Educational Psychology: Core of Learning

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its about stusdent, teachers, educational process, and child developemtn

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<ul><li> 1. Essentials For A Teacher BY: Anowra Khan M.Sc Psychology </li></ul> <p> 2. Activity NO 1 According to you, what is the purpose of education to children: 3. Education , The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.(Aristotle) A human being is not attaining his full heights until he is educated.(Horace Mann) Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another. (Gilbert K. Chesterton). 4. Core Component of Education I. Teachers II. Students III. Process IV. Content V. Environment (we will be discussing briefly about the each component) 5. Activity: 2 Think about your childhood teachers: The best The worst 6. Do teachers Make a Difference? Teacher- Student Relationship ( teacher affection, level of conflict, dependency) Teacher preparation and Quality ( teachers mastery in subject,) The really great make you feel that you, too, can become great Mark Twain 7. Activity : 3 As a teacher write your two most important qualities and two weaknesses 8. What is Good Teaching? Expert Teachers know: I. Academic subject II. General teaching strategies III. Curriculum material and appropriate programs IV. Special ways of teaching certain students V. Characteristics and cultural background of students VI. The setting in which student learn VII.The goal and purpose of teaching 9. Improved Learning Motivation the most important factor that educators can target to improve learning (Olson, 1997). 10. Motivation Motivation is defined as the act or process of motivation; the condition of being motivating; a motivating force, stimulus, or influence; incentives; drives; something ( such as need or desire) that causes a person or student to act (Merriam- Webster, 1997); 11. Teachers can Motivate: FACTOR Scientific management, human relation Conscious of small details Reach out Know your student and build on their strength FACTOR Value and build relationship Enthusiasm 12. Video no : 1 Motivating Students: justin Traut 13. Teachers Stress Management What is stress? What are its consequences? How to reduce Stress Level 14. Stress Stress is defined as a relationship between the person and the environment that is appraised by the person as taxing or exceeding his or her sources and engaging his or her sources Stimulus Reaction Appraisal 15. Video : 2Terms to know for understanding video: I. Pituitary gland II. Adrenal gland III. Gastric IV. Anxiety V. Hypothalamus 16. Activity : 4 17. Healthy Ways to Manage Stress Avoid unnecessary stress Learn to say no Avoid people who stress out Take control of your environment Avoid hot-button topics Pare down to do list Alter the situation Express feelings instead bottling up Be willing to compromise Be more assertive Manage your time better 18. Continued. Adapt the stressor Reframe problem Look at the big picture Adjust your standard Focus on positive Accept the thing you cannot change Dont try to control uncontrollable Look for the upside Share your feelings Learn to forgive 19. Relaxation Techniques Deep breathing The five breathing exercise ( that can be practiced several time a day) and promote relaxation and reduce stress. 20. Activity 5 Breathing exercise 21. Students Students are the raw material for education and the primary products of educational transformations; and most important. Students are key member of labor force involved in creating education. 22. Activity : 4 Every student is different from the other Write points about in what aspect students can differ from each other 23. Multiple Intelligence 24. How a student Develops 25. Factors Motivating Students Factors Intrinsic/extrinsic motivation Individual and social factors Hierarchy of needs Perceived well-being Use of energy and focus Factors Public speaking competence Study time and habits Purposeful connection with work 26. Students having problems The problems can be : Behavioral Cognitive Emotional Problems are not caused by any single factor rather multiple causes. 27. Assessment &amp; Intervention Student teacher relationship Appropriate knowledge of the developmental process Parent teacher meeting Observations 28. Helping student learn skills Social skills thorough: Educating them in an effective way Worksheets Activities 29. PROCESS If you tell me I will listen. If you show me I will see. If you let me experience, I will learn. Lao- Tzu. 30. Definition of Process The method or process is the way in which content is presented, that is, the approach used for instruction. 31. Factors Motivating Student Incentives Self-learning Mutual goals Verbal conformity In-time training and interactivity Different types of framing Objective criteria Encouragement and praise Reinforcement strategies Positive social interaction Story telling Enhanced lectures Collaborative quiz 32. Activity : 4 Active listening 33. Suggestions Try different innovative teaching styles Introduce novelty Use worksheets for enhancing learning Use activities for introducing new concepts Use technology as an aid Hold a good, positive view about student 34. Technological resources Following websites exclusively for teachers where a lot of different activities, ideas, worksheets, animation and much more can be accessed freely. www.ascd.org www.education.com http://www.educationworld.com 35. Some sample videos Short video for teaching World Map Short video for teaching Water Cycle Short video for teaching Division Short video for teaching Time 36. Some Sample Worksheets Summer work Verb formation Letter recognition Spellings 37. Environment Environment can be physical as well as mental, emotional, and even spiritual in some regard. 38. Factors Motivating Students Create an effective environment Individual and learning system design differences Include the study of self- information Empowerment Teamwork Structures Emotionality and literate environment 39. Suggestion Change the sitting arrangement occasionally Encourage students to clean the environment Create a positive and accepting mental and emotional environment Students having good relationship 40. THANK YOU Any Question ? </p>