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  • FACTORS HINDERING OUTDOOR PLAY IN PRESCHOOLS IN MAKADARA

    DISTRICT NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA

    NGECHA MARY WANGARI

    A Research Report Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the Award of Masters

    Degree in Early Childhood Education (ECE) University of Nairobi

    November, 2011

  • ii

    DECLARATION

    This report is my original work and has not been presented for any examination in any

    other institution of higher learning.

    ____________________________ ______________________________

    NGECHA MARY WANGARI DATE

    This report has been submitted for examination with our approval as the supervisors.

    ___________________________ ______________________________

    PROF.PATRICK O. DIGOLO DATE

    SUPERVISOR

    Department of Educational Communication and Technology

    UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI.

    ___________________________ ______________________________

    MRS. RUTH MUGO-KAHIGA DATE

    SUPERVISOR

    Department of Educational Communication and Technology

    UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI

  • iii

    DEDICATION

    This research project is dedicated to my husband Joel Ngecha and my children Grace,

    Kelvin and David for the moral support, prayers encouragement and patience they

    accorded me during this study. I cannot forget my dear parents David and Grace

    Kahuthu for being there for me financially and through prayers. Thank you and May God

    bless you.

  • iv

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    My sincere appreciation goes to my supervisors Prof. Patrick Digolo and Mrs. Ruth

    Kahiga for guiding me since the beginning to the completion of the study.

    I owe my gratitude to the Makadara District Education officer for allowing me to

    conduct the research in Makadara District as well as the head teachers, teachers and

    parents of the pre-schools under my study whom I worked with during the data

    collection. The success of this work is partly due to their co-operation and

    understanding.

  • v

    TABLE OF CONTENT

    Declaration .......................................................................................................................... ii

    Dedication .......................................................................................................................... iii

    Acknowledgement ............................................................................................................. iv

    Table of Content ................................................................................................................. v

    List of Figures .................................................................................................................. viii

    List of Tables ..................................................................................................................... ix

    Abbreviations and Acronyms ............................................................................................. x

    Abstract .............................................................................................................................. xi

    CHAPTER ONE:INTRODUCTION .............................................................................. 1

    1.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................... 1

    1.2 Background to the study ............................................................................................... 1

    1.3 Statement of the problem. ............................................................................................. 4

    1.4 Purpose of the study. ..................................................................................................... 5

    1.5 Research Objectives. ..................................................................................................... 5

    1.6 Research Questions ....................................................................................................... 5

    1.7 Significance of the study ............................................................................................... 5

    1.8 Delimitations of the study ............................................................................................. 6

    1.9 Limitations of the study ................................................................................................ 6

    1.10 Assumptions of the study ............................................................................................ 6

    1.11 Definition of key terms ............................................................................................... 7

    1.12 Organization of the study ............................................................................................ 8

    CHAPTER TWO:LITERATURE REVIEW ................................................................. 9

    2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................... 9

    2.2 Importance of outdoor play ........................................................................................... 9

    2.2.1 Intellectual development ........................................................................................ 9

    2.2.2 Social development ................................................................................................ 9

    2.2.3 Emotional development........................................................................................ 10

    2.2.4 Physical development ........................................................................................... 11

  • vi

    2.2.5 Language development ........................................................................................ 11

    2.3 Policy Framework ....................................................................................................... 11

    2.3.1 Pre-school Policy on Play .................................................................................... 13

    2.4 Play Facilities and Materials ....................................................................................... 14

    2.5 The role of a Teacher in Play ...................................................................................... 14

    2.6 Parental Involvement in Childrens Play .................................................................... 15

    2.7 Theoretical Framework ............................................................................................... 17

    2.8 Conceptual frame work .............................................................................................. 18

    CHAPTER THREE:RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ............................................... 19

    3.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 19

    3.2 Research design. ......................................................................................................... 19

    3.3 Target population ........................................................................................................ 19

    3.4 Sampling and sample size ........................................................................................... 19

    3.5 Instruments .................................................................................................................. 20

    3.6 Validity ....................................................................................................................... 20

    3.7 Reliability .................................................................................................................... 20

    3.8 Data Collection Procedure .......................................................................................... 20

    3.9 Data Analysis Techniques ........................................................................................... 21

    CHAPTER FOUR: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS ................................................ 22

    4.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 22

    4.2 Response Rate ............................................................................................................. 22

    4.3 Government policy on play ......................................................................................... 23

    4.4 In-service courses attendance ..................................................................................... 24

    4.5 Availability of outdoor play materials and facilities in pre-schools in Makadara

    District............................................................................................................................... 25

    4.6 Role of a teacher in outdoor play ............................................................................... 26

    4.7. Teachers employers .................................................................................................. 27

    4.8 Terms of Service ......................................................................................................... 27

    4.9 Teacher participation in play .................................................................................... 28

  • vii

    4.10 To establish skills that children learn in play............................................................ 28

    4.11 Challenges in play. .................................................................................................... 29

    4.12 Parental in