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  • 1. The Meanitgof theTestimony of Faith Confiledby:Sheikh:HamoodM. Al-LahimTranslated by:Mahmood R. Murad

2. Formoreinfornationrboutlshm. plcr* oonbctorvisit:llag Frld IYrtbrrl Lilrrry Crhl.3ht.h.klllcrtbr DrtrAl.Lrlir, f,rrrrl ll.Thc nrcening of rhc rcstimooy of faitV trrashrcd by Mahrood R.Murad-Riytdh. 20 Prgcs, 12 x 17 Cm ISBN: 996O-798-21{ l- Faith (lslemic Crccds)2- Titlc 241 dc 1539/t6t egalDepositno, 1539/16 ISBN:996O79E-21-6@ ttt righr.rot d fc rbc Otticc No rryr ofxir tot Nt b. sd 16 FDlkrbo riliotrEri&n Fmidd of t E co?yritl|t iolds. ttdidio for wl*h 6eld b3 .ddcGl b lhc officr 3. IntroductionThe testimony of faith is the decisive criterion bywhich man is judged to be a Muslim or a Kafir.This testimony is the foundation upon which Islamis based. The concept of life, the universe and manis diffused from it and upon it is based themessage of all Messengers beginning with Noahand ending with Muhammad, (peace be uponthem all). Allah, the Exalted says:"We did not send the Messenger before youzoithout reaealing to him: "There is no god worthyof being worshipped except I, therefore worshipMe." (Holy Quran: Chapter 21, Verse 25)Allah has created men and jinn and the restof creation on account of the testimony of faith,there is no god worthy of being worshipped exceptAllah, Consequently everything in this universesubmits in worship to Allah, to Whom belong thecreation and the authority. He is aware of allthings. 4. The Meaning of the Testimony of FaithThe testimony (nttl Y! 4ll Y LA ILAHA ILLAALLAH) comprises two concepts: denial andaffirmation.First The testimony of faith denieseveryone and everything other than Allah, theExalted, the attribute of divinity. All those otherthan Allah, such as the angels, the Prophets, andthe rest of mankind, let alone the idols and thepolitical regimes in the world, are not god nor dothey deserve to be worshipped. Thus denial in thisrespect is not denial of the existence of the allegedgods, rather the denial of divinity which isattributed to them. Second: The testimony of faith affirms andrestricts divinity to Allah Alone. That is, the slavemust believe Allah is the only true God, anddedicate accordingly no act of worship to otherthan Allah. Since worship with all its legitimate actsand rites must be dedicated only to the God whodeserve it, therefore, the true god to whom 5. worship must be dedicated is the one who enjoyscertain attributes, some of which are:7- Divinity, the Oneness of Allah Who is singledout as the only true God having no partner toshare His divine attributes, nor His domain. He isthe One the as-Samadl[1].2- Self-sufficiency. Allah stands in need of noone; He needs neither a helper nor a spouse or ason.3- The capability of doing everything. There isnothing which frustrates His capability. He doesanything He wishes without exhaustion orsupport. If He wills to do a thing, He only says toit, "Be" , and it is.l - A s - S a m a ds o n e o f A l l a hsb e a u t i f un a m e sI.t i s m e n t i o n e i nildSurah#112,it signifies following:the Lord to Whom recourse theis had, or to Whom obedience "rendered", iswithout Whom noaffair is "accomplished: the Oneto Whom Lordshipis ultimately orpertains,or the Creator of everything,of Whom nothing isindependent, everycreated andthing depends Him for his or itsonmeans subsistence, of whoseOnenesseverythingindicates. 6. 4- The absolute life which is unaffected byperishment. Allah is Everlasting,and He is Al-Qayoom2[2].5- Alertress: Allah never sleeps nor is Heheedless, He is neither seized by slumber orsleep.6- Inclusive proprietorship:All existing thingsbelongto Allah alone.7- Knowledge:Allahs knowledgeencompassesthe whole universe that even anant weight does not escapeHis knowledge. Heis well aware of the hidden and the apparent,the past the present, the future, and He knowsthe inner thoughts of man.8- Pride and grandeur: There is nothing greaterthat Allah neither in His essence or in hisgrandeur, nor in his supremacy.2-Ever-living, subsisting, Whom all thingssubsist. Self by 7. 9- Merciful beneficence: Allah does not wronga thing or punish unjustly rather He loves Hisdevotees, and forgive the sins of those whorepents to Him.Hence, the One Who possessessuch attributesdeserves to be worshipped God. Allah, theExalted, after all is the only One Who possessessuch attributes. He is the King, the Powerful, theWise, the One Who knows the seen and theunseen, the Merciful, the Beneficent. Only the One to Whom the divine athibutesbelong is a true God Who is worthy of beingworshipped and to whose greatress all creationsubmit. It is for this reason the testimony of faithconstitutes denial of divinity to all other than Allahand confir-i.g it to Allah Alone, for He is the onlytrue God. Allah, Who is f.ar removed from everyimperfection, exclusively enjoys the attributes ofdivinity. This divinity entails:The right of legislating lows. Allah is the Onewho legislates laws for His creafures, therefore no 8. one may legislates laws for himself or for othersthat do not confirm with those of Allah, or thosegiven by His Messengers nor may any one designa mode of worship or a transactional regulation forindividual or groups. Neither is it the right ofanyone to deem things lawful or unlawful on hisown accord. Nor is it the right of anyone tolegislate a penal law on his own accord, for suchrights are exclusively Allahs. Whoever giveshimself such rights presumptuously sets uphimself as god. Whoever obeys him takes him fora god in lieu of Allah. Allah the Exalted, has mentioned thatChristians, have taken their scholars and monks aslords other than Allah only by obeying their lordswho prohibited Allahs lawful things, andlegalized his prohibited things without divinesanction. Th"y did so after knowing that Allah is the trueGod to Whom worship must be dedicated andafter knowing that Allah acceptsonly those acts ofworship legislated by Him, and by His Messenger. 9. Hence we must know the acts of worship sothat we dedicated them to Allah Alone. Once weknow this, we know that He has created thecreatures only to worship Him. Man as part of Hiscreatures, must dedicate all his life worshippingAllah, he must be aware of Allahs rulingsrespecting everything he does, thus every lawfuIthing he does, intending it to be a means ofbringing him closer to Allah, turns to be an act ofworship. Worship is an inclusive tern comprisingevery utterance and deed, apparent or hidden thatAllah loves.Having read this brief message about themeaning of the testimony of faith, and itsrequirements, you are probably anxious to professit and apply its requirements of this testimony thatare incumbent upon the person who confessesit toapply?These requirements are:1- The belief that Allah is a true God to Whomworship must be dedicated. 10. He is the One Who possesses all attributes ofperfection, and Who is far removed from everyimperfection such as taking a spouse or a son.2- The belief that Allah is the Creator of existingthings, the Sustainer, the Giver of life and death,the Proprietor of the universe, the only Ruler andLegislator.3- The belief that Allah possessesthe athibutesof perfection, and is far removed from everyimperfection as Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah, (Peace and blessings of Allaah be uponhim), informed us in the Quraan and the Sunnah.The only two sources from which we know theattributes of Allah. Were Muhammad to forge liesagainst Allah, Allah would have definitelypunished Him. On the contrary, Allah supportedhim with miracles that have proven his veracityand frustworthiness in conveying the lvlessage ofhis Rubb.Allah says: "Were he Muhammad (Peace and blessings ofAllaah be upon him), to forge some statement 8 11. against lls, We would hazteseized him by his righthand and We would haae cut off his artery." (HolyQuran: Chapter 59, VersesM-46.)4- Taking the believers for friends, loving andsupporting them. Allah says: "Muhammad, is the Messengerof Allah and thosewho are zaith him are harsh against unbelieaers, and merciful among themselztes. You see them bowing and prostrating (in prayer), seeking bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are marks caused by prostration (duing prayers). This is their similitude in the Torah and in the Gospel like a (sown) seed zohichsendsforth its shoot, then makes it strong, it then becomesthick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the farmers that He (Allah) may enrage the unbelieuers with them. AIIah has promised those among them who belieae(i.e. all those uthofollow lslamic Manatheism, the religion of the Prophet Muhammad, (PBUH) till the doy "fResunection) and do ighteous good deeds,forgiaeness and a mighty retaard (i.e. Paradise)" (Holy Quran: Chapter 48, Verse29). 12. 5- Disavowing the unbelievers and standingaloof from them.Allah says: "lndeed there has been an excellent example foryou in Abraham and those utith him, when theysaid to their people; "Verily, u)e are free from youanil whateaer you worship besidesAllah we haaerejected you, and there has started betuteenus andyou hostility and hatred foreuer, until you belieae in Allah Alone, except the saying of Abraham to his fathen "Verily, I zaill ask for forgiaeness (fromAllah) for you, but I haae no power to do anythingfor you beforeAllah. Our Lord! In you (Alone) weput our trust and to You Alone zpe turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) finalReturn," (Holy Quran: Chapter 60, Verse 4)The above are some of the requirements of thetestimony of faith, the testimony which isconsidered a prelude and accessto Islam, rather itsbase. Whoever confesses it with sincereattestation, and applies its requirements, wouldultimately be admitted to the Jannah, the heavenlyIO 13. garden, with the will of Altah. If such a personcommitted some sins and died before repenting, itis up to Allah, He either forgives him or punisheshim by the fire but would the later take him out ofit and admits him to ]annah having been purifiedfro