#e5n+e l ce*- l inc,ci((> *' l" e*+=lece el -+'c1l" 3 en e*+e c*"> -efie-e el -+'c1l" 3

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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    #-i("> ,1e(en inc"- l ccin (en+-" (el ,l!" +"(8' (i*,"ni=le> & n+1-l#en+e

    c"n+in1-l *i el #-i(" l (e5 ,ln+e(. Se)n el -+'c1l" 3 ;1ien ,"(-$ c+1- +-8?* (e *1 -e,-e*en+n+e le)l>

    e*+" e*> l ,-",i #(-e> " 1n c1-("- e*,ecil *i 91=ie- ","*icin (e in+e-e*e*.

    )I$ L FILICION #TRI#ONIL EN #TERI INTERNCIONL

    Se)n el -+'c1l" 23J (el C(i)" Ci8il> +la /ilia%i(" atrio"ial se deteri"a por la ley

    3s /avorable a la legitiidad) e"tre las de la %elebra%i(" del atrio"io o la del

    doi%ilio %o"yugal al tiepo de "a%iie"to del hijo02

    L filicin f"-# ,-+e (el e*++1+" ,e-*"nl. E*+ c+e)"-' )en?-ic incl1&e

    (i*,"*ici"ne* -el+i8* l e*++1+" in(i8i(1l n"#=-e> ("#icili"> c,ci((> e+c. &

    +#=i?n (i*,"*ici"ne* c"nce-nien+e* l* -elci"ne* (e f#ili " e*++1+" f#ili-e*+=leci#ien+" & efec+"* (e l filicin> c"n(ici"ne* (e f"n(" & efec+"* (el

    #+-i#"ni"> en+-e "+-"*. Se +-+ (e 1n c"n51n+" (e *,ec+"* ;1e c"ncie-nen

    (i-ec+#en+e l ,e-*"n en c1n+" +l. P"- l" #i*#"> e%i)en *e- *"#e+i("* 1n

    #i*# le& ;1e n" 8-i? en f1ncin (e l"* (e*,l!#ien+"* ,*5e-"* (el in(i8i(1".

    Si c"l"c#"* ,-+e l"* E*+("* -eli)i"*"*> c"#" l"* ,'*e* $-=e* #1*1l#ne* (el

    c"n+"-n" (el Me(i+e--$ne" & (e Kf-ic> ("n(e el e*++1+" ,e-*"nl e*+$ li)(" l

    -eli)in " l ,e-+enenci 1n c"#1ni(( (e+e-#in(> l c"ne%in (el e*++1+"

    ,e-*"nl (ifie-e (e ,'* ,'* en+-e l le& nci"nl & l le& (el ("#icili".T-(ici"nl#en+e> l filicin #+-i#"nil> c"n*i(e-( c"#" 1n efec+" (el #+-i#"ni">

    e- *"#e+i( l le& (e l nci"nli(( c"#n (e l"* e*,"*"* "> en (efec+" (e

    nci"nli(( c"#n> l le& (el ("#icili" c"#n (e l"* #i*#"*. Sin e#=-)"> l

    ,"*i=ili(( (e l (ife-enci (e nci"nli((e* & l 9i,+e*i* (e l ine%i*+enci (e

    ("#icili" c"#n ,1e(en *e- f1en+e (e (ific1l+(e* en #+e-i (e filicin.

    E*+e *i*+e# 9 *i(" *"*l&(" ,"- el le)i*l("- nci"nl> ;1ien n" *e li#i+ ,-e8e-

    1n c"ne%in en el e*,ci"> *in" ;1e ,-efie-e (",+- 1n *i*+e# (e*+in(" f8"-ece-

    el e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin #+-i#"nil.

    L n"-# nci"nl (e c"nflic+" en #+e-i (e e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin #+-i#"nil>

    c"n+eni( en el -+'c1l" 23J (el C(i)" Ci8il> -e+iene 1n c"ne%in l+e-n+i8. E*

    (eci-> ,-e*c-i=e l c"n*1l+ (e ("* le&e* (ife-en+e* l le& (e cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni"

    & l le& (el ("#icili" c"n&1)l l +ie#," (el nci#ien+" (el 9i5". C"#" c-i+e-i" (e

    eleccin en+-e #=* ,-e8? en*e)1i( l le& #$* f8"-=le l e*+=leci#ien+" (e l

    le)i+i#i((. A#=* le&e* l le& (el l1)- (e cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni" & l le& (el

    ("#icili" c"n&1)l l +ie#," (e nci#ien+" (el 9i5" *e c-c+e-i!n ,"- l fcili(( (e

    *1 (e+e-#incin. S"n (e#$* nic* e in#"8i=le*.

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    2

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    O=8i#en+e> l le& #$* f8"-=le l e*+=leci#ien+" (e l le)i+i#i(( e* c"#,e+en+e

    ,- (e+e-#in- el "=5e+" & l c-) (e l ,-1e= en #+e-i (e filicin #+-i#"nil.

    P"- e5e#,l"> l ,-e*1ncin -el+i8 l #"#en+" (e l c"nce,cin> l e%i*+enci & l

    f1e-! (e l ,-e*1ncin (e ,+e-ni(( (el #-i(" ,+e- i* e*+> & l" -el+i8" l

    e5e-cici" (e l ccin c"n+e*++"-i. C"--e*,"n(e l #i*# le& -e)i- l" -el+i8" l"*

    (ife-en+e* #"("* (e ,-1e= (#i*i=le* ,"*e*in (e e*+("> ,-1e= *n)1'ne "

    )en?+ic> *1 f1e-! ,-"=+"-i> *' c"#" l"* ,l!"* & f"-#li((e* ,- in+e-,"ne-

    l* cci"ne* -e*,ec+i8*.

    C=e ,-eci*- i)1l#en+e ;1e el le)i*l("- nci"nl )1-( *ilenci" *"=-e l le&

    ,lic=le l"* efec+"* (e "-(en #"-l & #+e-il ,-",i"* (e l filicin. N( *e (ice

    -e*,ec+" l le& ,lic=le l ,+-i ,"+e*+(> e* (eci-> l"* (e-ec9"* & l"* (e=e-e*

    -ec',-"c"* (e l"* ,(-e*> ,"- e5e#,l" en #+e-i (e e(1ccin. T#,"c" *e l1(e

    l"* (e=e-e* (e "-(en #+e-il> c"#" *"n l* "=li)ci"ne* li#en+-i* ;1e

    c"--e*,"n(en l"* ,(-e*.

    P"- "+- ,-+e> ,-+i- (e l lec+1- (el -+'c1l" 23J> ;1e (i*,"ne l eleccin (e l le&

    #$* f8"-=le l e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin> *e ,1e(e "=*e-8- ;1e el le)i*l("-

    (e5 (e l(" el #i*#" #?+"(" (e c"nflic+" (e le&e* & l ne1+-li(( ;1e c-c+e-i!

    l* n"-#* (e c"nflic+" ,- (- ,*" c"ne%i"ne* ;1e *e #1e*+-en f8"-=le* l

    in+e-?* (el ni".

    Rec"-(e#"* ;1e +-(ici"nl#en+e> l -e)l (e c"nflic+" (e le&e* n" +iene ,"- "=5e+"

    c"n*)-- 1n -e)l#en+cin *1*+ncil (e l* -elci"ne* in+e-nci"nle*> *in"

    (e*i)n- l "-(en 51-'(ic" (el c1l *e e%+-e-$ e* n"-#l. P- e*+e fin> l -e)l (e

    c"nflic+" *el> +-8?* (e 1n c"ne%in> el "-(en 51-'(ic" c"n el c1l el *1n+"

    li+i)i"*" ,-e*en+ l"* 8'nc1l"* #$* *i)nific+i8"*. El +e%+" (e l* n"-#* *1*+ncile*

    in+e-n* en c"nflic+" n" e* +"#(" en c"n*i(e-cin. P"- e*" *e (ice ;1e l -e)l (e

    c"nflic+" e* ne1+-.

    Sin e#=-)"> c+1l#en+e e*+$ ne1+-li(( e* #1& -el+i8> ,1e* l"* (i8e-*"* (e-ec9"*

    in+e-n"* #1e*+-n n"+"-i#en+e l ,-e"c1,cin (e ,-"+e)e- cie-+"* in+e-e*e*> c"#"

    ,"- e5e#,l" el in+e-?* (el ni"> (el +-=5("- " (el c"n*1#i("-. E*+ +en(enci ;1e

    c-c+e-i! el De-ec9" (e n1e*+-"* ('* +iene en el $#=i+" (el De-ec9" In+e-nci"nl

    P-i8("> c"#" c"n*ec1enci> l ,-icin (e n"-#* (e c"ne%in (e c-$c+e-

    *1*+ncil> (en"#in(* +#=i?n -e)l* (e c"nflic+" c"n finli(( #+e-il.

    El #ecni*#" ,e-#i+e l le)i*l("- e*c,- (e l +-(ici"nl (e+e-#incin (e 1n le&

    nic ;1e -e)i-$ el f"n(" (el li+i)i" ,- ,-e*en+- 8-i* ",ci"ne* le)i*l+i8*. L

    c"#,e+enci -ece-$ *"=-e ;1ell le& ;1e fcili+e el l")-" (el "=5e+i8" ;1e el le)i*l("-

    *e ,-","ne. L ("c+-in f-nce* *e -efie-e ell* c"#" -e)l* (e c"nflic+" 9'=-i(*>

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    3

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    ,1e* c"n*+i+1&en 1n ,-"ce(i#ien+" in+e-#e(i-i" en+-e l -e)l (e c"nflic+" cl$*ic & l

    -e)l (e c"nflic+" ,1-#en+e *1*+ncil.

    L* -e)l* (e c"ne%in (e c-$c+e- *1*+ncil ,1e(en *e- 8-i(*> *e)n ,-e*en+en

    (e #ne- #$* " #en"* cen+1( (ic9" c-$c+e-. A*'> l (en"#in( (i-ec+i8c"nflic+1l c"n c-$c+e- *1*+ncil -ec"n"ce l 51e! l ,"*i=ili(( (e e*c")e- en+-e

    8-i* ",ci"ne* le)i*l+i8* l le& #$* f8"-=le 1n in+e-?* (efini(". Tl ,"(-' *e- el

    c*" (el in+e-?* (el ni" l e*+=leci#ien+" (e *1 filicin le)i+i#> c"#" e* el c*" (e

    l" ,-e8i*+" ,"- el C(i)" Ci8il ,e-1n".

    C!ITULO IIFILICION E&TR#TRI#ONIL Y RECONOCI#IENTO

    I$ DEFINICION DE FILICION E&TR#TRI#ONIL

    Se)n el ("c+"- C"-ne5" C9$8e!> el -ec"n"ci#ien+" 8"l1n+-i" c"n*i*+e en el c+"

    51-'(ic" ,"- el ;1e 1n ,e-*"n #nifie*+ *1 ,+e-ni(( " #+e-ni((

    e%+-#+-i#"nile* -e*,ec+" (e "+-. Plci" Pi#en+el (ice El -ec"n"ci#ien+"

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    6

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    8"l1n+-i" 8iene *e- l (ecl-cin f"-#l (e l ,+e-ni(( " (e l #+e-ni((> c"n

    -efe-enci 1n 9i5" (e+e-#in("> nci(" f1e- (el #+-i#"ni".

    En l" ;1e *e -efie-e l n+1-le! 51-'(ic (el -ec"n"ci#ien+"> l le& nci"nl l"

    c"n*i(e- n" c"#" 1n c+" c"n*+i+1+i8" (e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil *in" nic#en+e

    (ecl-+i8"> ;1e n" c-e el 8'nc1l" (e filicin *in" ;1e *e li#i+ c"#,-"=-l"> (e

    #"(" ;1e *1* efec+"* -e+-"c+i8"* -e*1l+n c"n)-1en+e* c"n el 9ec9" n+1-l (e l

    ,-"c-ecin> en 8' (e f"-#li!cin " e%+e-i"-i!cin (e 1n 8inc1lcin ;1e l

    n+1-le! & +en' c-e(.

    El -ec"n"ci#ien+" 8"l1n+-i" *e c-c+e-i!> ,"- *e- 1n (ecl-cin (e 8"l1n+( " c+"

    51-'(ic" e*,ecil> e* 1nil+e-l> ,"- n" *e- nece*-i" el c"n*en+i#ien+" (el -ec"n"ci("

    ,1-"> ,"-;1e n" ,1e(e *e- *1,e(i+(" #"(li(( l)1n i--e8"c=le en *1* efec+"*

    f"-#l> ,"-;1e -e;1ie-e (e f"-#li((e* (e+e-#in(* en )-n+' (e *1 8e-ci((

    fc1l++i8 & ,e-*"nl.

    II$ CON(TTCION DE L FILICION E&TR#TRI#ONIL

    De l"* -+'c1l"* 3 *e infie-e c"#" f"-#* (e c"#,-"=cin (e l filicin

    e%+-#+-i#"nil l* *i)1ien+e*

    L filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil> ,+e-n & #+e-n> ,1e(e *e- e*+=leci( #e(in+e el

    -ec"n"ci#ien+" 8"l1n+-i"> ,"- ,-+e (el ,(-e " (e l #(-e.

    = A fl+ (e -ec"n"ci#ien+" *l" e* ,"*i=le el e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin

    e%+-#+-i#"nil #e(in+e l in8e*+i)cin 51(icil *e (e l ,+e-ni(( " (e l

    #+e-ni((.

    c Re*1l+ (if'cil l (ecl-cin 51(icil (e l ,+e-ni((> ,"- e*+- *15e+ c1*le* (el

    -+'c1l" 62J> ("n(e c=e l ,"*i=ili(( (e ;1e en l)1n"* c*"* ,"- n" e*+-

    c"#,-en(i("* en (ic9"* c1*le*> n" *e "=+en) el e*+=leci#ien+" (e l

    ,+e-ni(( e%+-#+-i#"nil.

    ( En +n+" ;1e l le&> en l" ;1e -e*,ec+ l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil #+e-n> fcili+

    *1 c"#,-"=cin ,"- (ecl-cin 51(icil> l *"#e+e-l n( #$* ;1e ("*e%+-e#"*> el 9ec9" (el nci#ien+" & l i(en+i(( (el 9i5"> c"#" l" (i*,"ne el -+'c1l"

    60J.

    III$ DECLRCION *UDICIL DE FILICION E&TR#TRI#ONIL

    E*+ (ecl-cin e* ,-"(1c+" (e l ccin ,"- l c1l 1n in(i8i(1" *"lici+ #e(in+e l

    8' 51(icil ;1e *e (ecl-e 9i5" (e ;1ien ;1el *e)1- e* *1 ,(-e. El -+'c1l" 62J (el

    C(i)" Ci8il e*+=lece l"* c*"* en l"* ;1e ,1e(e (ecl--*e l ,+e-ni((

    e%+-#+-i#"nil

    http://www.monografias.com/trabajos11/fuper/fuper.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos54/la-investigacion/la-investigacion.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos11/fuper/fuper.shtmlhttp://www.monografias.com/trabajos54/la-investigacion/la-investigacion.shtml
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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    C1n(" e%i*+ e*c-i+" in(1=i+(" (el ,(-e ;1e l" (#i+. L c-+ (el ,(-e l 9i5"

    " l +e-ce-" ("n(e *e *ele en f"-# cl- & ,-eci* l cli(( (e 9i5" & *1

    i(en+i((.

    = C1n(" el 9i5" *e 9lle " *e 91=ie-e 9ll("> 9*+ 1n " n+e* (e l (e#n(> en

    l ,"*e*in c"n*+n+e (el e*+(" (e 9i5" #+-i#"nil. C"#,-"=(" ,"- c+"*

    (i-ec+"* (el ,(-e " (e *1 f#ili. E* (eci-> (ic9 ,"*e*in -e,-e*en+ 1n

    -ec"n"ci#ien+"> & ;1e el ,(-e +-+ l 9i5"> (en+-" (e l f#ili & f1e- (e ell>

    c"#" 9i5" *1&" l" c-'> l" e(1c> lle8 *1 ,elli("> e+c..

    c Al 9=e- 8i8i(" el ,-e*1n+" ,(-e en c"nc1=in+" c"n l #(-e en l ?,"c (e l

    c"nce,cin.

    ( C1n(" 9& 8i"lcin> -,+" " -e+encin 8i"len+ (e l #15e-> c"inci(ien(" l ?,"c

    (el (eli+" c"n l (e l c"nce,cin. De=e 9=e- 1n *en+enci c"n(en+"-i

    (efini+i8 n" =*+ ;1e *e 9& inici(" ,-"ce*" ,enl ,"- +le* (eli+"*.

    e En c*" (e *e(1ccin " #e(in+e ,-"#e* (e #+-i#"ni" en ?,"c c"n+e#,"-$ne

    c"n l c"nce,cin> *ie#,-e ;1e l ,-"#e* #+-i#"nil c"n*+e (e #ne-

    in(1=i+=le.

    f C1n(" *e c-e(i+e el 8'nc1l" ,-en+l en+-e el ,-e*1n+" ,(-e & el 9i5" +-8?* (e

    l ,-1e= (e ADN 1 "+-* ,-1e=* )en?+ic* " cien+'fic* c"n i)1l " #&"- )-("(e ce-+e!. An+e l ne)+i8 (e *"#e+e-*e l)1n (e l* ,-1e=*> l1e)" (e 9=e-

    *i(" (e=i(#en+e n"+ific( ,"- *e)1n( 8e! =5" ,e-ci=i#ien+"> el 51e! e8l1-

    +l ne)+i8> l* ,-1e=* ,-e*en+(* & l c"n(1c+ ,-"ce*l (el (e#n((" &

    (ecl--$ l ,+e-ni(( " l 9i5" c"#" li#en+i*+.

    El 51e! (e*e*+i#-$ l* ,-e*1nci"ne* (e l"* c*"* ,-ece(en+e* c1n(" *e 91=ie-

    -eli!(" 1n ,-1e= )en?+ic & "+- (e 8li(e! cien+'fic c"n i)1l " #&"- )-(" (e

    ce-+e!.

    El +i+1l- (e l ccin (e (ecl-cin 51(icil (e ,+e-ni(( e* el 9i5"> & l #(-e ,1e(e

    e5e-ce-l en n"#=-e (el 9i5"> 1n;1e ell *e #en"- (e e((. El +1+"- & c1-("- +#=i?n

    ,1e(en inici- l ccin *ie#,-e ;1e c1en+e c"n l 1+"-i!cin (el C"n*e5" (e F#ili.

    L ccin 51(icil (e ,+e-ni(( n" c(1c.

    I)$ DEFINICION DEL RECONOCI#IENTO

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    (e#$* l f"-# *i)nific 1n ,-1e= i--ef1+=le (e *1

    -eli!cin> & *' l* nic* f"-#* ,-e8i*+* ,- el -ec"n"ci#ien+" *"n l e*c-i+1-

    ,=lic> el +e*+#en+" & n+e el -e)i*+-" ci8il> +l c"#" -e! el -+'c1l" 30 (el C(i)"

    Ci8il.

    En c1n+" l -ec"n"ci#ien+" en el -e)i*+-"> l Le& 2032 (el 6 (e 51ni" (el 27

    "-(en *en+- 1n n1e8 ,-+i( " c+ (e nci#ien+"> c"n*i)n$n("*e en ?*+ l

    -efe-enci l ,-+i( " c+ e%,e(i( inicil#en+e. C"n ell" *e ,-e+en(e (e5- +-$*

    l* ,-+i(* en l* ;1e *e c"n*i)n=n l"* c+"* (e -ec"n"ci#ien+" c"n l n1e8

    le& l* ,-+i(* (e l"* 9i5"* -ec"n"ci("* n" 9-$n #encin e*+* c+* ;1e

    -e,-e*en+=n (e l)1n f"-# 1n (i*c-i#incin.

    Fac-ltati/o$3L 8"l1n+-ie(( (el c+" e* c-c+e-'*+ic in9e-en+e (el-ec"n"ci#ien+"> ,1e* n(ie *e ,1e(e "=li)- efec+1-l"> +l ,1n+" e* ell" ;1e

    el -+'c1l" 302 (el C(i)" Ci8il ,-"9i=i( l ,(-e " #(-e ;1e -ec"n"c' 1n 9i5">

    #enci"n- el n"#=-e (el "+-"> & *' 91=ie- *1ce(i("> l in(iccin l -e*,ec+" *e

    +en' ,"- n" ,1e*+> -+'c1l" (e-")(" ,"- l Le& 272> n"-# c"n l ;1e *ie#,-e

    #"*+-#"* n1e*+- (i*c"nf"-#i((> en +n+" ;1e +en+= c"n+- el (e-ec9" l

    n"#=-e> #$* n c1n(" l in(iccin (el n"#=-e (el ,(-e en l ,-+i( (el 9i5" n"

    c-e filicin> & en +"(" c*"> ;1e(= l ,"*i=ili(( (e ;1e ;1el ;1e *e *ien+

    le*i"n(" en *1* (e-ec9"* ,1e( i#,1)n- e* ,-+i(.

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    7

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    !er+onal$3E* 1n c+" ,e-*"nl'*i#" &> ,"- l" +n+"> *l" *e ,1e(e fi-#- l

    -elcin ,+e-n" " #+e-n" filil ,"- el ,(-e " #(-e ;1e *e *ien+ +l c+" ;1e n"

    ,1e(e *e- -eli!(" ,"- "+- ,e-*"n> e%ce,+" c1n("> en l"* *1,1e*+"* (el -+'c1l"

    30 (el C(i)" Ci8il> ,1e(e -ec"n"ce- el *cen(ien+e. A9"- =ien> el -+'c1l" 30

    -efie-e ;1e el 9i5" e%+-#+-i#"nil ,1e(e *e- -ec"n"ci(" ,"- l"* =1el"* " =1el*

    (e l -e*,ec+i8 l'ne> en el c*" (e #1e-+e (el ,(-e " (e l #(-e> " c1n(" ?*+"*

    *e enc1en+-en ,-i8("* (e (i*ce-ni#ien+"* " *en *"-("#1("*> cie)" *"-("* "

    cie)" #1("* ;1e n" ,1e(n e%,-e*- *1 8"l1n+( (e #ne- in(1=i+=le> " *"n

    -e+-(("* #en+le* " *1f-n (e+e-i"-" #en+l ;1e le* i#,i( e%,-e*- *1 li=-e

    8"l1n+(> " e*+?n (e*,-eci("*> " +#=i?n c1n(" l"* ,(-e* *en #en"-e* (e 6

    "* en e*+e l+i#" *1,1e*+"> 1n 8e! ;1e el ("le*cen+e c1#,l l"* 6 "*

    ,"(-$ -ec"n"ce- *1 9i5".

    Indi/id-al$3Q1ie-" -ec"n"ce- *1 9i5" *1#e l"* efec+"* ,-",i"* (e +l

    (ecl-cin. E*+"* efec+"* n" lcn!n l "+-" ,(-e " #(-e ;1e n" 9 in+e-8eni("

    en el -ec"n"ci#ien+"> ,"- ell" el (e-")(" -+'c1l" 302 (el C(i)" Ci8il ,-"9i=' *e

    9) #encin (el "+-" ,(-e " #(-e ;1e n" in+e-8in" en el c+"> & (ec' ;1e +"(

    #encin *"=-e el ,-+ic1l- *e +en' c"#" n" ,1e*+> n"-# ?*+ ;1e n" lcn!=

    c1n(" *e +-+= (e -ec"n"ce- l c"nce=i(". A9"- =ien> e*+e -+'c1l" c"#" & *e

    9 9ec9" #encin ,"- *e- 8i"l+"-i" (el (e-ec9" l n"#=-e 9 *i(" (e-")(" ,"-

    Le& 272 (el 26 (e =-il (el 2 & c1n(" el ,(-e " l #(-e efec+e

    *e,-(#en+e l in*c-i,cin (el nci#ien+" (el 9i5" nci(" f1e- (el 8'nc1l"

    #+-i#"nil> ,"(-$ -e8el- el n"#=-e (e l ,e-*"n c"n ;1ien l" 91=ie- +eni(". En

    e*+e *1,1e*+" el 9i5" lle8-$ el ,elli(" (el ,(-e " (e l #(-e ;1e l" in*c-i=i> *'

    c"#" el (el ,-e*1n+" ,-")eni+"-. En e*+e l+i#" c*" n" *e e*+=lece 8'nc1l" (efilicin. Se *el ;1e l1e)" (e l in*c-i,cin> (en+-" (e l"* +-ein+ ('*> el

    -e)i*+-("- =5" -e*,"n*=ili((> ,"n(-$ en c"n"ci#ien+" (el ,-e*1n+" ,-")eni+"- +l

    9ec9" +#=i?n *e *el ;1e c1n(" l #(-e n" -e8el l i(en+i(( (el ,(-e>

    ,"(-$ in*c-i=i- *1 9i5" c"n *1* ,elli("*. C"#" e* n+1-l *e -e)1l l

    -e*,"n*=ili(( ci8il & ,enl (el ,-")eni+"- ;1e c"n #l fe i#,1+- l ,+e-ni(( "

    #+e-ni(( (e *1 9i5" ,e-*"n (i*+in+ c"n l ;1e 91=ie- +eni(" l 9i5". A*' #i*#"

    *e fc1l+ ,- inici- ,-"ce*" (e 1*1-,cin (e n"#=-e> c1n(" el ,-e*1n+"

    ,-")eni+"- *e c"n*i(e-e fec+(" ,"- l c"n*i)ncin (e *1 n"#=-e en l ,-+i( (e

    nci#ien+" (e 1n ni" ;1e n" 9 -ec"n"ci(".

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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    !-ro$3En el *en+i(" ;1e e* 1n c+" 51-'(ic" ;1e n" (#i+e nin)1n #"(li((> el

    c+" e* *i#,le> n" ,1e(e e*+- *15e+" ,l!"> c"n(icin " c-)"> +l c"#" l" *el

    el -+'c1l" 30 (el C(i)" Ci8il.

    Irre/ocable$3S"=-e el ,-+ic1l-> el C(i)" Ci8il ,e-1n" n" *e ,-"n1nci> fi5n(" *'

    -e)l* ,-",i* ,- 1n" & "+-". A*' el -+'c1l" 30 (ice ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" e*

    i--e8"c=le> *in e#=-)" (el -+'c1l" 70 -efe-i(" ;1e +"(" +e*+#en+" ,1e(e *e-

    -e8"c(". A=1n(n(" *"=-e el ,-+ic1l-> 9=-' ;1e e*+- l f"-# (e +e*+#en+">

    ,1e* *i *e +-+ (e +e*+#en+" ,"- e*c-i+1- ,=lic en el ;1e in+e-8iene n"+-i" &

    +e*+i)"* 1n -ec"n"ci#ien+" ;1e ,-e!c =5" e*+ f"-# n"* ,-ece i--e8"c=le>,e-" *i *e +-+ (e 1n +e*+#en+" ce--("> en el ;1e n" *e c"n"ce l 8"l1n+(

    +e*+#en+-i> en+"nce* el +e*+#en+" ,1e(e *e- -e8"c(" l -e+i--*e (e l "ficin

    (el n"+-i".

    )I$ (U*ETO CTI)O Y !(I)O DEL RECONOCI#IENTO

    )I$4$ (-eto acti/o del reconocimiento

    Re*1l+ c"#n e*c1c9- ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" *l" c"#,e+e l ,(-e> en +n+"

    ;1e l #(-e *e enc"n+--' (e=i(#en+e i(en+ific( ,"- el 9ec9" (el ,-+"

    *in e#=-)"> n" *l" -e*1l+ ,e-+inen+e *in" nece*-i" el -ec"n"ci#ien+" ,"-

    #="* ,(-e*> e incl1*" l #i*# le& 9 ,-e8i*+" ;1e c1n(" *l" 1n" (e ell"*

    9 efec+1(" el -ec"n"ci#ien+"> *e-$ ?*+e el ;1e e5e-! l ,+-i ,"+e*+( (el

    9i5" -+'c1l" 62 (el C(i)" Ci8il. P"- l" +n+" el -ec"n"ci#ien+" (e=e *e-

    ((" ,"- el ,(-e & ,"- l #(-e> +l ,1n+" ell"* e* i#,"-+n+e> ;1e n" *l"

    *e 9 ,-e8i*+" l in8e*+i)cin 51(icil (e l ,+e-ni(( *in" +#=i?n l

    in8e*+i)cin 51(icil (e l #+e-ni(( c1n(" n" 9 9=i(" -ec"n"ci#ien+"#+e-n". P"- ell"> -ei+e-#"*> n1e*+- le)i*lcin ,-e8? el -ec"n"ci#ien+" ,"-

    #="* ,(-e*> c"n51n+ " *e,-(#en+e> +l c"#" l" *el el -+'c1l" 3

    (el C(i)" Ci8il. Ell"* *"n l"* *15e+"* c+i8"* (el -ec"n"ci#ien+" ,"- *e- 1n

    c+" ,e-*"nl'*i#"> *in e#=-)" ,"- e%ce,cin el -ec"n"ci#ien+" ,1e(e *e-

    efec+1(" ,"- l"* =1el"* & =1el*> +l c"#" l" ,-e8? el -+'c1l" 30. L"*

    *cen(ien+e* ,"(-$n efec+1- el -ec"n"ci#ien+" en c*" (e #1e-+e (el ,(-e "

    (e l #(-e> " *e enc1en+-en ,-i8("* (e (i*ce-ni#ien+".

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    0

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    )I$5$ (-eto pa+i/o del reconocimiento

    Refe-i(" l 9i5" ,"- -ec"n"ce-> & en e*+ *i+1cin l)1n* le)i*lci"ne* n

    c"n+inn 9cien(" (i*+in)"* -e*,ec+" l "-i)en (e l"* 9i5"*> & *' C9ile *l" l

    (#i+e en l"* c*"* (e l"* 9i5"* n+1-le*> en+en(i?n("*e c"#" +le* ;1ell"*

    (e ,(-e n" c*("* ,e-"* in i#,e(i#en+"* ,- cele=--l". L1e)"> (eci- (el

    ("c+"- C"-ne5" C9$8e!> en F-nci *l" *e ,e-#i+e en cie-+* ci-c1n*+nci*

    -ec"n"ce- l"* 9i5"* (1l+e-in"* e ince*+1"*"*> #ien+-* ;1e en M?%ic" n"

    9ce nin)n (i*+in)" -e*,ec+" l"* 9i5"* ,"- -ec"n"ce-. En el Pe-> el 9i5"

    e%+-#+-i#"nil ,1e(e *e- -ec"n"ci(" ,"- el ,(-e " ,"- l #(-e> c"n l

    nic e%ce,cin el 9i5" (e #15e- c*(> #ien+-* n" 9& i#,1)ncin

    8ic+"-i"* (el #-i(" +l c"#" l" #n( el -+'c1l" 30< (el C(i)" Ci8il> & ell"en +encin l ,-e*1ncinpater is est 4ue "uptiae deo"stra"t,(-e e*

    ;1ien l* n1,ci* (e#1e*+-n.

    T#=i?n c=e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" (el c"nce=i(" & n (el 9i5" #1e-+"> *ie#,-e ;1e 9&

    (e5(" (e*cen(enci. E*+" l+i#" +iene i#,"-+nci c,i+l ,- l"* efec+"* *1ce*"-i"*.

    En n1e*+-" "-(en#ien+" le)l l"* -+'c1l"* 302 & 306 (el C(i)" Ci8il *e ,-"n1ncin

    )II$ FOR#( DEL RECONOCI#IENTO

    Se 9 *el(" & ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" e* 1n c+" e#inen+e#en+e f"-#l> ;1e l 8'

    ,- lle8-l" c=" n" *e (e5 l -=i+-i" (e l"* ,-+ic1l-e*> *in" ;1e l f"-# 8iene

    ,-e(e+e-#in( ,"- l le& en efec+" l"* -+'c1l"* 30 & 30 (el C(i)" Ci8il -efie-en

    ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" (e l"* 9i5"* e%+-#+-i#"nile* *e 9-$ en el Re)i*+-" (e

    Nci#ien+"*> ,"- e*c-i+1- ,=lic " en +e*+#en+". Si e*+#"* n+e l f"-# (el

    -e)i*+-" ci8il> el -ec"n"ci#ien+" ,1e(e 9ce-*e l #"#en+" (e in*c-i=i-*e> & en e*+e

    c*" *e c"nf1n(en (ecl-cin (el 9ec9" (el nci#ien+" & -ec"n"ci#ien+"> *in ;1ien

    (ecl- el 9ec9" e* el ,(-e " #(-e> ;1e l1e)" fi-# el c+> ,e-" +#=i?n *e ,1e(e

    -ec"n"ce- c"n ,"*+e-i"-i(( l (ecl-cin (el 9ec9".

    )III$ EFECTO( DEL RECONOCI#IENTO )OLUNTRIO Y DE L DECLRCION*UDICIL DE !TERNIDD

    L *en+enci ;1e (ecl- 51(icil#en+e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil ,-"(1ce l"* #i*#"*

    efec+"* ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" en nin)n c*" c"nfie-e l"* ,(-e* (e-ec9"

    li#en+-i" " *1ce*"-i".

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    2

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    ,-")eni+"-e* & (el 9i5" & ("* c"ne%i"ne* *1=*i(i-i*. L ,-i#e- (e ell* (ecl-

    c"#,e+en+e l le& (el ("#icili" (el ,-")eni+"- ;1e +iene l ,"*e*in (e e*+(". En

    (efec+" (e e*+> l le& ,-e8? 1n *e)1n( c"ne%in *1=*i(i-i & "-(en l ,liccin

    (e l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5".

    O=*e-8e#"* ;1e l c"#,e+enci (e l le& (el ("#icili" c"#n (e #="* ,-")eni+"-e* &

    (el 9i5" *e 51*+ific> ,1e* ,e-#i+e l (e*i)ncin (e 1n le& nic ,- el

    e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil. Al *"#e+e- l -elcin ;1e 1ne +-e*

    ,e-*"n* 1n *"l le&> el -+'c1l" 26J )-n+i! l 1ni(( (e l c"#,e+enci

    le)i*l+i8 (el e*++1* f#ili-. El c-i+e-i" ele)i(" e8i+ el c"nflic+" (e le&e*> en el c*"

    (e ;1e l"* ,(-e* ,"*en (ife-en+e* nci"nli((e*.

    L ,e-+inenci (e l *"l1cin *e c"nfi-# +#=i?n> *i *e +"# en c1en+ ;1e el

    *"#e+i#ien+" (e l (e+e-#incin (e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil> *1* efec+"* & *1i#,1)ncin l le& (el ("#icili" c"#n +iene l 8en+5 (e "-i)in- l c"inci(enci (e

    l c"#,e+enci le)i*l+i8 & l c"#,e+enci 51-i*(icci"nl. En efec+"> l c"#,e+enci

    51(icil *e (e+e-#in f-ec1en+e#en+e en f1ncin (el c-i+e-i" (el ("#icili" (el

    (e#n(n+e en 8i-+1( (el ,-inci,i" Ac+"- *e;1i+1-. P"- "+- ,-+e> e* nece*-i"

    -e#-c- ;1e l"* 51ece* ,licn #e5"- *1 ,-",i le&> en l1)- (e l le& e%+-n5e-.

    En (efec+" (e ("#icili" c"#n (e #="* ,-")eni+"-e* & (el 9i5"> el -+'c1l" 26J

    (e*i)n l c"#,e+enci (e l le& (el ("#icili" (el ,-")eni+"- ;1e +en) l ,"*e*in (e

    e*+(" -e*,ec+" (el 9i5". L *"l1cin ,-ece *1*+en+-*e en l i(e (e ;1e l #en"*

    1n" (e l"* ,-")eni+"-e* ("#icili c"n el #en"- &> ;1e el 9ec9" (e +ene- l ,"*e*in (e

    e*+("> (e#1e*+- *1 in+e-?* ,"- l *1e-+e (el #i*#". El le)i*l("- n( (ice -e*,ec+"

    l le& ,lic=le ,- 51!)- l -e)1l-i(( (e (ic9 ,"*e*in. Se ,-e*1#e ;1e c1n("

    *e in8"c l ,"*e*in (e e*+(" (e ,(-e " #(-e> e*+ (e=e-' (e+e-#in-*e en

    f1ncin (e l le& en 8i)"- l fec9> & en el l1)- (e l in8"ccin (e l ,"*e*in (e

    e*+(".

    En 1*enci (e ,"*e*in (e e*+(" (e #="* ,-")eni+"-e*> el -+'c1l" 26J (i*,"ne l

    ,liccin (e l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5"> en +n+" el e*+=leci#ien+" (el 8'nc1l" (e

    filicin l" c"ncie-ne (i-ec+#en+e.

    C"n8iene "=*e-8- finl#en+e ;1e l ,-"cl#cin f"-#l (el ,-inci,i" (e i)1l((

    en+-e 9i5"* #+-i#"nile* & e%+-#+-i#"nile* n" *e -efle5 en el $#=i+" (el c"nflic+"

    (e le&e*> ,1e* l (e+e-#incin (e #=* filici"ne* *e *"#e+e (ife-en+e* -e)l* (e

    c"ne%in. El le)i*l("- nci"nl 9 ,"(i(" "-(en- *encill#en+e l ,liccin (e l le&

    #$* f8"-=le l e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin #+-i#"nil " e%+-#+-i#"nil. S"l1cin

    ,e-fec+#en+e c"#,+i=le c"n #=* filici"ne*.

    Un -e)l *i#il- *e e*+=lece en el C(i)" Ci8il f-nc?*> ;1e (i*,"ne en *1 -+'c1l"

    3> ;1e +la /ilia%i(" es regida por la ley perso"al de la adre e" el oe"to del

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    22

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    "a%iie"to del hijo7 si la adre "o es %o"o%ida por la ley del hijo02 L c"ne%in l le&

    (e l #(-e *e ,-e*en+ c"#" 1n c"n*ec1enci n+1-l l 9ec9" (e ;1e l #+e-ni((

    e* )ene-l#en+e cie-+ #+e- *e#,e- ce-+ e*+. L c"ne%in *1=*i(i-i l le& (el 9i5"

    *e 51*+ific en el c*" (e ;1e l #(-e *e (e*c"n"ci(.

    &$ RECONOCI#IENTO DE 6I*O EN #TERI INTERNCIONL

    El -ec"n"ci#ien+" (el 9i5" *e -i)e ,"- l le& (e *1 ("#icili" n1e*+-" c(i)" en el

    -+'c1l" 2 *e -efie-e l #"(" #$* )ene-l & +',ic" (e e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin

    e%+-#+-i#"nil el -ec"n"ci#ien+". Se +-+ (e 1n #nife*+cin (e l 8"l1n+( (el

    ,(-e " (e l #(-e> (e*+in( *1#i- el 8'nc1l" (e filicin. P"- l" +n+"> e* 1n c+"

    51-'(ic" *"#e+i(" ,-lel#en+e l* c"n(ici"ne* )ene-le* (e 8li(e! & c"n(ici"ne*

    ,-+ic1l-e* (e f"n(" & f"-#.

    El le)i*l("- nci"nl (i*,"ne ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" *e -i)e ,"- l le& (el ("#icili" (el

    9i5". S1,"ne#"* ;1e el c-i+e-i" (e c"ne%in ele)i(" en l #+e-i *e (e=e ;1e el

    -ec"n"ci#ien+" c"ncie-ne (i-ec+#en+e l 9i5".

    M$* ll$> (e l (e+e-#incin (e l le& (el -ec"n"ci#ien+" e*+$ *1="-(in( l

    (e+e-#incin ,-e8i (el l1)- (el ("#icili" (el 9i5". Al -e*,ec+"> c"n8iene "=*e-8- ;1e

    +-+$n("*e (e 1n inc,! l le& ;1e -e)i-$ el -ec"n"ci#ien+" *e-$ ;1ell (el ("#icili"

    (el -e,-e*en+n+e le)l (el 9i5"> 1n c1n(" el inc,! +en) en -eli(( 1n ("#icili"

    (ife-en+e l (e *1 -e,-e*en+n+e. En efec+"> el -+'c1l" 37 (el c(i)" ci8il (i*,"ne ;1e

    l"* inc,ce* +ienen ,"- ("#icili" el (e *1* -e,-e*en+n+e* le)le*.

    P-lel#en+e> *i el 9i5" e* c,!> l le& ;1e -e)i-$ el -ec"n"ci#ien+" *e fi5 (e

    c"nf"-#i(( c"n el -+'c1l" 33 & *i)1ien+e* (el C(i)" Ci8il. En "+-* ,l=-*> el

    ("#icili" *e c"n*+i+1&e ,"- l -e*i(enci 9=i+1l (e l ,e-*"n en 1n l1)-.

    En 1n" 1 "+-" c*"> e* l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5" l ;1e (e+e-#in l* c"n(ici"ne* (e

    f"n(" & (e f"-# (e l 8li(e! (el c+" (e -ec"n"ci#ien+" & +#=i?n l* c1** (e

    n1li((. Refe-en+e l 1+"- (el -ec"n"ci#ien+"> (e+e-#in("* ,'*e* c"n*i(e-n c"#"

    c"n(icin (e f"n(" ;1e el c+" ,-"ce( (e l 8"l1n+( (el ,(-e & (e l #(-e. P-

    cie-+"* "-(en#ien+"* 51-'(ic"*> l (eci*in (e -ec"n"ce- (e 1n" (e l"* ,(-e* e*

    in(e,en(ien+e l (el "+-" ,-")eni+"-. En l" ;1e c"ncie-ne l 9i5"> l)1n"* *i*+e#*

    51-'(ic"* e*+=lecen c"#" c"n(icin (e f"n(" ;1e l cli(( (e filicin

    e%+-#+-i#"nil ;1e *e ,-e+en(e in*+-1i- n" *e (1l+e-in " ince*+1"*. P- "+-"*> l

    ,"*e*in (e e*+(" (e 9i5" le)'+i#" "=*+c1li! 1n -ec"n"ci#ien+" f1e- (el

    #+-i#"ni".

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    23

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    E* +#=i?n l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5" ;1e -i)e l* c"n(ici"ne* (e f"-# (el

    -ec"n"ci#ien+"> ,"- e5e#,l"> *i el c+" (e -ec"n"ci#ien+" (e=e c"n*+- en el -e)i*+-"

    (e nci#ien+"> en e*c-i+1- ,=lic " +e*+#en+"> e+c.

    P"- "+- ,-+e> *"-,-en(e n" enc"n+-- 1n c"ne%in l+e-n+i8> (e*+in( f8"-ece-

    el e*+=leci#ien+" (e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil> +l c"#" el le)i*l("- ,-e8? en

    #+e-i (e filicin #+-i#"nil. Pen*#"* ;1e e- ,e-fec+#en+e ,"*i=le ,-e8e- ;1e el

    -ec"n"ci#ien+" *e -i)e ,"- l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5" " ,"- l le& (el ("#icili" (e *1

    1+"-. A*' l" e*+=lece ,"- e5e#,l" el c(i)" Ci8il F-nc?* en *1 -+'c1l" 37> el

    c1l (i*,"ne ;1e el -ec"n"ci#ien+" 8"l1n+-i" (e ,+e-ni(( " (e #+e-ni(( e* 8$li("

    *i 9 *i(" 9ec9" (e c"nf"-#i(( *e l le& ,e-*"nl (e *1 1+"-> *e l le& ,e-*"nl

    (el 9i5".

    E* +#=i?n in+e-e*n+e -e#-c- ;1e *i l (e+e-#incin (e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil

    e* -e)i( ,"- l le& (el ("#icili" c"#n (e #="* ,-")eni+"-e* & (el 9i5"> n" ,-ece

    cl- l -!n ,"- l c1l el le)i*l("- c#=i (e c-i+e-i" (e c"ne%in en #+e-i (e

    -ec"n"ci#ien+".

    &I$ DE L I#!U'NCION DEL RECONOCI#IENTO

    Sl" e* ,"*i=le +c- l 8li(e! (el -ec"n"ci#ien+" #e(in+e l ccin(e l

    i#,1)ncin. El +i+1l- (e l ccin (e ne)cin " i#,1)ncin (el -ec"n"ci#ien+">

    ,1e(e e5e-ce-l

    El ,(-e " l #(-e> ;1e n" 9& in+e-8eni(" en el -ec"n"ci#ien+".

    2 El ,-",i" 9i5" " ,"- *1* (e*cen(ien+e* *i 91=ie- #1e-+".

    3 Q1iene* +en)nin+e-?*le)'+i#" en i#,1)n- el -ec"n"ci#ien+"> c"#" ,"(-'n *e-

    ;1iene* +en)n 8"ccin 9e-e(i+-i fl+ (el -ec"n"ci("> " inc-e#en+- *1

    ,-+ici,cin en l 9e-enci.

    En c1n+" l ,l!"> el -+'c1l" 6J (el C.C. (e 06> e*+=lece *l" n"8en+ ('*> en

    l1)- (e l"* +-e* #e*e* ;1e *el el -+'c1l" 3

    (e=e *e- +#=i?n ,lic(.

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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    L c,ci(( ,- le)i+i#- ,"- (ecl-cin e*++l " 51(icil> *e -i)e ,"- l le& (el

    ("#icili" (el le)i+i#n+e & l c,ci(( ,- *e- e*++l " 51(icil#en+e le)i+i#("> ,"-

    l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5" -e;1i-ien(" l le)i+i#cin l c"nc1--enci (e l*

    c"n(ici"ne* e%i)i(* en #=*. L ccin ,- i#,1)n- l le)i+i#cin> *e *"#e+e

    l le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5". Se -efie-e l le)i+i#cin. E*+ in*+i+1cin 51-'(ic ;1e *e

    "-i)in en el De-ec9" Cnnic" +iene ,"- finli(( e*encil c"nfe-i- Al 9i5" nci(" f1e-

    (el #+-i#"ni" l"* (e-ec9"* (e 1n 9i5" #+-i#"nil. E* nece*-i" ,-eci*- ;1e l

    le)i*lcin ,e-1n in+e-n n" c"n+e#,l e*+ fi)1- 51-'(ic. D(" ;1e en n1e*+-"

    "-(en#ien+" 51-'(ic" +"("* l"* 9i5"* +ienen l"* #i*#"* (e-ec9"*> l)ic#en+e l

    le)i+i#cin ,-ece n" +ene- -!n (e *e-. Del #i*#" #"("> l le& le#n (el < (e

    (icie#=-e (e 007 9 *1,-i#i(" l le)i+i#cin> ,1e* l le)i*lcin ci8il in+e-n (e e*+e

    ,'* +ien(e =n("n- l (i*+incin en+-e filicin le)'+i# & filicin n+1-l.

    Sin e#=-)"> l )ene-li(( (e le)i*lci"ne* c"n*e-8 e*+ in*+i+1cin. En ell* e*

    ,"*i=le "=*e-8- ;1e l"* =enefici-i"* (e l le)i+i#cin *"n "=8i#en+e l"* 9i5"* e%+-

    #+-i#"nile*. E* ,"*i=le +#=i?n -e8e*+i- (e 1n le)i+i#i(( ,*+1# l 9i5" flleci("

    c"n n+e-i"-i(( l c+" le)i+i#n+e. L ("c+-in & l le)i*lcin c"#,-(* (i*+in)1en

    ("* e*,ecie* (e le)i+i#cin ;1ell ,"- #+-i#"ni" ;1e ,1e(e ,-e*en+- (i8e-**

    #"(li((e* *e)n c( *i*+e# 51-'(ic" & l le)i+i#cin ,"- (ecl-cin e*++l "

    51(icil.

    Si)1ien(" el #"(el" +-(ici"nl> el -+'c1l" 2< (el C(i)" Ci8il (i*+in)1e #=*e*,ecie* (e le)i+i#cin c"n el "=5e+" (e *"#e+e-l* c-i+e-i"* (e c"ne%in (ife-en+e*.

    L le)i+i#cin ,"- *1=*ec1en+e #+-i#"ni" ,-",+e- n1,+i* e* el #"(" cl$*ic" &

    ,-i#"-(il (e cce(e- l e*++1* (e 9i5" #+-i#"nil. E*+e f8"- le)i*l+i8" -e;1ie-e

    c"#" c"n(icin *ine ;1 n"#> l cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni" (e l"* ,(-e*. En e*e

    *en+i(" *e c"n*i(e- c"#" 1n efec+" inc"-,"-(" l #+-i#"ni". Si)1ien(" e*+ i(e>

    e* l)ic" fi-#- ;1e e* l le& (el l1)- (e cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni" l ;1e ,-e*en+

    l"* 8'nc1l"* #$* *i)nific+i8"* c"n l in*+i+1cin. El le)i*l("- c"nf' n+1-l#en+e ell

    *1 -e)1lcin.

    E* en+"nce* l le& (el l1)- (e cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni" l c"#,e+en+e ,- -e)i- l*

    c"n(ici"ne* (e l le)i+i#cin ,"- *1=*i)1ien+e #+-i#"ni". P"- e5e#,l"> -e*,ec+" l

    filicin en l)1n"* *i*+e#* +"("* l"* 9i5"* e%+- #+-i#"nile* ,1e(en *e-

    =enefici-i"* (e l le)i+i#cin> "+-"* "-(en#ien+"* 51-'(ic"* e%cl1&en (e ell l"*

    9i5"* (1l+e-in"* " ince*+1"*"*. Cie-+* le)i*lci"ne* e%i)en ;1e l filicin *e

    ,-e8i#en+e e*+=leci( ,"- -ec"n"ci#ien+" 8"l1n+-i"> ,- "+-* el -ec"n"ci#ien+"

    ,1e(e 9ce-*e en el #i*#" c+" (e cele=-cin (el #+-i#"ni"> en "+-* le)i*lci"ne*

    e* *1ficien+e ,-"=- l ,"*e*in (e e*+(". En ,-inci,i"> l le)i+i#cin e* (e*(e *1

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    2

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    "-i)en 1n efec+" (e ,len" (e-ec9" (el #+-i#"ni". N" e* 1n c+" 51-'(ic" (i*+in+" ;1e

    e%i5 #nife*+cin (e 8"l1n+( (e n(ie> ni 1n (el 9i5" *i e*+e f1e- #&"- ,1e* n" *e

    +-+ (e 1n (",cin. En l le)i*lcin ci8il f-nce*> ,"- e5e#,l"> *i l filicin 9 *i("

    ,-e8i#en+e e*+=leci(> l le)i+i#cin *e i#,"ne +"("* ,-+i- (e l cele=-cin

    (el #+-i#"ni". N" *e -e;1ie-e l #nife*+cin (e 8"l1n+( (e l"* e*,"*"* ni l (el

    9i5"> & nin)1n" (e ell"* ,"(-' i#,e(i- ;1e l le)i+i#cin *1-+ efec+". Si =ien e* cie-+"

    ;1e l le)i+i#cin (e=e in*c-i=i-*e l #-)en (e l ,-+i( (e nci#ien+"> l 1*enci

    (e e*+ f"-#li(( n" i#,i(e ;1e l le)i+i#cin ,-"(1!c efec+"* 51-'(ic"* C(i)"

    N,"len> -+'c1l" 33 & *i)1ien+e*.

    Sin e#=-)"> el le)i*l("- nci"nl e*+=lece en el #i*#" -+'c1l" 2< (el C.C. ;1e l

    le& (el ("#icili" (el 9i5" (e=e ,lic-*e en el c*" (e ;1e e*+ e%i5 *1 c"n*en+i#ien+"

    ,- l le)i+i#cin ,"- *1=*ec1en+e #+-i#"ni". Pen*#"* ;1e l (i*,"*icin 9ce-efe-enci ;1ell* le)i*lci"ne* ;1e (i*+in)1en l le)i+i#cin ,"- #+-i#"ni" (e

    ,len" (e-ec9" (e l le)i+i#cin ,"- #+-i#"ni" 8"l1n+-i. E* el c*" (e l le)i*lcin

    c"l"#=in> en l c1l el c"n*en+i#ien+" (el 9i5" e* fc+"- e*encil ,- l le)i+i#cin

    8"l1n+-i. El f1n(#en+" e* ;1e n" *e ,1e(e c#=i- el e*+(" ci8il (e 1n ,e-*"n

    c"n+- *1 8"l1n+(.

    Se -efie-e l le)i+i#cin ,"- (ecl-cin e*++l " 51(icil. Se +-+ (e 1n c+" (e

    *"=e-n'> ,"- el c1l el E*+(" " l 1+"-i(( 51(icil c"nfie-en 1n 9i5" e%+-

    #+-i#"nil l"* (e-ec9"* (e 1n 9i5" #+-i#"nil. El le)i*l("- e*+=lece ;1e lc,ci(( ,- le)i+i#- ,"- (ecl-cin e*++l " 51(icil> *e -i)e ,"- l le& ("#icili"

    (el le)i+i#n+e. M1++i* #1+n(i* e* l le& (el ("#icili" (el le)i+i#("> l c"#,e+en+e

    ,- -e)1l- l c,ci(( (e e*+e l+i#" ,- el #i*#" c+". Si)1ien(" e*e #i*#"

    c-i+e-i"> el le)i*l("- e*+=lece ;1e l le)i+i#cin -e;1ie-e l c"nc1--enci (e l*

    c"n(ici"ne* e%i)i(* en #=* le)i*lci"ne*. C=e "=*e-8- ;1e el +e%+" (e e*+e S"=-e

    el ,-+ic1l-> e* nece*-i" #enci"n- ;1e en el ,ln" le)i*l+i8"> e*+ e*,ecie (e

    le)i+i#cin e*+$ *15e+ (i8e-** c"n(ici"ne* (e f"n(" & (e ,-"ce(i#ien+". El -+'c1l"

    33 (el C(i)" Ci8il f-nc?*> ,"- e5e#,l"> e%i)e ;1e el #+-i#"ni" en+-e l"* ,(-e* *e

    i#,"*i=le> ;1e l filicin (el 9i5" *e 9& e*+=leci(" ,"- l" #en"* -e*,ec+" (el

    ,-")eni+"- ;1e *"lici+ l le)i+i#cin & l #nife*+cin (e 8"l1n+( (el ,(-e " (e l

    #(-e " (e #="*> en+-e "+-"*.

    El l+i#" ,-+(" (el ,-e*en+e -+'c1l" ,-e8? l" -el+i8" l ccin i#,1)n+"-i (e l

    le)i+i#cin. De c1e-(" l #i*#"> l le& c"#,e+en+e e* ;1ell (el ("#icili" (el 9i5".

    E* en+"nce* e*+ le& l ;1e -e)1l> ,"- e5e#,l"> ;1i?ne* *"n l"* +i+1l-e* (e l ccin>

    l* c1*le*> l"* #e(i"* ,-"=+"-i"* & el ,l!"> en+-e "+-"*> (e l i#,1)ncin. L

    ,e-+inenci (e l *"l1cin n" e%i)e #&"-e* c"#en+-i"* & ;1e *e c"n*i(e- ;1e *e-$

    el le)i+i#(" el (i-ec+#en+e fec+(" c"n l i#,1)ncin.

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    2

    ,"- l ;1e *e e*+=lece 1n -elcin ,+e-n" filil " #+e-n" filil> en+-e ("* ,e-*"n*

    ;1e n" +ienen e* -elcin ,"- n+1-le!> )ene-n(" en+-e (",+n+e & (",+(" l"*

    #i*#"* (e-ec9"* 1 "=li)ci"ne* (e l -elcin ,+e-n" " #+e-n" filil n+1-l.

    II$ CL(E( DE DO!CION

    En le)i*lci"ne* c"#" l f-nce* e%i*+en 8-i* cl*e* (e (",ci"ne*> c"#" l

    -e#1ne-+i8 ;1e *e ( c1n(" el (",+(" *l8 l 8i( (el (",+n+e> " l

    +e*+#en+-i ;1e e* l ;1e (e5 el +1+"- *1 ,1,il" c1n(" fllece> n+e* (e ;1e ?*+e

    c1#,l l #&"-' (e e((> *ie#,-e ;1e 9& e*+(" =5" *1 +1+el l #en"* cinc"

    "*. En C9ile e%i*+en n l (",cin ,len> ;1e c-e l -elcin ,+e-n" filil en+-e

    (",+n+e & (",+(" & l #en"* ,len> ;1e *l" ( l (",+(" (e-ec9"* li#en+-i"*

    & c"nfie-e l (",+n+e l ,+-i ,"+e*+(> ,e-" el (",+(" *i)1e #n+enien(" *1*

    8'nc1l"* c"n f#ili n+1-l. C"n el C(i)" Ci8il (el Pe- (e 03< +#=i?n +18i#"* l

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    2

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    A,-"=( l (",cin el H1e! " en *1 c*" el n"+-i" (e=e-$ c1-*- "fici" n+e el

    -e)i*+-" ;1e c"--e*,"n( fin (e ;1e *e e%+ien( 1n n1e8 ,-+i( (e nci#ien+" (el

    (",+(" en *1*+i+1cin (e l "-i)inl> c"n l c"--e*,"n(ien+e n"+cin en el #-)en

    (e l ,-+i( "-i)inl.

    I)$ EFECTO( DE L DO!CION

    Se 9 *el(" ;1e ,-" l (",cin *e c-e 1n -elcin ,+e-n" " #+e-n" filil en+-e

    (",+n+e & (",+(" i(?n+ic l ;1e e%i*+e en l *"cie(( ,+e-n" " #+e-n" filil

    =i"l)ic. En c"n*ec1enci> l"* efec+"* *e (n n" *l" en el (e-ec9" (e f#ili> *in"

    +#=i?n en el li=-" (e ,e-*"n* & en el (e *1ce*i"ne* e5e#,l"

    En el (e-ec9" (e ,e-*"n*> en c1n+" l n"#=-e> el (",+(" lle8 l"* ,elli("* (el

    (",+n+e & *e "#i+en *1* ,elli("* n+e-i"-e*. Rec1?-(e*e ;1e *e "+"-) 1n n1e8

    ,-+i( (e nci#ien+"> & ;1e l "-i)in-i & n" +iene efec+" l)1n"> *l8" el -efe-i(" l

    i#,e(i#en+" #+-i#"nil. En c1n+" l De-ec9" (e f#ili> el (",+(" in)-e* en

    cli(( & c"n l"* (e-ec9"* (el 9i5" #+-i#"nil -e,$-e*e ;1e *1 -e)1lcin *e

    enc1en+- en filicin #+-i#"nil> (e5n(" (e ,e-+enece- *1 f#ili c"n*n)1'ne>

    e* (eci- *e (e*li) (e *1* ,(-e* n+1-le*. Re*1l+ ,"- (e#$* (i*c1+i=le ;1e 1n =1en

    *ec+"- (e l ("c+-in c"n*i(e-e ;1e l (",cin *l" c-e (e-ec9"* & (e=e-e*

    e%cl1*i8#en+e en+-e (",+n+e & (",+("> & ;1e l (",cin *1-+e efec+"* 51-'(ic"*

    9ci =5"> e*" e*> (e*(e el (",+n+e 9ci l l'ne (e*cen(en+e > n"

    e%+en(i?n("*e efec+" l)1n" en+-e el (",+(" & l"* *cen(ien+e* =i"l)ic"* (el

    (",+n+e. S"=-e el ,-+ic1l- n1e*+- ,"*icin e* (ife-en+e. Pen*#"* ;1e l (",cin

    c"nce(e el +'+1l" (e 9i5" l (",+("> & c"#" +l c"n l"* #i*#"* (e-ec9"* & (e=e-e* (e

    c1l;1ie- 9i5" c"n -e*,ec+" *1 ,(-e> & el ,-en+e*c" c-e(" ,"- l (",cin e* en+-e

    el (",+(" & el (",+n+e & l"* ,-ien+e* (e ?*+e. A*' #i*#"> ;1e l e*+=lece-*e l

    (",cin *e c-e 1n ,-en+e*c" n" *l" c"n el (",+n+e> *in" +#=i?n c"n l"**cen(ien+e* (el (",+n+e. Sel- +-+" (ife-en+e e* 8i"len+- l* n"-#*

    c"n*+i+1ci"nle* (e i)1l(( (e l"* 9i5"*> & 1n +-+" (i*c-i#in+"-i" -e*,ec+" (el

    (",+("> c"#" l)1n"* 9n c-e'(" 8e- en el c*" (el -+'c1l" (el C(i)" Ci8il>

    -e*,ec+" (e l -e,-e*en+cin *1ce*"-i ;1e> ,-"ce(e-' -e*,ec+" (el (",+n+e>

    (",+(" & (e*cen(ien+e* (e ?*+e> ,e-" n" ,-"ce(e-' en el c*" (el (",+(">

    (",+n+e & *cen(ien+e* (e ?*+e> l" ;1e n"* ,-ece in51*+".

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    20

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    L ,+-i ,"+e*+( (el #en"- (",+(" e* *1#i( ,"- l"* ,(-e* (",+n+e*>

    ;1e(n(" e%+in)1i( ,- l"* ,(-e* n+1-le*> ;1e n" l -ec1,e-n 1n en el c*" (e

    ;1e l"* (",+n+e* #1e-n. En c1n+" l"* li#en+"*> *"n (e=e-e* ;1e c"--e*,"n(en

    l ,(-e (",+n+e. En fin> *e-$ el ,(-e (",+n+e el ;1e 9"- -e,-e*en+-$

    le)l#en+e l 9i5" (",+i8". Si f1e-e el c*"> *e-$ el ;1e 1+"-ice el #+-i#"ni" (el

    #en"- & ,"(-$> *i l" c-ee ,e-+inen+e> (e*i)n- +1+"- " c1-("- +e*+#en+-i" ,- el

    (",+i8".

    En c1n+" el (e-ec9" *1ce*"-i"> (ife-enci (el C(i)" Ci8il (e 03 en el ;1e el

    (",+(" 9e-e(= l (",+n+e> ,e-" ?*+e 9e-e(= l (",+(" *l" ,"- *1ce*in

    +e*+#en+-i> 9"& #="* *"n 9e-e(e-"*> +n+" en l *1ce*in le)l c"#" en l

    +e*+#en+-i.

    )$ L DO!CION EN #TERI INTERNCIONL

    El -+'c1l" 27J (el C(i)" Ci8il (e+e-#in ;1e L (",cin *e n"-# ,"- l*

    *i)1ien+e* -e)l*

    . P- ;1e l (",cin *e ,"*i=le *e -e;1ie-e ;1e e*+? ,e-#i+i( ,"- l le& (el

    ("#icili" (el (",+n+e & l (el ("#icili" (el (",+(".

    2. A l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+n+e c"--e*,"n(e -e)1l- . L c,ci(( ,-

    (",+-.

    =. L e(( & e*+(" ci8il (el (",+n+e.

    c. El c"n*en+i#ien+" e8en+1l (el cn&1)e (el (",+n+e.

    (. L* (e#$* c"n(ici"ne* ;1e (e=e llen- el (",+n+e ,- "=+ene- l (",cin.

    3. A l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+(" c"--e*,"n(e -e)1l- . L c,ci(( ,- *e-

    (",+(".. L e(( & e*+(" ci8il (el (",+(".

    =. El c"n*en+i#ien+" (e l"* ,-")eni+"-e* " (e l"* -e,-e*en+n+e* le)le* (el #en"-.

    c. L e8en+1l -1,+1- (el ,-en+e*c" (el (",+(" c"n l f#ili *n)1'ne.

    (. L 1+"-i!cin l #en"- ,- *li- (el ,'*.

    L"* (ife-en+e* *,ec+"* -el+i8"* l (",cin *"n *"#e+i("* l le& ,e-*"nl (el

    (",+n+e " (el (",+(". L le& ,e-*"nl> e* (eci-> ;1ell ;1e ,-e*en+ 1n 8'nc1l"

    (i-ec+" c"n l ,e-*"n> ,1e(e 8-i- (e ,'* ,'*. Al)1n"* *i*+e#* 51-'(ic"* ",+n

    ,"- l le& (e l nci"nli((> c"#" "c1--e en n1#e-"*"* ,'*e* (e E1-", c"n+inen+l.

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    3

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    O+-"* -e+ienen l le& (el ("#icili" +'+1l" (e le& ,e-*"nl> en+-e ell"* e*+$n l"* ,'*e*

    n)l"*5"ne*> e*cn(in8"* & (e A#?-ic L+in. El le)i*l("- nci"nl ,-efie-e l le&

    (el ("#icili" & *"#e+e e*+ el c"n51n+" (e *,ec+"* (e*+in("* l (",cin.

    P"- "+- ,-+e> e* ,-eci*" "=*e-8- ;1e l (",cin +ien(e l c-ecin (e 1n 8'nc1l"

    f#ili-. E*+e +i," (e filicin e* en+e-#en+e 1n c-ecin (e l le&. P"- l" #i*#"> *1

    e*+=leci#ien+" e*+$ *1="-(in(" (i8e-** c"n(ici"ne* (e f"n(" & (e f"-# ;1e

    (ifie-en *e)n l"* *i*+e#* 51-'(ic"*. L" #i*#" *e ,1e(e (eci- (e l"* efec+"* ;1e

    -e*1l+n (e *1 ,-"n1nci#ien+". E* +#=i?n ,"*i=le enc"n+-- (en+-" (e l le)i*lcin

    c"#,-( ;1e l le&> ;1e -i)e el e*+=leci#ien+" (e l (",cin> n" c"inci( c"n l le&

    ;1e (e+e-#in l"* efec+"* (e e*+e +i," (e 8'nc1l"

    En +"(" c*"> l"* c"nflic+"* (e le&e* ;1e ,1e(en *1*ci+-*e en l #+e-i *e (e=en

    )ene-l#en+e l 9ec9" (e ;1e (",+n+e & (",+(" ,"*een (ife-en+e* ("#icili"* "

    nci"nli((e*. E* +#=i?n ,"*i=le el c*" en el c1l l"* (",+n+e* +ienen *1 ("#icili"

    en 1n ,'* (i*+in+" l (e *1 nci"nli((. F-en+e e*e c"nflic+" e%i*+en ("* *"l1ci"ne*

    ,"*i=le*. L ,-i#e- ,ln+e l nece*i(( (e ele)i- 1n le& l c1l *"#e+e- (e

    #ne- e%cl1*i8 l* c"n(ici"ne* & efec+"* (e l (",cin.

    L *e)1n( *"l1cin ,-","ne l ,liccin (e l le& (el (",+n+e & l le& (el (",+(">

    & 9ce (e,en(e- el ,-"n1nci#ien+" (e l (",cin l c1#,li#ien+" (e l"* -e;1i*i+"*

    ,-e8i*+"* ,"- #=* le&e*. E*+ l+i# e* l *"l1cin -e+eni( ,"- el le)i*l("- nci"nl.

    El -+'c1l" 27> ;1e *e -efie-e l le& ,lic=le> -e)-1, l"* (i8e-*"* *,ec+"* ;1e

    c"ncie-nen l (",cin en +-e* inci*"*. El inci*" ,-i#e-" ,-e8? 1n e%i)enci ;1e

    (e=e *e- c1#1l+i8#en+e c1#,li( ,"- l le& ,e-*"nl (el (",+n+e & ,"- l le& (el

    (",+(". En l"* inci*"* *e)1n(" & +e-ce-" *e (i*"cin l* c"n(ici"ne* & efec+"* (e l

    in*+i+1cin> *e)n *e +-+e (el (",+n+e " (el (",+("> ;1iene* (e=en *+i*fce-

    (i*+-i=1+i8#en+e l* e%i)enci* e*+=leci(* en l* -e*,ec+i8* le&e* (e *1*

    ("#icili"*.

    El inci*" ,-i#e-" e*+=lece 1n c"n(icin (e f"n(" (e (#i*i=ili(( (e l in*+i+1cin (e

    l (",cin. A*'> ,- ;1e l (",cin *e ,"*i=le e* nece*-i" ;1e e*+? ,e-#i+i( ,"-

    l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+(" & ,"- l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+n+e. En

    c"n*ec1enci> l (",cin ,-"ce(e-$ nic#en+e c1n(" #=* le&e* l (#i+n. L

    (i*,"*icin *e e%,lic (e=i(" l e%i*+enci> en De-ec9" c"#,-("> (e ,'*e* ;1e

    i)n"-n " ,-"9'=en l (",cin. E* el c*" (e (i8e-*"* ,'*e* #1*1l#ne*> en

    ,-+ic1l- A-)eli & M--1ec"*> ("n(e *e ,1e(e +"#- c-)" 1n #en"-> ,e-" *in l

    c-ecin (e 8'nc1l" f#ili- l)1n". O=8i#en+e> el le)i*l("- =1*c e8i+- el

    e*+=leci#ien+" (e filici"ne* (",+i8* ;1e n" *en -ec"n"ci(* en el ,'* (el

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    3

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    (",+n+e " (el (",+(". P"- "+- ,-+e> n" ,e-#i+i- l (",cin c1n(" l le& ,e-*"nl

    (el (",+(" l ,-"9'=e c"nc1e-( c"n c"n8enci"ne* in+e-nci"nle* c"#" l

    C"n8encin (e Nci"ne* Uni(* *"=-e l"* De-ec9"* (el Ni" (e 00> c1&" -+'c1l" 2

    "-(en l"* E*+("* P-+e 8el- ,"-;1e el ni"> ;1e 9& (e *e- (",+(" en "+-"

    ,'*> )"ce (e l* *l8)1-(i* & n"-#* e;1i8len+e* l* e%i*+en+e* -e*,ec+" l

    (",cin en el ,'* (e "-i)en. C"inci(e +#=i?n c"n l C"n8encin (e L @& *"=-e

    (",cin in+e-nci"nl.

    El inci*" *e)1n(" (el -+'c1l" =5" c"#en+-i" ,-e8? l le& ;1e -e)i-$ l* c"n(ici"ne*

    ;1e (e=e -e1ni- el (",+n+e ,- cce(e- l (",cin. El le)i*l("- *"#e+e l le&

    (el ("#icili" (el (",+n+e *,ec+"* c"#" l c,ci(( ,- (",+-> l e(( & el

    e*+(" ci8il (el (",+n+e> el c"n*en+i#ien+" e8en+1l (el cn&1)e (el (",+n+e & l*

    (e#$* c"n(ici"ne* ;1e (e=e -e1ni- el (",+n+e ,- "=+ene- l (",cin. Se "=*e-8;1e el in+e-?* (el le)i*l("- e* e8i+- el f-1(e e* (eci-> l (i*,"*icin +ien(e i#,e(i-

    ;1e *e -ec"n"!c l fc1l+( (e (",+- ;1ien n" ,"(-' 9ce-l"> en ,liccin (e *1

    ,-",i le&. Si e*+" e* *'> l ,liccin (e l n"-# ( l1)- ,-lel#en+e l

    ,-"n1nci#ien+" (e 1n (",cin> en l c1l el (",+n+e ,"(-' c-ece- (e l"*

    -e;1i*i+"* ,- (",+-> l"* ;1e e*+$n ,-e8i*+"* ,"- l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+(".

    El inci*" +e-ce-" (el -+'c1l" 27 (e+e-#in l le& ,lic=le l* c"n(ici"ne*

    -e;1e-i(* ,- *e- (",+("> & l le& ;1e -e)1l-$ l"* efec+"* (el e*+=leci#ien+" (el

    8'nc1l" (",+i8". En *1#> l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+(" e* l ;1e (e=e-$(e+e-#in- *i el cn(i(+" l (",cin ,1e(e *e- (",+(". C"--e*,"n(e e*+ le&

    -e)1l- l c,ci(( ,- *e- (",+("> l e(( & el e*+(" ci8il (el (",+("> l

    (e+e-#incin (e l* ,e-*"n* clific(* ,- c"n*en+i- l (",cin "> l" ;1e

    e;1i8le (eci- el c"n*en+i#ien+" (e *1* ,-")eni+"-e* " -e,-e*en+n+e le)l & l

    1+"-i!cin ,- *1 *li( (el ,'*.

    E* +#=i?n l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+(" l ;1e -i)e l e8en+1l -1,+1- (el

    ,-en+e*c" (el (",+(" c"n *1 f#ili *n)1'ne. L *"l1cin *e 51*+ific & ;1e

    *ien(" ,-eci*#en+e el in+e-?* (el #en"- el ;1e e*+$ en 51e)"> ,-ece ,-",i(" ;1e*e l le& (e *1 ("#icili" l ll#( ,-"n1nci-*e *"=-e l -1,+1- (el 8'nc1l" c"n l

    f#ili (e "-i)en. Sin e#=-)"> "=*e-8#"* ,-lel#en+e ;1e *"#e+e- (ic9"* efec+"*

    l le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+n+e n" e* in(ec1(" *i *e +"# en c1en+ el 9ec9" (e

    ;1e el (",+(" 8i8i-$ en el #e(i" f#ili- & *"cil (el (",+n+e. L ,liccin (e l

    le& (el ("#icili" (el (",+n+e f8"-ece-' in(i*c1+i=le#en+e l in+e)-cin (el #en"-

    c"n *1 n1e8 f#ili.

    En +"(" c*"> l *"l1cin (",+( ,"- el le)i*l("- nci"nl c"inci(e c"n l"

    e*+=leci(" ,"- el C(i)" B1*+#n+e> ;1e en el -+'c1l" 73 (i*,"ne ;1e l c,ci((

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    32

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    ,- (",+- & *e- (",+("> & l* c"n(ici"ne* & li#i+ci"ne* (e l (",cin> *e *15e+n

    l le& ,e-*"nl (e c( 1n" (e l"* in+e-e*("*. L"* efec+"* (e l (",cin *e -e)1ln

    ,"- l le& ,e-*"nl (el (",+n+e en l" c"nce-nien+e *1 *1ce*in & ,"- l le& (el

    (",+(" l" -el+i8" l -1,+1- (el 8'nc1l" (e ,-en+e*c" c"n l f#ili *n)1'ne. L

    i#,1)ncin (e l (",cin ;1e( *15e+ l le& ,e-*"nl (e c( in+e-e*(".

    P"- *1 ,-+e el T-+(" (e M"n+e8i(e" (e 06 e*+=leci en *1 -+'c1l" 23 ;1e l

    (",cin *e -i)e> en l" ;1e +e l c,ci(( (e l* ,e-*"n* & en l" ;1e -e*,ec+

    l* c"n(ici"ne*> li#i+ci"ne* & efec+"*> ,"- l* le&e* (e l"* ("#icili"* (e l* ,-+e* en

    c1n+" *en c"nc"-(n+e*> c"n +l ;1e el c+" c"n*+e en in*+-1#en+" ,=lic".

    C!ITULO I)LE'I(LCION CO#!RD

    I$ FILICION #TRI#ONIL CO#!RD

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    33

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    ;1e 8n e%,-e*-*e.

    5" c1&"* ,(-e* c"n+-en #+-i#"ni" c"n ,"*+e-i"-i(( *1 nci#ien+"> *ie#,-e ;1e l ,+e-ni(( & l #+e-ni(( 9&n e*+("

    -i("* ,"- l le& " ,"- in9=ili(( (e ?*+"*> n" fec+-$ l filicin #+-i#"nil (e l"* 9i5"*> 1n;1e n" 9& 9=i(" =1en fe ni 51*+

    #"ni" 8$li(". .

    *e-$ -e,1+( c"#" c"nc1=in+"

    +-'(" (e =1en fe ,"- #="* c"n+-&en+e*. Si *l" 91=" =1en fe (e 1n" (e l"* cn&1)e*> el #+-i#"ni" *1-+e efec+"* ci8ile* nic

    ci".

    nci*" 2> " ,"- l *en+enci ;1e (e*e*+i#e l (e#n( en l"* c*"* (el -+'c1l" 3 C9ile>

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    36

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    A-)en+in> /ene!1el & Pe- -e)1l e*+ cl*e (e filicin> ,e-" en 1n"* ,'*e* n" *e

    9ce (e #ne- e%,-e* c"#" "c1--e en A-)en+in & /ene!1el> 1n;1e en e*+"*

    e%i*+en n"-#* le)le* (e l* c1le* *e ,1e(e infe-i- el *i)nific(" (e l filicin

    #+-i#"nil.

    Al n" e%i*+i- +e%+" le)l e*,ec'fic"> "+- f1en+e (e )-n 1+ili(( e* l ("c+-in> ;1e en

    c( ,'* c"n el +-n*c1-*" (el +ie#," 9 =1*c(" (- *"l1cin l fl+ (e ,-eci*in &

    8-i"* ;1e 9 (e5(" el le)i*l("-.

    Tn+" en l le)i*lcin c"l"#=in c"#" en l c9ilen *e c"n*)-n l"* c*"* en l"*c1le* 1n 9i5" *e le c"n*i(e- c"#" #+-i#"nil " le)'+i#"> ,-+ien(" (e l =*e (e

    ;1e 1n 9i5" c"nce=i(" (en+-" (el #+-i#"ni" e* 9i5" le)'+i#". A(e#$* #=*

    c"n*)-n l fi)1- (e l le)i+i#cin (e 1n 9i5" n+1-l> ($n("*e ?*+ c"n el

    #+-i#"ni" *1=*i)1ien+e l c"nce,cin " l nci#ien+". En e*+e l+i#" c*" #e(in+e

    1n -ec"n"ci#ien+" en el c+" (el #+-i#"ni". En e*+e ,1n+" l le)i*lcin c9ilen e*

    #$* cl- & ;1e ,ln+e l ,"*i=ili(( (e le)i+i#- 1n 9i5" ;1e n" 9& *i("

    -ec"n"ci(" n+e-i"-#en+e #e(in+e el c+" (el #+-i#"ni"> #ien+-* ;1e en C"l"#=i

    el #+-i#"ni" *1=*i)1ien+e l" le)i+i# ,e-" *ie#,-e & c1n(" l #+e-ni(( "

    ,+e-ni(( 9&n *i(" -ec"n"ci(* c"n l"* -e;1i*i+"* le)le* e*+=leci("*. E*+" n"*,e-#i+e (e(1ci- ;1e +n+" l le)i*lcin c"l"#=in c"#" l c9ilen ,ln+en l*

    #i*#* f"-#* (e e*+=lece- l filicin #+-i#"nil.

    II$ FILICION E&TR#TRI#ONIL CO#!RD

    #"nil> c1n(" 9 *i(" -ec"n"ci(" " (ecl-(" +l c"n --e)l" l" (i*,1e*+ en l ,-e*en+e le&. T#=i?n *e +en(-$ e*+ cli(( -e

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    3

    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    (i)" Ci8il ,1(" +ene- l1)- l c"nce,cin.

    en ;1e +18" l1)- & *e)n *1* n+ece(en+e* & +enien(" en c1en+ *1 n+1-le!> in+i#i(( & c"n+in1i((.

    1-n+e el +ie#," en ;1e ,1(" +ene- l1)- l c"nce,cin> " *i ,-1e=> en l"* +?-#in"* in(ic("* en el inci*" n+e-i"-> ;1e en l #i*#

    f1e-e ,"- *1* c-c+e-'*+ic*> cie-+#en+e in(ic+i8" (e l ,+e-ni((> *ien(" ,lic=le* en l" ,e-+inen+e l* e%ce,ci"ne* ,-e8i*+*

    (" & l filicin ;1e ,1e( e*+=lece-*e en+-e ell"* *e -i)en ,"- l le& -e*,ec+i8.

    l 9i5". E* +#=i?n filicin #+-i#"nil l (el 9i5" c1&"* ,(-e* c"n+-en #+-i#"ni" c"n ,"*+e-i"-i(( *1 nci#ien+"> *ie#,-e ;

    en+enci fi-#e en 51ici" (e filicin.

    +-i#"nil.

    +e c(i)".

    1ici" (e filicin ;1e l (ecl-e +l.

    1n+-i (el ,(-e> " (e*,1?* (e *1 #1e-+e> ,"- *1* *cen(ien+e*> en l"* +?-#in"* ,-e8i*+"* en el -+'c1l" 23.

    51(icil#en+e c"n +"(" )?ne-" (e ,-1e=*> incl1i("* l"* e%$#ene* " l* e%,e-+ici* 9e#+"l)ic* & 9e-e-"=i"l)ic* ;1e 9&n

    filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil

    El +e# (e l ,-1e= (e l filicin e%+-#+-i#"nil en C"l"#=i> C9ile> A-)en+in>

    /ene!1el & Pe- +iene 1n +-+#ien+" *e#e5n+e> en +"("* *e e*+=lece c"#" +l el

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    $ey apli%able& 'ilia%i(" atrio"ial) e*traatrio"ial y adop%i("

    CONCLU(IONE(

    !RI#ER: El C(i)" Ci8il e* el f1n(#en+" le)l ,- c1l;1ie- *"cie((> en n1e*+-

    le)i*lcin 9n e%i*+i(" 1n *e-ie (e (i*+in+"* C(i)"* Ci8ile* ;1e 9n c#=i(" & 8n!("

    +-8?* (el +ie#," en l *"cie(( Pe-1n *e 9n ,-e*en+(" 1n *e-ie (e c#=i"*

    -elci"n("* c"n l f#ili> ,e-*"n*> c"*+1#=-e> e+c. Y l #"#en+" (e "c1--i- e*+"* c#=i"*

    en l *"cie((> l* le&e* +ienen ;1e *e- #"(ific(* ,- ,"(e- (,+-*e e*+ n1e8

    *"cie(( c#=in+e.

    L filicin ,-"(1ce (i8e-*"* efec+"* 51-'(ic"* (e )-n i#,"-+nci> +le* c"#" l nci"nli((>

    el e*+(" ci8il & el (e-ec9" (e li#en+"*. En *' l filicin e* el 8'nc1l" 51-'(ic" ;1e 1ne l ,(-e

    " #(-e c"n *1 (e*cen(enci> ;1e )ene- (e-ec9"* & (e=e-e* -ec',-"c"*. E* #1& i#,"-+n+e

    le)l#en+e *=e- *i 1n" e* 9i5" #+-i#"nil " e%+-#+-i#"nil> ,"-;1e e* el ,1n+" (e ,-+i(

    (i8e-*"* fc+"-e* (e (e-ec9"* ;1e *e le* ,1e(e +-i=1i- c"#" *e e%,lic en el +-=5"> l

    *i+1cin (e l"* 9i5"* n" *ie#,-e 9 +eni(" 1n +-+" i)1li+-i"> ("n(e *e enc"n+-=n

    *i+1ci"ne* (e infe-i"-i(( & c"n (e-ec9"* -e*+-in)i("*. A ,e*- ;1e l C"n*+i+1cin (e 003>

    -ec")e l i)1l(( (e l"* 9i5"*> *e #+-i#"nile* " e%+-#+-i#"nile*> n" *i)nific ;1e

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