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Editorial cartooning- is a tool used to conveythe News papers stand on a certain issue. Its aim is to influence as well as entertain. This series of images can summarize the whole editorial column with its humorous but factual appearance. This is usually used to capture the eyes of the reader and tend their attention to the column itself. Ex. An effective editorial cartoon must: Have a single idea Photo taken from (http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/448051/pocketing-pork-is-treason) oEx. Be entertaining Photo taken from (http://mpq3.blogspot.com/2010/09/jueteng-agenda.html) oEx. Influence the reader Photo taken from (http://zamoracartoons.blogspot.com/2012_05_01_archive.html) oEx. Be realisticphoto taken from (http://zamoracartoons.blogspot.com/) oEx. Steps in drawing an editorial cartoon 1.Know and understand the issue at hand 2.Visualize the scenario of the issue 3.Use symbols that fit the stand of the News paper Cartoonists use 5 main elements to convey their point of view. Symbolism using an object to represent an idea. Caption & labels used to clarify and emphasize. Analogy a comparison between two different things that have the same characteristics. Irony the difference between a certain event and its result Exaggeration overstating an issue or a physical appearance or habit: big nose, bushy eyebrows, large ears, baldness, etc.
Common Symbols Dove used to symbolize peace Salakot representation of an ordinary Filipino citizen Chain with a heavy ball slavery, deprived of freedom Grim reaper imminent deathSyringe cure, medicine, solution Crocodile abusive personnel Woman wearing blindfold justice Mask deceit Eagle or Uncle Sam America Lock and key problem and its solution Snail or turtle slow pace Tips in making an editorial cartoon As much as possible limit the use of words its a cartoon not a slogan Use symbols that can be easily distinguished so readers wont have a hard time understanding The details of the drawing is not important it is made to influence not to amaze others Make it simple but make sure the message is still there Illustrate the issue accurately misunderstanding might happen Things to be avoided Labels Too much words as much as possible keep words to a minimum Smorgasbord dont make the image too crowdedActivity no. 1 1.Draw an editorial cartoon in regards to the issue corruption inside the bureau of customs 2.Draw an editorial cartoon about the issue Vhong Navarros case against Cedric Lee and Deniece Cornejo Activity no. 2 Decipher the meaning of the editorial cartoons Photojournalism -there is a difference between photography and photojournalism. In photography one just simply takes pictures while in photojournalism the person (photojournalist) tells a story through it. In photojournalism the photojournalist uses caption to aid in telling the story behind the picture unlike in editorial cartooning wherein it doesnt use one. There are 4 functions of photos in a newspaper 1.Attracting attention they symbolize the theme of the article. Its main objective is to catch the readers attention starting with the caption, on to the title, and finally to the text. A lot of newspaper uses a lead picture just as a good story begins with a good lead paragraph. 2.Illustrating a point illustrating a point is the simplest thing a picture can do. It is when you will have an initial idea of what the story is about at your first glance. For example in a newspaper headline you see a mug shot of a man it gives you the thought that he is a criminal. 3.Telling a story there are some photos that by themselves tell a story with only few captions needed 4.As a design tool photos are used to break the monotony of a newspaper. It is used as a page decoration. Qualities of a good photo Prominence photos of prominent/popular personalities attract the interest of the reader. For example a lot of celebrities and government officials. They are usually seen in newspapers simply because theyre prominent. Action readers are attracted by action as the saying says action speaks louder than words.A plain photo cannot attract the readers attention; the photo must be exciting in nature. Human interest human interest differs for every person. So use a pose or scene that is the interest most of the masses Drama may be included in the human interest (maybe for some people). It is mostly about tragic happenings and tear-jerking moments. Timeliness timeliness enhances the value of the picture. A picture dating from 1990s shouldnt be used. Steps on creating a caption for your photo 1.Find the picture of which you will base your caption 2.Using the main idea create a sentence that sums up the whole photo For example if your photo is about a child the caption will be A child with his mother 3.Add where it was taking place Ex. A child with his mother at the crowded streets of Manila 4.Add details add details regarding the main object in the said photo. Ex An excited child with his supportive mother at the crowded streets of Manila 5.The happenings -add some action to make the caption interesting Ex. An excited child strolling down with his supportive mother at the crowded streets of manila to their destination 6.Checking check for grammatical error/s and fix as many as you couldTips for an aspiring photojournalist Know your camera. Photo quality does not depend on the brand of the camera youre using. Practise is needed Take more shots for more options and let the editor select what he/she thinks is the best one Be attentive, a chance to shoot an unusual photo might come in your way have a news sense like reporters Ways on improving a photo Cropping it means the removal of some portion of the picture which are not needed. In order for the reader focus on what is important Retouching the elimination of undesirable background. This practice emphasizes the center of interest Bleeding this is used to improve the makeup of the page. This is done by printing the picture so that it extends across the margin. Activity 1.Take 2 photos of something interesting around the campus and add a caption on each one 2.Take a photo around the block of a scene where you can add the caption the environment is yearning for care Activity 2 Directions: create a caption based on the picture provided below 1.) 2.) Editorial WritingIs a newspaper article that expresses facts and opinion in concise, logical order in order to entertain, influence opinion, or interpret public issues in a way that its importance will be clear for the reader. It is written in an elegant but understandable language. It is usually called the soul of the newspaper. In the editorial section the editorial proper, editorial column, editorial cartoon, and letters to the editor Structure of an editorial your editorial must be arranged in three parts; Introduction a short paragraphcontaining the newspeg and reactionoPresenting the issue or problem- in presenting the issue or problem you must include the 5 Ws and H. Research and include facts and quotations which are relevant to the issue/problem. oState your opinion- you should state whether you agree or disagree to the issue/problem in hand. Use the facts and quotation you have gathered Body contains reasons to support your reaction/opinion oReasons add in 3 or more reasons to justify your opinion. Support these reasons by stating facts and quotes. This must be timely. oOppositions be ready for oppositions, think of questions and opposing view point of the enemy and shut it down Ending summarizes the editorials opinion oPunch line give solutions about the issue to the reader.oClincher you can end the editorial by adding a quotation, or leave them hanging with a rhetorical question Writing an editorial 1.Topic - The most important part in writing an editorial is the topic you choose your topic must be interesting enough to catch the interest of the readers; it is advisable to choose a topic that is fresh. Older information is used as sources to help in proving your case. 2.Opinion give an opinion on the topic, choose a side whether you are against the topic or not, take note you must take a side the editorial column itself is intended to show your opinion and it is because of that that your opinion must be strong so that the readers will not see your point of view 3.Outline this helps you, the writer get your opinion and information in order. This may also help you find a problem in your own opinion 4.Creating the article you, the writer must create a headline that is eye-catching to keep the readers inclined to reading the whole column. Your article must have at least 3 arguments these arguments can easily be countered if you do not back them up with facts and evidences. 5.Conclusion any article is finished with a conclusion where you sum up most of the things you wrote. It should be clear so the reader can recap the thing written in the whole column itself. Add some solution to the topic if one can be generated. Types of editorial 1.Editorial of information it gives additional materials related to the issue, may not be a part of the said issue. The related information follows the ending sentenceBAYANIHAN: FILIPINO CULTURAL HERITAGE The effectiveness of the bayanihan spirit was best shown by groups of students, hundreds of them, as they took to the streets in support of the Metro Manila clean-up and beautification drive. The students, coming from different schools in Tondo , pooled themselves together, cleaned the streets, and beautified them with potted ornamental plants. This is bayanihan in action. The bayanihan is an ancient Filipino custom, symbolic of the Filipino way of group work. As found in the Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala (1745) by P. Juan de Noceda and P. Pedro de Sncluar, the word bayanihan is derived from the rootword bayani meaning Obra comun or group work. Another related word, magpabayani, is a requ