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  • ESTCP Cost and Performance Report

    EnvironmEntal SEcurity tEchnology cErtification Program

    u.S. Department of Defense

    (ER-0313)

    Demonstration and Validation of a Regenerated Cellulose Dialysis Membrane Diffusion Sampler for Monitoring Ground-Water Quality and Remediation Progress at DoD Sites April 2010

  • Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number.

    1. REPORT DATE APR 2010 2. REPORT TYPE

    3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010

    4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Demonstration and Validation of a Regenerated Cellulose Dialysis Membrane Diffusion Sampler for Monitoring Ground-Water Quality and Remediation Progress at DoD Sites

    5a. CONTRACT NUMBER

    5b. GRANT NUMBER

    5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

    6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER

    5e. TASK NUMBER

    5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER

    7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP),901 North Stuart Street Suite 303,Arlington,VA,22203

    8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

    9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S)

    11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S)

    12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution unlimited

    13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

    14. ABSTRACT

    15. SUBJECT TERMS

    16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as

    Report (SAR)

    18. NUMBER OF PAGES

    67

    19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON

    a. REPORT unclassified

    b. ABSTRACT unclassified

    c. THIS PAGE unclassified

    Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18

  • i

    COST & PERFORMANCE REPORT Project: ER-0313

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................ 1 1.1 BACKGROUND ............................................................................ 1 1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE DEMONSTRATION ........................................ 1 1.3 DEMONSTRATION RESULTS ......................................................... 1 1.4 IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES ........................................................... 2

    2.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................... 5 2.1 BACKGROUND ............................................................................ 5 2.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE DEMONSTRATION ........................................ 6 2.3 REGULATORY DRIVERS .............................................................. 7

    3.0 TECHNOLOGY ..................................................................................... 9 3.1 TECHNOLOGY DESCRIPTION ....................................................... 9

    3.1.1 Theory and Operation of RCDM Samplers ................................... 9 3.1.2 Construction of RCDM Samplers .............................................. 10 3.1.3 Chronological Development of RCDM Samplers ........................... 10 3.1.4 Summary of Development of RCDM Samplers Conducted under

    This ESTCP Project .............................................................. 12 3.1.5 Expected Applications of RCDM Samplers .................................. 12

    3.2 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF THE TECHNOLOGY ............. 12

    4.0 PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES ................................................................ 15

    5.0 SITE DESCRIPTIONS ............................................................................ 17 5.1 SITE LOCATIONS ....................................................................... 17 5.2 SITE GEOLOGY/HYDROGEOLOGY ............................................... 17 5.3 CONTAMINANT DISTRIBUTION ................................................... 18

    6.0 TEST DESIGN ...................................................................................... 19 6.1 CONCEPTUAL EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN ....................................... 19 6.2 BASELINE CHARACTERIZATION ................................................. 19 6.3 TREATABILITY OR LABORATORY STUDY RESULTS ...................... 19 6.4 FIELD TESTING .......................................................................... 21

    6.4.1 Field Comparison Testing Periods ............................................. 21 6.4.2 Sampler Construction and Deployment ....................................... 22 6.4.3 Tested Chemical Constituents .................................................. 22

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)

    Page

    ii

    6.5 SAMPLING METHODS ................................................................. 23 6.5.1 RCDM and PDB Sampling Methods .......................................... 23 6.5.2 Low-Flow Purging and Sampling Methods .................................. 24 6.5.3 Quality Assurance/Quality Control Sampling ............................... 24

    6.6 SAMPLING RESULTS .................................................................. 25

    7.0 PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT .............................................................. 27 7.1 PERFORMANCE CRITERIA AND ACTUAL PERFORMANCE .............. 27 7.2 DATA ANALYSIS ........................................................................ 29

    7.2.1 Quality Assurance/Quality Control Sample Results ........................ 29 7.2.2 Field Comparison Results for Volatile Organic Compounds ............. 29

    7.2.2.1 Graphical Analysis of VOCs ...................................... 29 7.2.2.2 Statistical Comparison of VOC Results ......................... 32 7.2.2.3 Summary of Significant Findings from the VOC Field

    Comparisons ......................................................... 35 7.2.3 Field Comparison Results for Inorganic and Selected Organic

    Constituents ........................................................................ 35 7.2.3.1 Graphical Analysis of Inorganics and Selected Organic

    Constituents .......................................................... 36 7.2.3.2 Statistical Analysis of Inorganic and Selected Organic

    Constituent Results .................................................. 39 7.2.3.3 Summary of Significant Findings from the Inorganic

    and Selected Organic Constituent Field Comparisons ........ 41 7.3 COMPARISON OF RESULTS TO PREVIOUS STUDIES ....................... 41 7.4 SUMMARY OF DEPLOYMENT CONSIDERATIONS .......................... 42

    8.0 COST ASSESSMENT ............................................................................. 45 8.1 COST MODEL ............................................................................ 45 8.2 COST DRIVERS .......................................................................... 46 8.3 COST ANALYSIS ........................................................................ 46

    8.3.1 Basic Assumptions ................................................................ 47 8.3.2 Cost Comparison per Sample ................................................... 47 8.3.3 Cost Comparison per Site ....................................................... 48

    9.0 IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES ................................................................... 51 9.1 RCDM SAMPLER DOCUMENTS .................................................... 51 9.2 LESSONS LEARNED .................................................................... 51

    10.0 REFERENCES ...................................................................................... 53 APPENDIX A POINTS OF CONTACT......................................................................... A-1

  • iii

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Page Figure 1. Diffusion across a membrane (Fick’s Law of Diffusion). ...................................... 9 Figure 2. Construction of an RCDM sampler. ..................................................................... 10 Figure 3. RCDM and PDB sampling. ................................................................................... 24 Figure 4. RCDM sampler versus PDB sampler results for vinyl chloride. .......................... 30 Figure 5. RCDM sampler versus LF results for vinyl chloride. ........................................... 31 Figure 6. RCDM sampler versus PDB sampler results for ethylbenzene. ........................... 31 Figure 7. RCDM sampler versus LF results for ethylbenzene. ............................................ 32 Figure 8. RCDM sampler versus PDB sampler results for n-butylbenzene. ........................ 34 Figure 9. RCDM sampler versus LF results for n-butylbenzene. ........................................ 35 Figure 10. RCDM sampler versus LF results for calcium. .................................................... 36 Figure 11.

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