Empowering Women : Socio-economic Development in ?· Socio-economic Development in Post-Conflict Tajikistan…

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  • Empowering Women : Socio-economic Development in

    Post-Conflict Tajikistan

    Hermine De SotoFebruary 23, 2004

  • Who is Targeted Why?

    Single Mothers and their familiesQualitative Poverty Study for the PRSP suggested this is the communitys most vulnerable groupObjective is to address multi-dimensional problems of these households and enable them to succeed in obtaining employment and/or starting micro-enterprises

  • Desired Outcomes

    Decreased malnutrition and other health problems among women and their familiesIncreased incomes and employmentHigher education rates among members childrenBody of data to be used for scaling up purposes and for tracking association development/progressLower levels of corruption

  • Tools and Methods:CDD Approach- First Year

    Hired field staffConducted Community Needs AssessmentTrained community members for additional needs surveysDetermined initiative groupsProvided trainings in various areas to increase skill level and competency:

    ! Community Mobilization, Credit, Business Management, Community Proposal Writing, NGO Development, Computer/Office Training

  • Tools and Methods:CDD Approach- First Year

    Further efforts to develop association and foster independence:! Women take first loan, Oct. 2003! Development of strategic plan for how to organize

    association! Establishment of resource library and Womens

    Association Newsletter! Humanitarian aid secured; monitoring taught! Site exchange visits within Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan! Weekly Thursday night discussions implemented! Hiring and training of child-care providers! Women begin their own jobs/business; training in

    social enterprise development

  • Tools and Methods:CDD Approach- Second Year

    Expansion of social enterprise development:! On-going market research! Business plan development! Bakery training/development! Poultry farm! Childrens clothing line! Educational seminars for children

  • Tools and Methods:CDD Approach- Second Year

    Continued capacity building and more engagement with local level governance! Women leaders respond to requests for training, access

    to information and other resources! Collaborate with male counterparts on community

    issues, i.e. water management! Women leaders are developing a community business

    plan for a health clinic! On-going civil society and community development

    which includes: fund-raising for community projects, conflict resolution, teambuilding, and professional communication

  • Tools and Methods:CDD Approach- Second Year

    Second phase of organizational development for Womens Association! Membership requirements, rights, and responsibilities! Development of advisory board and strategic plan! Continued participatory monitoring and evaluation

    using the following evaluation methods: ! Semi-structured interviews, key-informant interviews, focus

    groups, community mapping, direct matrix and pair-wise ranking and scoring, and pocket-charts exercises

    ! Project expansion and replication

  • How are Voices being Strengthened

    TrainingEducationPartnership experienceOn-going Civil Society and CDD trainingEngagement in community development

  • What has Worked

    Womens Association/Center was established in one of most difficult parts of Tajikistan

    Patience, trust building, and showing respect to local culture was most important step for success

  • Challenges

    Women were initially afraid, lacked self-esteem and did not trust one another

    Social cohesion was very weak

  • Recommendations

    Address entire community (not just main stakeholders)Ensure buy-in from local secular and religious leadersMaintain local/cultural sensitivityKnow the community before project begins and foster trust and support from 2/3 community leadersUnderstand in depth the community needs and get whole community involvedAddress social/psychological dimension

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