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  • E507Volume 5

    ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT OF SANTACRUZ - BORIVALI5TH RAILWAY LINE PROJECT

    (Submitted to Mumbal Metropolitan Region DevelopmentAuthorit, Govt. of Maharashtra)

    a--

    Serene Environmenl Svics509, 'Devavrata', Plot No. 63,

    Sector 17, Vashl, Nav Mumbal 400705Telebx - 7896926

    E Mail: sereneffvsni.comWeb sie: www.serenenviro.com

    JUNE 2002

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  • Environmental-Audit of Santacruz- Bonvali Serene Environmental Services5Eh Railway line

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Sr. No. Description Page NumberExecutive Summary

    1.0 Introduction 11.1 Background 11.2 Statement Of Purpose 1

    2.0 Project Details 22.1 Project Need And Details 22.2 Project Components and Status 2

    3.0 Scope And Methodology 43.1 Scope and Methodology 43.2 Legal Requirements 5

    4.0 Baseline Environmental Status And Impacts 84.1 Terrain and Geology 84.2 Climate 84.3 Ambient Air Quality 84.4 Noise Levels 94.5 Ground and Surface Water Quality 94.6 Natural Habitats and Ecology 104.7 Landuse 104.8 Resettlement and Rehabiliation 104.9 Archaeological and Cultural Property 11

    5.0 Assessment of Environmental Mitigation Measures 145.1 Introduction 145.2 EHS Mitigation Measures 14

    6.0 Environmental Monitoring And Reporting 216.1 Environmental Monitoring Program 216.2 Institutional Setup 25

    6.2.1 institutional strengthening 26

    6.3 Estimated Cost of EMP Implementation 27

  • Environmental Audit of Santacruz- Bonvaii Serene Environmental Services5h Railway line

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table Description PageNumber Number

    1.1 Project Components 31.2 Project Implementation Status 32.0 Detailed Scope and Methodology 43.0 Day time Noise Monitoring Results 94.0 Impact Matrix 125.1 EHS Mitigation Measures (Pre-Construction / Design Stage) 155.2 . EHS Mitigation Measures (Construction Stage) 165.3 EHS Mitigation Measures (Operation Stage) 196.0 Monitoring Program during Operation Phase 247.0 Training Program for Institutional Strengthening 26

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure Description Page NumberNumber

    1.0 Existing Organization Framework For Western Railway 25

    LIST OF ANNEXURES

    Annex DescriptionNumberl.A Terms of Reference for carrying out Environmental Audit of Railway Projects11.B Legal Requirements2. Site Photographs3. Public Consultation Details4. Environment/ Health/ Safety Inspection Sheet5. Documentation to be maintained by contractor or railway site engineer on site6. Format for survival reporting for tree plantation

  • Environmental Audit of Santacruz -Bonivali Serene Environmental Services5Eh Railway line.

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

    AAQ: Ambient Air Quality

    CPCB: Central Pollution Control Board

    CEMP: Community Environment Management Plans

    EA: Environmental Assessment

    EMP: Environmental Management Plan

    EHS Environment, Health and Safety

    FOB: Foot over-bridges

    GOM: Government of Maharashtra

    MMR: Mumbai Metropolitan Region

    MOEF: Ministry of Environment and Forests

    MGGM: Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai

    MMRDA: Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority

    MLEA: Micro-Level Environmental Assessment

    MRVC: Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation

    MSEB: Maharashtra State Electricity Board

    MUTP: Mumbai Urban Transport Project

    PIA: Project Implementation Agency

    PUC Pollution Under Control

    RAP: Rehabilitation Action Plan

    ROW: Right of Way

    R&R Resettlement and Rehabilitation

    SES: Serene Environmental Services

    WR: Westem Railway

  • Environmental Audit of Santacruz- Bonval: Serene Environmental ServiceS'51h Railway line Project

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    1.0 INTRODUCTIONThe Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) has identified a number of sub-projects tostrengthen the suburban rail transport and road transport in Greater Mumbai and MumbaiMetropolitan Region (MMR) as a whole. MUTP places considerable emphasis on improvingpublic transport including the railway capacity.

    As per requirement of The World Bank, Environmental Assessments (EA) was done for someof these sub-projects in the years 1996 to 1998. Also, a consolidated EA was prepared forthe entire MUTP project. Environmental Management Plans (EMP) was prepared as a partof these EAs, which included mitigation measures for minimising adverse environmentalimpacts. Currently, several of these sub-projects are in different stages of construction andMMRDA desires to carry out an assessment of the relevant EMPs.

    This assignment pertains to the EMP assessment/audit for the 5 th line construction betweenSantacruz and Borivali stations on Westem Railway (WR). This project is being implementedby the Western Railway (WR).

    Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) has retained the services ofSerene Environmental Services (SES) to carry out Environmental Audit for railway projects ofMUTP.

    2.0 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDYThe objectives of the Environmental Audit are as follows:

    o Assess the status of environmental impacts during ongoing construction and futureplanned activities.

    0 Assess whether any environmental mitigation measures are required based on on-goingcompleted works, if any. i

    o Environmental mitigation measures for planned works, if required.O Document lessons that can be useful for future projects.O Mitigate environmental impacts on the marine water quality, water flow due to

    construction of bridges and other possible impacts as identified in the MLEA report bfBorivali - Virar Quadrupling Project prepared by Montgomery Watson Consultants,Mumbai.

    3.0 PROJECT COMPONENTSThe Santacruz - Borivali 5 th railway line is necessary to improve the reliability of Suburbantrains, which are working beyond saturation level of line capacity. The scope of projectincludes construction of 5 th railway line between Santacruz to Borivali covering about 15 kms.Four additional 9-car rakes or 12-car rakes service could be introduced on this line toenhance the capacity of suburban section of Western Railway.

    The broad components of the project can be grouped under the following heads:. Earthwork for laying of rail tracks between stations

  • Environmental Audit of Santacruz- Bonvali Serene Environmental Services;5"h Railway line Project

    * Construction of additional infrastructure at various stations such as New Plafforms andextension of existing platforms, Station building and Booking office, Foot over-bridges(FOB), Extension of level crossings, etc.

    * Construction of major and minor bridges at various locations* Construction of miscellaneous structures such as drainage, boundary walls etc.The implementation status of the project is given below:

    No. Section Current Status1. Santacruz to Andheri Project Completed and Operating2. Andheri to Goregaon Work completed - Ready for Operation

    3. Goregaon to Borivali Only track-linking work is remaining

    3.1 Applicable Legal Requirements

    The applicable Indian environmental regulations, World Bank policies/directives and GOMdirectives for all MUTP projects are given in detail in Annex lB. This EMP's for the

    Santacruz-Borivali project have been prepared within the framework of the ConsolidatedEnvironmental Assessment (CEA), Report for MUTP, 2002. The legal requirementsapplicable to the Santacruz-Borivali project are as follows:

    Indian Environmental and Other Requlationso Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986, associated Rules and Notifications under the Act.0 The Maharashtra (Urban Areas) Preservation of Trees Act, 1975g Land Acquisition Act 1894 (LA Act):0 Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966 (MR&TP Act):D Development Control Regulations for Greater Mumbai 1991 (DCRs):

    World Bank Policieso Environmental Assessment (OP 4.01)O Involuntary Resettlerpent (OD 4.30)

    4.0 BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS and IMPACTS

    For this project Environmental Assessment has not been carried out earlier and baselineenvironmental data is not available. As discussed earlier, construction work for the project isfully complete. Thus, impacts during construction phase of the project cannot be assessed.However, residual impacts, if any, due to completed activities and ongoing activities havebeen evaluated and are presented below. A summary of Impacts is presented in Table A.

    4.1 Ambient Air Quality

    Current AAO Monitorin' DataBaseline data for the project site is not available. AAQ is being monitored by MunicipalCorporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) at several locations in Mumbai. Monitoring is doneas per the methodology prescribed by Ministry of Environment and forests (MOEF), NewDelhi. One of the locations where monitoring is conducted regularly is near the Khar railwaystation. Although this station does not lie between Santacruz and Borivali, it is on the sameline and located adjacent to Santacruz to the south. This location is considered as anexample of area near the railway stations, having high density of vehicular traffic includingauto-rickshaws, buses, private vehides etc. The annual average values for the year 2000 for

    ii

  • Environmental Audit of Santacruz- Borivali Serene Environmental Services5h Railway line Proje