Education in the Millennium Development Goals: an impossible dream?

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"Education in the Millennium Development Goals: an impossible dream?"Isa BaudDiscussion of the two Millennium Developmental Goals related to Education and Education for all in a global context. Presented at 2nd UNAWE International Workshop.(Date: October 2006)

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<ul><li>1.Education in the Millenium Development Goals: an impossible dream? Isa Baud Department of Geography, Planningand International Development Studies University of AmsterdamWhat are the specific targets? 8 MDGs, 2 related to education Goal 2:Achieve universal primary education- Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary education Goal 3:Promote gender equality and empower women- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015 1</li></ul> <p>2. Complementary to MDGs, 6 EFA targets1. Expanding and improving early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable;2. Ensuring that by 2015 all children have access to a compulsory free education of good quality;3. Ensuring that the learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life skills program;4. Achieving 50% improvement in adult literacy levels by 2015;5. Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education;6. Improving all aspects of quality of education Regional differences in enrollment Data source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS). 2005. 2 3. EnrollmentKey facts Enrollment in primary cycle increased but:- 100 million children still not enrolled in primaryeducation- Many drop out before completion- Existing rural-urban education gap- Gender differences- Only 5% disabled children completed primaryschooling 3 4. What are the issues ? Quantity versus quality Access to post-primary education Gap between education skills and local labormarkets Local education governance Funding 4 5. UvA IS-Academe program on quality of education Linking research and policy at different levels:- Ministry, Dutch embassies, partnership IIEP/UvA/Minbuza- through internships and policy recommendations* Teaching:Integrate education issues in BA and MA programmes* Research:Several research themesFoster academic exchanges with leading academicsFavor interdisciplinary approachIssues for research Multiple, contextualised meanings of quality of education Processes of learning and teaching Inclusion of the most marginalized groups in education Decentralization, privatization, processes of re- centralisation Policy negotiation and advocacy Opportunities of change - Improving education in war-affected areas5 6. Links to UNAWE? Addresses quality of education by spurringinterest in new subjectsBeauty and Scale of the Universe Uses non-traditional methods of promotingsuch interests Bottom-up approach Addresses marginalized children South-south and north-south learningpatterns 6 7. 7 </p>

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