#EMEARC17 - OCLC accessed 6 January 2017] Public Libraries in Europe Welcome Refugees

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  • #EMEARC17

  • #EMEARC17

    Information seeking and/or identity

    seeking: libraries as sources of cultural

    identity

    Szabolcs Dancs

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    Identity: a linguistic approach

    "the binary opposition is the means by which the

    units of language have value or meaning; each

    unit is defined against what it is not"

    /Ferdinand de Saussure/

    || Human beings define themselves against others

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    The role of information in constructing identity

    Binary oppositions

    based on the knowledge acquired through socialization

    can be (very) superficial or (very) sophisticated depending

    on the quantity and quality of the information we use

    Refined distinction

    requires collecting and adopting information sufficient (in

    quality and quantity)

    constructing a cultural identity

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    Human aggression and seeking identity

    "Humans possess all the necessary biological tools to keep

    in check aggression within the community they regard as

    their own. At the same time, there are practically no

    biological checks on aggression against groups regarded

    as foreign. What they do have is cultural checks, provided

    these have been acquired through individual development

    and socialization."

    /Vilmos Csnyi, Hungarian ethologist/

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    Identity and access to cultural heritage

    "Heritage could be the mirror of self-knowledge

    my tradition is not equal with me, I am the work

    that I have made on this tradition, with this

    tradition."

    /Pter Esterhzy/

    work with tradition = constructing cultural identity

    (= personal process of socialization)

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    Cultural identity in libraries I.

    "The Fourth International UNESCO Memory of the

    World Conference Urges all Member States to:

    recognize the role and value of documentary

    heritage of all kinds in the formation of cultural,

    national and other identities."

    /UNESCO: Warsaw Declaration: Culture Memory

    Identities (2011)/

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    Cultural identity in libraries II.

    "In addressing cultural and linguistic diversity, library

    services are driven by their commitment to the

    principles of fundamental freedoms and equity of

    access to information and knowledge for all, in the

    respect of cultural identity and values."

    /IFLA/UNESCO Multicultural Library Manifesto

    (2012)/

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    Cultural identity in libraries III.

    "In the long history of libraries, lending is a modern invention.

    The role of the library as a meeting place was much more

    important, and is often overlooked today. And above all,

    libraries played a central role in integration and identity

    formation It is through meeting the literature, but above

    all, meeting other people, that a new identity can be

    formed. Libraries offer a completely essential key for this

    language." /Anders Rydell/

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    Issues for (re)consideration I. Should libraries play a role much more active than they have

    played so far in the area?

    How could a new approach focusing on self-knowledge and

    cultural identity influence our services and collections? What

    impact might it have on information seeking practices at all?

    Can we define a standard for creating group identity for

    instance by involving or integrating tools and experiences from

    the area of psychology or more concretely bibliotherapy?

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    Issues for (re)consideration II. How can we support our patrons to work with their tradition/to work on

    their tradition (as worded by Pter Esterhzy), i.e. to create their own

    cultural identity?

    Do we need to filter information more intensively than we have done?

    to choose relevant information of high quality? could it be the new task

    for librarians as curators in a society model where persons are

    supposed to be more and more independent in information seeking?

    Or could we just encourage critical thinking? (of customers or

    librarians?)

    Should we contribute to the socialization of individuals?

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    Linking data linking people I.

    A national library perspective

    creating common narratives by building international

    digital libraries using international authority files

    language-independent access points (using timelines or map

    displays) to bridge language gaps

    projects involving historians, culture experts and bibliotherapists to

    build a shared digital corpus and design specific tools for research

    establishing a comprehensive methodology for developing

    international digital libraries supporting cultural identity

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    Linking data linking people II.

    implementing culturally-affirming bibliotherapy

    (ethnobibliotherapy) to enhance multicultural awareness

    and development of cultural identity

    creating methodology to foster individuals sense of cultural

    identity

    identifying and adopting best practices

    selecting texts appropriate to construct cultural identity

    compiling a curriculum containing recommendations for using

    literary works for bibliotherapy purposes

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    Some good instances? Living Library methodology:

    primary aim is to create constructive personal dialogues between

    people who would normally not have the opportunity to speak to each

    other and thus challenge common prejudices and stereotypes

    focuses rather on integration and multicultural dialogue than improving self-

    knowledge

    Culture-Centered Bibliotherapy in ESL Curriculum Design:

    embracing cultural sensitivity, evidenced by culturally informed teaching and

    curricular transformation, to improve diverse students academic performance

    affirms beneficial influences of bibliotherapy (and literature at all) in improving

    students self-esteem and cultural identity

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    Responsive libraries

    Responding! Public libraries and refugees:

    a document by IFLA

    As we have watched the refugee crisis unfold in Europe we

    have been flooded with examples of how public libraries

    have responded in practical and heartfelt ways.

    Public Libraries in Europe Welcome Refugees:

    a website by EBLIDA collecting links to news and

    stories about library activities concerned

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    Thanks for attention!

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    SourcesCsnyi Vilmos: Az agresszi. = Csnyi: Van ott valaki? Vlogatott rsok. Bp. Typotex,

    2000. p. 134-135.

    Domiczek, Anna M.: Employing Culture-Centered Bibliotherapy in ESL Curriculum Design.

    Post University, 2011

    [http://ibrarian.net/navon/paper/Culture_Centered_Bibliotherapy_1_Running_Head__C

    U.pdf?paperid=17641075, accessed 2 August 2016]

    Don't judge a book by its cover! The Living Library Organiser's Guide 2011

    [https://www.coe.int/t/dg4/eycb/Source/EYCB%20Living%20Library.pdf, accessed 28

    September 2016]

    Esterhzy Pter: A veresg

    [http://hvg.hu/itthon/201451_esterhazy_peter_urizalasrol_hagyomanyokrol_, accessed

    27 July 2016]

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    Fogarty, Sorcha: "Binary Oppositions". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published

    15 February 2005 [http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=122,

    accessed 27 July 2016]

    IFLA/UNESCO Multicultural Library Manifesto, 2012

    [http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/library-services-to-multicultural-

    populations/publications/multicultural_library_manifesto-en.pdf, accessed 6

    January 2017]

    Public Libraries in Europe Welcome Refugees

    [http://www.eblida.org/activities/public-libraries-in-europe-refugees.html,

    accessed 2 February 2017]

    Responding! Public libraries and refugees, 2015

    [http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/public-

    libraries/publications/library_service_to_refugees_0.pdf, accessed 19 January

    2017]

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    Rydell, Anders: Libraries are vital meeting places. Scandinavian Library

    Quarterly, vol. 49. no. 12 2016 [http://slq.nu/?article=volume-49-no-1-2-2016-

    3, accessed 6 January 2017]

    Warsaw Declaration: Culture Memory Identities (2011)

    [http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/mow/Warsa

    w_declaration.pdf, accessed 28 July 2016]

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