everyday life in the warsaw ghetto warsaw, poland - 1941
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Everyday Life in theWarsaw GhettoWarsaw, Poland - 1941
A tram at the entrance to the Warsaw Ghetto was it an open ghetto?Why did the Nazis create ghettoes? What reasons did they give; what were the real reasons?To thwart the black marketTo thwart Jewish subversionTo stop the spread of diseaseWhat was the process for creating the ghetto? What were the various reactions? Why did some Polish Jews favour the ghetto?
This was not an open ghetto because there were Nazi guards posted at the entrance at all times.The ghetto was formed to hold the Jews in one place to prevent the spread of Jews and their ideas.Some Jews liked the idea of being in one place because they thought they were safe.
A German guard checking Jews papersWho guarded the ghetto entrance?What was the Judenrat?
The Judenrat was the council of Jews who were the governing body of the ghetto. They enforced the Nazi laws.Some of their tactics have been questioned during this period, such as, sacrificing some Jews for the sake of others.
Jews with armbands on a ghetto streetWhy was there so much congestion in the ghetto?
The ghetto was so congested because 110,000 Jews were living in 3 square miles.
An old man a on a ghetto street why is he taking off his hat?
A horse-drawn cart what types of transportation were Jews forced to use? What does this tell you about their circumstances?
The Jews were forced to use forms of transportation which were appropriate to their situation.Since they were living in a small area and could not leave, the horse-drawn cart was common.
Jewish women on a rickshaw in the ghetto
Children sitting on a ghetto street who were they? How did the other residents treat them?
Children living one the streets were orphans of parents who were dead or captured.Other residents did not care for them.
Selling clothes in the marketHow did this fit into the ghetto economy?What were the differences between the official and clandestine economies?
These Jews were starving and did not have many possessions because the Germans took everything away.The Jews had to bribe guards for food and sell what they could.
saleswomen on a ghetto streetHow are they different from the stores in the background?Did economic equality exist in the ghetto?
Woman beggar in the ghettoWhy would the owners of the food store in the background not help her?
The German laws of the ghetto were very strict.Store owners were not allowed to sell their products except to those German law allowed.
A Jewish beggar playing the violin in the ghettoA starving woman lying in the street
A woman in the ghetto eating some soup Waiting in line for a drink of waterWho were these public kitchens important? What roles did they play?
A baby carriage filled with books for saleWhat does this photograph show about ghetto life?Is this a type of resistance?What is the boy selling? Was censorship used in the ghetto?
The Germans did not allow any publications which had negative propaganda.Only publications which were positive were sold or circulated.
A woman selling armbandsWhy did residents continue to have children? What happened to birth rates over time?What do you notice about the urban landscape?
Wealthier Jews on a ghetto streetA poster advertising a nightclubWhy did this create conflict in the ghetto? How did the Nazis exploit this?
The object of the Germans was to turn Jews against Jews, so the nightclub for the wealthy would make tensions rise.
A Jewish policeman and a woman in the ghettoWho were these policemen? What role(s) did they play in the ghetto as time went by?
The Hevra Kadisha (Jewish burial society)
A funeral in the cemetery
More than 6000 Jews per month died in the ghetto.
Coffins and wagons of the Jewish Burial Society
A man placing bodies in an open mass grave
Swans on the lake in Chopin Park, Warsaw