EPFL Open Research Data - a Jisc perspective

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Presentation at the "Open Research Data: the Future of Science" event at EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland (http://library2.epfl.ch/page-108582-en.html).


<ul><li> 1. 28/10/2014 Open Research Data A Jisc PerspectiveOpen Research Data: The Future of Science - Forum Rolex Learning Center (EPFL Campus)Christopher Brown</li></ul><p> 2. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 2MissionTo enable people in higher education,further education and skills in the UKto perform at the forefront ofinternational practice by exploitingfully the possibilities of modern digitalempowerment, content andconnectivityVisionTo make the UK the mostdigitally advancededucation and researchnation in the world23 Oct 2014 - The Higher Education Policy Institute (HEPI) today publishes anew report entitled Jisc: a hidden advantage for higher educationhttp://jisc.ac.uk/news/new-hepi-report-highlights-the-benefits-of-shared-infrastructure-23-oct-2014 3. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 3What Jisc deliversDigitalcontentNetwork &amp;IT servicesAdvice Research &amp;developmentWe provide institutions, theirstudents and researcherssecure, cost-effective accessto the UKs richest collectionof digital resources.We provide the HE sectorwith Janet, the Jisc network,advanced infrastructureservices and collaborationplatforms.We listen to our members toensure we offer them qualitysupport, guidance and tools -estimated to save the sector122 million in costefficiencies each year.Identifying emergingtechnologies and developingthem around our membersneeds. Testing and learning ontheir behalf to ensure they areready to take advantage of newtechnologies as they arrive. 4. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 4Jiscs Strategic Framework Impact Areas 5. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 5Open Research DataDefinitions EPSRC definition: "Research data is defined as recorded factual materialcommonly retained by and accepted in the scientific community asnecessary to validate research findings; although the majority of suchdata is created in digital format, all research data is included irrespective ofthe format in which it is created." Creative Commons: we believe scientific data should be freely available toeveryone. We call this idea Open Data. 6. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 6What stops research data being open?LossDestructionPrideGluttonyIneptitudeConcealmentBureaucracyComplexityProcrastinationLack ofpotential People will ask questions So use a data centre or repository It will be misinterpreted Stuff happens. Also, openness encourages correction Its not interesting Let others be the judge your noise is my signal I might get another paper out of it Up to a point. We might get more research out of it I dont have permission A real problem. But solvable at senior level Its too bad/complicated see above Its not a priority Unfortunately, funders are making it so. But if youlooked at the evidence, it would be your priority aswellhttp://datapub.cdlib.org/2013/04/24/closed-data-excuses-excuses/With thanks to Kevin Ashley (DCC) for responses 7. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 7http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/collaboration/fourthparadigm/4th_paradigm_book_complete_lr.pdf 8. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 8Unlocking the full value of Scientific DataRiding the wave How Europe can gain from the rising tide of scientific data Final Report of the High Level Expert Group onScientific Data - A submission to the EuropeanCommission October 2010 Calls for a collaborative data infrastructure thatwill enable researchers and other stakeholdersfrom education, society and business to use, re-useand exploit research data to the maximumbenefit of science and society. To collect, curate, preserve and make availableever increasing amounts of scientific data, newtypes of infrastructures will be needed. Thepotential benefits are enormous but the same istrue for the costs. We therefore need to lay theright foundations and the sooner we start thebetter. - Neelie Kroes, VP European Commissionhttp://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/e-infrastructure/docs/hlg-sdi-report.pdf 9. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 9Knowledge Exchange responseA Surfboard for Riding the Wave The 5 Knowledge Exchange partner organisations: CSC - IT centre for Science in Finland Denmarks Electronic Research Library (DEFF) German Research Foundation (DFG) Jisc in the United Kingdom SURF in the Netherlands Builds on the report and presents an overview of the presentsituation with regard to research data in Denmark, Germany, theNetherlands and the United Kingdom and offers broad outlines for apossible action programme for the four countries in realising theenvisaged collaborative data infrastructure. Identified 4 key drivers: Incentives for researchers to publish and share their datasets Training in new skills needed for creating, handling,manipulating, analysing, and making available large amounts ofdata for re-use by others Infrastructure (to make datasets discoverable and accessible) Funding of the infrastructurehttp://www.knowledge-exchange.info/surfboard 10. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 10Science as an Open Enterprise Report, 2012The Royal Society, UK The conduct and communication of scienceneeds to adapt to this new era of informationtechnology As a first step towards this intelligent openness,data that underpin a journal article should bemade concurrently available in an accessibledatabase. We are now on the brink of anachievable aim: for all science literature to beonline, for all of the data to be online and forthe two to be interoperable.http://royalsociety.org/policy/projects/science-public-enterprise/report/ 11. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 11Science as an Open Enterprise ReportSix key challenges A shift away from a research culture where data is viewed as a private preserve Expanding the criteria used to evaluate research to give credit for useful datacommunication and novel ways of collaborating The development of common standards for communicating data Mandating intelligent openness for data relevant to published scientific papers Strengthening the cohort of data scientists needed to manage and support theuse of digital data (which will also be crucial to the success of private sector dataanalysis and the governments Open Data strategy) The development and use of new software tools to automate and simplify thecreation and exploitation of datasets 12. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 12RCUKs Open Data Dialogue Report, 2012 Undertaken on behalf of the ResearchCouncils UK in partnership with Jisc, the RoyalSociety and Sciencewise-ERC, this publicdialogue explored views on open data, datareuse and data management policies withinresearch The public dialogue was designed to: Provide insight on the business issues thatthe dialogue will support, at the researchcouncils and Jisc Build on prior work in the area and accountfor the wider policy framework Engage people meaningfully around thiscomplex area, enabling the public to frameissues and test out any principles emergingacross a range of research contexts..http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/Publications/policy/OpenData/ 13. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 13Research Funder PoliciesRCUK Common Principles on Data Policy Public good: Publicly funded research data are produced in the public interest should bemade openly available with as few restrictions as possible Planning for preservation: Institutional and project specific data management policiesand plans needed to ensure valued data remains usable Discovery: Metadata should be available and discoverable; Published results shouldindicate how to access supporting data Confidentiality: Research organisation policies and practices to ensure legal, ethical andcommercial constraints assessed; research process should not be damaged byinappropriate release First use: Provision for a period of exclusive use, to enable research teams to publishresults Recognition: Data users should acknowledge data sources and terms &amp; conditions ofaccess Public funding: Use of public funds for RDM infrastructure is appropriate and must beefficient and cost-effectivehttp://www.rcuk.ac.uk/research/datapolicy/ 14. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 14 15. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 15Research Funder PoliciesEPSRCs Expectations for funded Research Organisations (ROs) ROs will promote internal awareness of these principles Published research papers should indicate how supporting research data can be accessed ROs will have policies and processes in place to maintain awareness of and access to their publicly-fundedresearch data holdings Non-digital publicly-funded research data will be stored in a manner to facilitate it being shared on request ROs will ensure that appropriately structured metadata describing the research data is published andfreely accessible Where access to the data is restricted the published metadata should also give the reason and summarisethe conditions which must be satisfied for access to be granted ROs will ensure research data is securely preserved for a minimum of 10 years from last access ROs will ensure effective data curation is provided throughout the full data lifecycle ROs will ensure adequate resources are provided to support the curation of publicly-funded research data Roadmap in place by 1 May 2012 Compliance by 1 May 2015http://www.epsrc.ac.uk/index.cfm/about/standards/researchdata/ 16. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 16Principles of Open DataFrom a US/UK Open Data Summit Washington, April 2014 Data, metadata and computer code (used to evidence published paper or equivalent) must be: discoverable readily found to exist by online search accessible when discovered they can be interrogated intelligible - they can be understood assessable e.g. the provenance and reliability of data re-useable - they can be reused and recombined with other data as a private preserve Data generated by publicly/charitably funded research not used in evidence should be madeopen after a pre-specified period Reuse of data must formally acknowledge the originators Cost of creating open data is an intrinsic cost of research Openness is limited for commercially sensitivity, privacy of personal information, safety andsecurity but do not provide justification for a blanket ban Existing processes, reward structures and behaviour that inhibit or prevent data sharing shouldbe reformed to encourage/facilitate/reward data sharing and collaboration.http://www.researchinfonet.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Note-of-Washington-meeting.pdf 17. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 17Funding Research Data InfrastructuresPreliminary report of responses to SE members questionnaire Sept 2014 Preliminary qualitative analysis of the outcomes of a questionnairesent to Science Europe Members, examining the funding landscaperelating to research data infrastructure and research datamanagement within Europe. Analysis will help inform and direct subsequent stages of theresearch to provide knowledge, eventually leading to a set ofrecommendations for policy-makers both on the national andEuropean level Sent to 57 SE members. 22 responses, mostly from Research Funding Organisations 18. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 18Where are HEIs in the UK?Poll of 30 institutionsBlue = exploring through to Red = implementing 19. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 19Why Research Data Management?Key area for Jisc Research Excellence &amp; Impact - data will be cited; used by others includingpeers, other disciplines, the public, industry, in learning ability to meetglobal challenges; innovate &amp; create new research areas Research integrity - replication, verification of research, improvement ofmethods &amp; results Efficiency - save duplication of research effort, data creation &amp; thereforecosts; ease of access &amp; re-use Managing risks - ability to meet FOI requests; protect reputation. 20. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 20Promoting and Supporting good RDMFirst MRD Programme, 2009-20115 Strands1. Research Data Management Infrastructure (RDMI) Projects2. Research Data Management Planning (RDMP) Projects3. Support and Tools Projects4. Citing, Linking, Integrating and Publishing Research Data (CLIP) Projects5. Research Data Management Training Materials Projects 21. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 21Building Institutional CapacitySecond MRD Programme, 2011-2013RDMTraining5 projectsInstitutionalRDMInfrastructureServices17 ProjectsDataPublication3 projectsRDMPlanning10 projectsEncouraged toreuse outputs fromfirst programme andelsewhere.Mix of pilot projectsand embeddingprojects.Holistic institutionalapproach to RDM.Ownership: High levelownership of the problem,senior manager onsteering committee.Sustainability: Largeinstitutional contributions.Develop business cases tosustain work. 22. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 22What is Jisc doing? Digital Curation Centre advice &amp; guidance; DMP online; Cardio, institutional engagements, training(http://dcc.ac.uk/) Training materials available in Jorum (free OER repository) http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ Sherpa Juliet Research funders OA policies (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/) Research data registry discovery of data Journal research data policies Software for medical research data management and sharing BRISSKit Preservation &amp; storage Arkivum (http://arkivum.com/) framework agreement Cloud services guidance, shared purchasing &amp; due diligence (https://www.ja.net/products-services/janet-cloud-services) Access &amp; identity management Standards &amp; protocols Sword; Cerif; metadata for discovery; citation Data deposit &amp; re-use experiments &amp; prototypes Foresight/clarification incentives; funding; costs; value.Summarised on the Research Data Management blog -Where are we now? http://bit.ly/1v6nn7v 23. R@R:Supporttake up ofcitationDMPOnLineR@R:DMPregistryR@R:business case&amp; costs23Standards;policies;coordination &amp;cooperation.EASYACCESSDataidentifiersAccess &amp;securityResearcher/organisationalidentifiersFunderspoliciesAdvice &amp;guidance/goodpracticeDepositprotocolsR@R:UKResearchDataDiscovery(metadata)R@R: metrics&amp; usage dataserviceCardioplanningtoolR@R:RD Experiments&amp;prototypesDigital CurationUKDS/InstitutionalrepositoriesR@R: sharedPreservationRepositories(metadata)CentreOpenTrainingMaterialsin JorumShared datacentreJisc Research Data InfrastructureR@R:comprehensivetool-kit;case studiesSherpa JulietFunder policiesR@R:JournalPolicyregistryR@R:EPSRCsupportR@R:RD Experiments &amp;Prototypes, &amp;BRISSkit 24. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 24Digital Curation CentreEstablished by Jisc Helping to build capacity, capability and skills in research datamanagement and curation across the UKs higher education researchcommunity.Support offered bythe DCChttp://www.dcc.ac.uk/ 25. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 25Digital Curation CentreUnderstanding Data Requirements Data Management Planshttp://www.dcc.ac.uk/ 26. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 26 27. Open Research Data A Jisc perspective 27Research @ Risk Vision and ActivitiesRealising a robust and sus...</p>