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ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE) www.adriplan.eu ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning

ADRIPLAN Adriatic Ionian Maritime Spatial Planning: implementation of directive (2014/89/EU) in the Adriatic Ionian Region Prof. Francesco Musco

Universit Iuav di Venezia, Department of Design and Planning in Complex Environment

European Environment and Sustainable Development Advisory Councils Maritime Spatial Planning: Lessons learned and main challenges identified 31 May 2016

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

(ADRIPLAN, Gissi et al, under preparation)

Setting of Maritime Spatial Planning in Southern Europe

1) Maritime Spatial Planning as a tool for promoting a rational allocation of maritime uses and for balancing the demand for economic development of maritime activities with the need to preserve the integrity marine ecosystems (Ehler & Douvere, 2009; Unesco 2012; Musco et. al., 2014);

1) Directive on MSP (2014/89/EU) to be ratified within 2016,

Member States will have to identify competent authorities and to develop trans-boundary maritime spatial management plans within 2021;

1) Introducing MSP in Mediterranean requires a relevant efforts

both in terms of geopolitical approach and in terms of linkages among very different existing planning systems;

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

(ADRIPLAN, Gissi et al, under preparation)

Setting of Maritime Spatial Planning in Southern Europe

4) Transboundary nature of Maritime Spatial Planning - ecosystem-based approach to MSP (Dir. 2008/56/EC) implies

the necessity to stimulate neighbouring countries to embed their maritime spatial plans in the broader, regional context that takes into account ecosystem issues beyond their national boundaries

- a strong effort to overcome legal barriers imposed by

administrative borders and international framework agreements

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

+

GOOD ENVIRONMENTAL

STATUS

(MSFD, 2008/56/EU)

+

-

-

(Not responding with the indications of MSFD)

(Not responding with the indications of Blue Growth)

BLUE GROWTH (benefits)

DOMAIN OF CO-BENEFITS DERIVING FROM

MSP STRATEGY FOR AIM

(ADRIPLAN, Gissi et al, under preparation)

Approach of ADRIPLAN to MSP in the AIM

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN methodology Pre-planning

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN pre-planning: geographical scope and boundaries

Establishing boundaries for trasborder MSP considering jurisdictions

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN methodology Pre-planning

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN methodology coexistence among uses

Main findings - Identification of transboundary areas with

potential conflicts in space and time - Differences are visible between territorial and

high waters - Results obtained are strictly dependent on

data collected (and gaps) - Future projections of maritime uses are not

always spatially explicitly

Analysis of most intensively used maritime areas, with coexistence in space and time Baseline: 2014, Future scenario: 2020

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN methodology cumulative impacts

Analysis of cumulative impacts on marine environmental components deriving from maritime uses and related pressures Baseline: 2014, Future scenario: 2020 Main findings - Impacts depend on the distribution of

Environmental Components which are sensitive to Maritime Uses

- Not all marine areas are impacted in the same way (hotspots of impacts)

- The geometry of the results depends on the input data of the analysis (maritime uses, environmental components)

- Improvements to overcome data gaps demand for science

- Involvement of experts on the entire AIM as a key challenge

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN methodology - interpretation Pre-planning

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

Pilot actions

at Focus Area Level

ADRIPLAN methodology - interpretation

Strategic proposal

for AIM v

v

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION

Energy interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

INTERPRETATION: focus

Energy interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION

Fishery&Aquaculture interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

INTERPRETATION: focus

Fishery&Aquaculture interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION

Maritime Transport&Tourism interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

INTERPRETATION: focus

Maritime Transport&Tourism interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION

Environmental protection interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

INTERPRETATION

Environmental protection interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ANALYSIS

INTERPRETATION

Sand extraction & military areas interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

INTERPRETATION

Sand extraction & military areas interpretation from pivotal uses

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

ADRIPLAN methodology Pre-planning

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

Typology Large Enterprise, Small Medium Enterprise, Public

Administration, Economic Interest Association, Civil Society Organizations, Research/Universities, Military, Marine

Protected Areas, Projects

Geographical relevance International, national, regional and local

ADRIPLAN scope the Northern Adriatic (focus area 1) the Southern Adriatic and Northern Ionian (focus area 2)

the whole Macro-region

Marine and maritime sectors in cross-sectoral and cross-border discussions, meetings, tables

ADRIPLAN methodology - Stakeholders involvement

Stakeholders contribution Data & information Identification of conflicts and

synergies MSP objectives and needs Visioning Identification of pivotal

themes for the Focus Areas Inputs for Planning Options

aimed at optimizing the rational use of coastal and marine spaces

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

DESIGN STRATEGIC PROPOSAL FOR THE AIM

ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning www.adriplan.eu Project co financed by the European Union (DG MARE)

Main issues - General goal is to support the implementation of Blue Growth objectives, and

specifically of EUSAIR & MSP accordingly Maritime Spatial Planning 2014/89/EU; - Considering primarily transboundary issues/trasboundary governance framework - Identification of different types of management areas, characterized by specific

management objectives reflecting on contextual use-use and environment-use conditions and coexistences.

Types of management areas - 1) Consider the coexistence of multiple maritime uses in sensitive marine

environments, transboundary, intensively used. Management options based on transboundary governance according future demand of space;

- 2) Located in territorial waters, so the governance system should - consider National legal framework. Intensively used and with environmental

ch

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