exadata x3 workshop

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  • 1. Oracle Software on Oracle Hardware: Exadata Fran Navarro Principal Sales Consultant Oct - 2013 1 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 2. ENGINEERED TO WORK TOGETHER 2 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 3. Transforming the Data Center From Best in Class to Engineered Systems Best-of-Breed Products 3 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Optimized Solutions Confidential - Oracle Restricted Engineered Systems
  • 4. A NEW ERA: ORACLE ENGINEERED SYSTEMS HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERED TO WORK TOGETHER Before Before 4 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Now Now Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 5. A FULLY INTEGRATED SYSTEM Engineered Certified Deployed Supported Tested Packaged Upgraded Managed TOGETHER 5 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 6. GROUNDBREAKING TIME TO MARKET FEWER PIECES TO BUY, DEPLOY & MAINTAIN 100s of Components 1000s of Hours 6 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted 1 Machine 1 Day
  • 7. Exadata Unified Workload Transformation Single Machine for Data Warehousing OLTP Database Cloud OLTP with Analytics and OLTP with Analytics and Parallelism of Warehousing Parallelism of Warehousing Warehousing with Interactivity, Warehousing with Interactivity, Availability, and Security of OLTP Availability, and Security of OLTP 7 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 8. Exadata Database Machine Designed to be the best platform for Oracle Database Integrates and optimizes servers, storage, network Using high-volume servers in a scale-out architecture Flash-optimized Special software brings database intelligence to storage, flash, and networking To deliver extreme performance and data compression Deployments are fast, reliable, and supportable Optimal for all database workloads OLTP, Data Warehousing, and Database Clouds 8 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 9. Exadata Evolution State-of-the-Art, State-of-the-Art, Scale-out Hardware Scale-out Hardware X3-2 8-core Servers X3-8 80-core Servers Storage Expansion Rack X2-8 CPU Refresh 2TB DRAM per node X2-2 Servers X2-8 64-core Servers Exadata V1 Introduced Write-back Flash cache V2 Servers 40 Gb InfiniBand PCI Flash Cards Smart Flash Logging Unique Software Unique Software Integration Integration Hardware DB Encryption Automatic Service Request Data Mining Offload Smart Scan InfiniBand Scaleout 2008 9 Smart Flash Cache Storage Index Columnar Compression 2009 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 2010 Confidential - Oracle Restricted 2011 2012
  • 10. 1000s of Deployments at Leading Companies Half are Warehouses, Half are OLTP or Mixed Workloads Petabyte Warehouses Online Financial Trading E-Commerce Sites Consolidation of 100s of Databases 10 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 11. Exadata Architecture Complete Database platform using standard servers for Compute and Storage Scale-Out Database Servers 2-socket or 8-socket Xeon database servers Oracle Database, ASM, RAC; Linux or Solaris Standard Ethernet to data center Scale-Out Intelligent Storage Servers 2-socket storage servers, Exadata Storage Software Up to 500 terabytes disk per rack 56 PCI Flash memory cards per rack InfiniBand Network Unified internal connectivity ( 40 Gb/sec ) 11 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 12. Exadata Storage Server Building Block High-performance storage server built from industry standard components 12 disks - 600 GB 15000 RPM High Performance SAS or 3TB 7200 RPM High Capacity SAS 2 Six-Core Intel Xeon Processors (E5-2630L) Dual ported 40 Gb/sec InfiniBand 4 x 400 GB Flash Cards Intelligent Exadata Storage Server Software 12 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 13. Exadata Intelligent Storage Exadata storage servers also run more complex operations in storage Join filtering Incremental backup filtering I/O prioritization Exadata Intelligent Storage Grid Storage Indexing Database level security Offloaded scans on encrypted data Data Mining Model Scoring 10x reduction in data sent to DB servers is common 13 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 14. Exadata Data Processing Transformations Extreme Performance at Lowest Cost Smart Scale-Out Storage InfiniBand connected servers Smart Scan query offload + + Hybrid Columnar Compression Faster Analytics Huge Space Savings 10x compression for warehouses 15x compression for archives + uncompressed Smart Scale-Out PCI Flash Caching Accelerates I/O up to 30x 14 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Space Savings Cascade to Database Copies Confidential - Oracle Restricted compress primary DB
  • 15. Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression Highest Capacity, Lowest Cost Data is organized and compressed by column Dramatically better compression Query Speed Optimized Query Mode for Data Warehousing 10X compression typical Runs faster because of Exadata offload! Space Optimized Archival Mode for infrequently accessed data Faster and Simpler Faster and Simpler Backup, DR, Caching, Backup, DR, Caching, Reorg, Clone Reorg, Clone 15 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15X to 50X compression typical Benefits Multiply Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 16. Compression Ratio of Real-World Data Compression Ratio varies by customer and table Trials were run on largest table at 10 ultra large companies Average revenue > $60 BB Average Query Compression ratio was 13x On top of Oracles already highly efficient format 16 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 17. Smart Scans Exadata cells implement smart scans to greatly reduce the data that needs to be processed by the database Only return relevant rows and columns Offload predicate evaluation Data reduction is usually large Column and row reduction often decrease data to be returned to the database by 10x Join filtering 17 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 18. Storage Index Exadata maintains summary information about table data in memory Store min/max values of columns Typically one index entry for MB of disk Eliminates IO when MIN/MAX can never match the where clause of the query Table Index Min B=1 Max B=5 Completely automatic and transparent Example: select count(*) from table where B=1; Used in Joins with bloom filter sending min/max Useful for correlated columns like ship_date and order_date 18 Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted Min B=3 Max B=8
  • 19. Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine X3 mass memory hierarchy delivers extreme performance Automatically moves all active data from disk to memory 2 or 4 TB DRAM Hottest Data DRAM memory expanded to 2 or 4 TB for hottest data 4 to 40 TB of compressed user data 22 TB PCI FLASH Active Data Flash memory expanded 4X to 22 TB per rack 500 TB DISK Comparable to 15,000 disk drives in 150 array frames Cold Data 19 40 to 200 TB of compressed user data ALL active data 1.5 Million SQL random read I/Os per second for OLTP Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 100 GB/sec SQL data scan rate for reporting and warehouses Comparable to 1,000 disk drives in 10 array frames Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • 20. Exadata Smart Flash Cache Write-Back Writes I/Os Caches Write I/Os in PCI flash in addition