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GREAT MARLOW SCHOOL

Geography Department

Superpower Geographies

Booklet: Topic outline and past paper exam questions

Enquiry QuestionLearning objectives

Superpower geographies

Who are the superpowers and how does their power develop over time?

What are superpowers and superpower societies?

1. To define the terms superpower and emerging superpower

1. Be able to explain the criteria used in the definitions

1. To contrast imperialist, capitalist and communist superpower societies

NOTES: Pages 99-101

What were the Cold War superpowers?

1. To understand the background to the Cold War

1. To contrast the economies and political systems of the USA and USSR during the Cold War

NOTES: None

What is the geography of power?

1. To define hegemony

1. To describe geographical patterns of superpower influence

1. To consider how the USA maintains its global hegemony

NOTES: Pages 102-104

How have patterns of power changed?

1. Explain shifting power patterns over time

1. To consider the rise and fall of the British Empire and the collapse of communism

1. To identify the growth of emerging superpowers and the future for China as a superpower

1. To contrast India and China as superpowers

NOTES: Pages 104-108

What is the theory of superpowers?

1. To use theoretical frameworks to explore the relationship between superpowers and the rest of the world

1. To compare, contrast and evaluate the three main theories Modernisation theory, Dependency theory and Wallersteins World Systems theory

NOTES: Pages 108-110 (not China and India compared)

The role of superpowers

What impacts and influence do superpowers have?

How do superpowers maintain their hegemony?

1. To explain the concept of colonial rule

1. To explain how Britain maintained hegemony over India

1. To assess the mechanisms of neo-colonial control trade, aid and debt

NOTES: Pages 111-115

How do superpowers make international decisions? NOTES: Pages 115-117

1. To understand how membership of key governmental organisations (IGOs) produces power

1. To research some of the main IGOs IMF, World Bank, UN, WTO, NATO and OECD

How do superpowers trade with each other? NOTES: Pages 117-118

1. To describe and explain patterns in global trade and how trade influences power and wealth

1. To understand how superpowers control so-called free trade

SYNOPTIC ASSESSMENT - How do superpowers influence global culture?

1. To understand how cultural influence can spread

1. To define cultural imperialism

1. To assess the extent to which cultural imperialism can be beneficial

1. To assess how healthy it is for the production of most music, television and film to be in the hands of so few

Superpower futures

What are the implications of the continued rise of new superpowers?

What impact will emerging superpowers have on resources? NOTES: Pages 121-122

1. To examine the resources implications of continued growth among the emerging powers, versus the benefits of reducing poverty

How will the growth of emerging superpowers impact on the core regions?

1. To outline the economic and political impact of shifting power on the existing powers of the EU and USA

1. To consider the implications of Russias control over oil and gas supplies in Europe

1. Is Russia a reemerging superpower?

NOTES: Pages 122-125

What about the rest of the world? NOTES: Pages 126-128

1. To examine the relationship between the emerging powers and the developing world and assess the costs and benefits for the developing world.

1. To identify the opportunities that growth of emerging superpowers give to non-superpower regions

1. To research the scale of Chinas involvement in Africa

What is the potential for conflict? NOTES: Pages 128-131

To examine the potential for cultural conflict as east meets west in the future

January 2010

Superpower Geographies.

6 (a) Explain the factors that have led to rapid economic growth in the small Gulf States. (12)

(b) Evaluate the possible environmental consequences of continued rapid urban and economic development in the small Gulf States. (14)

(c) Explain how the growing economic power of the small Gulf States could lead to social and political tension within the region and beyond. (14)

June 2010

Superpower Geographies

3 Study Figure 3.

(a) With reference to Figure 3 and your own knowledge, explain how the USA maintains its superpower status. (10)

(b) To what extent is the USAs superpower status threatened by the emerging power of the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China)? (15)

January 2011

Superpower Geographies

3 Study Figure 3.

(a) Suggest how the three scenarios for 2025 might have very different consequences for the planet and its people. (10)

(b) Evaluate the need for superpowers to play a key role in trade and international decision-making to maintain their status. (15)

June 2011

Superpower Geographies

4 Study Figure 4.

(a) Suggest reasons why this data has been used to produce the superpower index. (10)

(b) Explain how theories, such as Dependency Theory and World Systems Theory, can contribute to an understanding of changing patterns of global power. (15)

January 2012

Superpower Geographies

4 Study Figure 4.

(a) Using Figure 4 and your own knowledge, explain the advantages and disadvantages of inward investment for developing countries. (10)

(b) Assess the global environmental and geopolitical implications of the rise of the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China). (15)

June 2012

Superpower Geographies

3 Study Figure 3.

(a) Using Figure 3 and your own knowledge, explain why the pattern of economic power has changed over time. (10)

(b) Using named examples, assess the relative importance of economic, military and cultural factors in influencing superpower status. (15)

January 2013

Superpower Geographies

3 Study Figure 3.

(a) Using Figure 3 and your own knowledge, explain the possible consequences of the population projections for future superpower status. (10)

(b) Assess the extent to which China is a threat to the USAs status as the only current superpower. (15)

June 2013

Superpower Geographies

6 (a) Explain why there are, and have been, tensions between superpowers and other countries in East Asia. (14)

(b) Assess the extent to which each of the four East Asian countries named in Figure 2 have the characteristics of superpowers. (14)

(c) To what extent are trends in population and resource consumption in China and Japan sustainable?

(12)

June 2014

Superpower Geographies

4 Study Figure 4.

(a) Using Figure 4 and your own knowledge, suggest the impact on people and the environment of the growth in middle-class numbers and spending. (10)

(b) Using named examples, discuss how the balance between direct versus indirect superpower influence has changed over time. (15)