Egypt and mesopotamia study guide key

Download Egypt and mesopotamia study guide key

Post on 19-May-2015

2.236 views

Category:

Technology

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. Egypt and Mesopotamia Study Guide Answer Key

2. How did the Nile River affect ancient Egypt? Fertile soil that led to settlement Yearly floods that deposited silt United Upper & Lower Egypt Trade route/transportation NOTE: deserts & seas protected Egypt from invasions 3. 3 Main Periods of Egyptian History Old Kingdom 2700 2200 BCE The Pyramid Age Middle Kingdom 2050 1800 BCE turbulent/troubled times New Kingdom 1550 1100 BCE empire building &trade 4. Egypt affected by 1. Hyksos invaded w/horse-drawn war chariots 2. Hittites from Asia Minor, fought vs. Ramses, peace treaty (IRON) 3. Nubia/Kush fought & traded, traded & foughtlots of cultural diffusion 5. Define Pharaoh royal ruler of ancient Egypt (monarchy); seen as a god; dynasty system passing down from 1 generation to another Vizier chief minister; supervised government bureaucracy Ptah-hotep famous vizier who wrote a how to book 6. Identify Osiris god of Nile, god of underworld Isis goddess of womanly arts like grinding grain, spinning, weaving, child care Amon-Re Sun God 7. Identify Tutankhamen King Tutminor pharaoh, but his tomb wasnt robbed, so much info learned Akhenaton pharaoh who believed god Aton was only 1 who should be worshipped; married to Nefertiti, unpopular Narmer/Menes considered 1st ; united Upper & Lower Egypt 8. Identify HatSHEpsut She was a great pharaoh who trade Ramses II an empire builder; considered most powerful of New Kingdom pharaohs 9. Egyptian Social Hierarchy PEASANT FARMERS Pharaoh Priests, priestesses, nobles Merchants, scribes, artisans slaves 10. Advances/Achievements Medicine: checked symptoms, diagnosed illness, tried to cure diseases, surgery, herbs anise, castor beans, saffron Astronomy: calendar based on planet movement, mapped constellations Math: developed geometry to draw boundaries, build pyramids, temples 11. Advances/Achievements Arts & Literature including the following: Statues, obelisks, wall paintings, literature WRITING! hieroglyphics on papyrus Demotic=informal writing style ROSETTA STONE allowed scholars to decode hieroglyphics 1 of most important archaeological finds ever!! 12. Sumer 3200 BCE First Sumerian Empire extends from the Eastern Mediterranean to Western Iran, including all of Mesopotamia. Beginning of the Bronze Age Height of the Sumerian civilization; development of numerous cultural and technological inventions. writing (cuneiform) the wheel the plow walled cities 13. Sumer 3200 BCE First Sumerian Empire extends from the Eastern Mediterranean to Western Iran, including all of Mesopotamia. Beginning of the Bronze Age Height of the Sumerian civilization; development of numerous cultural and technological inventions. writing (cuneiform) the wheel the plow walled cities 14. Cuneiform (first writing) Evolved from pictograms into phonograms. Written on a clay tablet with a stick called a stylus. 15. Epic of Gilgamesh Believed in afterlife. the place where they live on dust, their food is mud, and they see no light, living in blackness on the door and door-bolt, deeply settled dust. What does this say about the Sumerian, or Mesopotamian for that matter, view of life? (Think about the flooding of the twin rivers, versus a steady/ dependable Nile River). 16. Babylon About 1790, Hammurabi conquered most of the Fertile Crescent. 17. Code of Hammurabi 1st written law code (codify) an eye for an eye Not equal justice for all classes, but the first civil law protected women and slaves (women could divorce if blameless or they were thrown in the Euphrates. 300 laws on a stone pillar 18. Hittites Pushed out of Asia Minor about 1400 B.C. Although not sophisticated, they could USE IRON. Their empire collapsed in about 1200 B.C. 19. The Assyrians From upper Tigris River Valley took over in 1100 B.C. Warfare central to their culture Well ordered societies Assurbanipal ruled from Capital of Nineveh (NIHN uh vuh) toward the end of the empire. 20. The library at Nineveh, and a statue of Assurbaniphal as a fierce animal. Does he look anything like a sphinx? 21. Phoenicians (sea trade and first alphabet) manufacturing (glass from sand, purple dye from small snail, timber) trade (established colonies) first phonetic alphabet Colony of Tyre tyrian purple Colony of Biblos (Bible and bibliography) 22. Phoenicians at sea 23. Phoenician alphabet 24. The Hebrews Abraham Hebrew (one from across the river) covenant with Yahweh (2000 B.C.) 1st monotheistic religion Sabbath Canaan 25. Out of Egypt Jews left Canaan due to famine Exile to Egypt Made slaves by Pharaoh Moses Red Sea 10 Commandments

Recommended

View more >