Elements of Design! - ?· Elements of Design! Good Design Equation •Elements Line Shape Space Texture…

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  • Elements of Design!

  • Good Design Equation

    Elements

    Line

    Shape

    Space

    Texture

    Color

    Principles

    Balance

    Proportion

    Emphasis

    Rhythm

    Harmony

    + = Good Design!

  • A series of points connected to form a narrow path

  • Vertical Lines

    Leads the eyes up and down

    Gives illusion of more height and less width, resulting in a taller, thinner look

    Gives the feeling of strength, dignity, and formality

    Includes:

    Narrow panels

    Raised collars

    V-necklines

  • Horizontal Lines

    Leads the eyes from side to side

    Gives the illusion of width, resulting in a short, wider look

    Gives a feeling of stability and restfulness

    Includes:

    Two-piece outfits

    Contrasting belts

    Large pockets

  • Diagonal Lines

    Add movement or excitement to clothing

    Extent of effect depends on whether it is mostly vertical or horizontal

  • Zigzag Lines

    Lines that lead the eyes in different directions

    Gives the feeling of excitement, drama, and sometimes chaos

  • Curved Lines

    Circular or waved lines

    Gives the feeling of movement

    Includes necklines, lapels, ruffles, and scalloped edges

  • The outline that forms when one or more lines come together to enclose an area (also known as a silhouette).

  • Tubular

    A rectangular shape with vertical emphasis

    Dominant lines go up and down NO defined waistline Appears to add height of

    thinness Includes:

    T-shirt dresses Straight-legged pants Tailored business suits

  • Natural

    Follows the bodys outline

    Fits close to the body

    Emphasizes the bodys natural waistline

    Includes:

    Tank tops

    Jeans

    T-shirts

  • Bell

    Diagonal and horizontal lines combine in the silhouette of a bell

    Appears to cut height and add contour to a body

    Includes:

    A-line skirts and dresses

    Flared pants

    Jackets

  • Full

    Has horizontal and curved lines

    Makes the body look larger that it actually is

    Includes:

    Gathered skirts and dresses

    Full sleeves

    Pants with wide legs

  • The area inside a shape/silhouette

  • Structural Lines

    Formed by sewing different parts of a garment together

    Includes:

    Seams

    Darts

    Gathers

    Pleats

    Necklines

    Hems

    *NO buttons!

  • Decorative Lines

    Created by adding trim to a garment

    Includes:

    Lace

    Braid

    Edgings

    Buttons

  • The surface characteristics that determine the look and feel of an object.

  • Soft and Clingy Fabrics

    Hugs the body and emphasizes figure irregularities

    Includes:

    Jersey

    Chiffon

  • Moderately Crisp Fabrics

    Stands away from the body just enough to conceal body shapes

    Can add size

    Includes:

    Corduroy

    Denim

  • Extra-Crisp Fabrics

    Creates a firm outer shell

    Makes the body seem larger

    Includes:

    Taffeta

    Vinyl

  • Smooth Fabrics with a Dull Finish

    Do not seem to create illusions about size and shape

    Include:

    Flannel

    Broadcloth

    Gabardine

    Wool jersey

  • Nubby and Bulky Fabrics

    Typically adds dimension

    Makes a person appear larger

    Sometimes hides features

    Includes: Wide-wale corduroy Mohair Heavy tweeds

  • Dull Fabrics

    Absorbs light

    Makes the figure look smaller

    Includes:

    Flannel

    Denim

    Gingham

  • Shiny Fabrics

    Reflects light

    Gives the impression of added size

    Includes:

    Polished cotton

    Satin

    Nylon

    Vinyl

    Sequined/metallic fabric

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