Enlightenment Enlightenment Ideas of the Enlightenment - - - - - - American Revolution “the revolution was not the war…the war was a result of the revolution”

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  • EnlightenmentIdeas of the Enlightenment------American Revolutionthe revolution was not the warthe war was a result of the revolutionFrench Revolution

  • PARISHeart of the Enlightenment

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of Reason

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to Rule

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right Irrational

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right IrrationalKing answers only to God

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right IrrationalKing answers only to GodKings answers to Social contract

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right IrrationalKing answers only to GodKings answers to Social contractAristocracy by birth

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right IrrationalKing answers only to GodKings answers to Social contractAristocracy by birthSocial Justice

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right IrrationalKing answers only to GodKings answers to Social contractAristocracy by birthSocial Justice

    Life, Liberty, and Property

  • Middle Ages vs. Age of ReasonMiddle Ages Age of ReasonDivine Right to RuleDivine Right IrrationalKing answers only to GodKings answers to Social contractAristocracy by birthSocial Justice

    Life, Liberty, and PropertyLife, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness

  • Scientific RevolutionIsaac Newton used mathematics to explain Gravity

  • Scientific Revolution

    Natural Laws Rules of conduct discoverable by Reason

  • Scientific Revolution

    Natural Laws Rules of conduct discoverable by Reason

    UtopiaPerfect society

  • Thomas Hobbes

    Naturally cruelGreedy and selfishNeeded powerful government to maintain orderAbsolute Monarchy

    John Locke

    People were reasonable and MoralPeople had Natural RightsPeople formed Government to protect their rightsGovernment has obligation to the peopleIf Government becomes oppressive, overthrow themPHILOSOPHES

  • MontesquieuSeparation of PowersPHILOSOPHES

  • MontesquieuSeparation of PowersPHILOSOPHESChecks and Balances

  • PHILOSOPHESVoltaireFreedom of Speech

  • RousseauWrote Social ContractThe balance of General Will vs Individual Rights

    PHILOSOPHES

  • Mary WollstonecraftWomen should be educated

  • PHILOSOPHESDenis DiderotFranceEncyclopedia

    Put all beliefs into books of the Encyclopedia

  • PHILOSOPHESAdam SmithEnglandThe Wealth of Nations

    Free market based on Supply DemandNo government interference

  • PHILOSOPHESAdam SmithEnglandThe Wealth of Nations

    Free market based on Supply DemandNo government interference

    Laissez-faire economicsFoundation of Capitalism in America

  • PHILOSOPHES

    Adam SmithEnglandThe Wealth of Nations.

    Governments role was to Protect SocietyAdminister Justice

  • CensorshipAuthors often challenged the Old OrderNovelsStory within the storyCandide Exposes corruption, hypocrisy, and right to free speech

    Gulliver's Travels

  • Enlightened Despots(Kings)Frederick the Great Prussia(1740 1786)

  • Enlightened Despots(Kings)Frederick the Great Prussia(1740 1786)

    First Servant of the State

    Religious Tolerance Heaven in his own Fashion

  • Joseph IIHoly Roman Empire( 1765 1790 )The Peasant Emperor

    Went out to the Pubs undercoverExtended Tolerance to Protestants and JewsEnded CensorshipSold Monasteries and ConventsEnded Serfdom

    Enlightened Despots

  • All cancelled after he diedBut the seed had been planted

  • Most Europeans untouched by Middle Class or Courtly Culture

  • 1700sEastern EuropeSerfdom spread to RussiaPeasants could be bought and sold with landLate 1700s

    began to spread to peasant villages and across the ocean to a bunch of colonist

  • Trading CardsThomas HobbesJohn LockeMontesquieuVoltaireRousseauMary WollstonecraftDenis DiderotAdam SmithFrederick the GreatJoseph II

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