Field Trip Manly

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<p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Manly Field TripThe Manly Field Trip Assignment must be submitted as one document only with all information in one file - Please label file with GSE826 Your Full Name and Manly. Submit to Barbara Almond via email - (Barbara.Almond-1@uts.edu.au)</p> <p>Is Manly a sustainable tourism destination?Objectives The aim of the field trip is to engage you in looking, examining and analysing a tourist destination from a tourism and environment point of view, to engage you in observing tourisms environmental interactions within a specific setting and recognise the resource implications for development, management and operation of tourism. Further it gives you an opportunity to develop and demonstrate an understanding of the varying interpretations of the concept of sustainability and how these apply to the management of tourism attractions, enterprises and destinations. The Scenario You have graduated from your degree and are now working as a tourism consultant. Your first contract involves working with a small group of colleagues to complete this document and the questions in it, which is like starting to prepare a tourism master plan for the Manly local area. What information do you need to gather and how will you obtain it? How will you interpret this information and from it derive statements about the most appropriate future direction of tourism in Manly? The field trip is designed to get you thinking about these issues. A framework of issues is provided that you need to consider as you gather information for your master plan.</p> <p>With your team of consultants (your small group of 3 or 4) 1. Firstly review the information that you need to gather about the local Manly area: interpretation provided for tourists, the level of tourism directed development (eg hotels, businesses, facilities), existing levels of development, the view of the local community, the areas natural tourism resources, cultural/heritage resources, climate, infrastructure, tourism facilities and attractions (provided on the following pages). 2. Once you have familiarised yourself with the information needs of the consultancy go out into the community and collect the relevant data. This might involve talking to Manly residents and business owners, dropping into tourist information centres, the local environment centre etc. It will almost certainly involve walking around the local area and observing the variety of ways in which tourism interacts with the local environment with a mind to meeting the information needs of your master plan consultancy. 1</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>NOTE: When interviewing people, if goes without saying that you should be polite, introduce yourself, explain you are doing a student project and ask if you may ask some questions, and how long that may take. You must accept the right of a person to refuse to answer questions or to stop answering whenever it suits them. We will discuss this in Class including ethics and approach. In your group of 3-4, you will need to finish the questions and information in this document but you will submit a report individually. The task is to assess Is Manly a sustainable tourism destination? If so, what evidence do you have to support this? If not, what would you do to change this? This evidence will be based on your key findings from the information you have gathered which should be used to respond to the answers that you will find in this document. Schedule: Friday 30th March 2011 - 10 am - 5 pm To start meet Stephen Wearing at the picnic shelter opposite and north from the Novotel (near Denison St (see blue logo of Novotel on map) on the Manly Beach end of the Corso please be there by 10 am.</p> <p>2</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Timetable10 am Meeting at Picnic Shelter Manly Beach 10.05 am 12 pm Lunch Walking Tour Picnic Shelter - Shelley Beach Corso, Manly Wharf Bring Lunch See Map</p> <p>1 pm - 3 Students Groups able to look Time to walk around Manly and look at the various pm at Manly and respond to elements and answer the questions questions 3pm - 5 Questions pm and Answers Meet outside the Steyne Hotel Corso</p> <p>Session + Evaluation If raining bring umbrella and raincoat it will still be on</p> <p>3</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Information That Might be Required (Initial questions to complete)Question 1 Interpretive information for tourists, does it impact on the tourist? Try obtaining some of the tourist literature on the area and see how it engages you. Make some notes. Does the material emphasize Manlys development as a sustainable tourism resort? (150 words)</p> <p>Question 2 Tourism Development does it change the space and place of Manly? Can you distinguish what has been developed for tourism and what for other uses? (150 words) Make some notes. Note: Read the reading provided for Manly - One Man and his Boat (and Hotel and Pier ): Henry Gilbert Smith and the Establishment of Manly, Australia.</p> <p>Question 3 Impact of residential development and commercial development on Manly. Does there appear to be a lot of development in the CBD area and along the waterfront. What do you think? How did you reach this conclusion? How might you find out? (150 words)</p> <p>Question 4 The Corso a tourism corridor does it work what impacts does it have? (150 words)</p> <p>4</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Manly- Is Tourism for Our Community A PRELIMINARY QUESTIONNAIRE (Ask a few local residents in Manly)</p> <p>Is your community dependent upon one Benefits industry? If so, perhaps tourism could diversify the Yes economic base. No Costs An expanded tourism industry could require additional infrastructure.</p> <p>Are local businesses...... expanding? stable? declining?</p> <p>Benefits If "stable" or "declining", then tourism may provide a needed boost. Costs If "declining" then improvements may need to be undertaken.</p> <p>Is unemployment seasonal? No Yes</p> <p>Benefits If developed during the slack season tourism may help. Costs Some residents may desire a slack season and resent the "congestion" during the time they anticipate "peace and quiet".</p> <p>Are the unemployed ...... skilled? unskilled? what is the unemployment rate</p> <p>Benefits If "unskilled", they may benefit from an increased need for service workers with minimum skills. If "skilled", you may have to creatively explore symbiotic connections (e.g. entrepreneurial activities). Costs If "unskilled", then training may be both desirable and required through local schools or job-training agencies.</p> <p>5</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Is there an appropriate labour force available Benefits locally? If so, perhaps tourism could provide needed Yes jobs. No Costs If not, you may have to "import" workers from nearby suburbs or ..?.</p> <p>Is the diversity of natural environments? inadequate? considerable? somewhere in between?</p> <p>Benefits If "inadequate", expanded tourism activity may stimulate more diversity. If "considerable", the diversity may be a drawing card for more visitors. Costs If "inadequate", then a greater diversity may have to be encouraged, which is sometimes difficult and may require extensive economic development work.</p> <p>Are your major natural areas and town main entrances? attractive? in need of clean up? in need of major restoration and repair?</p> <p>Benefits If "attractive" you have a greater potential for attracting and holding visitors. If "in need of clean up", community organisations might be mobilised and the results will boost community morale, as well as set the stage for increased tourism activity. Costs If "in need of major restoration and repair", then funding will be required; however, this can be done gradually. After the initial stages, increased tax revenues may be used. Be sure to evaluate signage, roadways, parking, restroom facilities, trash disposal, and public safety.</p> <p>On the issue of increased tourism activity, is Benefits your community in.... If "in agreement" then you will have the agreement? support you need to market your area. uncertain? at opposite poles? Costs Of "uncertain" or "at opposite poles" then you need to invest time for education and consensus building so residents and business people will be hospitable hosts to your visitors.</p> <p>6</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Are local cultural activities... thriving? struggling? of top quality? silly? Example: Jazz Festival</p> <p>Benefits If "thriving" and of "top quality", you may be able to quickly appeal to an expanded audience and thereby generate greater support from a broader base. You can then offer more and the community will benefit through expanded cultural horizons. Costs If "struggling" and "silly", you will need to upgrade. This will take time and may meet with resistance. There may be concern by local residents about "sharing" space and activities with others.</p> <p>What about recreational activities? anything to do? Not much. Yes, Many unique choices.</p> <p>Is there Benefits If you answered "many unique choices", you are sitting on a gold mine. If you said "yes, but you have to know where to look", you may have a gold mine once you conduct an inventory and arrange for display and distribution of information. Costs If you said "not much", then you either have little potential to attract visitors, or you need to look at your community through the eyes of an outsider. A fresh perspective sometimes creates a new picture.Source: Adapted from Rural Tourism Marketing, Rural Tourism Centre, California State Tourism Office.</p> <p>7</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Thinking Point:What did you find out from asking the questionnaire a lot of people not interested or they didnt know much? This is fairly normal. How do you engage with the public to gain information? Well! Tourism development connects tourists and providers of tourist facilities and services with advocates of environmental protection and community residents and their leaders who desire a better quality of life through an understanding of the interactions that occur and therefore an ability to examine how a reduction of the likely impacts might be achieved. Each of the above groups has its constituents. As they realise how their interests overlap and as they identify common goals, they will be more inclined to collaborate, as shown in Figure 1. The environment is the basis for the natural and cultural resources for attracting tourists. Therefore, environmental protection is essential for the long-term success of tourism. Carrying capacity is a key concept in planning for sustainable tourism development. The concept refers to the maximum use which can be made of a site without causing detrimental effects on its resources, diminishing tourist satisfaction levels or generating socio-economic problems for the local community. Communities receive various benefits of tourism, which should lead to an improved quality of life for residents. However, it is essential that community residents be involved in the decision-making on planning, developing and managing ecotourism and receives equitable benefits from this sector. Community participation can be encouraged in various ways. Through the co-operation and productive interaction of the tourism industry, environmental protectors and community, all can benefit and achieve an improved quality of life for the community.</p> <p>FIGURE 1: Establishing Stakeholders in the Impacts of Tourism Development</p> <p>Tourism Industry</p> <p>Natural Environment Agencies and Groups</p> <p>General Community</p> <p>I.</p> <p>8</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>II.</p> <p>TOURISM</p> <p>Tourism, particularly in Australia, relies on natural resources such as unusual vegetation and wildlife for viewing and photography, marine areas of reefs and sea life for diving, caves for exploration, mountains for trekking, and adventurous forms of water recreation are attracting the new types of tourists. Also, cultural heritage attractions such as archaeological, historic and religious sites, architecturally interesting buildings, museums, ethnic life styles, cultural festivals, and traditional and contemporary crafts and fine arts, dance, music and drama. Cultural heritage also includes sites related to industrial archaeology, and traditional and contemporary economic activities. All are environments subject to interaction with the tourist and the tourism industry and as a result impacts occur. Tour operators and Travel agents are already offering a greater variety of tourism products tailored to many different market segments. New tourist Destinations will be theme-based and activity oriented especially focusing on recreation, nature and culture. Carefully planned and managed resorts and other types of tourist facilities can limit negative environmental impacts that characterise some destinations of the past. Why people travel - to visit friends and relatives, for relaxation and recreation, meeting people, personal growth and development, learning about new places, cultural enrichment and interaction, spiritual renewal, pursuing special interests, combining business and pleasure pursuits, - is only part of the picture. How tourists make travel decisions is also important. They obtain advice and information affecting their choice of destination from various sources: Travel agencies Clubs and special interest groups' News reports Travel guidebook Friends and relatives Brochures and other promotional materials Articles in newspapers and magazines Commercial advertisements in the popular media</p> <p> Stories and documentaries in books, movies, television and video.</p> <p>A. The EnvironmentConservation and preservation of natural resources and cultural heritage are global as well as local concerns. For tourism to be sustainable, the type and extent of tourism activity must be balanced against the capacity of the natural and man-made resources available. Carrying Capacity is fundamental to environmental protection and sustainable development. It refers to the maximum use of any site without causing negative effects on the resources, reducing visitor satisfaction, or exerting adverse impact upon the society, economy and culture of the area. Carrying capacity limits can sometimes be difficult to quantify, but they are essential to environmental planning for tourism and recreation. Tourism carrying capacity includes physical, biological, social and psychological/perceptual aspects of the tourism environment. There are three distinct types: Biophysical (ecological) - which relates to the natural environment.</p> <p>9</p> <p>Manly Field Trip</p> <p>Socio-cultural - which relates primarily to the impact on the host population and its culture. Facility - which relates to the visitor experience.</p> <p>Carrying capacity varies according to season and, over time, factors such as tourists' behavioural patterns, facility design and management, the dynamic character of the environment, and the changing attitudes of the host community. Carrying capacity is considered at the three stages of policy formulation - detailed studies, implementation and monitoring. In developing sustainable tourism, respecting carrying...</p>