examen de 50 preguntas

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    was

    were

    lays

    is

    are

    awful

    consists

    1. Every one of the fish was / were dead.

    2. All of the fish was / were dead.

    3. Mrs Smiths dog always lays / lies on that rug.

    4. Last year the numberof road traffic accidents was / was the number of

    5. My moneyare / is running out.

    6. My savingsare / is running ou

    7. These durians smellawful / awfully.

    8.The juryconsist/ consists of five women and and seven

    9. They placed the money in front ofthem / themselves and started countin

    10. The meeting should/ was to start at 9.0. but we had to wait for the chai

    11. Milk/ The milkis so expensive these days.

    12. My father has seldom / seldom has time for a cooked breakfast.

    13. I've never seen such / such a heavy traffic as there was today.

    14.Everyone left quick/ quicklywhen the alarm went off.

    15. The neighbours always leave / are always leaving their dog with us whe

    16. They're showing "Lord of the Rings" - it / there must be a good film if so

    17. I bought these / this trousers at the market.

    18. Don't forget to put the verb in infinitive / the infinitive.

    19. Only when there is no other seat available can you / you can use this on

    20. We drank / drunkthe rest of the wine and then went to bed.

    21. The only interesting / interesting thing about the talk was the demonstr

    22. I had intended to buy a / some bread but I forgot.

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    23. The customs officer asked which of the bags belonged / that belongedt

    24. Angela avoided going / to go dancing in case she met her ex-boyfriend.

    25. This winter is terrible / terriblycold.

    26. The photo shows the head of the Loch Ness monster raising / rising out

    27. It's difficult to understand how he with such rich parents / with such rich

    28. If the weather had been better, we had / would have gone swimming.

    29. The lecture was entertaining / entertaininglypresented.

    30. If you should / wouldhappen to get lost, phone me and l'll pick you up.

    31. Have you got a / anydictionary with you?

    32. The police was / were stopping everyone and checking their ID.

    33. What a beautiful / beautiful view you have from your flat!

    34.There is a fascinating little / little fascinating curiosity-shop on the corner

    35. Somewhere a clock stroke / strucktwelve.

    36. The criteria / criterion used for selecting applicants are very specific.

    37. Which / Who of the new students is going to join my class?

    38. John is taking / takes a long time to make up his mind whether to accep

    39. There isnt as much traffic as usual / usually.

    40. A lot of water has flowed / flown under the bridge since this variation wa

    41. The last three / three lastminutes in the film are incredibly exciting.

    42. Winston Churchill was in the Liberal Party before he became a Conserva

    43. Didn't it rain / Hasn't it rainedlast night?

    44. It / There was something wrong with the water system when we stayed

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    1. was

    Yes, that's correct. Every one is singular, 'fish' can be either singular or irregula

    1. were

    No, that's wrong. Every one is singular, 'fish' can be either singular or irregular p2. was

    No, that's wrong. All of the fish is plural and requires a plural verb.

    ver otras respuestas mas abajo y otro examen de 10 preguntas

    2. were

    Yes, that's correct. All of the fish is plural.3. lays

    eg I laid the book on the table.3. lies

    Yes, that's right. 'Lie' is an intransitive verb.

    4. the number of road traffic accidents was

    Yes, that's correct. There is no inversion here.

    45. I've never seen so many / much people in the shops before.

    46. On our way to school, we walked past church / the church.

    47. She asked me not to tell anyone, and I didn't either / neither did I.

    48. She didnt like the film, and I didn't either / neither did I / I didn't neither

    49. Heres some more money, but do try not to loose / lose it this time.

    50. The X-files series is popular because people are fascinated by the myste

    No, that's wrong. 'Lay' is a transitiveverb and requires an object.

    eg I'm going to liedown for a while.

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    4. was the number of road traffic accidents

    No, that's wrong. There should be no inversion of verb & subject here.5. are

    No, that's wrong. Money is uncountable, and should not have a plural verb.5. is

    Yes, that's correct. Money is uncountable, and should have a singular verb.6. are

    Yes, that's correct. Savings is a plural noun.6. is

    No, that's wrong. Savings is a plural noun, so the verb should be plural.7. awful

    Yes, that's correct. There are some verbs of the senses such as look, seem, taste7. awfully

    No, that's wrong. There are some verbs of the senses such as look, seem, taste e8. consist

    8. consists

    9. them

    9. themselves

    10. should

    eg We are to meet tomorrow.10. was to

    11. milk

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'jury' is countable and singular, so the verb needs the

    Yes, that's correct. The noun 'jury' is countable and singular, so the verb has the

    Yes, that's correct. After the preposition of use the objectpronoun, not the refl

    No, that's wrong. After the preposition of we should use the objectpronoun, NO

    eg There's a long read ahead of us.

    No, that's wrong We could use the perfect infinitivehere, but the verb be + to in

    Yes, that's correct. The verb be + to infinitive is used to refer to arrangements li

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    11. The milk

    eg Tea is quite cheap here.12. has seldom

    eg I seldom go to the cinema these days.12. seldom has

    13. such

    Yes, that's correct. The noun traffic is uncountable, so we should not use the ind

    13. such a

    No, that's wrong. The noun traffic is uncountable, so we should not use the indefi

    eg It was such heavy rain we took shelter.

    There was such a heavy storm we had to take shelter.

    Yes, that's correct. This is a generalreference, not particular, so the zero articl

    No, that's wrong. This is a generalreference, not particular, so the zero article s

    No, that's wrong. Here has is a mainverb, so we should place the adverb beforet

    Yes, that's correct. Here has is a mainverb, so we should place the adverb befor

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    14. quick

    No, that's wrong. The verb 'leave' does not take an adjective complement, so we

    eg We walked quickly to the bus stop.

    14. quickly

    Yes, that's correct. Use an adverb with the verb 'leave'.

    15. always leave

    Yes, that's correct. This is the normal use of 'always' meaning the same thing eve

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    15. are always leaving

    eg She is always leaving the light on.

    16. it

    Yes, that's correct. The pronoun is a backward reference to the film.

    No, that's wrong. We should use the present simplesincethis is the normal habit

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    17. this

    16. there

    No, that's wrong. Here the pronoun is a backward referenceto the film mentione

    17. these

    Yes, that's correct. The noun 'trousers' is a pluralnoun.

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'trousers' is a pluralnoun, so we should say 'these tro

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    18. infinitive

    eg For this we should use the present perfect tense.

    18. the infinitive

    eg For this we should use the present perfect tense.

    No, that's wrong. This refers to a specificpart of grammar so we should use the

    Yes, that's correct. When referring to a specificpart of grammar use the definit

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    19. can you

    19. you can

    No, that's wrong. We should use an inversion following 'only when' or 'only if'.

    Yes, that's correct. Use the inversion after 'only when' or 'only if'.

    eg Only if there's a fire should youuse the emergency exit.

    eg Only if there's a fire should youuse the emergency exit.

    20. drank

    Yes, that's correct. This is the ordinary past simpleform of this irregular verb.

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    20. drunk

    eg After I had drunk the coffee I went back to work.

    21. interesting

    No, that's wrong. The adjective needs a noun headword, so we should use 'thing' t

    eg The funny thing is he wasn't there.

    No, that's wrong. We should use the ordinary past simpleform of this irregular v

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    Yes, that's correct. The adjective needs a noun headword, so we use 'thing' to re

    22. a

    eg I'd like a slice of bread.

    22. some

    21. interesting thing

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'bread' is uncountable so don't use the indefinite arti

    Yes, that's correct. The noun 'bread' is uncountable so we should say 'some brea

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    23. belonged

    eg He asked which bag belonged to me.

    23. that belonged

    Make this interrogative and change 'this' to 'which' gives:

    In reported speech this then becomes:

    He asked which bag belonged to me.

    Yes, that's correct. The relative pronoun is not used here as there is no defining

    No, that's wrong. Don't use the relative pronoun here as it is not a defining relati

    eg This bag belongs to you.

    Which bag belongs to you?

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    24. going

    eg She avoids eating potatoes.

    24. to go

    eg She avoids eating potatoes.

    Yes, that's correct. The verb 'avoid' is followed by the -ingform of the verb.

    No, thats' wrong. The verb 'avoid' should be followed by the -ingform of the ver

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    25. terrible

    eg It was a terribly stupid thing to do.

    25. terribly

    eg It was a terribly stupid thing to do.

    26. raising

    eg He raised his hand to ask a question.

    No, that's wrong. Here we should use an adverb modifier for the adjective 'cold'.

    Yes, that's correct. The adverb 'terribly' is often used like this as an adjective

    No, that's wrong. 'Raise' is a transitiveverb and requires an object. Here the int

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    26. rising

    Yes, that's correct. Here the intransitive verb 'rise' is used.

    27. he with such rich parents

    eg It's difficult to understand how he could end up penniless with such rich paren

    No, that's wrong. We should not place the prepositional phrase'with such rich pa

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    27. with such rich parents he

    eg It's difficult to understand how he could end up penniless with such rich paren

    28. had

    eg If I'd known she wasn't coming, I wouldn't have prepared a meal.

    28. would have

    eg If I'd known she wasn't coming, I wouldn't have prepared a meal.

    Yes, that's correct. The prepositional phrase'with such rich parents' could come

    No, that's wrong. This is an example of the 3rd conditionalwhere the auxiliary 'w

    Yes, that's correct. This is an example of the 3rd conditionalwhere the auxiliary

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    29. entertaining

    No, that's wrong. Here it is the passive verb 'presented' which is being modified,

    29. entertainingly

    eg He was terribly hurt by your comment.

    Yes, that's correct. Here the passive verb 'presented' which is being modified, s

    eg He was terribly hurt by your comment.

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    30. should

    eg I don't think I've got the book, but I'll look and if I should have it I'll give it

    30. would

    eg I don't think I've got the book, but I'll look and if I should have it I'll give it

    31. a

    Yes, that's correct. The noun 'dictionary' is countable so use the indefinite articl

    Yes, that's correct. The auxiliary 'should' is used with the meaning of being very

    No, that's wrong. The auxiliary 'should' is used with the meaning of being very un

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    31. any

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'dictionary' is countable so we should use the indefini

    eg Have you got a pen I could borrow?

    Use 'any' with an uncountable noun:

    eg Have you got any sugar?

    32. was

    eg The police have several suspects.

    eg Have you got a pen I could borrow?

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'police' is a pluralnoun, and must be used with a plura

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    32. were

    Yes, that's correct. The noun 'police' is a plural noun, and must be used with a plu

    33. a beautiful

    Yes, that's right. The noun 'view' is countable, so the indefinite article is used.

    33. beautiful

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'view' is countable, so the indefinite articleshould be

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    eg What a nice view you have!

    34. fascinating little

    eg That's a nice little vase.

    34. little fascinating

    eg That's a nice little vase.

    Yes, that's correct. We normally place adjectives of opinion beforeadjectives of

    No, that's wrong. We normally place adjectives of opinion beforeadjectives of si

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    35. stroke

    eg We left at the stroke of midnight.

    35. struck

    36. criteria

    No, that's wrong. We should use the ordinary past simpleform of the irregular v

    Yes, that's correct. We use the ordinary past simpleform of the irregular verb '

    Yes, that's correct. This is an irregular pluralof the singular noun 'criterion'.

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    36. criterion

    37. Which

    No, that's wrong. This should be plural, and the singular noun 'criterion' has an irr

    Yes, that's correct. We should use 'which' here with the meaning 'which one of?'.

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    37. Who

    eg I don't know which one of them wrote it.

    38. is taking

    38. takes

    No, that's wrong. We should use 'which' here with the meaning 'which one of?'.

    Yes, that's correct. This refers to an action which is still continuing now, and has

    No, that's wrong. This refers to an action which is still continuing now, and has no

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    39. usual

    39. usually

    No, that's wrong. This is a common expression "as usual", which uses the adjectiv

    40. flowed

    Yes, that's correct. This is the regular past simple form of the verb 'flow'.

    Yes, that's correct. This is a common expression "as usual", which uses the adject

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    40. flown

    41. last three

    eg The Korean team got into the last four.

    No, that's wrong. Don't get this regular verb 'flow' mixed up with the irregular v

    Yes, that's correct. After words like 'last', 'next', 'first' and so on, the definite

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    41. three last

    eg The Korean team got into the last four.

    42. a Conservative

    Yes, that's correct. Here the word 'Conservative' is a countable noun, meaning a s

    eg He is a Liberal MP.

    42. Conservative

    No, thats' wrong. Here the word 'Conservative' is a countable noun, meaning a sup

    eg He is a Liberal MP.

    No, that's wrong. After words like 'last', 'next', 'first' and so on, the definite ar

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    eg There is something wrong with my car.

    44. There

    45. many

    No, that's wrong. This should be the introductoryuse of 'there', to give new info

    Yes, that's correct. This is the introductoryuse of 'there', to give new informati

    Yes, that's correct. The noun 'people' is a plural noun, and must use the countable

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    45. much

    eg There weren't many people there last night.

    46. church

    No, thats' wrong. We use the article here because 'the church' is just a building.

    eg He always goes to church on Sunday.

    46. the Church

    Yes, that's correct. We use the article here because 'the church' is just a buildin

    No, that's wrong. The noun 'people' is a plural noun, and must use the countable q

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    eg He always goes to church on Sunday.

    47. I didn't either

    Yes, that's correct. There is no inversion with 'either', and in this case 'either' i

    47. neither did I

    eg She didn't go and neither did I.

    No, that's wrong. This example expresses agreement with an affirmative (she as

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    48. I didn't either

    48. neither did I

    eg She didn't go and neither did I.

    Yes, that's correct. In this case, 'either' means something like 'me too' or 'also'.

    Yes, that's correct. 'Neither' is only used to express an agreement with a negati

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    48. I didn't neither

    This is not usual, although it is used by some people in spoken English as a double n

    49. loose

    No, that's wrong. These words are often confused, but 'loose' and 'lose' are quit

    49. lose

    Yes, that's correct. These words are often confused, but 'loose' and 'lose' are qu

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    50. mysterious

    50. mysterious thing

    1. Which of the following nouns can be followed by both a singular and a plu

    ashes, series, statistics.

    Answer

    2. Explain the difference in classification between these nouns:

    cat, cattle, committee

    Answer

    3. Which of the following nouns can take the indefinite article?

    Yes, that's correct. Here the adjective is used to make a nounfollowing the defin

    eg He is always interested in theweird and unusual.

    No, that's wrong. Here the adjective is used to make a nounfollowing the definit

    eg He is always fascinated by theweird and unusual.

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    behaviour, knowledge, luck.

    Answer

    4. Which of the following can be used to refer to both persons and things?

    every one, everyone, no one, none.

    Answer

    Answer

    Answer

    Answer

    Answer

    Answer

    Answer

    1. statistics, which can be both U and plural, When it is U it means a science or ac

    series is a zero plural C

    ashes is plural eg His ashes were scattered over the sea.

    5.What is the difference in word class between likelyand probably?

    6. The use of some in He told me about some accident he'd seen see

    7. A sentence beginning He usually washes his car could be completed

    8. When does the verb mustexpress the imperative meaning? Consider affi

    9. After initial negatives like no sooner, neverand only then we use 'que

    10. Why can't we say I have read a book yesterday?

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    2. cat is C, cattle is always plural, committee is a C collective noun, which means th

    3. knowledge, e.g. a good knowledge of English.

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    4. every one and none.

    5. likely is normally an adjective, probably is always an adverb. Likely can be used

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    7. He is usually washing his car when I walk past his house on a Saturday morning.

    6. The rule says that somewith this meaning is used only with Us and C plurals - a

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    9. Only then means the same as not until then.

    8. Mustexpresses obligatory meaning in the affirmative and the interrogative in t

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    10. The perfect tense is not used to refer to a point in time that is already past o

    Choose the correct form or forms.

    1. "It's the preposition that does it", the boy said / said the boy to his gram

    2. "Is this ticket valid?" the old man asked / asked the old man the boy.

    3. "No apples today, thank you", he said / said he.

    4. "What now?" the prisoner wondered / wondered the prisoner to himself.

    5. Up the rocket went / went the rocket in a shower of sparks.

    6. Jane was unhappy and so I was / so was I.

    7. Jane asked me to lend her a hundred dollars and so I did / so did I.

    8. Jane asked the bank to give her a loan and so I did / so did I.

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    9. Jane wanted to get that loan without delay and so she did / so did she.

    10. Jane wouldn't have survived without that loan and neither I would / woul

    11. So grateful Jane was / was Jane for the loan that she gave the bank man

    1. the boy said

    Yes, that's correct!

    1. said the boy

    Yes, that's also correct!

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    2. the old man asked

    Yes, that's correct!

    2. asked the old man

    No, that's wrong!

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    3. he said

    Yes, that's correct!

    3. said he

    No, that's wrong!

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    4. the prisoner wondered

    Yes, that's correct!

    4. wondered the prisoner

    Yes, that's also correct!

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    5. the rocket went

    Yes, that's correct!

    5. went the rocket

    Yes, that's also correct!

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    6. so I was

    No, that's wrong!

    6. so was I

    Yes, that's correct!

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    7. so I did

    Yes, that's correct!

    7. so did I

    No, that's wrong!

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    8. so I did

    No, that's wrong!

    8. so did I

    Yes, that's correct!

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    10. I would

    No, that's wrong!

    10. would I

    Yes, that's correct!

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    11. Jane was

    No, that's wrong!

    11. was Jane

    Yes, that's correct!

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    was

    them

    was

    oad traffic accidents the

    the no

    man to

    they go on holiday.

    many people are queuing up for it.

    .

    tion at the.beginning

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    me.

    f the water.

    parents he could end up penniless.

    .

    the new job.

    s played.

    tive / Conservative.

    here.

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    etc which take an adjective complement.

    c which take an adjective complement (not an adverb).

    3rd person's'.

    3rd person's'.

    exive.

    the reflexive.

    finitive is used to refer to arrangements like this.

    ke this.

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    finite article.

    ite article here.

    is used for this uncountable noun.

    ould be used used for this uncountable noun.

    e verb, not afterit as we might do with an auxiliary verb.

    the verb.

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    eed an adverb.

    ry time, so use the present simple.

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    ual meaning of 'always' (the same thing every time), so don't use the present cont

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    d before, so we should use it.

    users'.

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    efinite article - say 'the infinitive'.

    e article.

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    o represent this.

    erb here, which is 'drank'. The form 'drunk' is the past participle.

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    resent this.

    le. We use the article with unit of measurement such as 'loaf' or 'slice'.

    '.

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    elative clause, but an objectof the verb 'belong' in an interrogative form (report

    e clause, but an objectof the verb 'belong' in an interrogative form (reported sp

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    , NOTto + infinitive.

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    ts.

    ents' between the subject and verb. It could come at the beginning or end of the

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    ts.

    at the beginning or end of the clause, but not between the subject and verb.

    ould' should be used in a perfect infinitiveconstruction. The past perfectform of

    is used in a perfect infinitiveconstruction.

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    so the adverb form should be used.

    o the adverb form is used.

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    o you.

    o you.

    e.

    unlikely to happen.

    ikely to happen.

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    e article.

    lverb.

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    al verb.

    used.

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    size.

    e.

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    rb 'strike' here, which is 'struck'. The word 'stroke' is a noun.

    trike' here, which is 'struck'. The word 'stroke' is a noun.

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    egular plural form 'criteria'.

    . We do not normally use 'who' with the same meaning.

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    e do not normally use 'who' with the same meaning.

    not finished, so the present progressiveis used.

    finished, so the present progressiveshould be used.

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    after 'as'. Dn't use the adverb after 'as'.

    ive after 'as'.

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    rb 'fly' - 'flown' is the past participle of 'fly'.

    article comes in front, and numbers follow the words.

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    tense.

    nse.

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    The article is omitted when the meaning is to go there to worship.

    g. The article is omitted when the meaning is to go there to worship.

    antifier 'many'.

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    used for emphasis.

    edme ...) - 'neither' is only used to express an agreement with a negative. There i

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    e. There is no inversion with 'either' but there is with 'neither'.

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    egative. Double negatives are not regarded as correct grammar, although they ar

    different - 'loose' is an adjective, 'lose' is a verb.

    ite different - 'loose' is an adjective, 'lose' is a verb.

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    ral verb? Why?

    ite article, so the word 'mysterious' is itself the headword and there is no need t

    article, so the word 'mysterious' is itself the headword and there is no need to u

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    demic subject.

    ms to break a rule. What rule?

    with the words on Saturday mornings. How could you complete a sent

    rmative, interrogative and negative usage, and tense (present and past) .

    tion word order'. What is negative about only then? How else could you exp

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    at it may take a plural verb even in the singular form.

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    s an adverb in Am E. In Br E, this usage occurs only with very or most, e.g. Jenny

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    d not with C singulars. Here the meaning is some accident or other.

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    he present tense (He must wash his car. Must he do so every Saturday morning?)

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    r a period of time that is already completed

    ar teacher.

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    d I.

    ager a kiss.

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    inuous. We use the latter with 'always' to express speaker dislike or irritation.

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    ed speech).

    eech).

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    clause.

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    the verb is used in the 'if' clause.

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    .

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    is no inversion with 'either' but there is with 'neither'.

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    often used in informal conversation.

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    nce beginning He is usually washing his car...?

    ress it?

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    ill very likely (most likely) be there before us.

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    n the past tense, it does so only in indirect speech (I knew that I must (not) go t

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    ere alone). Negative must means prohibition.The negative meaning obligatory is e

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