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    Lead Article

    Biochemistry in

    Ancient India

    THE GREATEST DISCOVERIES and inventions ofthe modern generations, are already lying prefiguredin the unlimited ocean of Aryan Sciences, A credit which

    belongs to one nation for what it has achiceved should

    not be grudged to be given to it if it makes good its claims-

    India has long been before the intellectual world. The

    Vedas and Puranas the Yogas and the Sankhyas, the

    Grammar and the Logic, the Mantras and the Tantras

    are not the work of invention of any laterday priestcraft.

    They are perfectly incapable of bringing into existence

    that which with all the attempts of the world have not

    been able to do Before the Mohome-dans came to India

    the Greeks had already admired the wonderful literature

    and sciences of India, Three thousand years ago or

    more properly five thousand years ago, India showed

    signs of intellectual decay while other nations were trying

    to make a name in arts and sciences on the ruins of their

    Aryan predecessor. After the war described in the

    Mahabharata it appears certain that the Aryans in India

    lost considerably their intelllectual and physical

    supremecy. We can well account for this- Duryo-dhanas

    fall meant the fall of a great and consolidated &

    prosperous empire. In the ruinous war that was waged

    for 18 days, between the Pandus and Kurus almost every

    prince and chieftain of any pre-tensions in India must

    have taken tome part or other in this famous war and

    although Pandus finally overthrew the legitimate Sovereign

    Duryodhana they did so at a great sacrifice of relations

    and friends. Nations were ruined and there must have

    been anarchy for a long time which followed this epoch

    until an apology for peace and prosperity pre-vailed The

    best men in arts and scien-ces must have perished in the

    convolu-tions of this fearful war, and thus the prosperity

    and intellectual pride of India attained through vast series

    of generations must have received a rude shock from

    which, we are of opinion, it never fully recovered. It would

    be absurd, therefore, to say that India knew nothing of

    physical sciences before the dawn of History,

    Mahabharata, appears to be admittedly 5,000 years old,

    and if this is taken for grantedas it must be then we

    have an older and more valuable book in the shape of

    Ramayana com-posed by Valmikibearing the proud

    title of Muni-Pungava. He calls it adikavya or the first

    epic poem and this must certainly have been immensely

    old and highly respected when Vyasa wrote and

    composed his Mahabharata, Brahma-tutras and his

    immortal Bhagavadgita and the 18 Puranas. Vyasas

    acknowledgement of Valmikis superiority, and his non-

    disputing the proud title of Audikavi, given to Valmiki is

    certainly the best testimony we have, and we can rest

    assured that if Valmiki was duly appreciated and

    respected by Vyasa, he must have been a most wonderful

    personage to exact intellectual homage by its greatest

    giant- Valmiki exhibits a profoundity of research into

    terrestrial and celestial phenomena that is considered

    almost impossible to guage the intellectual reach of this

    great Rishi. Valmiki composed a work on the physical

    sciences called Bhoota Tatwa Praka-sika. This work

    is an exhaustive one and has been condensed into a book

    called the Tatwasagard by the learned scientist

    Kshiraswami. We have to go into some details before

    the expressions used in these sciences could be

    understood and the explanations will show the depth of

    the intellectual development which the ancient Hindus had

    attained at the very start of the Aryan invasion. It is alleged

    (This article is reproduced from our old records specially since January 30th happens to be my great grandfather Prof. B. Suryanarain

    Raos Birthday - The sacred Ratha Saptami day. In rememberance, we are reproducing his genealogy on page 27 of this issue.)





    VASTU AND JYOTISHA are inter-related and interdependent. Vasati Iti Vastu means the place in whichyou dwell is Vastu. When we speak of a dwelling we

    invariably speak of the directions and the five elements

    of nature. When we speak of directions we speak of

    rulerships. Vastu identifies the rulership of the four cardinal

    directions north, east, south and west with Soma or Kubera,

    Aditya, Yama and Varuna respectively. The four angular

    directions northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest

    are assigned to Easha, Agni, Gagana and Pavana

    respectively while the central sector of an area is assisgned

    to mother earth Prithvi. Astrological texts assign the

    four cardinal directions north, east, south and west to

    Mercury, Sun, Mars and Saturn while the four angular

    directions northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest

    have lordships of Jupiter, Venus, Rahu and Moon


    Fourth House

    The fourth house relates to property homes, sites and

    ancestral, apart from habitational needs of peace,

    happiness, mother, domestic life, conveyances, etc. With

    this we see that the proper selection of conveyance and

    property based on both Vastu and astrological aspects can

    Vastu,Property and Fourth House

    contribute to peace and happiness (to and from mother

    too) and harmony in the home. Fourth house in ones

    birth chart should be read with respect to the running dasa

    and bhukti and transits thereof. Based on this the relevant

    directions/sectors should be made Vastu appropriate to

    minimize the effects of planetary imbalances and optimize

    the benefic planetary strengths. This apart based on your

    ascendant certain planets are benefic and certain malefic.


    If your birth ascendant (in your vedic horoscope) is Taurus

    (Vrshabha), Saturn is the best benefic since he is lord of

    the 9th and 10th houses (trine and quadrant) and becomes

    a yogakaraka . This means the importance of west as a

    compatible direction is seen for the native. In fact Vastu

    texts, referring to West, tell us Paschima

    Pushtivardhanam West is increase of prosperity and

    welfare. Mercury - north, Mars - south and the Sun

    east, are also benefic. By giving West strength in terms

    of heavy landscaping in the site and by way of thick walls,

    heavy furniture, etc within the home and the room of the

    native, negatives indicated by Saturn in ones horoscope

    can be minimized considerably. When we consider the

    ascendant Cancer (Karkataka Sri Ramas ascendant),

    Mars (5th and 10th lord, yogakaraka)

    and Jupiter become the benefic

    planets. This means the south and

    northeast are the important areas

    which one should strengthen.

    Verbatim Use

    Word for word use of book rules is

    not right. For instance, if in your

    horoscope, the fourth house is

    occupied by Mars or Saturn, the

    indication is that one will lose his

    property. This means in the property

    that you own, the two relevant

    sectors of South and West,

    primarily, and other relevant sectors

    are to be made Vastu appropriate



    Yamakanda and Yamakantaka: Which Is Correct?

    Are Yamagandakalam and Rahukalam Mahaadoshas or

    major afflictions? Opinions are different and diverse. While

    some hold that these are to be avoided for electional

    purposes others hold that they need not be given much

    importance. DR. RAMAN has also opined fully in support

    of the contentions that they need not be bothered about,

    too much.

    By way of clarification some have suggested that

    Yamaganda and Yamakantaka are quite two different

    factors. They clarify that while Yamaganda is like

    Rahukalam and is relevant in electional astrology,

    Yamakantaka is an Upagraha like Mandi and is relevant

    only to natal horoscopy.

    Definite or specific scriptural sanction is found lacking to

    clinch the difference between them. However, the popular

    view held by scholars like late Mr. V. A. K. Iyer is that

    only Yamakantaka, with a faulty pronunciation, came to

    be called as Yamaganda, in due course of time. While

    there is no dispute to the fact that either Yamakantaka or

    Yamaganda, in whatever way it is called, is accepted as

    the son of Jupiter, (illicit or otherwise), the Yamakantaka

    is held as good as Guru and taken as auspicious. On the

    other hand, Yamaganda, by popular convention is held as

    inauspicious and unsuitable for auspicious deeds.

    Necessarily, therefore, only one of these contentions can

    stand the test.

    Phaladeepika speaks very clearly about the

    auspiciousness of Yamakantaka in chapter 25 slokas 18,

    19 and 21. Though later works like Kaalavidhana and

    other Muhurtha Granthas give malefic attributes to

    Yamaganda and its kala or period, it must be noted that

    the earlier works mention only the good effects of


    Jyothisha Chinta Nidhi


    The problem arises because both the Yamakantaka and

    Yamaganda periods coincide and there can be no one

    period, which can be deemed as harmf