Elements & Principles OF ART 8 TH Grade. ELEMENTS PRINCIPLES Line Shape Color Texture Form Value Space Balance Unity Contrast Emphasis Proportion Movement.

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  • Elements & PrinciplesOF ART8TH Grade

  • ELEMENTS PRINCIPLESLine Shape ColorTextureForm ValueSpaceBalanceUnityContrastEmphasisProportionMovementRhythmPattern

  • ElementLineis a mark on a surface, longer than it is wide, and in a particular direction.

  • ElementShapeis 2-dimensional with no form or thickness. Shapes are flat and can be grouped into two categories, geometric and organic.

  • ElementColorHow the human eye perceives light reflected off an object.It is divided into color schemes.

  • Element TextureIs the tactile surface quality of a surface. Can be implied (drawing or photo), or actually on a surface.

  • ElementFormis a 3-dimensional object having volume and thickness.

  • ElementValueis the degree of light and dark in a design. It is the contrast between black and white and all the tones in between.

  • ElementSpacerefers to illusion of depth & distance.

  • PrinciplesBalanceis a feeling of visual weight . It can be symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial.

  • PrinciplesUnityA feeling of harmony within an artwork, as if things fit together in a composition because of similar elements, such as colors, shapes, and textures.

  • PrinciplesContrastThe use of opposite elements to create interest, such a bright and dark color together to make something stand out.

  • PrinciplesEmphasisThe most important area (focal point) that attracts attention in a composition. Contrast often creates emphasis.

  • PrinciplesRhythmRepetition of similar elements.

  • *PrinciplesMovementThe way your eye is guided through the composition. Rhythm often creates movement.

  • PrinciplesPatternThe repetition of identical elements in a sequential manner.

  • *ProportionThe comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size or amounts.Principles

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