Episode 26 : Project Management

Download Episode 26 : Project Management

Post on 15-Feb-2017

230 views

Category:

Engineering

2 download

TRANSCRIPT

PowerPoint PresentationSAJJAD KHUDHUR ABBASChemical Engineering , Al-Muthanna University, IraqOil & Gas Safety and Health Professional OSHACADEMYTrainer of Trainers (TOT) - Canadian Center of Human Development Episode 25 : Project Management Typical products of process plants:Chemistry: paints, plastics, fibres, fertilizers etcPharmaceuticals: drugsCosmetics: creams, lotions, cosmetic products etcRefineries: fuels, basic products for chemistry, lubricants etcBuilding materials: cement, sand, gravel etc\food industry: fats, oils, cereals, sugar etc\coal: mining and processing of coalIn a contect of plant design and construction, two parties have to be distinguished:Plant operator wants to procure and operate a process plantPlant constructor who according to the agreed scope of delivery and service, takes on the planning, devlievry, assembly and start-up.Small plantsProduction volume of up to RM 3-5 millionProject duration up to one yaerMany suppliers for small plantsMedium-sized plantsOrder volumes of single or double digit amounts\Project duration: 1-3 yearsCarried out by a project team under the leadership of a project manager normally handle all steps of plant design and deliveryOften include several smaller plants integrated as componentsExample: food production plants, sewage plantsLarge-scale plantOrder volume 500 1 billionDuration: exceeds two yearsLarge project teams headed by several project managersGeneral PM overall responsibility which involves organisational labour onlyComposed of several medium-sized and multitude of small plant unitsExample: refineries, complete chemical complexes, steelworksTechnical RequirementsPersonal qualificationsExpert knowledge in the disciplines:Chemical process engineering Thermal process engineering Mechanical process engineering Biological process engineering Apparatus and pipeline engineering Pumps and compressorsMaterial science E/MC-TechnologyEDP capabilitiesWord Processing Spreadsheet analysisCAD and CAE in plant engineering Pipe stress analysisCommunication skills Team spiritCross communication within the project teamAppearanceStress tolerance and adaptability IndependenceLoyaltyReadiness to take on responsibility AssertivenessNegotiating skills Cost consciousnessSpoken and written English Additional foreign language competenceExperience acquired abroadPRODUCT IDEA/PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTMARKET ANALYSIS(Product price, quantity and quality)DETERMINATION OF INVESTMENT COSTS(Cost Estimation Methods)DETERMINATION OF OPERATION COSTS(Mass, material and energy balances)FEASIBILITY STUDYINQUIRYPRIVATEPUBLICENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT/ RISK ANALYSISPREQUALIFICATION BID/TENDERBASIC ENGINEERINGActivities during the project planning phaseDEPOSITION OF TENDERTENDER ANALYSIS AND COMPARISONSIGNATURE OF THE CONTRACTCONTRACT NEGOTIATIONBASIC ENGINEERINGMain componentsDetermination of the offer priceSchedulingElectric componentsProcess DesignCivil EngineeringBalancesLayoutMaterials ConceptActivities during the project planning phase (continued from previous)PRODUCT ORGANIZATION AND SCHEDULINGAUTHORITY APPROVAL DETAIL ENGINEERINGFinal Process DesignBuilding/Steel structureP&I diagrammesDesign of plant componentsLayoutTechnical specificationsDocumentationPiping engineeringElectrical engineeringPROCUREMENTInquiriesBids of subsuppliersBid comparisonContract negotiationsOrders and confirmationsEXPEDITING11Activities during the project execution phaseEXPEDITINGERECTIONSite OrganizationBuilding/steel worksElectrical partsPipes, valves and fittingsComponentsCOLD COMISSIONINGWARM COMMISSIONING DEMONSTRATION OF THE GUARANTEED PERFORMANCEACCEPTANCE WARRANTYActivities during the project execution phase (continued from previous)12DEFINITIONBringing new product to marketEndeavor dealing with design, creation and marketing of productTARGETProduct marketable in large quantitiesProduct realize at high selling priceIDEATechnical Suitable product has to be foundCommercial Focusing consumer goods marketingResearch and Development Scientist and engineer conduct experiment to find a new and better products13Research the current price of the product.The status of product sellable in market by doing interview or statistic analysis. The product should be marketable in aslarge quantities as possible.iii.iv.The distribution of product should continue as long as possible.14Product CapacityType Of ProjectCost EstimationResourcesProfitabilityProject Organization& SchedulingAuthoritiesChannelPlant SiteFinancialFACTORS MUST!!CONSIDERIN STARTING A PROJECT15Location/Kind of PremisesPlot of LandOperating ResourcesLabour MarketPolitical ConditionsGeographic ConditionsInfrastructureType of BuildingCapacity/Availability/LifespanCapacity Scheduled annual production output Depends on Sales and MarketAvailability or Operating Reliability Actual operating time of a plant in relation to overall time Stated as a % and relates to 8760 hrs/yrLIFESPAN Predetermined by the management Periods range 5 to 30 years Longer lifespan, higher procurement costsDegree of AutomationFully automatic plantOnly the control room has to be staffedHigh labour cost high degree of automationLowwage countries cheap personnel are sufficiently availableLegal RequirementsDepending on the countryRegarding permission, implementation, operation and control of a process plantEnvironmental regulations : environmentally friendly plantSafety regulations16Thanks for Watching Please follow me / SAJJAD KHUDHUR ABBAS