Electric Charge & Static Electricity

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Electric Charge & Static Electricity. Electricity & Magnetism Chapter 2.1 Pages 46-53. Electric Charge. All objects are made up of atoms Atoms consist of 3 parts Protons Electrons Neutrons. Electric Charge. Ben Franklin described each part of the atom as having an electric charge - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Electric Charge & Static Electricity

Electric Charge & Static ElectricityElectricity & Magnetism Chapter 2.1Pages 46-53Electric ChargeAll objects are made up of atomsAtoms consist of 3 partsProtonsElectronsNeutrons

Electric ChargeBen Franklin described each part of the atom as having an electric chargeProtons have a positive charge (+)Electrons have a negative charge (-)Neutrons have a neutral charge (neither + nor - )

Repel & AttractCharges that are the same repel one another or push each other awayCharges that are opposite attract one another or pull each other togetherThe same rules apply to magnetsElectric FieldsThe force of electric charges can be felt for a distanceAn Electric Field is the area of force surrounding a chargeCharged particles placed in an electric field will either repel or attract.

Electric Fields

Static ElectricityObjects become charged by gaining or losing electronsProtons are bound to the atom tightlyStatic Electricity is when charges build up on an objectStatic means fixed or unmovingStatic charges do not flow

What to Work OnSection 2.1 Review QuestionsPage 53, Questions 1-4 and 6

DUE: Friday, 3/16Atoms are made of 3 parts. Which of these is NOT one of them?Put the following parts in the correct order: Negative, Neutral, Positive.Which of these statements is TRUE?Transferring ChargeCharges can be moved from one object to another in 3 different ways:Friction moves electrons by rubbing two objects together

Conduction transfers electrons from a charged object through touchInduction is when electrons move from an object because of electric fields.

Static DischargeWhen a negatively charged object and a positively charged object are brought together, electrons move until both have the same chargeStatic Discharge: Two charged objects will create a balanced charge.

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