Ethnic Boundary Theory Large and Small-Scale Ethnic Boundaries Boundary Marking & Boundary Shifts Twilight Of Ethnicity Symbolic Ethnicity “Ethnic Options”

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  • Ethnic Boundary TheoryLarge and Small-Scale Ethnic BoundariesBoundary Marking & Boundary ShiftsTwilight Of EthnicitySymbolic EthnicityEthnic Options

  • Ethnic BoundariesLarge-Scale Ethnic Boundaries

    Small-Scale(White) Ethnic Boundaries

  • Boundary Marking & Boundary Shifts Boundary Marking:Occurs when ethnic distinctions are maintained [by group members, not outsiders] by language, food, culture, or other markers that identify group members to each other and to outsiders.

    Boundary Shifting:Individuals: Occurs when individuals move across an ethnic boundary (structurally and culturally)Groups: Occurs when boundaries become less salient (e.g., occupations) or previously recognized distinctions are removed (e.g., religious celebrations)

    Richard Alba

  • Does Ethnicity Still Matter?

    Robert Park: Because of straight-line assimilation.

    Richard Alba: Because of a twilight of ethnicity leaving social class, not ethnicity, as the key determinant of outcomes.

    Emile Durkheim: Because of a shift from a mechanistic to an organic division of labor. Ascription matters less than achievement.

  • Does Ethnicity Still Matter?

    Herbert Gans: The vestigial value of Symbolic EthnicityHeritage Festivals Homeland Tourism Ancestral Language Class

    Factors Which Increase IdentificationGenerational ComponentSocioeconomic StatusIntact FamiliesCountry Of Origin

    Mary Waters: Whites are still capable of taking advantage of their Ethnic Options

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