ENGLISH TURKISH

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<ul><li> 1. <ul><li>TO TERZLK MESLEK LSES </li></ul><ul><li>TO ANADOLU MESLEK LSES </li></ul><ul><li>ngilizce Program </li></ul><ul><li>BEYOLU-STANBUL </li></ul></li> <li> 2. NGLZCE ALFABES <ul><li>A b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z </li></ul></li> <li> 3. <ul><li>PRATK NGLZCE REHBER </li></ul><ul><li>HOW ARE YOU - NASILSINIZ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DO YOU DO?-NASILSINIZ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE ARE YOU FROM-NERELSNZ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW OLD ARE YOU?-KA YAINDASINIZ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT TIME IS IT?-SAAT KA? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW MUCH IS IT?-ONUN FYATI NEDR? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS THE MATTER?-SORUN NE? </li></ul><ul><li>WELCOME-HOGELDNZ </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD BYE -GLE GLE </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE ARE YOU?-NEREDESNZ? </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU -TEEKKR EDERM </li></ul></li> <li> 4. Soru kelimeleri <ul><li>Where-Nerede </li></ul><ul><li>What-Ne </li></ul><ul><li>Why-Niin </li></ul><ul><li>Who-Kim </li></ul><ul><li>Whose-Kimin </li></ul><ul><li>How-Nasl </li></ul><ul><li>Which-Hangisi </li></ul></li> <li> 5. NOUNS-SMLER <ul><li>TEKL SMLER-SINGULAR NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>OUL SMLER-PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>NGLZCEDE S, TAKISI GETRLEREK TEKL SM OULA DNR. FAKAT BAZI STSNALAR VARDIR. </li></ul></li> <li> 6. Singular-plural <ul><li>Book-books zoo-zoos </li></ul><ul><li>Table-tables dog-dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Pen-pencils cat-cats </li></ul><ul><li>Baby-babies computer-computers </li></ul><ul><li>Woman-women notebook-notebooks </li></ul><ul><li>Child-children </li></ul><ul><li>Not:saryla yazlanlar kuralsz oullara rnektir. </li></ul></li> <li> 7. K ZAMRLER POSSESIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNS ADJECTIVES <ul><li>I-BEN </li></ul><ul><li>YOU-SEN </li></ul><ul><li>HE/SHE/IT-O </li></ul><ul><li>WE-BZ </li></ul><ul><li>YOU-SZ </li></ul><ul><li>THEY-ONLAR </li></ul><ul><li>MY-BENM </li></ul><ul><li>YOUR-SENN </li></ul><ul><li>HIS/HER/ITS-ONUN </li></ul><ul><li>OUR-BZM </li></ul><ul><li>YOUR-SZN </li></ul><ul><li>THER-ONLARIN </li></ul></li> <li> 8. NESNE ZAMRLER (OBJECT PRONOUNS) <ul><li>ME-BEN,BANA </li></ul><ul><li>YOU-SEN,SANA </li></ul><ul><li>HIM/HER/IT-ONU,ONA </li></ul><ul><li>US-BZE,BZ </li></ul><ul><li>YOU-SZ,SZE </li></ul><ul><li>THEM-ONLARI,ONLARA </li></ul></li> <li> 9. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>MYSELF </li></ul><ul><li>YOURSELF </li></ul><ul><li>HIMSELF/HERSELF/ITSELF </li></ul><ul><li>OURSELVES </li></ul><ul><li>YOURSELVES </li></ul><ul><li>THEMSELVES </li></ul><ul><li>zne ve nesne ayn kii olduu zaman kullanlr. </li></ul><ul><li>rnek: </li></ul><ul><li>I saw myself in the mirror. (Kendimi aynada grdm) </li></ul><ul><li>You saw yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>She saw herself </li></ul><ul><li>He saw himself </li></ul><ul><li>It saw itself </li></ul><ul><li>We saw ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>You saw yourselves </li></ul><ul><li>They saw themselves </li></ul></li> <li> 10. <ul><li>Possessive pronouns Possessive Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Mine My </li></ul><ul><li>Yours Your </li></ul><ul><li>Hers Her </li></ul><ul><li>His His </li></ul><ul><li>- Its </li></ul><ul><li>Ours Our </li></ul><ul><li>Yours Your </li></ul><ul><li>Theirs Their </li></ul><ul><li>Bir nesnenin birisine ait olduunu anlatmak iin kullanrz. </li></ul><ul><li>rnein, </li></ul><ul><li>Bu araba benimdir demek istersek </li></ul><ul><li>1. This car is mine ya da </li></ul><ul><li>1.This is my car. </li></ul><ul><li>Aadakileri siz yapnz. (Yeille yazlanlar arasnda seim yapnz.) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Children should obey his, their parents. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Excuse me. Is this my, mine dictionary or your, yours </li></ul><ul><li>Kural: Eer isimden nce geliyorsa, possessive adjective aksi takdirde possessive pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Kullanrz. </li></ul></li> <li> 11. Basit sorular ve cevaplar <ul><li>What is your name? </li></ul><ul><li>My name is Ahmet </li></ul><ul><li>What time is it? </li></ul><ul><li>It is two oclock </li></ul><ul><li>How much is it? </li></ul><ul><li>It is five YTL. </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you live? </li></ul><ul><li>I live in Beyoglu </li></ul></li> <li> 12. SAATLERN ANLATILMASI <ul><li>TAM SAATLER SYLERKEN RNEN SAAT 2.OO, SAAT 12.00 .... YLE DERZ. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS TWO OCLOCK, IT IS TWELVE 0CLOCK. U DA DORUDUR. IT IS TWO YA DA IT IS TWELVE. </li></ul><ul><li>PEK 12 Y 5 GEYOR DEMEK STERSEK </li></ul><ul><li>KURAL UDUR. IT IS FIVE PAST TWELVE </li></ul><ul><li>PAST-GEYOR DEMEK. </li></ul><ul><li>12 YE 5 VAR DERMEK STERSEK TO KULLANACAIZ. IT IS FIVE TO TWELVE. </li></ul></li> <li> 13. RNEK SAAT ALITIRMALARI <ul><li>7.30-IT IS HALF PAST SEVEN </li></ul><ul><li>7.20-IT IS TWENTY (MINUTES) PAST SEVEN </li></ul><ul><li>7.45 IT IS FORTY FIVE PAST SEVEN </li></ul><ul><li>YA DA IT IS FIFTEEN TO EIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>5.OO P.M DENLDNDE NE ANLARIZ? </li></ul><ul><li>P.M SAAT 12.00-24.00 ARASINI ANLATMAK </li></ul><ul><li>N KULLANILIR. 5.00 P.M DEMEK 17.00 </li></ul></li> <li> 14. ADJECTIVES (SIFATLAR) <ul><li>RNEK SIFATLAR </li></ul><ul><li>EXPENSIVE-PAHALI LIGHT-HAFF </li></ul><ul><li>BEAUTIFUL-GZEL LAZY-TEMBEL </li></ul><ul><li>UGLY-RKN CROWDED-KALABALIK </li></ul><ul><li>CHEAP-UCUZ EXPENSIVE-PAHALI </li></ul></li> <li> 15. RNEK (Alt izili kelimeler sfattr) <ul><li>Istanbul is a big city </li></ul><ul><li>Ankara is a beautiful city </li></ul><ul><li>He is a very fat man </li></ul><ul><li>Mercedes is a very expensive car. </li></ul><ul><li>The students are very happy. </li></ul></li> <li> 16. Comparison (Karlatrma) <ul><li>ngilizcede iki nesneyi birbiriyle karlatrmak istediimizde aadaki cmleye dikkat edelim. </li></ul><ul><li>Istanbul is bigger than Ankara. Big sfatnn sonuna er eki geldi. Karlatrma yaparken than kullanldn grnz. </li></ul><ul><li>He is older than me. (Old-older) </li></ul><ul><li>Fakat Istanbul Ankaradan kalabalk demek istersek, Istanbul is more crowded than Ankara. </li></ul><ul><li>Sfat birden fazla heceliyse more kelimesi sfatn nne gelir. BMW Renault marka arabadan pahal demek istersek </li></ul><ul><li>BMW is more expensive than Renault. </li></ul></li> <li> 17. SUPERLATIVE <ul><li>Bir nesnenin en st deerde olduunu belirtmek istersek, yle bir yap kullanacaz. </li></ul><ul><li>O snfn en uzun boylu rencisidir. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the tallest student of the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Tall-tallest olarak deiir ve nne the taksn alr. Eer sfat bir heceliden fazla ise rnein expensive-the most expensive, </li></ul><ul><li>Crowded-the most crowded </li></ul><ul><li>Istanbul is the most crowded city of Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Most kelimesinin sfattan nce kullanldna dikkat ediniz. </li></ul></li> <li> 18. Adverbs-zarflar <ul><li>Zarflar bir iin nasl yapldn anlatan kelimelerdir. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly-hzlca Genel kural sfatn sonuna </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly-yavaa -ly taksnn getirlmesidir. </li></ul><ul><li>Suddenly-aniden Bazen ayn kelime sfat ve zarf olabilmektedir. </li></ul></li> <li> 19. rnekler <ul><li>he drives carefully </li></ul><ul><li>They will leave tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>He sometimes goes fishing at the weekend </li></ul><ul><li>She is very polite </li></ul><ul><li>Your bag is here </li></ul><ul><li>Yukardaki cmlelerde alt izili kelimelerin zarf olduuna dikkat ediniz. </li></ul></li> <li> 20. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE MDK ZAMAN <ul><li>U AN DEVAM ETMEKTE OLAN BR ANLATMAK N KULLANILIR. </li></ul><ul><li>YRYORUM, ALIIYORUM, OKUYORUM GB. </li></ul><ul><li>RNEKLER </li></ul><ul><li>1. I AM WALKING </li></ul><ul><li>2. THEY ARE RUNNING </li></ul></li> <li> 21. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE <ul><li>KULLANDIIMIZ YARDIMCI FLLER </li></ul><ul><li>(IS, ARE). </li></ul><ul><li>FLLERN SONUNA ING EKN GETRDMZE DKKAT EDNZ. </li></ul><ul><li>EAT EATING </li></ul><ul><li>WALK WALKING. FLN SON </li></ul><ul><li>SMILE SMILING HARF E SE </li></ul><ul><li>RUN RUNNING E DMEKTEDR. </li></ul></li> <li> 22. PRESENT CONTINUOUS OLUMLU <ul><li>I AM RUNNING </li></ul><ul><li>YOU ARE RUNNING </li></ul><ul><li>HE/SHE/IT IS RUNNING </li></ul><ul><li>WE ARE RUNNING </li></ul><ul><li>YOU ARE RUNNING </li></ul><ul><li>THEY ARE RUNNING </li></ul><ul><li>RUN RUNNING (n HARFNN TEKRARLANDIINI GRNZ.) </li></ul></li> <li> 23. PRESENT CONTINUOUS OLUMSUZ CMLE <ul><li>I AM NOT STUDYING </li></ul><ul><li>YOU ARE NOT STUDYING </li></ul><ul><li>HE/SHE/(IT) IS NOT STUDYING </li></ul><ul><li>WE ARE NOT STUDYING </li></ul><ul><li>YOU ARE NOT STUDYING </li></ul><ul><li>THEY ARE NOT STUDYING </li></ul></li> <li> 24. PRESENT CONTINUOUS SORU <ul><li>AM I STUDYING? </li></ul><ul><li>ARE YOU STUDYING? </li></ul><ul><li>IS HE/SHE STUDYING? </li></ul><ul><li>ARE WE STUDYING? </li></ul><ul><li>ARE YOU STUDYING? </li></ul><ul><li>ARE THEY STUDYING? </li></ul><ul><li>BU SORULARA YES/NO LE BALAYAN CEVAPLAR VERLR. </li></ul></li> <li> 25. PRESENT CONTINUOUS SORULAR <ul><li>1. WHAT ARE YOU DOING NOW? </li></ul><ul><li>2. WHO IS MAKING THAT NOISE?.... </li></ul><ul><li>I AM STUDYING. 1. sorunun cevabdr. </li></ul></li> <li> 26. Aadaki altrmalar yapnz. <ul><li>1. Saat 12 yi 25 geiyor. </li></ul><ul><li>2. 4e 5 var. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Turkiyenin en pahal ehri istanbuldur. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Ali ok hzl yrr. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Ahmet ok yavatr. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Kitab bana ver. </li></ul></li> <li> 27. Emir cmleleri <ul><li>Ayaa kalk, Otur, Ev devini yap gibi emir verdiimiz cmleler EMR CMLELERDR. </li></ul><ul><li>(ORDER SENTENCES) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>1.Sit down -otur Dikkat ettiyseniz fiilin 2.Stand up ayaa kalk yaln hali kullanlyor. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Give me your book-kitabn bana ver. </li></ul></li> <li> 28. Verbs - fiiller <ul><li>Fiiller cmlenin temel elerindendir. </li></ul><ul><li>ngilizcede farkl zamanlarda fiilin ald biim deimektedir. </li></ul><ul><li>Yaln hali-Simple past hali ve Past Participle olmak zere 3 hali bulunmaktadr. </li></ul><ul><li>rnek. Eat yemek fiilinin </li></ul><ul><li>1. hali-eat 2. hali-ate 3. eaten </li></ul><ul><li>Fiil kurall ise 2. ve 3. hallerini olutururken d veya ed eki fiilin sonuna gelir, kuralszsa bunlar ezberlemek gerekiyor. Bunun listesi kitaplarda mevcut. </li></ul></li> <li> 29. Verbs-fiiller <ul><li>Hali 2. Hali 3. Hali </li></ul><ul><li>Have had had </li></ul><ul><li>Buy bought bought </li></ul><ul><li>Take took taken </li></ul><ul><li>Cut cut cut </li></ul><ul><li>Talk talked talked </li></ul><ul><li>Drink drank drunk </li></ul></li> <li> 30. Aadaki fiillerin Trke karlklarn yaznz. <ul><li>Smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Run </li></ul><ul><li>Buy </li></ul><ul><li>Have </li></ul><ul><li>Help </li></ul><ul><li>Fly </li></ul><ul><li>Walk </li></ul><ul><li>Make </li></ul><ul><li>9. Swim </li></ul><ul><li>10. Call </li></ul><ul><li>11. Sell </li></ul><ul><li>12. Listen </li></ul><ul><li>13. Talk </li></ul><ul><li>14. Hit </li></ul><ul><li>15. Break </li></ul><ul><li>16. Clean </li></ul></li> <li> 31. rnek altrmalar <ul><li>1. He speaks softly </li></ul><ul><li>2. He drove very fast </li></ul><ul><li>3. Computers are extensively used nowadays </li></ul><ul><li>4. This is totally unacceptable </li></ul><ul><li>5. He acted foolishly </li></ul><ul><li>6. Yesterday, I met the President </li></ul><ul><li>Bu cmlelerdeki zarflar bulmaya alnz. </li></ul></li> <li> 32. Zarflarn oluumu <ul><li>Genel kural: </li></ul><ul><li>Sfatn sonuna ly ekinin getirilmesi </li></ul><ul><li>Ancak sfatn sonundaki harflere gre deiir. </li></ul><ul><li>rnekler. </li></ul><ul><li>Serious-seriously, polite-politely, awful-awfully, happy-happily......... </li></ul></li> <li> 33. Sfatlarla ilgili altrmalar <ul><li>1. Life can be very enjoyable for retired people </li></ul><ul><li>2. She bought a silk blouse. </li></ul><ul><li>3. They walked up the stone path. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The young people have a lot of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>5. She is ill today. </li></ul><ul><li>Cmlelerdeki sfatlar bulmaya alnz. </li></ul><ul><li>Not: Baz sfatlar isimlerden nce gelmez. </li></ul></li> <li> 34. can <ul><li>Bir iin yaplabilir olduunu anlatmak iin </li></ul><ul><li>Can kullanlr. (zne , can, fiil...) </li></ul><ul><li>I can swim -yzebilirim </li></ul><ul><li>You can swim-yzebilirsin </li></ul><ul><li>He/she/it can swim-yzebilir </li></ul><ul><li>We can swim-yzebiliriz </li></ul><ul><li>You can swim-yzebilirsiniz </li></ul><ul><li>They can swim-yzebilirler </li></ul></li> <li> 35. can <ul><li>Sorular </li></ul><ul><li>1. What can you do? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Can you speak English? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Can you sing a song? </li></ul><ul><li>4. How many languages can you speak? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cant you run? </li></ul></li> <li> 36. Simple present tense <ul><li>Tekrarlanan bir durumu anlatmak istediimizde bu zaman kullanrz. rnein: He gn okula giderim. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday I go to school. </li></ul><ul><li>The sun rises in the east. (Gne doudan doar) </li></ul><ul><li>I swim every sunday. (Her Pazar yzerim.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bu zamanda yardmc fiil DO-DOES </li></ul></li> <li> 37. Simple present tense <ul><li>Dikkat edilecek bir durum 3. tekil ahs (he-she-it) zne olduunda ve olumlu cmlede fiilin sonuna </li></ul><ul><li>-s veya es eki gelmesidir. rnein. </li></ul><ul><li>He run s very fast. The cat walk s very slowly. Sonraki slaytta btn zamirler iin ekimler verilmitir. </li></ul></li> <li> 38. Simple present tense <ul><li>I study </li></ul><ul><li>You study </li></ul><ul><li>He/she/it studies olumlu cmle </li></ul><ul><li>We study </li></ul><ul><li>You study </li></ul><ul><li>They study </li></ul></li> <li> 39. Simple present tense <ul><li>Olumsuz cmle (zne, do not-does not , fiilin 1.hali) </li></ul><ul><li>I dont run </li></ul><ul><li>You dont run </li></ul><ul><li>He/she/it doesnt run </li></ul><ul><li>We dont run </li></ul><ul><li>You dont run </li></ul><ul><li>They dont run </li></ul></li> <li> 40. Simple present tense soru <ul><li>Yardmc fiil, zne , fiilin 1 .hali </li></ul><ul><li>Do I run? koar mym? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you run? koar msn? </li></ul><ul><li>Does he/she/it run? koar m? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we run?-koar myz? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you run?-koar msnz? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they run?-koarlar m? </li></ul><ul><li>Bu sorulara yes-no ile balayan cevaplar verilir. </li></ul></li> <li> 41. Simple present tense sorular <ul><li>What time do you get up? </li></ul><ul><li>When do you study? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you study English? </li></ul><ul><li>Which one do you prefer? </li></ul><ul><li>When does the school start? </li></ul><ul><li>Sorular sorarken fiilin 1. halinin kullanldna dikkat ediniz. </li></ul></li> <li> 42. FUTURE TENSE ( GELECEK ZAMAN) <ul><li>GELECEK ZAMANI ANLATMAK N </li></ul><ul><li>GOING TO veya WILL KULLANILIR. </li></ul><ul><li>YAPI: 1. OZNE, WILL, FLN 1.HAL </li></ul><ul><li>YAPI: 2. OZNE, YARDIMCI FL, GOING TO, FLN 1. HAL. </li></ul></li> <li> 43. GOING TO OLUMLU CMLELER <ul><li>1. I AM GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>2. YOU ARE GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>3. HE/SHE (IT) IS GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>4. WE ARE GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>5. YOU ARE GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>6. THEY ARE GOING TO STUDY </li></ul></li> <li> 44. GOING TO OLUMSUZ CMLELER <ul><li>1. I AM NOT GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>2. YOU ARE NOT GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>3. HE/SHE IS NOT GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>4. WE ARE NOT GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>5. YOU ARE NOT GOING TO STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>6.THEY ARE NOT GOING TO STUDY </li></ul></li> <li> 45. SORULAR <ul><li>1. AM I GOING TO STUDY? </li></ul><ul><li>2. ARE YOU GOING TO STUDY? </li></ul><ul><li>3. IS HE/SHE GOING TO STUDY? </li></ul><ul><li>4. ARE WE GOING TO STUDY? </li></ul><ul><li>5. ARE YOU GOING TO STUDY? </li></ul><ul><li>6. ARE THEY GOING TO STUDY? </li></ul><ul><li>Bu sorulara yes, no ile balayan ksa cevaplar verilebilir. </li></ul></li> <li> 46. Future tense going to sorular <ul><li>1. when are you going to study? </li></ul><ul><li>2. who is going to answer my question? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How are you going to go to Ankara? </li></ul><ul><li>4. why are you going to play? </li></ul><ul><li>...... trnden sorulara ise istenen bilgiyi vererek cevap vermeliyiz. </li></ul><ul><li>1. sorunun cevab- I am going to study this evening . Dier sorulara da siz cevap veriniz. </li></ul></li> <li> 47. Simple past tense <ul><li>Gemite bitmi bir olay anlatmak iin kullanlr. </li></ul><ul><li>He painted the picture in 1980. </li></ul><ul><li>They went to the theatre last week. </li></ul><ul><li>Bu zamanda yardmc fiil did . </li></ul><ul><li>Olumsuz ve soru cmlelerinde yardmc fiiller kullanlacak. </li></ul></li> <li> 48. Simple past tense olumlu <ul><li>zne, fiilin 2. hali, ............ </li></ul><ul><li>I went to the school </li></ul><ul><li>You went to the school </li></ul><ul><li>He/she went to the school </li></ul><ul><li>We went to the school </li></ul><ul><li>You went to the school </li></ul><ul><li>They went to the school </li></ul><ul><li>Fiillerin 2. hal eer kuralsz deilse fiilin sonuna </li></ul><ul><li>-d, ed eki getirilerek yaplr. Kuralszsa listeden ezberlenecek. </li></ul></li> <li> 49. Simple past tense olumsuz <ul><li>zne

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