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    [}emnml`lanabs b Bsqnqsqlcn C

    Bsqnqsqlcn

    In}ln ab Dnqlin Ilorbjs

    Nje @bcqlte =;;;

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    1*3 Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2>1*3*> Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs ml`nqb}n` {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2>1*3*= Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2=1*3*3 Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 21

    1*1 Erq}es qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 22

    1*1*> Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n n {}e{e}cne * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 221*1*= Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n cei{n}ncne ae tn`e} ibale ab arns {e{r`ncebs * * * * 2?

    1*2 Qbsqb ne {}bssr{esqe an je}in`lanab ab rin {e{r`ncne * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 4;

    2 ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs 4?2*> ]b`ncne bjq}b tn}lntbls * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 4?2*= Ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 472*3 Ibqeae aes ijlies ~rna}naes {n}n bsqlin} ; b > * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 4

    2*1*> Bsqlinae} {n}n = * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?>2*1*= ^rn`lanab ae nfrsqnibjqe * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?=

    2*2 Alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi aes bsqlinae}bs; b

    > * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?32*2*> Alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi ab > * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?3

    2*2*= Alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi ab ; * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?12*4 Ljdb}bjcln sem}b es {n}nibq}es ae ieab`e * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?2

    2*4*> Ljdb}bjcln sem}b > * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?22*4*= Ljdb}bjcln sem}b ; * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ??2*4*3 Ljdb}bjcln sem}b = * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?7

    2*? Bsqlincne ae tn`e} bs{b}nae ab \ {n}n rin emsb}tncne ; an tn}lntb` cejq}e`nan * * ? Qnmb`n ab bsqlinae}bs {n}n e tn`e} ibale tn}lnjcln abstle {na}ne b {}e{e}cne * * * * =;

    3*> Ljqb}tn`es ab cejnjcn {n}n e tn`e} ibale * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * = Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs ml`nqb}n` {n}n e tn`e} ibale * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 111*= Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n e tn`e} ibale * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 171*3 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2;1*1 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 241*2 Qbsqbs {n}n n {}e{e}cne { * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 241*4 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n cei{n}ncne ab aels tn`e}bs ibales * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2?

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    @lsqn ab Dlor}ns

    >*> Drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab an {e{r`ncne b an niesq}n * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ?

    3*> Ljqb}tn`es ab cejnjcn {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A * * * * * * * * * * * * * =

    1*> Qbsqb ml`nqb}n` {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 11

    1*= Qbsqb ml`nqb}n` {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncne C * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 111*3 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1?1*1 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncne C * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 171*2 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A * * * * * * * * * * * * 2;1*4 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncne C * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2>1*? Qbsqb ml`nqb}n` {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2=1*7 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 231*< Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n n tn}lnjcln * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 221*>; Qbsqb ae ~rl)~rna}nae ne {}bssr{esqe ab je}in lanab * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 43

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    Cn{qr`e >

    Ljdb}bjcln Bsqnqsqlcn

    >*> Ljq}earcne

    N ljdb}bjcln bsqnqsqlcn b rin n}bn ab bsqrae abalcnan ne absbjte`tlibjqe b n{`lcncne ab ibqeaes~rb {esslml`lqbi n qeinan ab abclsebs b n {}balcne ab ~rnjqlanabs abscejgbclans jrin {e{r`ncne*Bsqb ibqeaes rql`lvni n ljde}incne cejqlan jrin niesq}n sb`bcclejnan an {e{r`ncne*

    N ljdb}bjcln bsqnqsqlcn {eab sb} altlalan bi arns o}njabs n}bns6 bsqlincne ab {n}nibq}es b qbsqbsab gl{eqbsbs* Ceie bwbi{`e ab ri {}em`bin sem}b bsqlincne ab {n}nibq}es sr{ejgnies ~rb ribjobjgbl}e {}bqbjab njn`lsn} n }bslsqbjcln ab rin cei{ejbjqb rsnan je cgnssls ab ri nrqeietb`*Sbjae jnqr}n` ~rb n }bslsqbjcln tn}lb ab cei{ejbjqb {n}n cei{ejbjqb lsqe abtlae n aldb}bjcns ~rb{eabi ece}}b} jes inqb}lnls b je {}ecbsse ab dnm}lce ab cnan cei{ejbjqb nssli ceie jes ibqeaesab `blqr}n an }bs{bcqltn }bslsqbjcln e bjobjgbl}e bsqn n{bjns ljqb}bssnae bi bsqlin} n }bslsqbjclnibaln absqb ql{e ab cei{ejbjqbs* Jn {}nqlcn e bjobjgbl}e l}n rql`lvn} es anaes ab rin niesq}n ab}bslsqbjclns {n}n abqb}iljn} ri jrib}e ~rb ab n`ori ieae cejslab}b sb} rin men ntn`lncne 'er rin

    {}balcne, an tb}anabl}n }bslsqbjcln ibaln* Bsqb jrib}e b abjeiljnae bsqlinqltn {ejqrn`* Tb}biesqnimbi ~rb b {esstb` bsqnmb`bcb} n {}bclsne absqn bsqlinqltn*

    Cejslab}bies n slqrncne bi ~rb arns qbi{b}nqr}ns ab }bnccne alonies q> b q= {eabi sb} rql)`lvnans jri {}ecbsse ~rilce* Ri bjobjgbl}e cejfbcqr}n ~rb cei q> emqb}n bi ibaln }bsr`qnaes abinle} o}njabvn ae ~rb cei q=* E qbsqb bsqnqsqlce ab gl{eqbsbs b rin db}}nibjqn ~rb {b}ilqb }bse`tb}~rbsqebs absqb ql{e* Jbsqb cnse n gl{eqbsb sb}n ~rb e }bsr`qnae ibale ~rnjae rsnan n qbi{b}nqr}nq> b inle} ~rb e }bsr`qnae ibale ~rnjae rsnan n qbi{b}nqr}n q=* ]b{n}b ~rb jne b anae bjdnsb knbsqlincne aes }bsr`qnaes ibales8 bi tbv alsse n nqbjcne b al}lolan {n}n n cejc`rsne ~rb sb {eab}bql}n} ncb}cn an gl{eqbsb de}ir`nan sem}b es }bsr`qnaes ibales*

    Ceibcnies {e} abjl} niesq}n n`bnqe}ln cejcblqe drjanibjqn` jn ljdb}bjcln bsqnqsqlcn* Inlsqn}ab tb}bies e cejcblqe ab bsqlinae} b bsqlinqltn ab ri {n}nibq}e b jn`ibjqb l}bies cn`cr`n}

    n {}bclsne an bsqlinqltn ab ri {n}nibq}e njn`lsnjae ns {}e{}lbanabs ae bsqlinae} rql`lvnae b%erabqb}iljnjae bsqlinqltns {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn*

    >*= [e{r`ncne b niesq}n n`bnqe}ln

    >*=*> [e{r`ncne

    Bwbi{`e >*> Cejslab}bies e cejfrjqe ab n`rjes an DCQ%[email protected] b n ljde}incne ncb}cn ae jrib}e ab{bssens ~rb cei{ebi e }bs{bcqlte no}bonae dnil`ln}* Nailqnies ~rb 2"

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    >* Ljdb}bjcln Bsqnqsqlcn 4

    >" aes n`rjes qbi ri no}bonae dnil`ln} cejsqlqrae {e} > = 3 1 2 4 b ? {bssens }bs{bcqltnibjqb* Sbde}ies bsce`gb} ri n`rje ne cnse b }bolsqn}ies e j*e ab {bssens je sbr no}bonae dnil`ln} {eab}biesemqb} ri tn`e} Wj*e {bssens je no}bonae dnil`ln} cei n sborljqb drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab

    W > = 3 1 2 4 ?;*;2 ;*;< ;*1; ;*3; ;*>; ;*;2 ;*;>Sb e emfbcqlte de} bsqran} e j*e ab {bssens ~rb cejsqlqrbi e no}bonae dnil`ln} aes n`rjes an DCQ%[email protected] emfbcqlte cejslsqb bi bsqran} n t*n* W*

    Bssb bsqrae {eab}n {nssn} {b`n bsqlincne an drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab ab W er {b`n bsqlincne aej*e bs{b}nae ab {bssens je no}bonae dnil`ln} ab ri n`rje er {b`n bsqlincne ae abstle {na}ne ab Wbqc*

    Je drjae e bsqrae ljclab sem}b n t*n* W er sbfn sem}b n alsq}lmrlcne ae j*e ab b`bibjqes ~rbcei{ebi e no}bonae dnil`ln} aes n`rjes an DCQ%[email protected]*

    Abjlcne >*> Rin {e{r`ncne cejslsqb jn qeqn`lanab ans emsb}tncebs ae dbjeibje bi bsqrae*

    Bi cnan {}em`bin n {e{r`ncne {eab sb} {b~rbjn o}njab er ljjlqn* E jrib}e ab emsb}tncebsjn {e{r`ncne b abslojnae {e} alibjsne an {e{r`ncne* [e} bwbi{`e e jrib}e ab on}}ndns jne cei){`bqnibjqb cgblns {}earvlans {e} aln jrin bi{}bsn ab }bd}lob}njqbs b rin {e{r`ncne jlqn* Nsemsb}tncebs emqlans {e} ibalcne ae jtb` aln}le ab iejewlae ab cn}meje b rin {e{r`ncne ljjlqn*

    N bsqnqsqlcn abalcn)sb ne bsqrae an {e{r`ncne er sbfn ne bsqrae an }b{n}qlcne ab {}emnml`lanabsaes sbrs tn`e}bs* Sb }b{}bsbjqn}ies {e} W e cejfrjqe aes tn`e}bs an {e{r`ncne bsqran} W sb}n bsqran}n srn }b{n}qlcne ab {}emnml`lanabs sb}n {e}qnjqe bsqran} n srn alsq}lmrlcne*

    Bssb bsqrae {eab}n {nssn} {b`n bsqlincne an {}e{}ln drjcne ab alsq}lmrlcne ab W er {b`e bsqlincneae tn`e} ab n`orjs aes {n}nibq}es an alsq}lmrlcne ~rb sb nailqb sb} n inls ce}}bcqn {n}n W*

    [e} bwbi{`e ri bjobjgbl}e {eab cejslab}n} ~rb n {e{r`ncne ans }bslsqbjclns ab ri b`bibjqeae cgnssls qbi alsq}lmrlcne je}in` cei tn`e} ibale b tn}lnjcln =* '^rnjae cejslab}nies bsqb

    {}bssr{esqe alvbies ~rb qbies rin {e{r`ncne je}in` er rin {e{r`ncne je}in`ibjqb alsq}lmran*,E sbr emfbcqlte b bsqlin} n }bslsqbjcln ibaln abssb b`bibjqe ae cgnssls*

    >*=*= Niesq}n

    Jn inle}ln ans slqrncebs b li{esstb` er li{}nqlcntb` emsb}tn} n qeqn`lanab an {e{r`ncne* [e}bwbi{`e jne sb}ln tlntb` bsqran} n }bslsqbjcln ae b`bibjqe ae cgnssls nq}ntbs an emsb}tncne ab qeaeses b`bibjqes an {e{r`ncne* Lsse sb}ln abinslnae abie}nae b als{bjalese* N`bi ae inls n`orjs '{e}tbjqr}n qeaes, abssbs b`bibjqes jne bwlsql}lni je ieibjqe bi ~rb sb ~rb} ql}n} rin cejc`rsne ncb}cnan srn }bslsqbjcln ibaln*

    Nssli sb`bcclejnies n`orjs b`bibjqes an {e{r`ncne b cei e bsqrae ans srns cn}ncqb}sqlcns

    tnies ql}n} l`nccebs sem}b ns cn}ncqb}sqlcns ab qean n {e{r`ncne*Nae{qnjae bsqb {}ecbalibjqe cnies ab{bjabjqbs ab ri cejfrjqe ab emsb}tncebs an {e{r`ncne

    {n}n {eab}ies qein} abclsebs ncb}cn ab qean n {e{r`ncne*Abjlcne >*= Rin niesq}n b ri cejfrjqe ab emsb}tncebs sb`bcclejnans ne ncnse b sborjae riibqeae {}b)bsqnmb`bclae ab rin {e{r`ncne*

    Bwbi{`e >*= Je bsqrae sem}b e jrib}e W ab {bssens ~rb cei{ebi e no}bonae dnil`ln} aes n`rjesDCQ%[email protected] }bce`gbr)sb rin niesq}n ab tn`e}bs }bs{blqnjqbs n 2; n`rjes 'sb`bcclejnaes ne ncnse,* Jn

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    >* Ljdb}bjcln Bsqnqsqlcn ?

    qnmb`n ~rb sb sborb }bsrib)sb n ljde}incne emqlan6

    Tn`e}bs niesq}nls > = 3 1 2 4 ? Qeqn`

    D}b~rbjcln nmse`rqn = 4 >7 >1 4 3 > 2;

    D}b~rbjcln }b`nqltn ;*;1 ;*>= ;*34 ;*=7 ;*>= ;*;4 ;*;= >*;;

    E cejfrjqe ab d}b~rbjclns }b`nqltns absqn niesq}n cejsqlqrl rin bsqlinqltn an drjcne ab {}emnml`)lanab ab W*

    Sr{ejgn ~rb b}n {esstb` lj~rl}l} qeaes es n`rjes b ceie qn` emqb} n drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab ab W6

    W

    > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    Dlor}n >*>6 Drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab an {e{r`ncne b an niesq}n

    > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    D}b~ ems

    J* {bssens % No}bonae

    J* {bssens

    ;*;

    ;*>

    ;*=

    ;*3

    ;*1

    ;*2

    [n}n ~rb ns jessns ljdb}bjclns sbfni tn`lans n niesq}n abtb sb} }b{}bsbjqnqltn an {e{r`ncne* B{e} tbvbs qbjqnae} sb`bcclejn} b`bibjqes an {e{r`ncne n{`lcnjae c}lqb}les jn srn bsce`gn ceie {e}bwbi{`e n ceiealanab an srn sb`bccne* Bsqns nqlqrabs {eabi ljq}earvl} rin qbjabjcln jn niesq}n{}etecnjae bsqlinqltns srm)ntn`lnans er sem}b)ntn`lnans* [n}n btlqn} bsqbs {}em`bins abtbies sb)`bcclejn} rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln rsnjae ri ibcnjlsie ab bsce`gn cnsrn`* Nssli sbjae n sb`bccneab rin niesq}n abtb sb} }bsr qnae ab rin bw{b}lbjcln n`bnqe}ln* Cnan anae niesq}n` b ri tn`e}emsb}tnae ab rin tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln* E ieae ceie sb alsq}lmrbi ns emsb}tncebs jn {e{r`ncne lsqe bn srn drjcne ab alsq}lmrlcne abqb}iljn n {}emnml`lanab ab sb`bccne ab ri anae*

    Bwbi{`e >*3 Sb ab dncqe n drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab ab W b

    W

    > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    bjqne sb}n bsce`glae ri n`rje cei e no}bonae cejsqlqrae {e} > {bssen cei {}emnml`lanab ;*;2 rin`rje cei = {bssens je no}bonae cei {}emnml`lanab ;*;

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    >* Ljdb}bjcln Bsqnqsqlcn 7

    emsb}tncebs niesq}nls sne emqlans ceie sb emsb}tnssbies W ljab{bjabjqbibjqb b sem ns ibsinscejalcebs {e} j tbvbs* Sbfn Wl n tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln ~rb }b{}bsbjqn n l)bslin }b{`lcn* Bjqne nst*n*s W>, W=, * * * , W j cejsqlqrbi rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln b es tn`e}bs ~rb sb emqbi {e} cejc}bqlvncneabsqn niesq}n n`bnqe}ln sne }b{}bsbjqnaes {e} >, =, * * * , j* Ns tn}lntbls n`bnqe}lns ~rb cejsqlqrbi nniesq}n n`bnqe}ln sne ljab{bjabjqbs b qbi qeans n ibsin drjcne ab alsq}lmrlcne D rin tbv ~rb sb

    nailqb ~rb cnan emsb}tncne niesq}n` b emqlan jns ibsins cejalcebs b jn ibsin {e{r`ncne*

    Bwbi{`e >*1 Sb je bsqrae ab W)j*e ab {bssens {e} no}bonae dnil`ln} aes n`rjes an DCQ%[email protected]{qn}ies {e} sb`bcclejn} ne ncnse b cei }b{eslcne rin niesq}n ab 3 n`rjes bjqne W> }b{}bsbjqne j*e ab {bssens ae no}bonae dnil`ln} ae >e n`rje ~rb tlb}ies n sb`bcclejn}* C`n}e ~rb sb n drjcneab {}emnml`lanab ab W de}

    W

    > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    bjqne e j*e ab {bssens ae no}bonae dnil`ln} absqb >e n`rje qb}n drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab

    W> > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    E j*e ab {bssens ae no}bonae dnil`ln} ae =e n`rje ~rb tlb}ies n sb`bcclejn} qb}n drjcne ab {}emnml`l)anab

    W=

    > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    b e j*e ab {bssens ae no}bonae dnil`ln} ae 3e n`rje ~rb tl} n bsce`glae qb}n drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab

    W3> = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    Sb n bsce`gn absqbs 3 n`rjes de} {b}dblqnibjqb cnsrn` b rsn}ies ri ibqeae ab niesq}nobi cei}b{eslcne bjqne W>, W= b W3 sne t*n*s ljab{bjabjqbs b qeans lorn`ibjqb alsq}lmrans cei rinalsq}lmrlcne labjqlcn kn an {e{r`ncne W*

    Nailqnies ~rb n{es n bsce`gn aes n`rjes sb emsb}tn}ni es tn`e}bs > 9 2 = 9 > b 3 9 3* Lsqeslojlcn ~rb n niesq}n n`bnqe}ln 'W>, W=, W3, del cejc}bqlvnan jn niesq}n emsb}tnan '>, =, 3, 9'2, >, 3,*

    Abjlcne >*3 Sbfn W rin {e{r`ncne b 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln }bsr`qnjqb an sb)`bccne ne ncnse b cei }b{eslcne ab j b`bibjqes ab W* Bjqne6

    'n, W>

    , W=

    , * * * , W j

    sne tn}lntbls n`bnqe}lns ljab{bjabjqbs8

    'm, W>, W=, * * * , W j sne tn}lntbls n`bnqe}lns labjqlcnibjqb alsq}lmrans cei alsq}lmrlcne lorn` kn an{e{r`ncne W*

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    =* Bsqlincne [ejqrn` >;

    sb alscrqbi {}em`bins ab ljdb}bjcln bsqnqsqlcn sem}b {n}nibq}es ab rin {e{r`ncne b gnmlqrn` e rseab `bq}ns o}bons {n}n jn }b{}bsbjqncne abssbs {n}nibq}es* [e} bwbi{`e {n}n e tn`e} ibale ab rin{e{r`ncne {n}n e abstle {na}ne ab rin {e{r`ncne*

    E emfbcqlte an bsqlincne {ejqrn` ab ri {n}nibq}e cejslsqb jn nq}lmrlcne ab ri tn`e} jrib}lcemnsbnae jn ljde}incne an niesq}n ~rb sbfn ri tn`e} {`nrstb` {n}n * Bssb tn`e} jrib}lce sb}n n

    bsqlinqltn {ejqrn` ae {n}nibq}e*Bi ob}n` sb W b rin {e{r`ncne cei drjcne ab alsq}lmrlcne D cn}ncqb}lvnan {e} ri {n}nibq}e

    ab tn`e} abscejgbclae b sb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab alibjsne j an {e{r`ncne Wbjqne n bsqnqsqlcn 9 g 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b abjeiljnan bsqlinae} {ejqrn` ab * ]b{n}b ~rb b rintn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln {e}~rb b drjcne ab tn}lntbls n`bnqe}lns* N{es rin niesq}n qb} slae sb`bcclejnan qein ri tn`e} jrib}lce {n}qlcr`n} cgninae bsqlinqltn {ejqrn` ab *

    Abjlcne =*= Rinbsqlinqltn {ejqrn`ae {n}nibq}e ab rin {e{r`ncne b ri rjlce tn`e} jrib}lce ab rin bsqnqsqlcn emqlae {b`n emsb}tncne '>, =, * * * , j, ab rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln'W>, W=, * * * , W j,*

    Bwbi{`e =*> ]bo}bssbies ne bwbi{`e ae j*e ab {bssens {e} no}bonae dnil`ln} aes n`rjes an DCQ%[email protected]*Sr{ejgnies ~rb ~rb}nies snmb} ~rn` e j*e ibale ab {bssens {e} no}bonae dnil`ln} absqbs n`rjes5

    Sb njn`lsnssbies qean n {e{r`ncne snmb}nies ~rb W qbi drjcne ab {}emnml`lanab

    W

    > = 3 1 2 4 ?

    ;*;2 ;*;< ;*1 ;*3 ;*> ;*;2 ;*;>

    b {e}qnjqe snmb}nies ~rb

    9 B'W, 9 > ;*;2 ( = ;*;< ( * * * ( ? ;*;> 9 3*2 {bssensIns ab dncqe e ~rb cejgbcbies b n niesq}n

    Tn`e}bs niesq}nls > = 3 1 2 4 ? Qeqn`

    D}b~rbjcln nmse`rqn = 4 >7 >1 4 3 > 2;

    b {e} lsse {eab}bies ~rnjae irlqe n{}bsbjqn} rin bsqlinqltn {ejqrn` ab rsnjae n bsqnqsqlcn

    W 9>

    j

    jl9>

    Wl* N bsqlinqltn {ejqrn` ab }bsr`qn}ln bi6

    9>

    2;

    2;l9>

    l 9>

    2;'> = ( = 4 ( 3 >7 ( * * * ( ? >, 9 >?, W=, * * * , W j, rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ceialibjsne j ab W*

    Bsqlinae} ae tn`e} ibale ab rin {e{r`ncne W

    W 9>

    j

    jl9>

    Wl 9W> ( W= ( * * * ( Wj

    j

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    =* Bsqlincne [ejqrn` >=

    =*3 Ibqeaes {n}n abqb}iljncne ab bsqlinae}bs

    =*3*> Ibqeae aes ieibjqes

    Abjlcne =*3 Anan rin {e{r`ncne W b }J abjb)sb e jeib ab ieibjqe ab e}abi } {e}

    } 9 B'W}, ,

    b e ieibjqe cbjq}nae ab e}abi } {e}

    } 9 BX'WB'W,,Y} *

    Anan rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, an {e{r`ncne W {n}n bsqlinae}bs absqbs ieibjqescejslab}bi)sb

    I} 9>

    j

    j

    l9>W}l ,

    e bsqlinae} ab } abslojnae {e} ieibjqe niesq}n` ab e}abi } b

    I} 9>

    j

    jl9>

    Wl W

    },

    e bsqlinae} ab } abslojnae {e} ieibjqe niesq}n` cbjq}nae ab e}abi }*

    Sb W b rin {e{r`ncne crfn alsq}lmrlcne ab{bjab ab h {n}nibq}es >, =, * * * , h es }bs{bcqltesbsqlinae}bs ab ieibjqes >,

    =, * * * ,

    h sne ns se`rcebs ae slsqbin ab h b~rncebs n h ljceojlqns

    B'W, 9 W

    = 9 I=3 9 I3***h 9 Ih

    Bwbi{`e =*1 Sbfn 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei alsq}lmrlcneR'n, m,* Abqb}iljbies es bsqlinae}bs ab ieibjqes N b M aes {n}nibq}es n bm }bs{bcqltnibjqb*

    Ceie snmbies B'W, 9n ( m

    =b = 9 T 'W, 9

    'm n,=>=

    * Nssli

    B'W, 9 WT 'W, 9 I=

    n(m= 9

    W'mn,=

    >=9 I

    =

    n 9 W3 I=m 9 W(

    3 I=

    ]b{n}b ~rb I= 9>

    j

    jl9>

    Wl W

    =9

    j >j

    >

    j >jl9>

    Wl W

    =9

    j >j

    S=*

    Es bsqlinae}bs ab ieibjqes {n}n n b m sne

    N 9 W

    3 'j >,j

    S

    M 9 W(

    3 'j >,

    jS

    *

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    =* Bsqlincne [ejqrn` >1

    Slqrncne N6 W qbi alsq}lmrlcne Je}in cei tn}lnjcln = cejgbclan

    Nailqnies ~rb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin n*n* ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei alsq}lmrlcne J

    , =

    bi ~rb= qbi ri tn`e} cejgbclae*

    Ceie W>, W=, * * * , W j sne t*n*s l*l*a cei alsq}lmrlcne J, =

    bjqne W J

    B

    W

    , T

    W

    lsqe b

    W J

    ,=

    j

    '=*1*3,

    b

    V 9W %

    j j W

    J';, >, '=*1*1,

    Slqrncne M6 W qbi alsq}lmrlcne abscejgbclan er cejgbclan b jne je}in` cei tn}lnjcln= cejgbclan b j 3;

    Nailqnies ~rb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin n*n* ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei alsq}lmrlcne jne je}in` erabscejgbclan cei tn}lnjcln = cejgbclan*Ibsie jes cnses bi ~rb b {esstb` abarvl} n alsq}lmrlcne ab W bssn alsq}lmrlcne jne b injbfntb`je

    sbjqlae an ceiealanab ae cn`cr`e ab {}emnml`lanabs*^rnjae W qbi rin alsq}lmrlcne abscejgbclan b li{esstb` abqb}iljn} n alsq}lmrlcne ab W*[b`ns arns }nvebs nclin ibjclejnans e{qn)sb {b`n }bce`gn ab rin niesq}n ab qninjge }nventb`)

    ibjqb o}njab je}in`ibjqb ab alibjsne inle} er lorn` n 3; j 3; ab ieae n {eab}ies ljtecn} eQbe}bin @lilqb Cbjq}n` b bsqnmb`bcb}ies ~rb

    V 9W %

    j j W

    n J';, >, '=*1*2,

    Slqrncne C6 W qbi alsq}lmrlcne Je}in` cei tn}lnjcln = abscejgbclan

    Nailqnies ~rb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin n*n* ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei alsq}lmrlcne J

    , =

    bi ~rb= qbi ri tn`e} abscejgbclae*

    Jne cejgbcbjae e tn`e} ab = {eabies ceibcn} {e} e bsqlin} rsnjae e bsqlinae}

    S= 9>

    j >jl9>

    Wl W

    =*

    Bjqne n bsqnqsqlcn 't*n*,

    Q 9W S%j

    j

    W S

    qbi alsq}lmrlcne q 'er q)Sqrabjq, cei j > o}nrs ab `lmb}anab ~rb sb }b{}bsbjqn ab ieae nm}btlnae{e} qj>*

    Q 9W S%

    j j W

    S qj> '=*1*4,

    Jeqn6 N alsq}lmrlcne q b slibq}lcn bi qe}je ab vb}e b e sbr sr{e}qb b ]*

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    =* Bsqlincne [ejqrn` >2

    Slqrncne A6 W qbi alsq}lmrlcne abscejgbclan er cejgbclan b jne je}in` cei tn}lnjcln= abscejgbclan b j 3;Nailqnies ~rb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin n*n* ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei alsq}lmrlcne jne je}in` erabscejgbclan cei tn}lnjcln = abscejgbclan*

    Inls rin tbv e abscejgbclibjqe ae tn`e} ab =

    `btn n ~rb e bsqlibies nq}ntbs ab

    S= 9>

    j >jl9>

    Wl W

    =*

    Sb cejslab}n}ies rin niesq}n ab alibjsne j 3; n bsqlinqltn ab = b srclbjqbibjqb {}bclsn abieae ~rb e Qbe}bin @lilqb Cbjq}n` b erq}ns cejslab}ncebs de}n ae nimlqe absqn alscl{`ljn {b}ilqbibsqnmb`bcb} ~rb

    V 9W S%

    j j W

    Sn J';, >, '=*1*?,

    =*1*= Alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi ab S=

    Sbjae li{e}qnjqb bsqlin} n tn}lnjcln ab rin {e{r`ncne W {eabies nae{qn} ceie sbr bsqlinae}

    S= 9>

    j >jl9>

    Wl W

    =*

    ^rnjqe kn srn alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi se bwlsqbi }bsr`qnaes ab rql`lvncne {}nqlcn ~rnjae nniesq}n {}etbi ab rin {e{r`ncne cei alsq}lmrlcne Je}in`* Nssli sb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rinn*n* ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei alsq}lmrlcne J

    , =

    bi ~rb qbi tn`e} abscejgbclae n bsqnqsqlcn

    't*n*,

    W= 9'j >, S=

    =

    qbi alsq}lmrlcne ae ^rl)^rna}nae cei j> o}nrs ab `lmb}anab '~rb nm}btlnanibjqb sb bsc}btb =j>,*

    W= 9'j >, S=

    = =j> '=*1*7,

    Jeqn6 N alsq}lmrlcne ae ^rl)~rna}nae b nsslibq}lcn b e sbr sr{e}qb b X;, (X*Emsb}tncne6 ^rnjae 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin n*n* ab rin {e{r`ncne Wcei alsq}lmrlcne J

    , =

    bi ~rb qbi tn`e} cejgbclae {eabies bsqlin} = nq}ntbs ae bsqlinae}

    =

    9 >j

    jl9>

    'Wl ,= *

    N srn alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi b

    j=

    = =j '=*1*

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    =* Bsqlincne [ejqrn` >?

    =*2 [}e{}lbanabs aes bsqlinae}bs

    Ceie b rin tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln {eabies dn`n} ae B

    ibalan ~rb bw{}bssn e tn`e} bs{b}nae

    ab an T b ae abstle {na}ne ~rnjqlanabs bsqns ~rb bw{}bssni n als{b}sne ab *Bsqns ibalans {b}ilqbi bsqnmb`bcb} {}e{}lbanabs li{e}qnjqbs {n}n e bsqlinae} *=*2*> B}}e {na}ne

    Abjlcne =*4 E b}}e {na}ne ab ri bsqlinae} {ejqrn` b e sbr abstle {na}ne

    E bsqlinae} sb}n qnjqe ib`ge}~rnjqe ibje} de} e sbr b}}e {na}ne {e}~rb jes ljde}in ab ~rbns bsqlinqltns ae {n}nibq}e sne {erce als{b}sns ceie cejtbi ~rb ncejqbcn*

    =*2*= Bjtlbsnibjqe

    Qnimbi sb}n absbfntb` ~rb ri bsqlinae} dncr`qb tn`e}bs ~rb bi ibaln celjclani cei e tn`e}ae {n}nibq}e * Alqe ab erq}e ieae cejtbi e tn`e} bs{b}nae ab sbfn lorn` ne tb}anabl}e tn`e} ab

    * Inqbinqlcnibjqb b absbfntb` ~rb B

    9 *

    Abjlcne =*? Ri bsqlinae} {n}n e {n}nibq}e alv)sbjne bjtlbsnae 'ercbjq}nae, sbB

    9 *

    Abjlcne =*7 E bjtlbsnibjqe ab ri bsqlinae} {n}n e {n}nibq}e b mlns

    9 B

    *

    Bwbi{`e =*2 Sr{ejgnies ~rbW b rin {e{r`ncne cei alsq}lmrlcne bw{ejbjcln` ab {n}nibq}es ', >,bi ~rb qbi tn`e} abscejgbclae*

    Anan rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, absqn {e{r`ncne cejslab}bi)sb es aels bsqlinae}bs

    {n}n 6

    9 ilj 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b 9 W >

    b njn`lsbies e }bs{bcqlte bjtlbsnibjqe6

    B

    9 B'ilj'W>, W=, * * * , W j,, 9 (>

    j

    B', 9 B

    W > 9 B'W, > 9 ( > > 9 ]b`nqltnibjqb ne bjtlbsnibjqe b ib`ge} {e}~rb b cbjq}nae*

    E bjtlbsnibjqe ab b mlns 9 ( >j 9 >j *

    Cejqrae e mlns

    cejtb}ob {n}n vb}e ~rnjae n alibjsne an niesq}n nribjqn* Alvbies bjqne

    ~rb b ri bsqlinae} nssljqeqlcnibjqb cbjq}nae*

    Abjlcne =*< b ri bsqlinae} nssljqeqlcnibjqb cbjq}nae {n}n e {n}nibq}e sb `lij(

    B

    9 *

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    Cn{qr`e 3

    Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn

    3*> Ljq}earcne

    Bi irlqns slqrncebs rin bsqlincne {ejqrn` ab ri {n}nibq}e jne de}jbcb ljde}incne srclbjqbsem}b bssb {n}nibq}e*

    Tbfnies e cnse ae bwbi{`e =*=* Ceie sb {}bqbjaln bsqlin} B'W, b sb nae{qer e bsqlinae}W n bsqlinqltn {ejqrn` ab je ibale ab abdblqes {e} {nljb` del 9 4*=* Ins b {erce {}etntb`

    ~rb e tb}anabl}e je ibale ab abdblqes sbfn bwncqnibjqb 4*=* [e}qnjqe b `eolce ~rb jes ljqb}}eorbiesncb}cn an {}ewlilanab absqn bsqlinqltn }b`nqltnibjqb ne tb}anabl}e je ibale * Ceie sb d}lser jnsbccne njqb}le} e b}}e {na}ne 'er e b}}e ~rna}nqlce ibale ~rnjae e bsqlinae} jne b cbjq}nae, fnjes an}n rin labln an {}bclsne an jessn bsqlinqltn* Erq}e ql{e ab nme}anobi {nssn}ln {e} {}bqbj)ab}ies on}njql} ~rb {n}n rin o}njab {b}cbjqnobiab qeans ns niesq}ns ~rb {rabssbies }bce`gb}n aldb}bjcn bi tn`e} nmse`rqe bjq}b n ibaln niesq}n` W b e tn`e} ibale jne r`q}n{nssb ri cb}qetn`e} n '~rb ce}}bs{ejab ne b}}e inwlie ~rb absbfnies {n}n n bsqlincne ab ,* Sb ljqb}{}bqn}ies

    bssn {b}cbjqnobi ceie n {}emnml`lanab ab }bce`gb}ies rin niesq}n ~rb cri{}n e njqb}le} }b~rlslqeb n }b{}bsbjqn}ies {e} > bjqne {eab}nies b~rnclejn} e {}em`bin ae sborljqb ieae6

    [ W n 9 > *

    Ceie W n W n W ( n bjqne e {}bqbjanies bjcejq}n} b}n ri ljqb}tn`e

    W n, W( n ~rb cei {}emnml`lanab > b`btnan cejqltbssb e tn`e} ibale *Abslojn}nies bssb ljqb}tn`e {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn > {n}n b }bn`lvn}nies nssli rin

    bsqlincne ab {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn > 'er bsqlincne ljqb}tn`n} ab ,*

    Abjlcne 3*> Ri ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn > {n}n ri {n}nibq}e 'ab tn`e} abscejgbclae, b riljqb}tn`e an de}in

    [email protected] 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, , R'W>, W=, * * * , W j,Y

    ejab @ 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b R'W>, W=, * * * , W j, sne bsqnqsqlcns ~rb jne ab{bjabi ae tn`e} ab b ~rbsnqlsdnvbi

    ['@ 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, R'W>, W=, * * * , W j,, 9 > *

    =>

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn ==

    @ 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b R'W>, W=, * * * , W j, sne abjeiljnaes `lilqbs ab cejnjcn ljdb}le} b sr{b}le}}bs{bcqltnibjqb b '> , b cgninae cebclbjqb ab cejnjcn ae ljqb}tn`e*

    ]bsqn)jes noe}n alvb} n`oe sem}b e ibqeae ob}n` ab abqb}iljncne absqbs ljqb}tn`es* E ibqeae inlsrsrn` b ~rb l}bies rql`lvn} b e ibqeae {lteqn * [n}n e {e}ies bi {}nqlcn b jbcbssn}le bjcejq}n}ies

    er cejgbcb}ies rin bsqnqsqlcn {lteq*

    Abjlcne 3*= Sbfn 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab rin {e{r`ncne crfn alsq}lmrlcne ab){bjab ab ri {n}nibq}e * Cejslab}biesQ Q 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, , rin bsqnqsqlcn drjcne an niesq}nn`bnqe}ln b ab 'b btbjqrn`ibjqb ab erq}es {n}nibq}es ab tn`e} cejgbclae,* Sb n alsq}lmrlcne ab Qjne ab{bjab ab b`n alv)sb rin bsqnqsqlcn {lteq {n}n *

    Bwbi{`e 3*> Sb'W>, W=, * * * , W j, de} rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab rin {e{r`ncne W J, 2= bjqneQ 9

    W 2=%j

    J';, >,

    [eabies n}in} ~rb Q b rin bsqnqsqlcn {lteq {n}n {e}~rb n alsq}lmrlcne ab Q b sbi{}b J';, >,~rn`~rb} ~rb sbfn e tn`e} ab *

    E ibqeae {lteqn {n}n abqb}iljncne ab ri ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn > {n}n cejslsqb bi6 Cejgbcb} 'er bjcejq}n}, rin bsqnqsqlcn {lteq Q Q'W>, W=, * * * , W j, , {n}n 8

    N {n}ql} an alsq}lmrlcne ab Q abqb}iljn} tn`e}bs n> b n= ~rb snqlsdncni8

    ['n> Q n=, 9 > 8

    ]bse`tb} ns abslorn`anabs

    n> Q 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, , n=bi e}abi n ab ieae n ~rb

    n> Q 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, , n= @ 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, R'W>, W=, * * * , W j, ,

    sbjae @ 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b R'W>, W=, * * * , W j, bsqnqsqlcns jne ab{bjabjqbs ab 8

    LC>;;'>," ', [email protected] 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, , R'W>, W=, * * * , W j,Yb ri ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn > {n}n *

    JEQNS LI[E]QNJQBS6

    [n}n ri cebclbjqb ab cejnjcn > we bwlsqbi altb}sns bsce`gns {esstbls {n}n ns cejsqnjqbsn> b n=* Sbi{}b ~rb {esstb` abtbies e{qn} {e} rsn} n~rb`ns ~rb cejarvbi n ri ljqb}tn`e abcejnjcn ab ni{`lqrab ijlin*

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn =3

    ^rnjae n bsqnqsqlcn {lteq qbi rin alsq}lmrlcne slibq}lcn bi qe}je ab vb}e n ib`ge} bsce`gn{n}n n> b n= b6

    n> 9 n= b n= n qn` ~rb [ 'n Q n, 9 > *

    Es cebclbjqbs ab cejnjcn inls rsnaes sne , =, * * * , j, {n}n n ~rn` abqb}iljnies ri lj)qb}tn`e ab cejnjcn X` '>, =, * * * , j, , r '>, =, * * * , j,Y* Ceie bsqb ljqb}tn`e tnl cejqb} er jne etb}anabl}e tn`e} ae {n}nibq}e jne b }nventb` nssecln} rin {}emnml`lanab n bsqb ncejqbclibjqebs{bcce* E ~rb abtbies n}in} b ~rb e ljqb}tn`e emsb}tnae X` '>, =, * * * , j, , r '>, =, * * * , j,Ynm}njob e tb}anabl}e tn`e} ab cei rin cejnjcn ab '> ,* Bsqn n}incne qbi rin ljqb}{}bqncned}b~rbjclsqn8 lsqe b jes jne snmbies sb {n}n rin niesq}n bs{bccn n n}incne b tb}anabl}n ins eibqeae rsnae {n}n emqb} e ljqb}tn`e X` '>, =, * * * , j, , r '>, =, * * * , j,Y {b}ilqb n}incebs ce}}bcqns>;;'> , ans tbvbs*

    N ni{`lqrab emsb}tnan r '>, =, * * * , j,

    ` '>, =, * * * , j, ab ri ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn b rin

    li{e}qnjqb ibalan an ~rn`lanab an bsqlincne ae {n}nibq}e* Bi {n}qlcr`n} n ibqnab an ni{`lqrab aeljqb}tn`e abslojnan {e} {}bclsne an bsqlincne {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn b ri ljalcnae} an ~rn`lanaban bsqlinqltn ae {n}nibq}e * ^rnjqe inle} de} n ni{`lqrab ab ri ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn inlscejnjcn qbies ab ~rb bssb ljqb}tn`e cejqbi ab dncqe e tb}anabl}e tn`e} ab * [e} erq}e `nae ~rnjqeinle} de} n ni{`lqrab ae ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn 'ibje} {}bclsne an bsqlincne, ibjes ljde}incneqbies ncb}cn ae tb}anabl}e tn`e} ab rin tbv ~rb qbies rin inle} onin ab tn`e}bs {esstbls {n}n* N slqrncne labn` }bslab jri ljqb}tn`e ab {b~rbjn ni{`lqrab b cei b`btnae cebclbjqb ab cejnjcn*

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn =2

    tnies abqb}iljn} e tn`e} ab n*

    [

    W n W( n 9 [n W n 9 [j

    n j W

    j

    n

    9

    9 [

    j

    n V

    j

    n 9 [V

    j

    n [V

    j

    n 99

    j

    n

    j

    n

    9

    j

    n

    > (

    j

    n

    9

    9 =

    j

    n

    >*

    Nssli

    [

    W n W( n 9 > =j

    n

    > 9 >

    j

    n

    9 > %=

    j n 9 > '> %=, n 9 j > '> %=, *

    [e} sli{`lclanab ab jeqncne sb }b{}bsbjqn}ies > '> %=, {e} v%= qbies

    Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n e tn`e} ibale [e{r`ncne je}in cei tn}lnjcln = cejgbclan

    LC>;;'>," ',

    W j

    v%=, W(

    jv%=

    Bwbi{`e 3*= E qbi{e ~rb rin in~rljn `btn n bwbcrqn} n srn qn}bdn bi cnan {bcn {}earvlansborb rin alsq}lmrlcne je}in` ab abstle {na}ne lorn` n 3 sborjaes*

    [}bqbjabjae)sb bsqlin} {e} ljqb}tn`e ab

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn =4

    Slqrncne M Nailqnies ~rb 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab alibjsne j 3; ab rin{e{r`ncne W crfn alsq}lmrlcne jne b je}in` er b abscejgbclan ins cei tn}lnjcln = cejgbclan*Sbfn e tn`e} ibale an {e{r`ncne W ~rb ~rb}bies bsqlin}*

    N{bsn} ab sb cejgbcb} e tn`e} an tn}lnjcln = lsse {e} sl se jne {b}ilqb e cejgbclibjqe analsq}lmrlcne ab W* Cejqrae sb n niesq}n de} o}njab lsqe b sb qltb} rin alibjsne j

    3; {e}

    n{`lcncne ae Qbe}bin @lilqb Cbjq}n` {eabies n}in} ~rb

    V 9W

    =%j9

    jW

    n J';, >,

    'tb} }bsr`qnae =*1*2 an sbccne =*1*>6 Alsq}lmrlcebs ab niesq}nobi ab W,*

    ]bce}}bjae noe}n ne ibqeae {lteqn` qbies6

    V 9

    j

    W

    n

    J';, >, b rin bsqnqsqlcn {lteq {n}n *

    [ 'n V n, > E}n

    [ 'n V n, 9 ['V n, ['V n, 9 'n, 'n, 99 'n, X> 'n,Y 9 = 'n, >

    {b`e ~rb

    ['n V n, 9 > = 'n,> 9 > 'n, 9 >%= n 9 > '> %=, v%=

    v%= V v%= v%= j W v%= W v%= j W( v%= j

    LC>;;'>," ',

    W v%= j , W( v%= j

    Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n e tn`e} ibale [e{r`ncne jne je}in` cei tn}lnjcln = cejgbclan b j 3;

    LC>;;'>," ',

    W j

    v%=, W(

    jv%=

    Slqrncne C Cejslab}bies 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab rin {e{r`ncne W cei als)q}lmrlcne je}in` ab tn`e} ibale '~rb sb {}bqbjab bsqlin}, b tn}lnjcln = abscejgbclan*

    ]b`nqltnibjqb n Slqrncne N e ~rb noe}n sb n`qb}n b e dncqe an tn}lnjcln = sb} abscejgbclan*

    Sb n tn}lnjcln = b abscejgbclan {eabies ab libalnqe {bjsn} bi n srmsqlqrl} {b`n tn}lnjclnniesq}n` er sbfn {e}

    S= 9>

    j >jl9>

    Wl W

    =9

    >

    j >

    jl9>

    W=l

    jW=

    *

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn =?

    Ceie }bsr`qnae absqn srmsqlqrlcne n alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi {n}n W b

    Q 9W S%

    j qj>

    'tb} }bsr`qnae =*1*4 an sbccne =*1*>6 Alsq}lmrlcebs ab niesq}nobi ab W,

    Ab jete {b`e ibqeae {lteqn` qbies

    Bsqnqsqlcn {lteq6 Q 9 W S%

    j qj>

    [e}~rb n alsq}lmrlcne q b slibq}lcn bi qe}je ab vb}e cei sr{e}qb ] b jbcbssn}le bjcejq}n}e tn`e} n ~rb tb}lcn [ 'n Q n, 9 > *

    [ 'n Q n, 9 ['Q n, [ 'Q n, 9 ['Q n, ['Q n, 99 ['Q

    n,

    X>

    ['Q

    n,Y 9 =[ 'Q

    n,

    >

    Bjqne

    ['n Q n, 9 > =['Q n, > 9 > [ 'Q n, 9 > %= n 9 D>Q '> %=, qj>6%=

    qj>6%= Q qj>6%= qj>6%=

    jW

    S qj>6%=

    W qj>6%=S

    j W( qj>6%=

    Sj

    LC>;;'>," ',

    W qj>6%= Sj , W( qj>6%= Sj

    Jeqn6N srmsqlqrlcne ab {e} S je ljqb}tn`e an Slqrncne N {eab ljq}earvl} b}}e je ljqb}tn`eb ceie qn` e jete ljqb}tn`e {b}ilqb n bsqlincne ab cei n ibsin cejnjcn '> , ins qbirin inle} ni{`lqrab*

    Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n e tn`e} ibale [e{r`ncne je}in cei tn}lnjcln = abscejgbclan

    LC>;;'>," ',

    W Sj

    qj>6%=, W( Sj qj>6%=

    Bwbi{`e 3*3 Rin niesq}n ae {bse ab 7 njlinls n`libjqnaes cei ri abqb}iljnae ql{e ab}ncne de}jbcbr es sborljqbs tn`e}bs 'bi ho,6

    1 4 1*2 1 2*4 4*= 2*7 4

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn =;;'>," ',

    W v%= Sj , W( v%= Sj

    Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n e tn`e} ibale [e{r`ncne jne je}in` cei tn}lnjcln = abscejgbclan b j 3;

    LC>;;'>," ',

    W Sj

    v%=, W(S

    jv%=

    Bi }bsrie

    Qnmb`n 3*>6 Ljqb}tn`es ab cejnjcn {n}n e tn`e} ibale

    Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n e tn`e} ibale N [e{r`ncne je}in` cei = cejgbclan W j v%=, W( j v%=M [e{r`ncne jne je}in` cei = cejgbclan b j 3;

    W

    jv%=, W(

    j

    v%=

    C [e{r`ncne je}in` cei = abscejgbclan

    W S

    jqj>6%=, W(

    Sj

    qj>6%=

    A [e{r`ncne jne je}in` cei = abscejgbclan b j 3;

    W S

    jv%=, W(

    Sj

    v%=

    Dlor}n 3*>6 Ljqb}tn`es ab cejnjcn {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn 3>

    LC>;;'>,"

    = 'j>,S==j>6{=

    , 'j>,S=

    =j>6>{>

    N jne slibq}ln an alsq}lmrlcne ae ~rl)~rna}nae `btnjqn alcr`anabs jn bsce`gn aes tn`e}bs ans{}emnml`lanabs {> b {= ~rb {b}ilqni emqb} ri ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn ab ni{`lqrab ijlin* [e} lsse

    b {n}n sli{`lcncne ae {}ecbsse ab abqb}iljncne ae ljqb}tn`e b gnmlqrn` cejslab}n})sb {> 9 {= 9 %=nmalcnjae)sb ae emfbcqlte ab cejsborl} e ljqb}tn`e ab ibje} ni{`lqrab*

    Nae{qnjae bsqn bsq}nqboln6

    n> =j>6>%= b n= =j>6%=Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n n tn}lnjcln =[e{r`ncne je}in` cei tn`e} ibale abscejgbclae

    LC>;;'>,"

    =

    'j >, S==j>6%=

    ,'j >, S==j>6>%=

    Dlor}n 3*36 Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn {n}n n tn}lnjcln

    Bwbi{`e 3*1 Cejslab}b rin niesq}n ab =2 {bssens crfn n`qr}n ibaln b abstle {na}ne sne }bs{bc)

    qltnibjqb >?= b 2 cbjqibq}es* Nailqljae ~rb n n`qr}n b rin tn}lntb` cei alsq}lmrlcne je}in`bsqlibies {e} ljqb}tn`e ab 2*

    N bsqlinqltn {e} ljqb}tn`e ab 2,

    =1 =2>3*717

    9 X>4*17, 13*33Y

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    3* Bsqlincne {e} Ljqb}tn`e ab Cejnjcn 32

    3*2*3 Aldb}bjcn ab {}e{e}cebs niesq}nls ab arns {e{r`ncebs {> {=

    Qnmb`n 3*16 Alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi {n}n n aldb}bjcn ab {}e{e}cebs niesq}nls ab arns {e{r`ncebs

    Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Alsq}lmrlcne ab {> {=j> 3; b j= 3; ' {> {=, '{> {=,

    {> '>{>,j>

    ({= '>{=,

    j=

    n J';, >,

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    Cn{qr`e 1

    Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs

    1*> Ljq}earcne

    Jes cn{qr`es = b 3 tlies ceie bsqlin} {ejqrn`ibjqb b {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn es {n}nibq}esab rin {e{r`ncne qbjae anae {n}qlcr`n} }b`bte ne tn`e} ibale kn tn}lnjcln 'b ne abstle {na}ne, b nrin {}e{e}cne*

    Erq}e {}ecbalibjqe irlqe li{e}qnjqb bi ljdb}bjcln bsqnqsqlcn b e qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs b ~rbcejslsqb jn ntb}lorncne an cejslsqbjcln aes anaes niesq}nls cei abqb}iljnans cejfbcqr}ns ~rb sbbsqnmb`bcni sem}b n {e{r`ncne* [e} bwbi{`e6

    Jri abqb}iljnae ab{n}qnibjqe {}bqbjab)sb bsqran} e jrib}e W ab dn`qns ne q}nmn`ge 'abcnan drjclejn}le, ar}njqb es 2 alns rqbls ab rin sbinjn* W b rin {e{r`ncne cei alsq}lmrlcnemljeiln` ab {n}nibq}es '2, {, b e sbr bsqrae {nssn {b`e cejgbclibjqe ae tn`e} ab {* Nssli bsqn)mb`bcb} cejfbcqr}ns sem}b n {e{r`ncne b nalnjqn} tn`e}bs {n}n { ~rb ce}}bs{ejani n bw{bcqnqltns~rb sb qbjgni sem}b W* [e} bwbi{`e {eabies {b}orjqn}6 Sb}n ~rb { 9 ['dn`qn jri aln, ;*3er sb}n ~rb { 9 [ 'dn`qn jri aln, : ;*35

    Je cejq}e`e ae {}ecbsse ab bjon}}ndnibjqe ab }bd}lob}njqb bi `nqns ab 33c` {eabies cejfbcqr}n}6Sb}n ~rb e te`rib ibale ab }bd}lob}njqb {e} on}}ndn b lorn` n 33c` 9 33 'mens cejalcebs abbjon}}ndnibjqe, er sb}n ~rb e te`rib ibale ab }bd}lob}njqb {e} on}}ndn b aldb}bjqb ab 33c` 9 33 'ins cejalcebs ab bjon}}ndnibjqe,*

    Sb}n ~rb e qbi{e ab ar}ncne ab ri qb`bietb` ab rin abqb}iljnan in}cn qbi alsq}lmrlcnebw{ejbjcln`5

    Jes aels {}libl}es bwbi{`es ns cejfbcqr}ns sne dblqns sem}b e tn`e} ab {n}nibq}es an {e{r`ncneer ib`ge} alvbjae sem}b e tn`e} aes {n}nibq}es an alsq}lmrlcne an {e{r`ncne W* Je qb}cbl}e bwbi{`e

    n cejfbcqr}n b dblqn sem}b n {}e{}ln alsq}lmrlcne an {e{r`ncne W*Ns cejfbcqr}ns ~rb sb dnvbi sem}b n {e{r`ncne '~rb} sbfn sem}b es sbrs {n}nibq}es ~rb} sbfn sem}bn {}e{}ln alsq}lmrlcne, abslojni)sb {e} gl{eqbsbs*

    Jri qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs bwlsqbi sbi{}b arns gl{eqbsbs6 N gl{eqbsb jr`n }b{}bsbjqnan {e} G; b ngl{eqbsb n`qb}jnqltn }b{}bsbjqnan {e} G>*

    Jes bwbi{`es nq}ns }bdb}laes ns gl{eqbsbs sne6

    G; 6 { ;*3 ts G> 6 { : ;*3 G; 6 9 33 ts G> 6 9 33

    34

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 3?

    G; 6 W B';, , ts G> 6 W B';, ,

    Es qbsqbs crfns gl{eqbsbs ljclabi sem}b e tn`e} aes {n}nibq}es ab ri {e{r`ncne alvbi)sb qbsqbs{n}nibq}lces b ~rnjae jne bjte`tbi {n}nibq}es alvbi)sb qbsqbs jne){n}nibq}lces* Jns bwbi){`lcncebs njqb}le}bs es aels {}libl}es qbsqbs sne {n}nibq}lces b e r`qlie b jne){n}nibq}lce*

    N gl{eqbsb G; ae sborjae bwbi{`e b rin gl{eqbsb sli{`bs {e}~rb jb`n or}n n{bjns ri tn`e}{n}n e {n}nibq}e* E ibsie jne ncejqbcb jn gl{eqbsb G> abssb bwbi{`e {e}~rb jb`n sb nalnjqnialtb}ses tn`e}bs {n}n * Alv)sb bjqne ~rb G> b rin gl{eqbsb cei{esqn* Qeans ns gl{eqbsbs ~rb or}nijes aels erq}es bwbi{`es sne gl{eqbsbs cei{esqns*

    Jri qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs {}bqbjabies tb}lcn} n tn`lanab an gl{eqbsb n`qb}jnqltn G> b {e} lsse bgnmlqrn` alvb}ies ~rb tnies qbsqn} G>* Ab{els ab bjrjclnan n gl{eqbsb G> ~rb sb ~rb} qbsqn} abjb)sb n gl{eqbsb jr`n G; ceie n gl{eqbsb cei{`bibjqn} ab G>*Je bwbi{`e sem}b e jrib}e ab dn`qns ne q}nmn`ge cejslab}n)sb o}ntb ~rb { 9 [ 'dn`qn jri aln, sbfnsr{b}le} n 3;"* Sb ~rlsb}ies qbsqn} bsqn slqrncne bsqnmb`bcbies n gl{eqbsb G> 6 { : ;*3 b se ab{elscnies n snmb} n gl{eqbsb ~rb n cei{`bibjqn b G; 6 { ;*3*

    E qbsqb ab rin gl{eqbsb G> cejslsqb bi n{}etblqn} n ljde}incne cejqlan jn niesq}n b bi tb}lcn}n cejslsqbjcln abssn ljde}incne cei n gl{eqbsb G; abclaljae)jes bjqne {b`n }bfblcne er jne }bfblcneab G;*

    E {}ecbsse bsqnqsqlce jri qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs cejslsqb bi abqb}iljn} n {}emnml`lanab ab ceies anaes niesq}nls emsb}tnaes n gl{eqbsb jr`n G; sb} dn`sn* Sb bssn {}emnml lanab de} b`btnan cn{}etnan n tn`lanab ab G>* Sb de} {b~rbjn jne abtbies }bfblqn} G; {e}~rb es anaes jne sr{e}qni ntn`lanab ab G>*Jbsqb {}ecbalibjqe n gl{eqbsb jr`n G; b cejslab}nan tb}anabl}n nqb ~rb sb tb}l~rb ~rb jne bwlsqbbtlabjcln bsqnqsqlcn ~rb n sr{e}qb abtbjae bjqne sb} }bfblqnan 'ncblqnjae ceie tn`lan n gl{eqbsbn`qb}jnqltn G>,*

    Bi qb}ies {}nqlces ri qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs cejslsqb jrin {n}qlcne ae cejfrjqe ab qeans n niesq}ns

    ~rb b {esstb` }bce`gb} bi aels srmcejfrjqes abslojnaes {e} }bolne ab }bfblcne 'er }bolne c}qlcn, b}bolne ab ncblqncne*

    Ins ceie n abclsne sem}b n }bfblcne er jne }bfblcne an gl{eqbsb G; b dblqn kn crsqn an ljde}incneniesq}n` {eabies sbi{}b ceibqb} b}}es jn abclsne* Bssbs b}}es sne6 E b}}e ab ql{e L 'er b}}e ab >n

    bs{bclb, ce}}bs{ejabjqb n abclal}ies }bfblqn} n gl{eqbsb G; ~rnjae b`n b tb}anabl}n b e b}}e ab ql{eLL 'er b}}e ab =n bs{bclb, ce}}bs{ejabjqb n jne }bfblqn}ies n gl{eqbsb G; ~rnjae b`n b dn`sn*

    Abclsne G; tb}anabl}n G; dn`sn

    ]bfblqn} G; Abclsne ljce}}bcqn Abclsne ce}}bcqn

    Jne }bfblqn} G; Abclsne ce}}bcqn Abclsne ljce}}bcqn

    Bwlsqljae sbi{}b n {esslml`lanab ab ceibqb}ies bsqbs b}}es ab abclsne {eabies nssecln})`gbs rin

    {}emnml`lanab ab ece}}b}bi* Bssns {}emnml`lanabs sne6 9 ['b}}e ab ql{e L, 9 [']bfblqn} G; pG; b tb}anabl}n ,

    Ne tn`e} inwlie absqn {}emnml`lanab an)sb e jeib ab jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 'rsrn`ibjqb }b{}bsbjqnae{e} ,*Es jtbls ab slojlcnjcln inls rsnaes sne 9 ;*> 9 >;" {n}n rin abclsne {erce slojlcnjqb 9 ;*;2 9 2" {n}n rin abclsne slojlcnjqbb 9 ;*;> 9 >" {n}n rin abclsne n`qnibjqb slojlcnjqb*

    Ne b}}e ab ql{e LL ce}}bs{ejab n {}emnml`lanab

    9 ['b}}e ab ql{e LL, 9 ['Jne }bfblqn} G; pG; b dn`sn ,

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 37

    N ^ 9 > an)sb e jeib ab {eqbjcln*E qbsqb e{qlie sb}n n~rb`b bi ~rb ns {}emnml`lanabs b qbi ri tn`e} ijlie* Cejqrae b

    inqbinqlcnibjqb li{esstb` iljlilvn)`ns slir`qnjbnibjqb* Ab dncqe ~rnjae aliljrl nribjqnb tlcb)tb}sn*

    Jn {}nqlcn es qbsqbs ~rb }bn`lvnies ljc`rbi)sb jes abjeiljnaes qbsqbs ab slojlcnjcln er sbfn

    es qbsqbs bi ~rb e jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 'tn`e} inwlie ab , b bsqnmb`bclae {e} jes 'b {e}qnjqe qbiri tn`e} we, b {n}n es ~rnls n drjcne {eqbjcln > qbi tn`e} inwlie 'er b~rltn`bjqbibjqb qbitn`e} ijlie,*

    [nssnies ab sborlan n n{}bsbjqn} n ibqeae`eoln rsrn` {n}n n cejsq}rcne ab ri qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs{n}n e {n}nibq}e an {e{r`ncne W*

    Ibqeae`eoln6 Nailqnies ~rb L b ri ljqb}tn`e ab tn`e}bs ae {n}nibq}e b ~rb ~rb}bies qbsqn}ns gl{eqbsbs6

    G; 6 L ts G> 6 % L*

    cei ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln *N ibqeae`eoln rsrn` cejslsqb bi6

    Bsce`gb} ri bsqlinae} {n}n Q 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, sbjae 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, rin niesq}n n`bnqe}lnan {e{r`ncne W8

    Sb`bcclejn} rin bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb _ _ 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, ~rb ~rnjql~rb n alsqnjclnabQ'W>, W=, * * * , W j, nes tn`e}bs ab L*Bsqnmb`bcb} 'er cejgbcb}, n alsq}lmrlcne ab _ ~rnjae G; b tb}anabl}n*

    Bjcejq}n} n }bolne ab }bfblcne ] ce}}bs{ejabjqb ne tn`e}bs an bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb _ ~rbbw{}bssbi ri alsqnjclnn G; slojlcnqltnibjqb o}njab lsqe b ~rb n{ejqbi {n}n n jne tn`lanab

    ab G;*

    Dncb n rin niesq}n emsb}tnan '>, =, * * * , j, cn`cr`n} e tn`e} emsb}tnae an bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqbwems 9 _'>, =, * * * , j, b abclal}6

    ]bfblqn} G; sb wems 9 _'>, =, * * * , j, ]8 Jne }bfblqn} G; sb wems 9 _ '>, =, * * * , j, % ]*

    [n}n cnan qbsqb ~rb n sborl} bw{eies l}bies bsce`gb} n bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb _'W>, W=, * * * , W j,abqb}iljn} n }bolne ab }bfblcne ] {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln we n{es e ~rb sb}n {esstb`qein} rin abclsne dncb n rin niesq}n }bce`glan*

    Cei n bte`rcne ans db}}nibjqns ab cn`cr`e b gefb {esstb` abqb}iljn} {}emnml`lanabs ab ieaebw{balqe b ceieae* [e} lsse b noe}n rsrn` nssecln} b qein} abclsebs sem}b ri qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbsnq}ntbs ae cejcblqe ab {)tn`rb*

    E {)tn`rb b rin {}emnml`lanab ~rb ibab nqb ~rb {ejqe es anaes niesq}nls srob}bi n }bfblcne abG; b b bs{bcln`ibjqb li{e}qnjqb ~rnjae e tn`e} emsb}tnae an bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb bsqn irlqe {}ewliean d}ejqbl}n an }bolne ab }bfblcne b {e} lsse jne }bfblqnies G; {e} {erce*

    Abjlcne 1*> Sbfn '>, =, * * * , j, n cejc}bqlvncne ab rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln 'W>, W=, * * * , W j, b

    wems 9 _'>, =, * * * , j,

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 1;

    sb qljgni ece}}lae n`qb}ncebs je onsqe sbinjn` ibale bi n`libjqncne ans ibsins dni`lns* [n}nqn` sb`bcclejer)sb rin niesq}n ab onsqes sbinjnls bi n`libjqncne ab =2 dni`lns 'cei = `ges, ~rb}btb`er rin ibaln 9 >;7 br}es*^rb cejc`rsebs {eabies }bql}n} ncb}cn an n`qb}ncne ae onsqe ibale sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne absqbql{e ab dni`lns5

    N {e{r`ncne bi bsqrae b W)onsqe sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne ans dni`lns cei = `ges ins eljqb}bssb {}lie}aln` alv }bs{blqe n 9 B'W,)onsqe ibale sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne ans dni`lns cei= `ges* N jessn ~rbsqne }bslab bi snmb} sb {b}injbcb lorn` n >;; br}es 9 >;; er sb biNoesqe b aldb}bjqb ab >;; br}es 9 >;;*

    ^rb}bies bjqne qbsqn} n tn`lanab ans gl{eqbsbs

    G; 6 9 >;; ts G> 6 9 >;;

    N abclsne ncb}cn an tn`lanab ab n`orin absqns gl{eqbsbs abtb}n sb} dblqn kn crsqn an ljde}incne ~rbn niesq}n de}jbcb}* Rin tbv ~rb ns gl{eqbsbs alvbi }bs{blqe ne tn`e} ibale an {e{r`ncne abtbiescejslab}n} n ljde}incne ~rb n niesq}n de}jbcb} sem}b * Ins fn snmbies ~rb n ljde}incne niesq}n`sem}b }bslab jn bsqlinqltn ab er sbfn }bslab je tn`e} an ibaln ab rin niesq}n ab alibjsne j

    W 9>

    j

    jl9>

    Wl

    E tn`e} ab W tnl)jes {b}ilql} abclal} sb 9 >;; er sb 9 >;; lsqe b tnl)jes {b}ilql} abclal}sb }bfblqnies G; er sb jne }bfblqnies G;* Ceie qn` se jes }bsqn snmb} ~rnls es tn`e}bs ab W ~rbjes `btni n }bfblqn} G; er n jne }bfblqn} G;* Bi }bsrie {}bclsnies ab rin }bo}n ab abclsne*

    ]bo}n ab abclsne

    Sb W qltb} ri tn`e} irlqe aldb}bjqb 'er alsqnjqb, ab >;; b jnqr}n` ~rb sb abclan ~rb 9 >;;*[eabies alvb} ~rb W b irlqe aldb}bjqb ab >;; sb W >;; de} irlqe o}njab er sbfn sb e tn`e} abW >;; r`q}n{nssn} rin cb}qn ~rnjqlanab n 'n : ;,* Bjqne

    ]bfblqnies 9 >;; sbW >;; : n 'n : ;,

    er ab ieae b~rltn`bjqb

    ]bfblqnies G; sbW >;; : n 'n : ;,

    Je cnse ob}n` ae qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs ml`nqb}n`

    G; 6 9 ; ts G> 6 9 ;

    ]bfblqnies G; sbW ; : n 'n : ;,

    Jbsqb bwbi{`e, e ~rb sne es b}}es ab abclsne5

    Nailqnies ns sborljqbs slqrncebs6

    >* Bi Noesqe e onsqe ibale sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne {b}injbcb lorn` n >;; br}es 9 >;;* Lsqeb e ~rb ncejqbcb jn {e{r`ncne ins jes jne snmbies {e}~rb jne njn`lsnies n {e{r`ncne jnqeqn`lanab*

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 1>

    Sr{ejgnies ~rb e ncnse an niesq}nobi `btntn n ~rb sb emqltbssbi tn`e}bs niesq}nls sem}be onsqe sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne irlqe b`btnaes 'irlqe {b~rbjes,* Bjqne W qb}ln ri tn`e}b`btnae '{b~rbje, b ab qn` ieae b`btnae '{b~rbje, ~rb

    W >;; : n* Ceie cejsb~rbjclnl}nies abclal} }bfblqn} G; er sbfn abclal} ~rb 9 >;;*N jessn abclsne sb}ln b}}nan {e}~rb 'mnsbnaes jn niesq}n, abclanies ~rb

    9 >;; b ab dncqe

    9 >;;* Bsqn}nies n ceibqb} ri b}}e ab ql{e L jeibnanibjqb n }bfblqn} G; 6 9 >;;~rnjae G; b tb}anabl}n*

    =* Bi Noesqe e onsqe ibale sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne sed}br rin n`qb}ncne b {nsser n qb} ritn`e} 9 >;;* Lsqe b e ~rb ncejqbcb jn {e{r`ncne ins jes jne snmbies {e}~rb jne njn`lsniesn {e{r`ncne jn qeqn`lanab*

    Sr{ejgnies ~rb n ibaln niesq}n` W bwlmln ri tn`e} jne irlqe aldb}bjqb ab >;; ab qn` ieae~rb

    W >;; n* Ceie cejsb~rbjcln l}nies abclal} jne }bfblqn} G; 6 9 >;; er sbfnabclal} ~rb e onsqe ibale sbinjn` cejqljrntn lorn` n >;;*

    Bsqn abclsne sb}ln b}}nan {e}~rb 'mnsbnaes jn niesq}n, abclanies ~rb 9 >;; b ab dncqe9 >;;* E b}}e ceibqlae b}n ri b}}e ab ql{e LL jeibnanibjqb jne }bfblqn} G

    ; ~rnjae G

    ;b

    dn`sn*

    [}emnml`lanab aes b}}es ab abclsne

    Ns {}emnml`lanabs aes b}}es ab abclsne sne jbsqb cnse

    9 [']bfblqn} G; pG; tb}anabl}n, 9 [W >;; : n p 9 >;; 'jtb` ab slojlcnjcln,

    ', 9 ['Jne }bfblqn} G; pG; dn`sn, 9 [W >;; n p 9 >;;

    JEQN6 E qbsqb ~rb noe}n bw{eies b ri qbsqb ~rb iljlilvn ', {n}n cnan 'jtb` ab slo)jlcnjcln, ~rb bsce`gb}ies*

    ]bolne ab }bfblcne er }bolne c}qlcnCejslab}bies ns gl{eqbsbs objb}lcns {n}n ri qbsqb ml`nqb}n` sem}b e tn`e} ibale

    G; 6 9 ; ts G> 6 9 ;Fn tlies ~rb {eabies

    ]bfblqn} G; sbW ;

    : n 'n : ;,

    Ins ~rn` e tn`e} ab n5Nailqnies ~rb bsce`gnies ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln {n}n e jesse qbsqb* Bjqne

    9 [W ; : n p 9 ;

    Q}nqn)sb ab rin {}emnml`lanab crfe tn`e} cejgbcbies e ~rb abscejgbcbies b e tn`e} ab n* Inssb sermb}ies ~rn` n alsq}lmrlcne an t*n* W {eabies q}nmn`gn} bsqn lorn`anab sem}b {}emnml`lanabs b{e}qnjqe abarvl} e tn`e} ab n*

    Sr{ejgnies ~rb n {e{r`ncne oevn ans sborljqbs cn}ncqb}sqlcns6

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 1=

    W qbi alsq}lmrlcne je}in` ab tn`e} ibale b tn}lnjcln cejgbclan = 9 T 'W, W J, =Bjqne n jessn niesq}n n`bnqe}ln 'W>, * * * , W j, b cejsqlqran {e} t*n*s cei alsq}lmrlcne J

    , =

    b {e}qnjqe W qbi alsq}lmrlcne je}in` ab tn`e} ibale b tn}lnjcln =%j W J,

    =

    j lsqe bV 9

    j

    W

    J';, >,*

    ^rnjae G; 6 9 ; b tb}anabl}n V 9

    jW ;

    sem G;

    J';, >,

    Noe}n fn {eabies abqb}iljn} e tn`e} ab n*

    9 [W ; : n p 9 ; 9 [j W ;

    : j n

    9 [

    pVp : j n

    j

    9

    9 [

    V 0 j n

    ( [

    V :

    j

    n

    9

    j n

    ( >

    j

    n

    9

    9 >

    jn

    ( >

    jn

    9 = =

    jn

    9 =

    >

    jn

    er sbfn

    jn

    9 >

    = j n

    9 >

    >

    =

    9 v%= n 9

    j

    v%=

    ]bo}n ab abclsne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln

    ]bfblqn} G; sbW ; :

    jv%=

    er ab ieae b~rltn`bjqb

    ]bfblqn} G; sb j W ; : v%=

    JEQNS6

    ]b{n}b ~rb cejsborlies abarvl} e tn`e} ab n {e}~rb sermbies ns cn}ncqb}sqlcns an {e{r`ncneb {e}qnjqe cejsborlies snmb} ~rn` n alsq}lmrlcne ab W* ]b{n}b qnimbi ~rb bsqb cejgbclibjqeans cn}ncqb}sqlcns an {e{r`ncne W ce}}bs{ejab kn slqrncne N absc}lqn jn sbccne =*1*>*

    V 9 j W ;

    b n bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb b V 9

    jW ;

    9;

    J';, >,*

    N }bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln b ] ,v%= v%=, (* N }bo}n ab abclsne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln sb}n n ab }bfblqn} G; cnse vems 9

    j

    ;

    ]*

    ^rnjqe ne { tn`rb qb})sb)n{ tn`rb 9 ['pVp : pvemsp pG; , ,

    cei V 9;

    J';, >,*

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 13

    Bwbi{`e 1*= Cejqljrncne ae bwbi{`e 1*>Ns gl{eqbsbs sne

    G; 6 9 >;; ts G> 6 9 >;;

    Snmbies ~rb 9 >2 b ~rb n niesq}n ab j 9 =2 emsb}tncebs de}jbcbr 9 >;7*

    Bsqlinae} ab 6 W 9 jl9> Wl%j8 Bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb6 V 9 =2W>;;>2 9>;; J';, >,8

    ]bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 9 ;*;26];*;2 Y,cX Yc, (X cei c qn` ~rb ;*;2 9 ['V ];*;2,['V ];*;2, 9 ['pVp : c, 9 =[ 'V : c,;*;2 9 =['V : c, ['V : c, 9 ;*;=2 c 9 v;*;=2 9 >***;7>;;>2 9 =*44? ];*;2]bfblqnies G; ne jtb` ab slojlcnjcln ab 2" lsqe b bwlsqb btlabjcln bsqnqsqlcn {n}n {eab}iesn}in} ~rb bwlsqb n`qb}ncne je onsqe ibale sbinjn` je ibs ab Noesqe*

    Cn`cr`e b abclsne {b`e { tn`rbSbjae vems 9

    =2>;7>;;>2 9 =*44?

    { tn`rb 9 ['pVp : p=*44?p, 9 =['V : =*44?, 9 = '> ['V =*44?,, 9 = '> ;*

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 11

    Qnmb`n 1*>6 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs ml`nqb}n` {n}n e tn`e} ibale

    G; 6 9 ; ts G> 6 9 ;

    Slqrncne Cejgbclibjqe ab W b an niesq}n Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne 'c : ;,

    N W J, = cei = cejgbclan V 9 jW; 9; J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (XM W5 cei = cejgbclan b j 3; V 9 jW;

    n9;

    J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (XC W J, = cei = abscejgbclan Q 9 jW;S 9; qj> Y,cX Yc, (XA W5 cei = abscejgbclan b j 3; V 9 jW;S

    n9;

    J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (X

    Dlor}n 1*>6 Qbsqb ml`nqb}n` {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A

    Dlor}n 1*=6 Qbsqb ml`nqb}n` {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncne C

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 14

    1*=*= Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n e tn`e} ibale

    Ns gl{eqbsbs jri qbsqb ml`nqb}n` sem}b e tn`e} ibale cejfbcqr}ni sb e tn`e} ibale ab rin{e{r`ncne W qbi ri tn`e} ; er sb ece}}b}ni n`qb}ncebs b e sbr tn`e} ncqrn` b aldb}bjqb ab ;* Ins{e} tbvbs qbi inls ljqb}bssb snmb} sb bssns n`qb}ncebs ece}}b}ni je sbjqlae ae tn`e} ab sb} noe}n

    inle} ~rb ;*

    G; 6 ; ts G> 6 : ;Tbfn)sb e sborljqb bwbi{`e6Bwbi{`e 1*1 Njrjcln)sb ~rb ri jete q}nqnibjqe b inls bcnv ~rb e q}nqnibjqe q}nalclejn` {n}n{}e`ejon} n tlan ab aebjqbs bi bsqnae qb}iljn` sed}bjae ab cnjc}e* E q}nqnibjqe q}nalclejn` fn b rsnaekn n`ori qbi{e b snmb)sb ~rb n srn n{`lcncne {}etecn ri qbi{e ibale ab 1*= njes ab sem}btltbjclncei ri abstle {na}ne ab >*> njes*E jete q}nqnibjqe del nailjlsq}nae n 7; {nclbjqbs b es qbi{es }bolsqnaes ab sem}btltbjcln kn aebjcnabsab e ceibce ae q}nqnibjqe bwlml}ni rin ibaln niesq}n` ab 1*2 njes*Sb}n ~rb bsqn ljde}incne ce}}eme}n e njrjcle dblqe ne jete q}nqnibjqe5

    Ns cejfbcqr}ns bi cnrsn sne

    G; 6 1*= ts G> 6 : 1*=

    sbjae e qbi{e ibale ab sem}btltbjcln absab e ljcle ab ri q}nqnibjqe*Jnqr}n`ibjqb n }bo}n ab abclsne {nssn {e} }bfblqn}ies n gl{eqbsb G; 6 1*= sb

    W 1*= de}

    irlqe o}njab lsqe b sb

    W 1*= : m ceim : ;*Ins ~rn` n alsq}lmrlcne ab W5 Sb cejslab}n}ies ~rb e abstle {na}ne sb injqbi cei e tn`e} ab

    9 >*> njes bsqnies je cnse an slqrncne M an sbccne =*1*> {e}~rb jne sb cejgbcb n alsq}lmrlcne an{e{r`ncne W)qbi{e ab sem}btltbjcln absab e ljcle ab ri q}nqnibjqe ins cejgbcb)sb n srn tn}lnjclnb qbi)sb rin niesq}n ab alibjsne j 9 7; 3;* [e}qnjqe {eabies alvb} ~rb ~rnjae 9 ; 1*=

    V 9 j W ;

    qbi alsq}lmrlcne nssljqeqlcn J';, >,

    V 9 j W ;

    n9;

    J';, >,

    Bjqne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln

    9 inw [']bfblqn} G; pG; tb}anabl}n, 9 inw

    [

    W 1*= : m p 1*= 9 [W 1*= : m p 9 1*= 99 [

    j

    W 1*=

    :

    jm

    >

    j

    m

    Cejslab}njae 9 >

    jm

    j m

    9 > '> , 9 v

    ]bo}n ab abclsne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln

    ]bfblqn} G; sb W 1*= : j

    v

    er ab ieae b~rltn`bjqb

    ]bfblqn} G; sb

    jW 1*=

    : v

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 17

    Qnmb`n 1*=6 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n e tn`e} ibale

    G; 6 ; ts G> 6 : ;

    Slqrncne Cejgbclibjqe ab W b an niesq}n Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne

    N W J, = cei = cejgbclan V 9 jW; 9; J';, >, Yc, (XM W5 cei = cejgbclan b j 3; V 9 jW;

    n9;

    J';, >, Yc, (XC W J, = cei = abscejgbclan Q 9 jW;S 9; qj> Yc, (XA W5 cei = abscejgbclan b j 3; V 9 jW;S

    n9;

    J';, >, Yc, (X

    Dlor}n 1*16 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` al}blqe {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncne C

    1*=*3 Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale

    Ins qnimbi {eab qb} ljqb}bssb snmb} sb ns n`qb}ncebs ab ece}}bi je sbjqlae ae sbr tn`e} sb}ibje} ~rb ;*

    G; 6 ; ts G> 6 0 ;Tbfnies e sborljqb bwbi{`e6Bwbi{`e 1*2 Jri {}ecbsse ab dnm}lce ab {`ncns ab tla}e {}earvbi)sb me`gns ~rb sb alsq}lmrbin`bnqe}lnibjqb {b`ns {`ncns* Cei mnsb jn nmrjanjqb ljde}incne }bce`glan {b`e ab{n}qnibjqe ab ~rn`)lanab n abjslanab ibaln ans me`gns bsqlintn)sb nqb gn {erce qbi{e bi ;*1 me`gns%i=*]bcbjqbibjqb dbv)sb rin qbjqnqltn ab ib`ge}n} e {}ecbsse {}earqlte bi {n}qlcr`n} je qecnjqb ne

    n{n}bclibjqe absqb ql{e ab abdblqe* Ab{els ab sb}bi ljq}earvlans n`orin n`qb}ncebs je {}ecbsse abdnm}lce }bce`gbr)sb rin niesq}n cejsqlqran {e} >2 {`ncns ab 1*2 i= b }bolsqer)sb e jrib}e ab me`)gns bi cnan rin ab`ns* N ibaln an niesq}n del ab 9 ;*3>? me`gns%i= b e abstle {na}ne niesq}n`del ab s 9 ;*==21 me`gns%i=*Tb}l~rbies ne jtb` ab slojlcnjcln ab 2" sb n abjslanab bs{b}nan ab me`gns {e} i= aliljrlr*

    Sb }b{}bsbjqn} n abjslanab ibaln ab me`gns%i= ns gl{eqbsbs ~rb bsqne bi cnrsn sne6

    G; 6 ;*1 ts G> 6 0 ;*1Dncb kn {}bsbjqb gl{eqbsb jr`n G; 6 ;*1 n }bo}n ab abclsne inls jnqr}n` {nssn {e} }bfblqn}ies

    G; 6 ;*1 sb

    W ;*1 de} irlqe ibje} ~rb ; lsqe b sb W ;*1 0 c ceic 0 ;*

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 2;

    ^rnjqe ne { tn`rb qb})sb)n

    { tn`rb 9 ['Q 0 qems p 9 ;*1 , 9 [ 'Q 0 >*1=4>?, 9 ['Q : >*1=4>?, 9 ;*;7?1* Nssli { tn`rb : ;*;2 {b}ilqb)jes abclal} {b`n jne }bfblcne ab G; ne jtb ab 2" ab slojlcnjcln*

    [n}n bsqn b erq}ns slqrncebs }bdb}bjqbs ne cejgbclibjqe an {e{r`ncne b an niesq}n qbi)sb n qqr`eab }bsrie6

    Qnmb`n 1*36 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale

    G; 6 ; ts G> 6 0 ;

    Slqrncne Cejgbclibjqe ab W b an niesq}n Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne

    N W J, = cei = cejgbclan V 9 jW; 9; J';, >, Y, cXM W5 cei = cejgbclan b j 3; V 9 jW;

    n9;

    J';, >, Y, cXC W J, = cei = abscejgbclan Q 9 jW;S 9; qj> Y, cXA W5 cei = abscejgbclan b j 3; V 9 jW;S

    n9;

    J';, >, Y, cX

    Dlor}n 1*26 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncebs N M b A

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 2>

    Dlor}n 1*46 Qbsqb rjl`nqb}n` bs~rb}ae {n}n e tn`e} ibale6 Slqrncne C

    1*3 Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n n tn}lnjcln

    Jbsqn sbccne tnies abalcn} n nqbjcne bwc`rsltnibjqb n gl{eqbsbs ~rb bsqnmb`bcbi cejfbcqr}nssem}b n tn}lnjcln = 9 T 'W, ab rin {e{r`ncne W*

    Es {}ecbalibjqes b es cejcblqes sne slil`n}bs nes rql`lvnaes jns abarcebs aes qbsqbs {n}n e tn`e}ibale*

    Es {}bssr{esqes n bsqnmb`bcb} sem}b n bw{b}lbjcln bsqnqsqlcn sne6>* Qb} rin niesq}n n`bnqe}ln 'W>, * * * , W j, ab alibjsne j an {e{r`ncne W8

    =* N {e{r`ncne W qb} rin alsq}lmrlcne je}in` cei tn`e} ibale b tn}lnjcln = abscejgbclans*

    [n}n bsqlinae} ab

    =

    tnies rsn} S

    =

    9

    >

    j > jl9> Wl W= b {n}n bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqbW= 9

    'j >, S==

    ~rb ~rnjqlcn}n n alsqnjclnbjq}b S= b = nq}ntbs ab ri ~reclbjqb*

    1*3*> Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs ml`nqb}n` {n}n n tn}lnjcln

    Cejslab}bies ns gl{eqbsbs

    G; 6 = 9 =; ts G> 6

    =

    9 =;

    Jnqr}n`ibjqb ~rb abtbies }bfblqn} n gl{eqbsb = 9 =; sb n niesq}n jes de}jbcb} rin bsqlinqltn

    S= irlqe aldb}bjqbab =;* Alqe ab erq}e ieae sb e ~reclbjqbS=

    =;de} irlqe {b~rbje er sb de} irlqe

    o}njab* Ins sb lsqe ncejqbcb} qnimbi e ~reclbjqb'j >, S=

    =;abtb}n sb} abinslnae{b~rbje er

    abinslnaeo}njab* Jrin de}ir`ncne inqbinqlcn abtb}bies }bfblqn} n gl{eqbsb ab = 9 =; sb

    'j >, S==;

    0 n er'j >, S=

    =;: m*

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 22

    Dlor}n 1*j>jl9>

    Wl W

    =8

    Bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb6 W= 9 = Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n n {}e{e}cne

    Bwbi{`e 1*? Ri ceib}clnjqb nailqb ~rb n {esslml`lanab ab ri c`lbjqb na~rl}l} {b`e ibjes ri{}earqe jn srn `efn b cejsqnjqb b ab tn`e} sr{b}le} n ;*1* Ar}njqb ri ibs cejqer e jrib}es ab

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 24

    Qnmb`n 1*16 Qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs {n}n n tn}lnjcln

    G; 6 = 9 =; ts G> 6

    = 9 =;Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne '; 0 c> 0 c=,

    W J, = abscejgbclae W= 9 'j>,S==; =9=;

    =

    j> X;, c>X Yc=, (XG; 6

    = =; ts G> 6 = 0 =;Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne 'c : ;,

    W J, = abscejgbclae W= 9 'j>,S==;

    =9=

    ;

    =j> X;, cX

    G; 6 = =; ts G> 6 = : =;

    Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne 'c : ;,

    W J, = abscejgbclae W= 9 'j>,S==;

    =9=

    ;

    =j> Yc, (X

    Qnmb`n 1*26 Qbsqbs {n}n n {}e{e}cne {

    G; 6 { 9 {; ts G> 6 { 9 {;Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne 'c : ;,

    W M '>, {, j 3; V 9 j [{;{;'>{;,

    n{9{;

    J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (XG; 6 { {; ts G> 6 { 0 {;

    Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne

    W M '>, {, j 3; V 9 j [{;{;'>{;,

    n{9{;

    J';, >, Y, cXG; 6 { {; ts G> 6 { : {;

    Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne

    W

    M '>, {, j

    3; V 9

    j [{;

    {;'>{;,

    n

    {9{;

    J';, >, Yc, (

    X

    c`lbjqbs ~rb bjq}n}ni jn `efn nssli ceie es ~rb vb}ni n`orin cei{}n qbjae }bolsqnae es tn`e}bs7?7 b 1 6 { : ;*1~rb tnies qbsqn} cei ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 9 >;"*

    N ljde}incne als{ejtb b6

    { 9 1,8

    ]bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 9 >;"6 ];*>; Y,cX Yc, (X cei cqn` ~rb ;*>; 9 ['V ];*>;,*;*>; 9 ['V ];*>;, ;*>; 9 ['pVp : c, ;*>; 9 =[ 'V : c, ;*;2 9 ['V : c, c 9 v;*;2 9 >*=7Bjqne ];*>; Y,>*=7X Y>*=7, (X8

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 2?

    ]bo}n ab abclsne ne jtb` ab slojlcnjcln ab >;"6 ]bfblqn}G; sbvems Y,>*=7XY>*=7, (X8 Abclsne ne jtb` ab >;" ab slojlcnjcln6 vems 9

    7?7 ;*24;*1

    ;*1'>;*1, 9 ; `eoe }bfblqniesG; er sbfn bwlsqb btlabjcln bsqnqsqlcn {n}n n}in} ~rb n {}emnml`lanab ab ~rn`~rb} c`lbjqb dnvb}rin cei{}n b sr{b}le} n ;*1 cei rin slojlcnjcln ab >;"*

    E {)tn`rb nsseclnae ne qbsqb b6 { tn`rb 9 ['pVp : pvemsp, 9 [ 'pVp : 9 = ts G> 6 > 9 =Slqrncne Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne 'c : ;,

    N W J>, => , \ J=, == V 9 W\=>

    j>(==

    j=

    >9=

    J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (X=> ,

    == cejgbclans

    M W5, \ 5 V 9 W\=>

    j>(==

    j=

    n>9=

    J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (X

    => , == cejgbclans j> b j= 3;

    C W J>, => , \ J=, == Q 9 W\S{

    >

    j>( >j=

    >9=

    qj>(j== Y,cX Yc, (X=> 9

    == abscejgbclan

    A W5, \ 5 V 9 W\S=>

    j>(S==

    j=

    n>9=

    J';, >, Y,cX Yc, (X

    => , == abscejgbclans j> b j= 3;

    G; 6 > = ts G> 6 > 0 =Slqrncne Cejalcebs ab n{`lcncne Bsqnqsqlcn qbsqb ]bolne }bfblcne

    N W J>, => , \ J=, == V 9 W\=>

    j>(==

    j=

    >9=

    J';, >, Y, cX

    => , == cejgbclans

    M W5, \ 5 V 9 W\=>

    j>(==

    j=

    n>9=

    J';, >, Y, cX

    => , == cejgbclans j> b j= 3;

    C W J

    >,

    =>

    , \ J

    =,

    ==

    Q 9

    W\

    S{

    >

    j>( >j=

    >9=

    qj>(j== Y, cX

    =

    > 9 =

    = abscejgbclanA W5, \ 5 V 9 W\

    S=>

    j>(S==

    j=

    n>9=

    J';, >, Y, cX

    => , == abscejgbclans j> b j= 3;

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 4>

    N d}b~rbjcln }b`nqltn ab rin c`nssb b rin bsqlinqltn an {}emnml`lanab abssn c`nssb*[e} bwbi{`e n d}b~rbjcln }b`nqltn 1%34 9 ;*>>> an c`nssb Y3*7, 1*;Y b rin bsqlinqltn an tb}anabl}n

    {}emnml`lanab absqn c`nssb er sbfn ab ['3*7 0 W 1*;,*E}n sb n gl{eqbsb G;6 W qbi alsq}lmrlcne je}in` de} tb}anabl}n lsqe b sb W J

    , =

    {= 9 ['C C=, 9 ['3*7 0 W 1*;, 9 ['W 1*;, ['W 3*7, 99 [

    V 1*;

    [

    V 3*7

    9

    9

    1*;

    3*7

    ~rb jne {eabies cn`cr`n} {e}~rb abscejgbcbies e tn`e} ab b ab *

    Cejqrae snmbies ~rb es bsqlinae}bs W b S de}jbcbi mens bsqlinqltns {n}n b {n}n }bs{bcql)tnibjqb* [e}qnjqe {eabies bsqlin} n njqb}le} {}emnml`lanab srmsqlqrljae {e} W b {e} S*

    Nssli

    {= 9 ['W C=, 1*;

    s 3*7

    s 99 '>*=>, '>*?;, 9 ;*;4Jeqn6 ]b{n}b ~rb {n}n e cn`cr`e an {}emnml`lanab deies em}lonaes n rsn} ns bsqlinqltns ab =

    {n}nibq}es*

    Sb }b{bql}ies bsqb }nclecjle {n}n ns }bsqnjqbs c`nssbs bjqne ns d}b~rbjclns }b`nqltns =%34 9 ;*;241%34 9 ;*>>> 2%34 9 ;*>37 4%34 9 ;*>4? 4%34 9 ;*>4? ?%34 9 ;*>>> b =%34 9 ;*;24ans c`nssbs }bs{bcqltnibjqb Y, 3*7Y Y3*7, 1*;Y Y1*;, 1*=Y Y1*=, 1*1Y Y1*1, 1*4Y Y1*4, 1*7Y Y1*7, 2*;Y bY2*;, (X sne bsqlinqltns ans sborljqbs {}emnml`lanabs 'cnse G; sbfn tb}anabl}n,

    {> 9 ['W C>, 9 ['W 3*7, 3*7

    s 9 '>*?;, 9 ;*;114{= 9 ['W C=, 9 ;*;4{3 9 ['W C3, 9 ['1*; 0 W 1*=,

    1*=

    s

    1*;

    s

    9

    9 ';*?>, '>*=>, 9 ;*>=37{1 9 ['W C1, 9 ['1*= 0 W 1*1,

    1*1

    s

    1*=

    s

    9

    9 ';*==, ';*?>, 9 ;*>?17{2 9 ['W C2, 9 ['1*1 0 W 1*4,

    1*4

    s

    1*1

    s

    9

    9 ';*=?,

    '

    ;*==, 9 ;*>?;4{? 9 ['W C?, 9 ['1*7 0 W 2*;,

    1*7

    s

    2*;

    s

    9

    9 '>*=4, ';*?4, 9 ;*>>7>{7 9 ['W C7, 9 ['W : 2*;, >

    2*;

    s

    9 > '>*=4, 9 ;*>;12

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 4=

    Ncejqbcb ~rb sb n gl{eqbsb G;6 W J

    , =

    de} tb}anabl}n n aldb}bjcn bjq}b n d}b~rbjcln}b`nqltn b n {}emnml`lanab ab cnan c`nssb jne abtb sb} irlqe o}njab*

    Ins sb n gl{eqbsbG;6W J

    , =

    jne de} tb}anabl}n n alsc}b{njcln bjq}b n d}b~rbjcln }b`nqltnb n {}emnml`lanab ab cnan c`nssb {eab}n sb} irlqe o}njab*

    ]bsriljae abtb}bies }bfblqn} G;6 W

    J, = sb e qeqn` ans aldb}bjcns bjq}b ns d}b~rbjclns}b`nqltns b ns {}emnml`lanabs ab qeans ns c`nssbs de} irlqe o}njab lsqe b sb

    hl9>

    'Dl {l,=

    de} irlqe o}njab ejab h }b{}bsbjqn e qeqn` ab c`nssbs cejslab}nans*Cejqrae b inls ceieae q}nmn`gn}ies cei ns d}b~rbjclns nmse`rqns El 9 jDl ae ~rb cei n

    d}b~rbjclns }b`nqltns b ceie qn` abtb}bies }bfblqn}G;6 W J

    , =

    sb

    h

    l9> 'El j{l,=

    de} irlqe o}njab*N ~rnjqlanab j{l b abslojnan {e} d}b~rbjcln bs{b}nan an c`nssb l b }b{}bsbjqn)sb {e} Bl 9 j{l*Jn }bn`lanab jne b bwncqnibjqb n sein

    hl9>

    'El Bl,=

    ~rb sb}tl}n {n}n qbsqn}ies ns jessns gl{eqbsbs ins sli n sein

    W=

    9

    hl9>

    'El

    Bl,

    =

    Bl

    ~rb sb abslojn {e} bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb ae ~rl)~rna}nae*Nssli }bfblqn}bies n gl{eqbsbG;6W J

    , =

    ~rnjae W= nssril} tn`e}bs abinslnae b`btnaes

    b {e}qnjqe n }bolne ab }bfblcne ae qbsqb b6

    ] Yc,X

    sbjae e jtb` ab slojlcnjcln ~rb nssecln}ies kn jessn abclsne*Bsce`glae bssb jtb` ab slojlcnjcln e tn`e} c sb}n n~rb`b qe}jn tn`lan n lorn`anab6

    9 [W= ] 9 [W= : cb ceie qn` {}bclsnies ab snmb} {}btlnibjqb ~rn` n alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi an bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqbW=*

    ^rn` n alsq}lmrlcne ab niesq}nobi ab W=5^rnjae G; b tb}anabl}n W

    = qbi alsq}lmrlcne ae ~rl)~rna}nae cei ri jrib}e ab o}nrs ab `lmb})anab lorn` n 'je c`nssbs je {n}nibq}es bsqlinaes >, 9 'h = >, 9 'h 3, o}nrs ab `lmb}anab bbsc}btbies ab ieae nm}btlnae

    W= semG;

    =h3

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 43

    Bjqne

    9 [

    W= : c c 9 =h36

    b n }bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln b6

    ] =h36, (]bsriljae

    ]bo}n ab abclsne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln

    ]bfblqn} G; sb W= 9hl9>

    'El Bl,=Bl

    : =h36

    Dlor}n 1*>;6 Qbsqb ae ~rl)~rna}nae ne {}bssr{esqe ab je}in`lanab

    Bwbi{`e 1*>; Tnies noe}n cejc`rl} e jesse bwbi{`e 1* Y, 3*7Y = >*4;24 = Y3*7, 1*;Y 1 =*17?4 3 Y1*;, 1*=Y 2 1*1247 1 Y1*=, 1*1Y 4 4*=7=< 2 Y1*1, 1*4Y 4 ?*;;=; 4 Y1*4, 1*7Y ? 4*>1>4 ? Y1*7, 2*;Y 1 1*=2>4 7 Y2*;, (X = 3*?4=;

    Qeqnls 34 34

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 41

    Njqbs ab {}essborl}ies je cn`cr`e ae tn`e} emsb}tnae an bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb W= abtbies dnvb}ri }b)no}r{nibjqe ans c`nssbs {e}~rb jrin men {}nqlcn absqb qbsqb b rsrn` bwlol})sb ~rb qeans nsc`nssbs qbjgni tn`e}bs bs{b}naes sr{b}le}bs n 2 lsqe b

    Bl 9 j{l : 2, > l h, sbjae h e qeqn` ab c`nssbs

    Jbsqb bwbi{`e abtbies no`rqljn} ns c`nssbs >= b 3 nssli ceie ns c`nssbs ? b 7 sbjae n d}b~rbjclnbs{b}nan ans jetns c`nssbs lorn` kns d}b~rbjclns ans c`nssbs ~rb sb rjl}ni*

    N sborl} n{}bsbjqnies n qnmb`n ab d}b~rbjclns emsb}tnans b bs{b}nans n ~rb sb nalclejn rin r`qlince`rjn 'e{clejn`, cei ns {n}cb`ns an bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb ae ~rl)~rna}nae*

    C`nssb D}b~rbjcln nmse`rqn D}b~rbjcln bs{b}nan

    l Cl El Bl 'El Bl,= %Bl> Y, 1*=Y >> 7*22;; ;*?;=; = Y1*=, 1*1Y 4 4*=7=< ;*;>34 3 Y1*1, 1*4Y 4 ?*;;=; ;*>131

    1 Y1*4, 1*7Y ? 4*>1>4 ;*>=;; 2 Y1*7, (X 4 7*;>34 ;*2;4; Qeqnls 34 34 >*172

    Bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb6 W= 9 2l9> 'El Bl,= %Bl semG;

    =2=> =={e}~rb qbies h 9 2 c`nssbs b bsqlinies { 9 = {n}nibq}es8

    ]bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 9 2"6];*;2 Yc, (X cei c qn` ~rb [

    W= ];*;2

    9 ;*;2*

    [

    W= ];*;2

    9 ;*;2 [

    W= : c

    9 ;*;2 c ==6;*;2 9 2*2 br}es*

    Ns jessns gl{eqbsbs sne

    G; 6 W J

    , >2=

    ts G> 6 W jne qbi alsq}lmrlcne J

    , >2=

    Sb cejslab}n}ies rin niesq}n ab onsqes bi n`libjqncne abj 9 1; dni`lns b e sbr no}r{nibjqebi c`nssbs bw{esqe jn qnmb`n sborljqb6

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 42

    Qnmb`n ab d}b~rbjclns

    C`nssb D}b~rbjcln emsb}tnanl Cl El> Y, ?2Y >= Y?2, 72Y =

    3 Y72, ;2 Y>;2, >>2Y >=4 Y>>2, >=2Y 7? Y>=2, >32Y 37 Y>32, (X >

    Qeqnls 1;

    b snmbjae ~rb 9 >;7 br}es {}bclsnies noe}n ab cn`cr`n} n d}b~rbjcln bs{b}nan ab cnan c`nssb{}bssr{ejae ~rb n gl{eqbsb G; b tb}anabl}n er sbfn {}bssr{ejae ~rb W J

    , >2=

    *

    [n}n bwbi{`lcncne n{}bsbjqnies e cn`cr`e an d}b~rbjcln bs{b}nan an c`nssb C3 9 Y72, 2

    9

    9 1;

    2

    72

    >2

    Ins ceie abscejgbcbies e tn`e} ab qb}bies ab e srmsqlqrl} {b`n }bs{bcqltn bsqlinqltn 9 >;7*

    Jeqn6 ]b{n}b ~rb {n}n e cn`cr`e ans d}b~rbjclns bs{b}nans seies em}lonaes n rsn} n bsqlinqltnab > {n}nibq}e*

    Bjqne

    B3 9 j{3 1;

    2

    72

    >2

    9

    9 1; ' ';*7?, '>*23,, 9 1; ;*>3;2 9 2*==;;Cei{`bqnjae e cn`cr`e ans }bsqnjqbs d}b~rbjclns bs{b}nans b cejslab}njae n bsqnqsqlcn ae qbsqb ae

    ~rl)~rna}nae

    W= 9?

    l9>'El Bl,=

    Bl

    ~rb 'sem n tn`lanab ab G; 6 W

    , >2=

    , qb}n noe}n alsq}lmrlcne ae ~rl)~rna}nae cei ri jrib}eab o}nrs ab `lmb}anab lorn` n'je c`nssbs je {n}nibq}es bsqlinaes >, 9 '? > >, 9 2 emqbi)sb

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    1* Qbsqb ab Gl{eqbsbs 44

    C`nssb D}b~rbjcln emsb}tnan D}b~rbjcln bs{b}nan

    l Cl El Bl 'El Bl,= %Bl> Y, ?2Y >

    4;*224

    ?*?=1 ;*3717 = Y?2, 72Y = >*;2, >>2Y >= >;*324 ;*=4>; 4 Y>>2, >=2Y 7 ?*4?= ;*;>1; 4 Y>=2, >32Y 3

    13*?;1

    2*>1; ;*=2=7 ? Y>32, (X > >*134

    Qeqnls 1; 1; >*;;;;

    Bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb6 W= 9 2l9> 'El Bl,= %Bl semG;

    =2>> =3{e}~rb qbies h 9 2 c`nssbs b bsqlinies { 9 > {n}nibq}es8

    ]bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 9 2"6];*;2 Yc, (X cei c qn` ~rb [

    W= ];*;2

    9 ;*;2*

    [

    W= ];*;2

    9 ;*;2 [W= : c 9 ;*;2 c =36;*;2 9 ?*7>2* Nssli ];*;2 Y?*7>2, (X8 ]bo}n ab }bfblcne ne jtb` ab 2" ab slojlcnjcln6 ]bfblqn} G; sb =ems Y?*7>2, (X8 Abclsne {n}n 2" ab slojlcnjcln6 Ceie =ems 9 >*;;;; % ];*;2 jne bwlsqb btlabjcln bsqnqsqlcn

    {n}n artlan} ab ~rb n {e{r`ncne W)onsqe sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne '{n}n dni`lns cei aels`ges, bi Noesqe ab =;;3 qbi alsq}lmrlcne je}in` cei abstle {na}ne cejgbclae b ab tn`e} 9 >2 br}es*

    { tn`rb nsseclnae ne qbsqb6 { tn`rb 9 [W= : >*;;; 9 ;*7;>3*

    Bsql{r`njae ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln 9 ;*;2 qbies =26;*;2 9 >>*;? b ceie

    =ems 9 ?>*;? 9 =26;*;2

    jne bwlsqbi }nvebs {n}n artlan} ab ~rb n {e{r`ncne W)onsqe sbinjn` bi n`libjqncne '{n}n dni`lnscei aels `ges, bi Noesqe ab =;;3 qbi alsq}lmrlcne je}in` cei abstle {na}ne cejgbclae b ab tn`e} 9 >2 br}es*

    Jeqn6 E qbsqb ae ~rl)~rna}nae {n}n qbsqb ae nfrsqnibjqe an alsq}lmrlcne ab rin {e{r`ncne birlqe inls tnsqe ae ~rb e n~rl bw{esqe* Jn }bn`lanab {eab sb} rsnae {n}n qbsqn} e nfrsqnibjqe ab

    ~rn`~rb} alsq}lmrlcne {}bcejlvnan {n}n rin t*n** [n}n n srn rql`lvncne se {}bclsnies ab on}njql} ~rbn niesq}n sbfn srclbjqbibjqb o}njab*Bwlsqbi erq}es qbsqbs {n}n qbsqn} n alsq}lmrlcne nssrilan {n}n rin {e{r`ncne 'er t*n*,* Se n

    qqr`e ab ljde}incne jne {eabies ablwn} ab }bdb}l} e qbsqb ab He`ieoe}et)Sil}jet {n}qlcr`n}ibjqbcejtbjlbjqb {n}n qbsqn} n je}in`lanab ab rin {e{r`ncne*

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    Cn{qr`e 2

    ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs

    2*> ]b`ncne bjq}b tn}lntbls

    N }bo}bssne `ljbn} b rin qbcjlcn bsqnqsqlcn ~rb {b}ilqb bsqran} n }b`ncne inqbinqlcn bjq}b rintn}lntb` \ 'cgninan tn}lntb` ab{bjabjqb, b rin er inls tn}lntbls , w , * * * 'cgninans tn}lntbls lj)ab{bjabjqbs,* [}bqbjabies bsqnmb`bcb} rin }b`ncne inqbinqlcn ~rb {esslml`lqb bw{`lcn} e tn`e} antn}lntb` \ rin tbv cejgbclaes es tn`e}bs ans tn}lntbls ljab{bjabjqbs , w , * * **

    Btlabjqbibjqb ~rb q}nqnjae)sb ab rin qbcjlcn bsqnqsqlcn n }b`ncne n bsqran} bjq}b n tn}lntb`ab{bjabjqb b ns tn}lntbls ljab{bjabjqbs b rin }b`ncne cnsrsqlcn 'er li{}bclsn,* Er sbfn rin }b`ncnebi ~rb {n}n es ibsies tn`e}bs ans tn}lntbls ljab{bjabjqbs jne b {esstb` alvb} bwncqnibjqb ~rn` etn`e} ab \*

    Bwbi{`e 2*> Cejslab}bies e sborljqb cejfrjqe ab anaes }b`nqltes ne te`rib ibjsn` ab tbjans \'bi il`gn}bs ab rjlanabs, ab rin in}cn ab cei{rqnae}bs b ne jrib}e ab njrjcles ~rb {nssn}ni

    aln}lnibjqb jn qb`btlsne bi cnan ibs*Ibs Fnj Dbt In} Nm} Inl Frj Fr` Noe Sbq Erq Jet Abv

    l 1 > 3 ; = 1 = 3 > = ; >

    |l 1*; =3 3? => 3*; 1? 32 1= =< 3= >< =4

    E alno}nin ab als{b}sne absqbs anaes }btb`n n bwlsqbjcln ab rin }b`ncne `ljbn} {}emnml`sqlcn*

    ; > = 3 1

    =*;

    =*2

    3*;

    3*2

    1*;

    1*2

    Njrjcles

    Tbjans

    4?

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    2* ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs 47

    2*= Ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs

    ^rnjae bwlsqb n{bjns rin tn}lntb` ljab{bjabjqb b n srn }b`ncne {}emnml sqlcn cei n tn}lntb`ab{bjabjqb \ b rin }b`ncne `ljbn} e ieab`e inqbinqlce li{ clqe b bw{}bsse {e}6

    \ p 9 ; ( > ( B, '2*=*>,

    b alv)sb ri ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs*Alvbies ~rb ri ieab`e inqbinqlce b ri ieab`e `ljbn} ~rnjae bsqb de} `ljbn} jes {n}nibq}es*

    [e} bwbi{`e e ieab`e inqbinqlce

    \ p 9 ; ( >= ( B

    qnimbi b ri ieab`e `ljbn}* Ins e ieab`e inqbinqlce

    \ p 9 ; ( > ( Bfn jne b ri ieab`e `ljbn} {e}~rb n{bsn} ab sb} `ljbn} }b`nqltnibjqb n ; fn jne e b }b`nqltnibjqb n>*

    [e} erq}e `nae e ieab`e 2*=*> b ri ieab`e ab }bo}bssne sli{`bs {e}~rb jb`b cejsqn n{bjns rintn}lntb` ljab{bjabjqb* [e} bwbi{`e e ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn}

    \ p 9 ; ( > ( =w ( B,

    b alqe ri ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} ir`ql{`n*Njn`lsbies cei inls abqn`gb e ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs

    \ p 9 ; ( > ( BN cei{ejbjqb ; ( > b n cei{ejbjqb abqb}iljsqlcn ae ieab`e* N cei{ejbjqb B bw{}bssn n

    jnqr}bvn n`bnqe}ln ae ieab`e*Nssli ri ieab`e bsqnqsqlce ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs cn cei{`bqe sb cejslab}n}ies ~rb6 ; b > sne es {n}nibq}es ae ieab`e 'cgninaes cebclbjqbs an }bo}bssne, n bsqlin}8 b n tn}lntb` ljab{bjabjqb 'er tn}lntb` cejq}e`nan,8 \ b n tn}lntb` ab{bjabjqb 'er tn}lntb` }bs{esqn, b q}nqn)sb ab rin tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln8 B b e b}}e b q}nqn)sb ab rin tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln ~rb sb

    {}bssr{eb qb} alsq}lmrlcne je}in` ab tn`e} ibale jr`e b tn}lnjcln =

    B J;, = *

    ; b n e}abjnan jn e}lobi b > b e abc`ltb an }bcqn*

    Jeqn6 \ p ncnmn {e} sb} rin tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln {e}~rb sbjae e b}}e B n cei{ejbjqb n`bnqe}lnbjqne \ p 9 ; ( > ( B b qnimbi tn}lntb` n`bnqe}ln*

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    2* ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs 4 ( B, 9 ; ( > ( B'B, 9 ; ( >T '\ p , 9 T '; ( > ( B, 9 T 'B, 9 =

    er sbfn\ p J; ( >, = *

    Abtbies qnimbi sn`lbjqn} ~rb = b ri {n}nibq}e nalclejn` ae ieab`e ~rb jbcbsslqn sb} bsqlinaecnse jne sb cejgbcn e sbr tn`e}*

    2*3 Ibqeae aes ijlies ~rna}naes {n}n bsqlin} ; b >

    Ncblqnjae ri ieab`e ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs

    \ p 9 ; ( > ( B,li{e}qn noe}n bsqlin} n }bcqn ab }bo}bssne er sbfn bjcejq}n} bsqlinae}bs {n}n es {n}nibq}es ; b >*

    Btlabjqbibjqb ~rb {}ecr}nies bjcejq}n} n }bcqn ~rb ib`ge}sb nfrsqb n ri cejfrjqe ab jemsb}tncebs '>, |>, , '=, |=, , * * * , 'j, |j, an tn}lntb` cejq}e`nan b an tn}lntb` }bs{esqn \ p *

    Nssrilies ~rb es b}}es n`bnqe}les Bl {n}n cnan {n} 'l, \l, sne ljab{bjabjqbs sborljae qeaes nibsin alsq}lmrlcne J

    ;, =

    6

    \ pl 9 ; ( >l ( Bl, Bl J

    ;, =

    ljab{bjabjqbs

    Nssli abtb}bies bjcejq}n} bsqlinae}bs ; b > aes cebclbjqbs an }bcqn ab }bo}bssne ; b >}bs{bcqltnibjqb {n}n emqb}ies rin }bcqn bsqlinan

    \ p 9 ; ( >

    Ab bjq}b altb}ses ibqeaes ~rb bwlsqbi {n}n n abarcne an }bcqn nfrsqnan tnies n~rl nme}an} eljqlqr`nae ibqeae aes ijljes ~rna}naes* Cejslsqb bsqb ibqeae bi abqb}iljn} es bsqlinae}bs ; b> aes cebclbjqbs ab }bo}bssne ; b > ~rb cejarvni n rin }bcqn ~rb sb nfrsqn ne cejfrjqe abemsb}tncebs iljlilvnjae n sein ae ~rna}nae aes abstles bjq}b cnan emsb}tncne ab 'l, \l, b n }bcqn\l 9 ; ( >l l 9 >, * * * , j*

    Jbsqb ibqeae es abstles

    Bl 9 \l \l 9 \l ; >l

    sne n aldb}bjcn jn tb}qlcn` bjq}b e tn`e} an emsb}tncne \l b n srn bsqlinqltn ab }bo}bssne\l 9

    ;(

    >lbjqbjabjae)sb {e} sli{`lclanab ab jeqncne ~rb \l \ pl b \l \ pl *

    N sein ae ~rna}naes ab qeaes es abstles }b{}bsbjqn})sb)n {e} S^B b bjcejq}n} es bsqlinae}bs; b > alqes bsqlinae}bs ab ijlies ~rna}naes ab ; b > }bs{bcqltnibjqb cejslsqb bi }bse`tb} e{}em`bin

    iljlilvn} S^B 9jl9>

    B=l 9jl9>

    \l \l

    =9jl9>

    \l ; >l

    =,

    bi e}abi n ; b >*

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    2* ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs ?;

    Abiejsq}n)sb ~rb bsqn iljlilvncne b cejsborlan }bse`tbjae bi e}abi n ; b > e slsqbin abb~rncebs

    ;S^B 9 ;

    >S^B 9 ;

    =j

    l9> \l ; >l

    9 ;

    =jl9>

    l

    \l ; >l

    9 ;

    Ns se`rcebs absqb slsqbin sne6

    > 9

    jjl9>

    l\l jl9>

    l

    jl9>

    \l

    jjl9>

    =l jl9>

    l

    =

    ; 9

    >

    j

    jl9>

    \l >>

    j

    jl9>

    l

    ~rb {eabi nljan sb} bw{}bssns {e}

    > 9Sw\Sww

    b ; 9 \ >,

    cejslab}njae

    9 >j

    jl9>

    l ibaln ans emsb}tncebs ab

    \ 9 >j

    jl9>

    \l ibaln an niesq}n n`bnqe}ln ab \

    Sww 9jl9>

    'l ,= 9jl9>

    =l j= sein ab ~rna}naes {n}n

    S\ \ 9jl9>

    \l \

    =9jl9>

    \=l j \= sein ab ~rna}naes {n}n \

    Sw\ 9j

    l9>'l ,

    \l \

    9

    j

    l9>l\l j \ sein ab {}earqes c}rvnaes {n}n ', \,

    N sein aes ~rna}naes aes abstles {eab nljan sb} bsc}lqn

    S^B 9jl9>

    \l \l

    =9jl9>

    \l ; >>

    =9 S\ \ S

    =w\

    Sww9 S\ \ =>Sww*

    An)sb e jeib ab }bcqn ab }bo}bssne ab ijlies ~rna}naes ne bsqlinae} an }bcqn ab }bo}bssne

    \ p 9 ; ( >*

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    2* ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs ?=

    2*1*= ^rn`lanab ae nfrsqnibjqe

    ^rnjqe ibje}bs de}bi es tn`e}bs aes }bsares

    Bl 9 \l \l 9 \l ; >l, l 9 >, * * * , j

    ib`ge} b e nfrsqnibjqe an }bcqn ab ijlies ~rna}naes* [e} bsqn }nvne {eabies alvb} ~rb ~rnjqeibje} de} e tn`e} an sein ae ~rna}nae aes }bsares S^B ib`ge} b e nfrsqnibjqe*Abjlcne 2*> An)sb e jeib ab cebclbjqb ab abqb}iljncne n

    ]= 9 > S^Bjl9>

    \l \

    = 9 >S\ \ =>Sww

    S\ \9 =>

    SwwS\ \

    9S=w\

    SwwS\ \

    b qein tn`e}bs ; ]= >*

    Jeqn6 N sein ab ~rna}naes S\ \ 9

    j

    l9> \l \

    =}bbcqb n tn}lnml`lanab ab \ ~rnjae jne sb

    bjq}n bi `ljgn ab cejqn cei n srn btbjqrn` }b`ncne cei n tn}lntb` * [e} erq}e `nae S^B }bbcqb ntn}lnml`lanab ab \ ~rnjae b rsnae e ieab`e ab }bo}bssne {n}n bw{`lcn} es tn`e}bs ab \ ceie }bs{esqnn * [e} i S\ \ S^B ibab n }barcne jn tn}lnml`lanab qeqn` ab \ ~rb sb cejsborb ne rsn} {n}nbw{`lcn} n }bs{esqn \* Bjqne ne altlal}ies S\ \ S^B {e} S\ \ emqbies ri bsqlinae} an }barcne}b`nqltn an tn}lnml`lanab ne rsn}ies e ieab`e {n}n bw{`lcn}ies \ ceie drjcne `ljbn} ab *

    S\ \ 9jl9>

    \l \

    =9jl9>

    \l \l ( \l \

    =9

    9j

    l9> \l \l

    =

    S^B

    (j

    l9> \l \

    =

    S^]

    (j

    l9> \l \l\l

    \ N

    N 9jl9>

    \l \l

    \l \

    9jl9>

    \l \l

    ; ( >l \

    9

    9jl9>

    \l \l

    \ > ( >l \

    9 >

    jl9>

    \l \l

    'l , 9

    9 >

    jl9>

    \l ; >l

    'l , 9 >

    jl9>

    \l \ ( > >l

    'l , 9

    9 >

    j

    l9>

    \l \ 'l , Sw\

    (>=j

    l9> 'l ,

    =

    Sww

    9

    9 Sw\Sww

    Sw\ (S=w\S=ww

    Sww 9 ;

    S\ \ 9 S^B ( S^]

    Jeqn6 E cebclbjqb ab abqb}iljncne nssrib tn`e}bs cei{}bbjalaes bjq}b vb}e b ri* Tbfnies nljqb}{}bqncne ~rb {eab sb} anan n bsqbs tn`e}bs*

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    2* ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs ?2

    @eoe ; b bsqlinae} cbjq}nae {n}n ;*

    T

    ;

    9 T

    \ >

    9 T

    \

    ( =T

    > =cet

    \ , >

    9

    9=

    j

    ( ==

    Sww =cet \ , > 9

    =

    j

    ( ==

    Sww

    9=

    j > (

    j=

    Sww9

    9=

    jSww

    Sww ( j

    =

    9=

    jSww

    jl9>

    =l

    j= ( j=

    9

    =

    jSww

    jl9>

    =l

    {e}~rb cet

    \ , >

    9 cet

    \ ,

    Sw\Sww

    9

    >

    Swwcet

    \ , Sw\

    9

    9>

    Swwcet

    >

    j

    jl9>

    \l,jl9>

    'l , \l

    9 {b`n ljab{bjabjcln ab \l

    9>

    jSww

    jl9>

    cet '\l, 'l , \l, 9 >jSww

    jl9>

    'l , cet '\l, \l,

    9 >jSww

    jl9>

    'l , T '\l, 9 >jSww

    jl9>

    'l , =

    9=

    jSww

    jl9>

    'l , 9 =

    jSww'j j, 9 ;

    Bi }bsrie6

    ; J

    ;,=

    jSww

    jl9>

    =l

    Sbjae abscejgbclan n tn}lnjcln = aes b}}es {eabies bsqlin)`n {e} = 9S^B

    j =* N srmsqlqrlcne

    ab = {b`e sbr bsqlinae} = em}lon)jes n cejslab}n} n sborljqb alsq}lmrlcne {n}n ;6

    Q 9; ;

    =jl9>

    =l

    jSww

    9

    jSwwjl9>

    =l

    ; ;

    qj=

    'Q qbi alsq}lmrlcne q cei 'j =, o}nrs ab `lmb}anab,

    2*4 Ljdb}bjcln sem}b es {n}nibq}es ae ieab`e

    2*4*> Ljdb}bjcln sem}b >

    Bsqlincne ab > {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn

    > b e abc`ltb an }bcqn ab }bo}bssne b ceie qn` ibab e o}nr ab c}bsclibjqe ab \ }b`nqltnibjqb nestn`e}bs ab * [nssnies n bsqran} n srn bsqlincne {b`es aels {}ecbsses ~rb cejgbcbies* N bsqlincne

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    2* ]bo}bssne @ljbn} Sli{`bs ?4

    {ejqrn` b dblqn {b`e bsqlinae}

    > 9Sw\Sww

    [nssbies kn bsqlincne {e} ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> ,*

    N bsqnqsqlcn {lteq ~rb abtbies rsn} b6 Q 9 Sww > > qj=*Anan n slibq}ln bi vb}e an alsq}lmrlcne q {eabies absab `eoe n}in} ~rb6

    > 9 [qj=6%= Q qj=6%= > 9 [qj=6%=

    Sww

    > >

    qj=6%=

    > 9 [> qj=6%=

    =

    Sww > > ( qj=6%=

    =

    Sww

    Nssli

    Ljqb}tn`e ab cejnjcn '> , {n}n e abc`ltb >

    LC> '>, > qj=6%=

    =

    Sww, > ( qj=6%=

    =

    Sww

    Qbsqb ab gl{eqbsbs sem}b >

    Fn nq}ns alssbies ~rb > b e abc`ltb an }bcqn ab }bo}bssne b ceie qn` ibab e o}nr ab c}bsclibjqeab \ }b`nqltnibjqb nes tn`e}bs ab * Ab {n}qlcr`n} li{e}qnjcln b e cnse bi ~rb > 9 ;* ^rnjae qn`ncejqbcb n tn}lntb` jne b cn{nv ab absc}btb} es tn`e}bs ab \* Nssli e qbsqb ans gl{eqbsbs

    G; 6 > 9 ; ts G> 6 > 9 ;{b}ilqb qbsqn} bsqn slqrncne*

    Ins e qbsqb absqns gl{eqbsbs ljc`r)sb je qbsqb inls objb}lce ans gl{eqbsbs

    G; 6 > 9 n ts G> 6 > 9 n~rb {nssnies n abarvl}*

    ^rnjae G; b tb}anabl}n n bsqnqsqlcn ab qbsqb b6 Q 9

    Sww> n

    >9n

    qj=

    N }bolne ab }bfblcne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln b abjlan {e}6 ] Y,cXYc, (X , c : ;Abqb}iljbies e tn`e} ab c6

    9 ['Q

    ]

    , 9 ['Q 0

    c, ( [ 'Q : c, 9 [ 'Q : c, ( [ 'Q : c, 9

    9 =['Q : c, ['Q : c, 9 %= c 9 qj=6%=

    ]bo}n ab abclsne {n}n ri jtb` ab slojlcnjcln

    ]bfblqn} G; sb qems ] ,qj=6%= qj=6%=, (

    Jeqn6 Qnimbi sb {eabi abarvl} qbsqbs ab gl{eqbsbs rjl`nqb}nls sem}b > sb mbi ~rb jne qbiqnjqe ljqb}bssb jns n{`lcncebs nes ieab`es ab }bo}bssne `ljbn} sli{`bs*

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