new era of mooc
Post on 25-Dec-2014
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DESCRIPTIONMoocs have become the fastest and easiest ways to study around the globe.
- 1. This presentation on the topic of moocs is an inspiration and collection of facts from different scholars who have taken a critical look to analyze and study how moocs came in to eixtance, how it function and their importance in the society.
- 2. CONTENT. What is mooc? The birth of open learning. Brief history of moocs. Characteristics of moocs. Types of moocs. Benefits and downsides of moocs. Discussion.
- 3. What is mooc? MOOC is an acronym for; M= Massive O= Open O= Online C= Course
- 4. What is moocs cont Mooc is a Massive Open Online Course. It is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user fora that help build a community for students, professors, and teaching assistants (TAs). MOOCs are a recent development in distance education(Mzwandile helper mashinini )
- 5. What is moocs cont Although early MOOCs often emphasized open access features, such as connectives and open licensing of content, structure, and learning goals, to promote the reuse and remixing of resources, some notable newer MOOCs use closed licenses for their course materials, while maintaining free access for students.
- 6. The birth of online learning.
- 7. The birth of online learning cont Moocs all started in 2008 but three years ago, the modern massive open online course, or MOOC, came to prominence when a Stanford computer-science professor named Sebastian Thrun made his artificial-intelligence course freely available to anyone with an Internet connection and 150,000 people signed up. Mooc allows students the chance of tuning into courses from universities like M.I.T., Harvard, Berkeley and many others. Coursera, the platform established by a couple of Stanford computer-science professors, Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller, has more than 400 courses in seven languages from 87 academic partners and some 4.7 million students. EdX, the nonprofit platform established by M.I.T. and Harvard, has 68 courses from 28 academic partners and 1.25 million students. These are just two of the platforms out there.
- 8. The birth of online learning cont MOOCs began with offerings heavily weighted toward computer science and math edXs most popular remain a pair of introductory computer-science courses from Harvard and M.I.T. but classes now cover everything from finance and law to poetry and music. Higher education is a sector that has this far been embraced but arguably has not been fundamentally altered by the growth of the Internet. This has been rapidly changing over the last few years with the rise of MOOCs, or Massive Open Online Courses; the way of learning that allows students to participate on their own terms via the Internet. MOOCs have been embraced in a big way by elite universities and institutions, and are beginning to have a major impact on higher education.
- 9. Brief history of moocs. The evolution of technology and of new learning experiences have always been closely related. As distance learning specialists affirm, the field of distance-learning had three main generations which are; Correspondence study, Multimedia and Computer-mediated.( Mkhonza,M.L)
- 10. Brief history of moocs cont The first of these distance learning models grew exponentially in Europe and United States after the Industrial Revolution, especially because a more qualified work force was needed for the factories. In addition, postal services were becoming faster, cheaper and more reliable. For example, in the 19th century, students from Australia were already able take correspondence courses from prestigious universities, such as the London School of Economics, one of the first in the United Kingdom to offer distance education.
- 11. Brief history of moocs cont However, this first generation was still far from reaching massive numbers of students like MOOCs are doing today. Correspondence study only predominated until the arrival of electronic media, which lead to popularization of radio and television as educational tools in the 20th century. Teachers and learners from all parts of the world took advantage of the new technology. Those who did not have access to formal learning could watch or listen to classes for free, wherever they were. The content was adapted to reach different types of audiences, and even students in remote areas could have knowledge in academic subjects.
- 12. Brief history of moocs cont But a main pedagogical factor was still lacking: students had hardly any interaction with professors or other students. Videotape was used by many distance learning initiatives but was criticized because of its passivity. The multimedia generation had popularized distance learning and allowed new possibilities, but only computers and the web could unite forces to provide a new e-learning infrastructure, mainly built upon networks and communities on-line. Moocs is an open education movement with an open content and knowledge where by, leaning is successful if we connect and build relevant networks. Consecutiveness and connective courses started running in 2008.In 2012, Stanford devised an artificial intelligence tool, learning machine and a database and the platforms were courser and udacity.
- 13. Characteristics of moocs. 1. Moocs is free of charge to all the people interested. 2. It has no participation limitations. 3. There is no formal entry requirement. 4. The virtual learning environment is not the Centre of the course. 5. It uses a variety of new social networks and tools like slide shares, google, future learning, class2Go, OER University and many others. 6. It is a community of practice and sharing where all the participants are involved in the topic at hand.
- 14. Types of moocs. We have three main types of moocs which are; network based, content based and task based moocs according to Stephen Downes. Each type of MOOC has all three elements (networks, tasks and content), but each has a goal that is dominant.
- 15. Types of moocs cont Network-based MOOCs are the original MOOCs, taught by Alec Couros, George Siemens, Stephen Downes, Dave Cormier. The goal is not so much content and skills acquisition, but conversation, socially constructed knowledge, and exposure to the milieu of learning on the open web using distributed means. The pedagogy of network-based MOOCs is based in connectivist or connectivist-style methods. Resources are provided, but exploration is more important than any particular content. Traditional assessment is difficult.
- 16. Types of moocs cont Task-based MOOCs emphasize skills in the sense that they ask the learner to complete certain types of work. In Jim Grooms ds106 at UMW, the learning is distributed and the formats variable. There are many options for completing each assignment, but a certain number and variety of assignments need to be done to perform the skills. Similarly, our POT Certificate Class focuses on different topics for each week, and skills are demonstrated through sections on design, audio, video etc. in an effort to expose learners to many different formats and styles in online teaching. Community is crucial, particularly for examples and assistance, but it is a secondary goal. Pedagogy of task-based MOOCs tend to be a mix of instructivism and constructivism. Traditional assessment is difficult here too.
- 17. Types of moocs cont Content-based MOOCs are the ones with huge enrollments, commercial prospects, big university professors, automated testing, and exposure in the popula
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