erich von dniken’s chariots of the gods - of thvon dniken’s theory •strong interest in...

Download Erich von Dniken’s Chariots of the Gods -   OF THVon Dniken’s Theory •Strong interest in extra-terrestrials for almost a century now. •Von Dniken claims ETs have visited the earth again  again

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  • Erich von Erich von DDnikennikenssChariots of the GodsChariots of the Gods

    Fact or Fiction?Fact or Fiction?Robert C. NewmanRobert C. Newman

  • Von Von DDnikennikenss Theory Theory

    Strong interest inextra-terrestrials foralmost a century now.

    Von Dniken claimsETs have visited theearth again & againthroughout history.

  • Von Von DDnikennikenss Theory Theory Where is his evidence

    for this? See his book. Not only in UFO stories,

    but also, he claims, inhistory & archaeology: Strange art-forms Impressive structures

    beyond humancapabilities

    Stories of miraculousevents

  • Strange Art-FormsStrange Art-Forms

  • Strange Art-FormsStrange Art-Forms

  • Impressive StructuresImpressive Structures

  • Impressive StructuresImpressive Structures

  • Impressive StructuresImpressive Structures

  • Miracle StoriesMiracle Stories

  • Miracle StoriesMiracle Stories

  • Archaeology vs.Archaeology vs.Von Von DDnikenniken

  • Our ApproachOur Approach

    Look at some of vonDnikens evidence.

    Respond to it in thelight of archaeology.

    It is easier to answerarchaeologically thanin terms of othersciences or religion.

    Some references:

  • BaalbekBaalbek, Lebanon, Lebanon

  • Ancient Marvels orAncient Marvels orSpace Travel Centers?Space Travel Centers?

    To the north of Damascus lies the terrace ofBaalbeka platform built of stone blocks,some of which have sides more than 65 feetlong and weigh nearly 2,000 tons. Until nowarchaeologists have not been able to give aconvincing explanation why, how or by whomthe terrace of Baalbek was built. RussianProfessor Agrest considers it possible that theterrace is the remains of a gigantic airfield.(Chariots of the Gods, 93)

  • BaalbekBaalbek

    A large templecomplex about anhour east of Beiruit.

    The temple ofBacchus:

    The Temple ofJupiter, located onvon Dnikensplatform/terrace:

  • BaalbekBaalbek

    Largest 3 stones inJupiter temple are64x14x12 feet, andweigh ~800 tons.

    Largest stone onthe site is this one:70x16x14, at~1500 tons.

    A launching ramp?

  • BaalbekBaalbek

    Most inscriptions at the site are in Latin, so after63 BC, when the Romans came into the East.

    A few earlier are Greek, so after 330 BC. The main platform was apparently not there

    when the Seven Wonders were enumerated,about 200 BC.

    The style of the temples is Roman in any case,as they built their temples on platforms.

    But someone did move stones weighing 800-1500 tons.

  • Athens, GreeceAthens, Greece

  • AthensAthens

    Not one of the sitesmentioned by vonDniken, but one ofthe more impressivein antiquity.

    The Parthenon,especially, showsevidence of greatsophistication in itsdesign.

  • A "Sunday" ArchaeologistA "Sunday" Archaeologist

    Von Dniken is, as he says, a Sunday oramateur archaeologist.

    A danger of amateurism in any subject isthat of making big theories which fit only asmall portion of the data.

    Von Dniken also treats the ancients asignoramuses, a popular (but false) idea.

  • The ParthenonThe Parthenon

    Several optical illusions are overcome bydesigning the pillars to be slightly bulgingin their middles, and by having the floorslightly humped.

    We know when the Parthenon was built(447-438 BC), who ruled Athens then(Pericles), and who was the architect(Phidias).

  • ParthenonParthenon

    Pericles Phidias No evidence of help

    building from divinecharioteers!

  • JerusalemJerusalem

  • JerusalemJerusalem

    Herods towers at theJoppa Gate in ancientJerusalem

    According toJosephus, some ofthe stones in thesetowers were up to 25feet long.

  • CaesareaCaesarea

    Artificial port built byHerod the Great, justbefore the time ofJesus

    For breakwater,Herod used concreteand stones up to 50feet long.

  • Moving Big StonesMoving Big Stones

    To protect the wealth of the gods and thekings, military engineers built walls and dugmoats around cities. In the lower EuphratesValley, where there was practically no stone,walls were made of brick. Elsewhere, theywere made of stonepreferably the largeststones that could be moved. (de Camp,Ancient Engineers, 10)

  • The Pyramids of EgyptThe Pyramids of Egypt

  • PyramidsPyramidsIs it really a coincidence that the height of thepyramid of Cheops multiplied by a thousandmillion98,000,000 milescorrespondsapproximately to the distance between theearth and the sun? that a meridian runningthrough the pyramids divides continents andoceans into two exactly equal halves? thatthe area of the base of the pyramid divided bytwice its height gives the celebrated figure =3.14159? (Chariots, 96)

  • Great PyramidGreat Pyramid

    The pyramid ofCheops or Khufu,commonly knownas the GreatPyramid

    The sheathingstone is missing,making the exactsize uncertain.

  • Value of Value of ??

    Egyptians built fairlyimpressive chariots.

    After making roundwheels, one caneasily measure thevalue of to adecimal place or two.

  • Great PyramidGreat Pyramid

    Most of this materialmentioned by vonDniken waspublished a centuryago.

    The distance to thesun is probably acoincidence. Notethat it is 5% off.

  • Building the Great PyramidBuilding the Great Pyramid Core of pyramid consists of some 2.5 million

    stones, averaging 2.5 tons each. Von Dniken scoffs at using rollers to move the

    stones:I shall be told that the stone blocks used for buildingthe temple were moved on rollers. In other words,wooden rollers! But the Egyptians could scarcelyfelled and turned into rollers the few trees, mainlypalms, that then (as now) grew in Egypt, becausethe dates from the palms were urgently needed asfood and the trunks and fronds were the only thingsgiving shade to the dried-up ground. (Chariots, 94)

  • Moving Big StonesMoving Big Stones

    A picture from the wall of an Egyptian temple, showing menmoving a large stone statue.

  • Moving Big StonesMoving Big Stones

    This picture, carved on the wall of anEgyptian temple, shows how they moved alarge statue.

    Here a sledge was used instead of rollers,with some liquid used to reduce friction.

    Estimating the weight of the statue, itwould take only 8 men to move a 2.5 tonblock by this means.

  • Time to Build the Pyramid?Time to Build the Pyramid?

    Von Dniken estimates it would havetaken 664 years for humans to build thegreat pyramid, so not done that way (98).

    Herodotus says the Egyptian priests toldhim it took 20 years.

    Clifford Wilson notes some objectiveevidence from a pyramid at Dashur wheretwo of the stones are dated.

  • Time to Build the Pyramid?Time to Build the Pyramid?Another pyramid at Dashur actually has a dateon the north-eastern corner stone it was laidin the 21st year of the Pharaoh Senefru. Abouthalfway up there is another date, this timedating to the same Pharaohs 22nd year. If thedating is accurate, the maximum between thetwo would be under two years. This pyramid isabout two-thirds the volume of the GreatPyramid. (Wilson, Crash Go the Chariots, 29)

  • The Developing TechnologyThe Developing Technologyof Pyramid Buildingof Pyramid Building

    We have evidencefrom antiquity that theoldest pyramids arenot the mostsophisticated.

    The early and smallertombs are just one-story buildings, calledmastebas.

  • The Developing TechnologyThe Developing Technologyof Pyramid Buildingof Pyramid Building

    For kings, thesemastebas are laterelaborated bystacking.

    Thus we come tohave step pyramids.

  • The Developing TechnologyThe Developing Technologyof Pyramid Buildingof Pyramid Building

    We think the bentpyramid is an earlyattempt to make asmooth sidedstructure, in which theinitial slope was toosteep!

  • The Developing TechnologyThe Developing Technologyof Pyramid Buildingof Pyramid Building

    Finally they get itright!

    Does this look like thework of an advancedcivilization that hasmastered interstellarspace travel?

  • Easter IslandEaster Island

    Far out in the PacificOcean lies theisolated Easter Island.

    The island ispopulated by about200 humans andhundreds of hugestone heads.

  • Easter IslandEaster Island

  • Easter IslandEaster Island

  • Easter IslandEaster Island

    Some of these headseven have hats onthem, which are madefrom a different colorstone!

    Did the inhabitants ofEaster Island reallybuild these statuesthemselves?

  • Von Von DDniken niken on Easter Islandon Easter Island

    Even if people with lively imaginations have tried topicture the Egyptian pyramids being built by a vastarmy of workers using the heave-ho method, a similarmethod would have been impossible on Easter Islandfor lack of manpower. Even 2,000 men, working dayand night, would not be nearly enough to carve thesecolossal figures out of the steel-hard volcanic stonewith rudimentary tools and at least a part of thepopulation must have tilled the barren fields, wovencloth and made ropes. (Chariots, 110)

  • Thor Thor HeyerdahlHeyerdahl

    Remember ThorHeyerdahl?

    He is the fellow whobuilt the balsa raftKon-Tiki to driftacross the Pacific.

    He also studied thestone heads onEaster Island.

  • Easter IslandEaster Island

    Von Dniken: impossible for only 200inhabitants to set up several hundred 50-ton stones! (110)

    Heyerdahl disagrees. His tests show: Six men could carve a head in one year. Whole population could

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