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    Lead Article

    Biochemistry in

    Ancient India

    THE GREATEST DISCOVERIES and inventions ofthe modern generations, are already lying prefiguredin the unlimited ocean of Aryan Sciences, A credit which

    belongs to one nation for what it has achiceved should

    not be grudged to be given to it if it makes good its claims-

    India has long been before the intellectual world. The

    Vedas and Puranas the Yogas and the Sankhyas, the

    Grammar and the Logic, the Mantras and the Tantras

    are not the work of invention of any laterday priestcraft.

    They are perfectly incapable of bringing into existence

    that which with all the attempts of the world have not

    been able to do Before the Mohome-dans came to India

    the Greeks had already admired the wonderful literature

    and sciences of India, Three thousand years ago or

    more properly five thousand years ago, India showed

    signs of intellectual decay while other nations were trying

    to make a name in arts and sciences on the ruins of their

    Aryan predecessor. After the war described in the

    Mahabharata it appears certain that the Aryans in India

    lost considerably their intelllectual and physical

    supremecy. We can well account for this- Duryo-dhanas

    fall meant the fall of a great and consolidated &

    prosperous empire. In the ruinous war that was waged

    for 18 days, between the Pandus and Kurus almost every

    prince and chieftain of any pre-tensions in India must

    have taken tome part or other in this famous war and

    although Pandus finally overthrew the legitimate Sovereign

    Duryodhana they did so at a great sacrifice of relations

    and friends. Nations were ruined and there must have

    been anarchy for a long time which followed this epoch

    until an apology for peace and prosperity pre-vailed The

    best men in arts and scien-ces must have perished in the

    convolu-tions of this fearful war, and thus the prosperity

    and intellectual pride of India attained through vast series

    of generations must have received a rude shock from

    which, we are of opinion, it never fully recovered. It would

    be absurd, therefore, to say that India knew nothing of

    physical sciences before the dawn of History,

    Mahabharata, appears to be admittedly 5,000 years old,

    and if this is taken for grantedas it must be then we

    have an older and more valuable book in the shape of

    Ramayana com-posed by Valmikibearing the proud

    title of Muni-Pungava. He calls it adikavya or the first

    epic poem and this must certainly have been immensely

    old and highly respected when Vyasa wrote and

    composed his Mahabharata, Brahma-tutras and his

    immortal Bhagavadgita and the 18 Puranas. Vyasas

    acknowledgement of Valmikis superiority, and his non-

    disputing the proud title of Audikavi, given to Valmiki is

    certainly the best testimony we have, and we can rest

    assured that if Valmiki was duly appreciated and

    respected by Vyasa, he must have been a most wonderful

    personage to exact intellectual homage by its greatest

    giant- Valmiki exhibits a profoundity of research into

    terrestrial and celestial phenomena that is considered

    almost impossible to guage the intellectual reach of this

    great Rishi. Valmiki composed a work on the physical

    sciences called Bhoota Tatwa Praka-sika. This work

    is an exhaustive one and has been condensed into a book

    called the Tatwasagard by the learned scientist

    Kshiraswami. We have to go into some details before

    the expressions used in these sciences could be

    understood and the explanations will show the depth of

    the intellectual development which the ancient Hindus had

    attained at the very start of the Aryan invasion. It is alleged

    (This article is reproduced from our old records specially since January 30th happens to be my great grandfather Prof. B. Suryanarain

    Raos Birthday - The sacred Ratha Saptami day. In rememberance, we are reproducing his genealogy on page 27 of this issue.)





    VASTU AND JYOTISHA are inter-related and interdependent. Vasati Iti Vastu means the place in whichyou dwell is Vastu. When we speak of a dwelling we

    invariably speak of the directions and the five elements

    of nature. When we speak of directions we speak of

    rulerships. Vastu identifies the rulership of the four cardinal

    directions north, east, south and west with Soma or Kubera,

    Aditya, Yama and Varuna respectively. The four angular

    directions northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest

    are assigned to Easha, Agni, Gagana and Pavana

    respectively while the central sector of an area is assisgned

    to mother earth Prithvi. Astrological texts assign the

    four cardinal directions north, east, south and west to

    Mercury, Sun, Mars and Saturn while the four angular

    directions northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest

    have lordships of Jupiter, Venus, Rahu and Moon


    Fourth House

    The fourth house relates to property homes, sites and

    ancestral, apart from habitational needs of peace,

    happiness, mother, domestic life, conveyances, etc. With

    this we see that the proper selection of conveyance and

    property based on both Vastu and astrological aspects can

    Vastu,Property and Fourth House

    contribute to peace and happiness (to and from mother

    too) and harmony in the home. Fourth house in ones

    birth chart should be read with respect to the running dasa

    and bhukti and transits thereof. Based on this the relevant

    directions/sectors should be made Vastu appropriate to

    minimize the effects of planetary imbalances and optimize

    the benefic planetary strengths. This apart based on your

    ascendant certain planets are benefic and certain malefic.


    If your birth ascendant (in your vedic horoscope) is Taurus

    (Vrshabha), Saturn is the best benefic since he is lord of

    the 9th and 10th houses (trine and quadrant) and becomes

    a yogakaraka . This means the importance of west as a

    compatible direction is seen for the native. In fact Vastu

    texts, referring to West, tell us Paschima

    Pushtivardhanam West is increase of prosperity and

    welfare. Mercury - north, Mars - south and the Sun

    east, are also benefic. By giving West strength in terms

    of heavy landscaping in the site and by way of thick walls,

    heavy furniture, etc within the home and the room of the

    native, negatives indicated by Saturn in ones horoscope

    can be minimized considerably. When we consider the

    ascendant Cancer (Karkataka Sri Ramas ascendant),

    Mars (5th and 10th lord, yogakaraka)

    and Jupiter become the benefic

    planets. This means the south and

    northeast are the important areas

    which one should strengthen.

    Verbatim Use

    Word for word use of book rules is

    not right. For instance, if in your

    horoscope, the fourth house is

    occupied by Mars or Saturn, the

    indication is that one will lose his

    property. This means in the property

    that you own, the two relevant

    sectors of South and West,

    primarily, and other relevant sectors

    are to be made Vastu appropriate



    Yamakanda and Yamakantaka: Which Is Correct?

    Are Yamagandakalam and Rahukalam Mahaadoshas or

    major afflictions? Opinions are different and diverse. While

    some hold that these are to be avoided for electional

    purposes others hold that they need not be given much

    importance. DR. RAMAN has also opined fully in support

    of the contentions that they need not be bothered about,

    too much.

    By way of clarification some have suggested that

    Yamaganda and Yamakantaka are quite two different

    factors. They clarify that while Yamaganda is like

    Rahukalam and is relevant in electional astrology,

    Yamakantaka is an Upagraha like Mandi and is relevant

    only to natal horoscopy.

    Definite or specific scriptural sanction is found lacking to

    clinch the difference between them. However, the popular

    view held by scholars like late Mr. V. A. K. Iyer is that

    only Yamakantaka, with a faulty pronunciation, came to

    be called as Yamaganda, in due course of time. While

    there is no dispute to the fact that either Yamakantaka or

    Yamaganda, in whatever way it is called, is accepted as

    the son of Jupiter, (illicit or otherwise), the Yamakantaka

    is held as good as Guru and taken as auspicious. On the

    other hand, Yamaganda, by popular convention is held as

    inauspicious and unsuitable for auspicious deeds.

    Necessarily, therefore, only one of these contentions can

    stand the test.

    Phaladeepika speaks very clearly about the

    auspiciousness of Yamakantaka in chapter 25 slokas 18,

    19 and 21. Though later works like Kaalavidhana and

    other Muhurtha Granthas give malefic attributes to

    Yamaganda and its kala or period, it must be noted that

    the earlier works mention only the good effects of


    Jyothisha Chinta Nidhi


    The problem arises because both the Yamakantaka and

    Yamaganda periods coincide and there can be no one

    period, which can be deemed as harmful as well as

    beneficial simultaneously. It is reasonable that the average

    reader may want to be kept informed of the correct

    position. There is some strength in the argument of late

    Mr. V. A. K. Iyer that Yamakantaka is the correct term to

    be used to signify the time periods attributed to it to dispel

    the mistaken notion by calling it Yamaganda, which name

    itself carries with it a specific malefic import. The views

    of DR. RAMAN also appear to be in conformity with this.

    The argument is that Yamakantaka, being the son of Jupiter

    can only be auspicious because Jupiter unquestionably is

    a benefic according to astrological scriptures. Gulika,

    deemed to be the son of Saturn, is termed as malefic in

    horoscopy. However, its kala or period is taken as good

    for auspicious deeds. So, it goes without saying that the

    nature of the Upagrahas and their role in natal horoscopy

    are not in agreement with their benefic or malefic qualities

    for their respective kalasor periods of time.

    Now, how can an average reader and believer in astrology,

    get out of this confusion? Definitely he will have no other

    option but to compromise with one of the following two

    options. As a first option he can take the Yamakantaka

    Kalas as good except on Thursdays and ignore the adverse

    Yamaganda Kala results enunciated for the other

    weekdays. Or else, he can stick on to the Yamaganda

    Kalas, mentioned in the panchangas as bad and reckon

    the Yamakantaka Upagraha for natal horoscopy alone, by

    following its rising time schedules and ignore them for

    Kala calculation.

    With everything said and done, these Kalas of Muhurthas

    are followed only in some parts of the land and their

    importance is only strictly regional. On the other hand,

    the Upagraha calculations have wider connotations, in

    applied astrology.

    (Our senior contributor Yajnavalkya provides you, every month, especially students some succinct notes on

    select astrological topics of interest )





    Mr. V.R.Soundar Rajan, with a

    Diploma in Mechanical Engineering,

    has served Anna University,

    Chennai for over thirty years. He

    has been rendering astrological

    counseling for two and half decades.

    Mr. Soundar Rajans training has

    been under Pandit Asuri

    Venkatachary .


    Prime Minister


    Unhappy is the man or the nation which, when the divine moment arrives, is found sleeping or unprepared

    to use it, because the lamp has not been kept trimmed for the welcome and the ears are sealed to the call.

    But thrice woe to them who are strong and ready, yet waste the force or misuse the moment; for them is

    irreparable loss or a great destruction. Sri Aurobindo

    Indias independence is such a period; our nation accepted the moment and welcomed the situation.

    In Indias independence chart, Lagna was Taurus and Moon sign is Cancer. Starting Dasa was Saturn

    and sub dasa was also Saturn. Saturn Dasa was completely headed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

    During Mercury Dasa, the nation was led by Mr. Lal Bahadur Shastri and Mrs. Indira Gandhi. During

    Ketu Dasa, it was Mr. Rajiv Gandhi. The complete confusion arose during Venus Dasa when Mr. P.V.

    Narasimha Rao, Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee and (now) Mr. Manmohan Singh were the popular Prime

    Ministers. The table indicates Sun Dasa, for the independence chart, began in September 2009.

    Mahadasa From To

    Saturn 1946-09-10 1965-09-10

    Mercury 1965-09-10 1982-09-11

    Ketu 1982-09-11 1989-09-10

    Venus 1989-09-10 2009-09-11

    Sun 2009-09-11 2015-09-11

    Moon 2015-09-11 2025-09-11

    Mars 2025-09-11 2032-09-11

    Rahu 2032-09-11 2050-09-11

    Jupiter 2050-09-11 2066-09-11












    MoonSaturn (R)Sun,VenusMercury







    ANCIENT INDIAN EPICS and festivals have bothreligious and moral implications. Moral values aredisguised in them and have to be drawn out. Even the

    religious practices or rituals like prayer, homa (havan)

    and so on are full of moral values, if we understand their

    inner meaning. Those moral values are to be imbibed by

    humanity to meet the materialistic onslaught. Here an

    attempt is made to analyze

    Mahasivratri, one of the

    important Hindu festivals to

    bring out its significance and

    inner meaning or its moral

    ethical side. Generally, people

    follow rituals mechanically,

    which does not help to realize

    the purpose of festivals. It is

    hoped that this short article

    would help the reader to

    understand the values

    underlined this festival, to

    assimilate them and practice in

    their day to life, thus making

    life more wholesome and

    derive enduring happiness.

    Mahasivaratri or the great

    night of Lord Siva, being one

    of the important Hindu

    festivals, is celebrated with

    devotion and religious fervor

    to propitiate Lord Siva. Unlike celebration of other

    festivals, Mahasivaratri festival is not celebrated with

    festivities, revelry and gaiety;, on the other hand, it is

    celebrated with solemnity and piety and devotional

    fervor.. This is so because, Lord Siva is the very

    incarnation of vyragia or renunciation or sacrifice of

    MahasivaratriIts Significance


    physical pleasures. and he is in deep meditation in most of

    the times.Lord Siva is the most powerful deity and one

    among the trinities,Bhrahma, Vishnu and Mahesvara

    among Hindu deities. Siva means being auspicious and

    power or energy, the most powerful God of Hindi

    pantheon.. This year Mahasivaratri falls on 20th February.

    It is believed as the most auspicious time to invoke the

    blessings of Lord Shiva by day

    long worship.Due to unique

    planetary position, a powerful

    natural upsurge of energy is

    said to occur on that night in

    the human system.Worship on

    this day is considered

    beneficial for ones material

    and spiritual wellbeing. Lord

    Siva is the destroyer of evil

    and protector of good. Those

    who utter the name of Siva on

    this night is said to be free from

    ones past sins and wrong acts

    committed and would enjoy

    material prosperity and peace.

    Celebration starts on the day

    of Mahasivaratri. Devotees

    wake up early morning and

    after ritual bath, wear new

    clothes and visit Siva temples

    for worship. They observe

    strict Vrata or follow acts of discipline. Fasting or going

    without food is one such act of self-control or being

    oblivious of body consciousness which lead to unholy life.

    There are people who do not drink even a drop of water

    till next day. Sivalingam or Idol of Siva is worshipped

    throughout the night. Abbishekam or ritual bath is most

    Dr. Athickat Sreekumar Menon hails from Nallepilly villiage of Palakkad Dist, Kerala . He has excellent academic and professional back

    ground with a masters and doctorate in Psychology and Management. Has done post-doctoral work in Australia. Recipient of five post-

    graduate and doctoral fellowships including one from the Ford Foundation, U.S.A., he has held senior positions in India and abroad .

    Has published five original books on Management of which two have received All India awards. He is also the recipient of N.I.P.M award

    and Wills Award of Excellence. Authoring several original articles on Management and Human Values he has delivered many (highly

    valued) lectures in India and abroad. He is an original thinker , voracious reader , prolific writer and an eloquent speaker. He is keenly

    interested in human welfare and youth development . He continues to have active professional interest dating back to five decades.



    IN THE TODAYS WORLD, inwhichever way you turn, you willfind invariably every other person

    claiming to know Jyothisha, as

    imperfect as possible. However,

    those who have really mastered this

    divine science of Jyotisha and more

    importantly those who could really

    predict are extremely rare.

    Astrological prediction is a different

    set of ball game. It requires specific

    skills that can be acquired only by

    divine worship or spiritual Sadhana

    The truth is, Astrology is not only an

    art as well as science but is also an

    expression of spiritual evolution of the

    Diviner or Astrologer .Our ancients

    knew that very well. Gaining of

    knowledge in Horas (Text books)

    should go hand in hand with the

    spiritual sadhana of the Astrologer,

    if his prediction has to come correct

    was the sermon preached by the great

    Masters of yesteryears.

    I would like to introduce our esteemed

    readers to two gifted Astrologers,

    who cared least for any type of

    publicity and whom the world of

    astrology should and must know.

    Chellapan Aasan

    Astrology and Kaniyarcommunity

    In the entire world, only in the state

    of Kerala, one can find a caste

    assigned exclusively for the purpose

    of casting and delineation of

    horoscopes and for conducting

    prasna. They are known as



    DaivagjnasMADHU N. NAIR

    In the caste hierarchy, Kaniyars

    come in the low rung of the ladder;

    nevertheless, even in those dark age

    of untouchables, the Kaniyars

    were never denied access to the

    house of the Royals and the chieftains

    due to their profound knowledge in

    Jyothisha with that of Sanskrit and

    computational skills.

    Kaniyars believe that they are the

    chosen ones and learnt Jyothisha

    directly from the mouth of Lord

    Subramanya, the presiding deity of

    Jyothisha. Kaniyars are now re-

    christened as Ganakas or one well

    versed in computation. Anyway, the

    new generation has distanced

    themselves from Jyothisha activities.

    Early Years of the legend

    Chellapan was born in the Kaniyar

    community. As is usual in his

    community, at that time, he learnt

    Jyothisha in the traditional way

    starting with memorizing the slokas

    of Brihat Jataka of Varahamihira,

    popularly known as Hora in Kerala

    and other texts like Prasnamarga and

    of course some rare slokas passed

    by one generation to the other

    including that of Skanda Hora,

    supposed to have written by Lord

    Subramanya Himself and regarded

    as the first text book in Jyothisha.

    Appearance and personality

    Chellapan stood apart in any crowd

    due to his majestic appearance .He

    was more than six feet, clean shaven

    and with broad shoulders.

    Practice and fame

    Chellapan started practicing at the age

    of 17 and it is said that he rose to fame

    in 1950s, in a prasna connected with

    a murder case. From the horary,

    Chellapan himself was able to tell one

    very clearly for what one approached

    him and his objectives.

    It so happened that a Nair feudal

    landlord after murdering his wife and

    burying her in the backyard advertised

    in the local dailies that apt reward will

    be given to anyone who will provide

    any information about his missing wife

    and lodged a complaint with the

    police. The man came to Chellapan

    and did a prasna and the former

    reportedly told him that he murdered

    his wife and buried her in the backyard

    of his house. Later when the defence

    counsel examined Chellapan how he

    could tell about the fact, Chellapans

    reply was that it was through


    The word Aasan is a title of

    reverence and is synonym with the

    master or teacher. Chellapan used to

    be addressed as Chellapan Aasan. It

    is said that Aasan did the match

    making for more than 15,000 couples,

    through, three generations, with

    precision and infallibility.

    This scribe is one of the very few who

    knew the Aasans uncanny ability in

    Mushti Prasna You take anything

    in your hand; close the fist and ask

    him what the fist contains. With his

    cowries (sea-shells) that he uses for

    all the computations, within seconds,



    MESHA (Aries)

    Aswini, Bharani and Krittika 1

    The Sun helps you. Mercury graces you Venus also helps

    you. Others do not.

    This does not offer a good picture. Yet some of the

    favourable planets give good results. The problems of

    dislocation and skirmishes that perturb you continue.

    Your problems in the family also give concern. Some

    travels, which you do not like also, take place. They

    may be the constraints caused by profession. You

    succeed partially in your missions, no doubt. But the

    overall picture is unsatisfactory. You are often misled

    by people with evil designs and when you face the

    problems your associates silently keep away. They

    may indulge in character assassination and cause

    numerous problems. With all these, you get wealth

    and acquire valuable goods. Newly weds enjoy

    themselves. In conjugal life there will be some

    happiness. Proposals for marriage may click with great

    effort at times. On the whole, this is a mediocre period.

    Aswini: There will be problems of health, giving concern.

    You vanquish your enemies and earn wealth. There will

    be some unfavourable currents.

    Bharani: Many favourable currents cheer you up.

    You win disputes. There will be favours of senior


    Krittika 1: There will be favourable currents and fruitful

    exercise of influence. Your health gives concern. There

    will be gains from enemies.

    VRISHABA (Taurus)

    Krittika 2, 3, 4, Rohini and

    Mrigasira 1, 2

    The Sun is partially favourable. Mercury, Venus and

    Saturn grace you. Others do not.

    This offers a fairly good picture. It is true that you exercise

    your influence and try to cut the Gordian knot at times.

    But in the neck and neck fight with your rivals you are

    the loser. But there are many good experiences which

    cheer you up. You get recognition in profession and get

    the well-deserved elevation and enjoy perquisites. There

    is flow of money and the development of personality helps

    you. Some of your acts get accolades and you feel that

    you are a fortunate father.

    Your relatives admire you for your abilities. Your integrity

    and truthful words also give you a dignified position. In

    matters of disputes, your acts of arbitration solve the

    problems to the extent of losing your image. Occasionally

    you are misled by people particularly in matters of travel.

    There are many things to the proud of. But the plans for

    travel do not succeed. With all these things this is a good

    period from the point of view of prosperity.

    Krittika 2, 3, 4: There will be problems of health. Those

    with be chronic illness should be careful. There will be

    many favourable currents and success in disputes.

    Rohini: There will be gains from investments. There

    will be success in lawsuits. Many unfavourable currents

    cause dissatisfaction.

    Mrigasira 1, 2: There will be problems of health. Injuries

    are likely. There will be many favourable currents and

    the favour of men of consequence.

    This Month for You


    The Sun enters Aquarius on 13th February. Mercury leaves for Aquarius on 10th February and Pisces

    on 27th. Venus enters Pisces on 3rd February. Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu are respectively in

    Leo, Aries, Libra, Scorpio and Taurus.




    February 2012

    The Astrological eMagazine

    First column gives the English dates and next to it the names of the regional months and dates. The ending moments ofTithi, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana are given in the 24 hour clock extending to 30 hours.

    Of the Nityayogas, Vishkumbha, Parigha, Vyatipata, Vajra, Vyaghata, Vaidhruthi, Sula, Ganda and Atiganda are generally

    spurned for auspicious events and they are marked in red in the Panchanga. Vydhruti pervades from 34640 to 360 andVyatipata from 21320 to 22640 of the sum of the Nirayana longitudes of the Sun and the Moon. Vydhruti and Vyatipatapunyakaala are observed on the day when the yogas prevail for 1 hours or more, when Sraddha is performed by the

    astute. These two belong to the shannavati -96- Sraddhas ordained for a householder. Considering the astronomical

    implications, the Sayana Vydhruti and Vyatipata days are also indicated in the Panchanga. The auspicious Amritayoga andSiddhayoga and inauspicious Maranayoga and Prabalarishtayoga come under Amirtaadiyoga scheme and are different

    from the Nityayogas.

    The Karana is the half of the Tithi. They are mainly classified as Sthira - fixed or immovable and Chara or moveable. The

    Chara Karanas are seven in number and the Sthira are only four. The fixed ones are inauspicious. They are Sakuni,

    Chatushpada, Naga and Kimsatugna. The seven movable Karanas are in their order, Bava, Baalava, Kaulava, Taitila, Gara,Vanija and Vishti (or Bhadra.) Among the movable Karanas Vishti or Bhadra is considered to be of dreadful. The

    forbidden Karanas are marked in red for easy identification.

    We have most of our religious observances pegged on to the Tithis. Pournamipooja Chandradarisana,

    Sankataharachaturthi Vrata, Shastivrata, Ekadasi Vrata and Pradosha are specially mentioned in the Panchanga.Pournamipooja is done in the evenings on days the full Moon is prevalent. Chandradarisana is observed on the evening

    on the day when the crescent Moon appears for the first time in the west after the Amavasya. Chaturthi of the Krishnapaksha

    or Bahula Chaturthi of every month is known as Sankataharachaturthi. The evenings of Sukla and Krishna Trayodasidays are specially observed as Pradosha Vrata days.

    The important dates and festivals for December 2011 are as follows:

    1. Wed - Krittikavrata; 3. Fri - Jaya Ekadasi. Bhisma Ekadasi; 4. Sat- Bhisma Dwadasi; 5. Sun - Pradosha;

    7. Tue - Maghi Pournima. Taipoosam. Pournamipooja. Vadalur Jyothi Darisana; 10. Fri Sankataharachaturthi;

    13. Mon - Sayana Vyatipata. Shastivrata; 14. Tue - Ashtaka (Sakashtaka) Vaikkatashatami (Kerala) Kalashtami;

    15. Wed - Ramadasa Navami. Anvashtaka; 16. Thu - Birthday of Swami Dayananda Saraswati (Founder of Arya

    Samaj); 17. Fri - Vijaya Ekadasi (for Smarta); 18. Sat - Ekadasi (for Vaishnava and Vidhava) Satilla Ekadasi;

    19. Sun - Pradosha. Sivaji Jayanti; 20. Mon - Maha Shivaratri. Sravanavrata; 21. Tue - Sarva Amavasya;

    23. Thu - Chandradarisana. Birthday of Sri Ramakrishna; 25. Sat - Sayana Vaidhruthi. Masa Chaturthi;

    28. Tue - Shastivrata. Krittikavrata; 29. Wed - Holastaka.

    Moon in Mesha enters:

    Vrishabha on 1st at 12h.44m; Mithuna on 4th at 00h.07m; Kataka on 6th at 08h.10m; Simha on 8th at

    12h.52m; Kanya on 10th at 15h.27m; Thula on 12th at 17h.31m; Vruschika on 14th at 20.13m; Dhanus on

    17th at 00h.05m; Makara on 19th at 05h.14m; Kumbha on 21st at 11h.55m; Meena on 23rd at 20h.42m;

    Mesha on 26th at 07h.57m; Vrishabha on 28th at 20h.50m.

    The Sun in Sravana enters: Dhanishta Nakshatra on 6th at 23h.52m; and Satabhisha nakshatra on

    20th at 04h.24m. The Sun enters Kumbha rasi on 13th February at 13h.58m.



    I belong to the Mulakanadu Andhra section of the Brahmin

    Community, and descended from the stock of the venerable

    Vasishta and claim that Gotra. Twelve generations ago my

    ancestors resided in Walaja Nagar, under the patronage of

    the Nawabs of Arcot and the neighbouring Polagars and

    they had distinguished themselves by performing sacrifices

    or Yagnas, by simple and holy lives and by the religious

    fervour of their exemplary and virtuous lives. My family

    records give me the following names of my ancestors:

    1. Sarana Varjhulu ... Had performed Yagnas or


    2. Konda Varjhulu ... - do -

    3. Naga Varjhulu ... - do -

    4. Mallava Dhanlu ...Religious and holy Brahmins.

    5. Malla Bhatlu ... - do -

    6. Lingappagam ... Devoted themselves to

    public and private business

    and service.

    7. Venkatappagaru ... - do -

    8. Venkatagiriappagaru ... - do -

    9. Parayyagaru

    10. Venkataramaniahgaru

    This was my grandfather who was born in 1747 A.D. and

    died in 1828 A.D. having lived 81 years. He married first

    Narasamma and had two sons by her. After her death he

    married Naranamma when he was nearly 60 years. He

    commanded 500 horse and a suitable corps of infantry under

    Hyder and Tippu and changing his life into civil, he was an

    Amildar and became Peshkar of Kikkeri, Channarayapatna

    and Devanhalli, in which last place Hyder first made his

    political entry. My grandfather had two daughters and five

    sons by bis second wife and my father Gopala Rao was the

    third son and the most lucky among the lot. My father was

    born on the 17th July 1816 on Friday, the 10th lunar day of

    the dark half of the month Ashadha, at about 15 ghatis after

    sunrise when the constellation Bharani ruled with the dasa

    of Venus, He was only 12 years when his father died and


    had to educate himself, as best as he could. He was of

    slender build, energetic, strong and extremely active in work

    which I have inherited from him to a large extent. My mother

    Rukminiamma was an intelligent, quiet going and very

    handsome woman and she died when I was about 10 years

    old. My father could read and speak about ten languages and

    filled various posts in the Ganjam District and became Manager

    or Dewan of Parlakimidi Zamindari. He was an expert in Mantra

    Sastras, and highly religious and obliging. He would never flinch

    from doing an obligation and brought me up with great care

    and love. The following is his horoscope :

    Mark the positions of planets

    in all the kendras. In addition

    to his onerous duties, he

    completed the gigantic task

    of completing with his own

    hand, one crore and twenty-

    five lakhs of Rama Namas or

    names of Sri Rama and

    concluded the religious rites

    connected with them four

    months before his death. He died in his 76th year on the

    morning of 27th August 1891 and was therefore 75 years

    and 40 days according to English calculations. My mother

    bore six children, four daughters and two sons, and I am

    the second. My elder brother Jagannatha Rao entered Mysore

    Service retired as an Amildar and died in December 1915.

    I was born on the Rathasaptami, Tuesday, in the month of

    Magha in Rakshasa at about 14 ghatis after sunrise at

    Chicacole and my horoscope is given on the next page.

    An incident occurred in my fifth year which has influenced

    all my life to a. remarkable extent. My first Akshara-bhyasa,

    education, began at Parlakimidi in my fifth year and I slept

    that night with my father. I dreamt that I was taken to

    Suryaloka to the presence of the Sun, made to sit on his

    lap, and given some Payasam (wheat preparation) by his

    wife Chayadevi and after a greal deal of love, the Sun putting

    his hands on my head, observed that I would live long, be

    happy and become a great scholar and author. I awoke and

    related my dream to my father, who had already anticipated* Ack;Brihat Jataka published by Ms/: Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi