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Emperor Justinian . Emperor Justinian . Main Idea: The polices and reforms of Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora helped make the Byzantine Empire STRONG YO! . Emperor Justinian . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Emperor Justinian

Emperor Justinian Main Idea:The polices and reforms of Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora helped make the Byzantine Empire STRONG YO! Emperor Justinian

Do you sometimes rewrite homework or any school work really, to make them easier to understand? Well that is kind of what Justinian did with the Byzantine Empire. Emperor Justinian

3Justinian became emperor of the Byzantine Empire in 527 C.E.Justinian was a strong leader who controlled the military, made laws and was supreme judge Emperor Justinian

Justinians order and rules were never questioned!He was Judge, Jury and Executioner, all in oneHe was the law!Emperor Justinian

Justinians wife, the empress Theodora, helped him run his empire.Theodora, a former actress, was intelligent, strong willed and she was a great judge of character, constantly helping Justinian choose government officials. Emperor Justinian

Theodora also convinced him to give women more rightsfor the first time, a Byzantine wife could own land! If she became a widow, she now had the income to take care of her children. Emperor Justinian

In 532 Theodora helped save her husbands throneangry tax payers threatened to overthrow Justinian and actually stormed his palace. Justinians advisors urged him to leave ConstantinopleTheodora however, told him to stay and fight. Emperor Justinian

Justinian took his wife's advice, stayed in the city and crushed the uprising. By doing this, Justinian not only restored order to his city, it also strengthened his power to rule. Emperor Justinian

Questions: 1)Justinian was a strong leader, what specifically did he control in the Byzantine Empire?The military, made laws and was supreme judge2)What was Justinians wifes name and what were some of her characteristics?Theodora, She was a former actress, intelligent and strong willed3) What did she do for women's rights? Helped pass a law allowing wife's to own land4)Why did Justinian stay and fight the rebellion from angry tax payers? His wife advised him to stay

Emperor Justinian Justinian wanted to reunite the Roman Empire and bring back Romes former glory!To do this, he had to conquer Western Europe and Northern AfricaHe ordered a General named Belisarius to strengthen and lead the Byzantine army.

Justinians Conquest

When Belisarius took command, he reorganized the Byzantine Army.Instead of foot soldiers, the Byzantine army came to rely on a Calvary, soldiers mounted on horse back. Justinians Conquest

Byzantine Calvary wore armor and carried bows and lances, which were extremely long spears. Justinians Conquest

Under Belisarius, the Byzantine military conquered most of Italy, Northern Africa and Persia in the east.

Justinians Conquest

However, Justinian conquered too much land, too quickly and they were just unable to control all of the new territory.

Justinians Conquest

On November 14, 565 C.E. Justinian died of natural cause. After he died, the empire did not have enough money to maintain an army large enough to hold the territory in the westso it eventually folded. Justinians Conquest

Questions: 5) What did Justinian want to reunite and why?The Roman Empire bring back glory to the empire.6) What general did Justinian put in charge of Byzantines Military?Belisarius7) What changes did this general make to the army?Belisarius created a Calvary, an Army on Horses8)What were the weapons that were used by these new soldiers?Armor, Bows, Arrows, and Lances

Justinians Conquest Justinian decided that the empire's laws were disorganized and too difficult to understand . He ordered a group of legal scholars headed by Tribonian to reform the laws of the Byzantine Empire into a more Roman code.Justinians Law Code

The groups new simplified code became known as the Justinian Code.Officials, businesspeople and citizens could now understand the empires laws with great ease. Justinians Law Code

These laws had been published in the Corpus Juris Civilis (Book) The document consists of four parts: the Codex, a collection of laws

Justinians Law Code

The Digests, a collection of writings by Roman legal scholarsJustinians Law Code

The Institutes, a textbook for law studentsJustinians Law Code

The Novels, a collection of laws created after the publication of the Codex

Justinians Law Code

During the Middle Ages the Justinian Code was used only by the Catholic Church, which made it part of church laws and handed it down through the centuries.

Justinians Law Code

Though the Roman Empire ceased to exist, the Justinian Code continues to influence laws in most European countries it also is the basis of state law in Louisiana in the United States.Justinians Law Code

Questions: 9) Who was in charge of reforming Justinians Law Code?Tribonian a Legal Scholar10) Why was it important for people to understand this Code?It would be easy to understand and follow the rules and law of the empire11) What do you think were Justinians greatest accomplishments in the Byzantine Empire? ????????????? Answers may varyJustinians Law Code

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