Elements and Principals of Design Fashion Design.
Post on 01-Jan-2016
Elements and Principals of DesignFashion Design
Shape and SizeFrameSkeletal sizeSize ratioCompare areas of the body . Waist divides body Geometric shapeTriangleInverted triangleRectangleHour glassApple
Line DirectionsVertical (up and down)Horizontal (side ways)Diagonal
How Designers Use LinesStraightCrisp, formal lookBusinessCurved MovementSoftnessZig ZagConstantly changing directionexcitement
Lines and IllusionVerticalMore heightLess widthHorizontalMore widthLess height
Wide linesVerticalAdded widthHorizontalAdded height
ShapeShape is the outlineAlso called silhouette
NaturalFit body closeGood average bodyTubularRectangularAdds height and thinnessBellCut heightFullLook larger
Soft and ClingyHug bodyShow off irregularitiesModerately crisp fabricsConceal body shapesExtra-crisp fabricsMake body look largerNubby and Bulky FabricsAdd dimensionMake a person look largerDull fabricsLook smallerShiny fabrics
SpaceJust as important at silhouette.Lines usually divide the spaces of a garment or outfitToo many spaces can make an outfit tiring, too little can be boring.
The more spaces there are, it attracts more attention to that area.
Small pattern:decreases apparent sizeLarge pattern: Increases apparent size
BalanceSymmetricalSame on both sides Formal or tailored look AsymmetricalDifferent on each sideMore casualCost more to make
ProportionHow separate parts of a garment relate to each other and to the whole in size.
EmphasisDraw attention to a certain area.
RhythmVisual that carries the eye through a regular pattern produced by the design elementsRepetition: repeating patternEx: stripes, polka dotsRadiation: lines or patterns flow from a central locationEx: tie dye, flowersGradation: gradual change in color or size
HarmonyEverything works together to create a wonderful outfit.
Ticket out the DoorAnswer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper in which you turn in.Make a list of five problems in body shape and size that people might want to address with clothing illusions. Describe in writing what you, as a fashion consultant, would suggest for each person. Include drawing when appropriate.