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Exploring the Beef Industry

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Page 1: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Exploring the Beef Industry

Page 2: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

TermsCattle feedersConformationCow-calf operationCutabilityDemandDual-purpose breedDesirable traitsFeeder calves

Frame ScoreMarblingPerformancePolledPurebred breedersSupplyYearling feeders

Page 3: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Polled born naturally without horns

Horned Born naturally with the ability to grow horns….may never

grow though

Marbling desirable presence of fat in the muscle; makes flavor of

beef

Cutability amount of available retail cuts from the carcass

Dual-purpose breed traditionally used for both milk and beef production

Calving Process of a cow giving birth

Page 4: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

What are the external parts of a beef animal?

Page 5: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

External Parts of a Beef Animal

Page 6: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

What are the Beef Animal Meat Cuts?

Page 7: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Beef Animal Meat Cuts

Page 8: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Terms

Cow – female that has given birth

Bull – mature male beef animal

Steer – male beef animal that has been castrated; used for meat

Heifer – young female that has not given birth

Calf – young animal of either sex

Page 9: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

How are cows different than other animals?

They are….RUMINANTS….Any hoofed mammals that chews the cud.Means they have FOUR stomachs called…

RumenReticulum Omasum Abomasum

Page 10: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

How do I know what beef animals are better than others?

Desirable traits traits that are in demand at the market place

Conformation the shape, form, and type of an animal

Performance the ability of an animals to reproduce, wean, gain

weight and stay strong

Frame score measurement based on animals being observed and

evaluated at 205 days

Page 11: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

How do I know what beef animals are better than others?

Select based on the frame score1 through 7 scale is used for frame score

Select based on conformation score1 through 17 is used for performance score

9 – 11 below average12-14 average15-17 above average

Page 12: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

How do I know what beef animals are better than others?

No one breed is superior in all traitsDecide on individual priorities & select breed based on themCommit to good management practicesdiets nutritiouscomfortable living conditionsmonitor health concernsassess breeding stock

Page 13: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

What marketing options do I have with beef cattle?

Supplyoverall amount of product available at a

given time

Demand the amount that could be purchased at a

given time for a given price

Page 14: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Types of Beef Cattle Operations

Cow-calf operation keeping mature cattle to produce calves cows bred every year calves sold 2 ways

Feeder cattle operation Keep weaned animals under a year old until sold

to feedlot and raised to slaughter weight

Page 15: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Cow-Calf Operations

Advantages

utilizes pastures

less labor intense

low investment costs

require little equipment & facilities

easy to increase herd size

DisadvantagesLarge initial land investmentlong time in between paychecksbudget feed,

minerals, vet bills, and other expenses

Price may be low when time to sell calves

Page 16: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

What type of production best suits my needs?

Feeder Calf/Yearling Feedersproducers that feed beef animals to

slaughter weightbuy yearling or calves and finish them

quickly

• Purebred breedersPurebred breeders– producers that keep herds for breeding stock producers that keep herds for breeding stock

and replacement bulls or semen for cow-calf and replacement bulls or semen for cow-calf operationsoperations

Page 17: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Cattle Feeders

Advantages

production lag is only 4 – 6 months

Quick turn-over time for money

Disadvantages

initial investment is high higher feed housing & equipment

more labor & trucking

fluctuating markets

Page 18: Exploring the Beef Industry. Terms Cattle feeders Conformation Cow-calf operation Cutability Demand Dual-purpose breed Desirable traits Feeder calves

Purebred breeders

Advantages

provides genetic improvements to herds

Receive higher values for animals sold

Disadvantages

initial start-up cost higher for genetically superior animals

time consuming

record-keeping