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  • Handbook of Theories of Aging

    E D I T I O N2

  • Vern L. Bengtson, PhD, is research professor of gerontology and Professor Emer-itus of Sociology at the University of Southern California. He has a PhD from the University of Chicago and is past president of the Gerontological Society of America. He has coauthored How Families Still Matter: A Longitudinal Study of Two Generations and coedited the Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing , the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research , and Aging in East and West: Families, States, and the Elderly. His research articles have appeared in the Journals of Gerontology , American Sociological Review , American Journal of Sociology , and Research on Aging .

    Merril Silverstein, PhD, is a professor in the Davis School of Gerontology and the Department of Sociology at the University of Southern California. He holds a doctorate degree in sociology from Columbia University. He was previously research assistant professor at Brown University and before that an NIA post-doctoral scholar in aging research at the University of Southern California. He has authored over 100 published works, including two edited volumes: Intergen-erational Relations Across Time and Place and From Generation to Generation: Continuity and Discontinuity in Aging Families. He is a fellow of the Geronto-logical Society of America, the Brookdale National Fellowship Program, and the Fulbright International Senior Scholars Program.

    Norella M. Putney, PhD, is a research assistant professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Southern California and currently serves as project director of the Transmission of Religion Across Generations study, an investigation of religion and families, supported by a grant from the John Tem-pleton Foundation. She holds a doctoral degree in sociology from the University of Southern California and has published on such topics as theories of aging, intergenerational relations, aging and the life course, and womens changing lives. She has coauthored chapters in several volumes, including the Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing, and the Handbook of the Life Course.

    Daphna Gans, PhD, is a postdoctoral fellow in the study of aging at the Depart-ment of Labor and Population at RAND and a recipient of the National Institute on Aging Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award of Postdoctoral Training. She is a part-time lecturer at the Leonard Davis School of Gerontol-ogy at the University of Southern California. She earned her doctoral degree in gerontology from the University of Southern California and holds a masters degree in family studies from Michigan State University. She coauthored ar-ticles that were published in several professional journals, including Journal of Marriage and Family and Journal of Family Issues . During her studies at the Uni-versity of Southern California, she served as data coordinator for a 4-year bina-tional study on intergenerational support to the aged in Israel and the United States.

  • Handbook of Theories of Aging

    E D I T I O N2

    Editors

    Vern L. Bengtson, PhD

    Merril Silverstein, PhD

    Norella M. Putney, PhD

    Daphna Gans, PhD

    New York

  • Copyright 2009 Springer Publishing Company, LLC

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of Springer Publishing Company, LLC. Springer Publishing Company, LLC 11 West 42nd Street New York, NY 10036 www.springerpub.com Acquisitions Editor: Sheri W. Sussman Production Editor: Julia Rosen Cover design: Mimi Flow Composition: Apex CoVantage 08 09 10 11 12/ 5 4 3 2 1

    _____________________________________________________

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Handbook of theories of aging / [edited by] Vern Bengtson . . . [et al.].2nd ed. p. ; cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-8261-6251-9 (alk. paper) 1. AgingResearch. 2. GerontologyResearch. I. Bengtson, Vern L. [DNLM: 1. Agingphysiology. 2. Agingpsychology. 3. Geriatrics. 4. Models, Biological. WT 104 H236 2009] HQ1061.H3366 2009 305.2601dc22 2008033650 ______________________________________________________

    Printed in the United States of America by Hamilton Printing.

    The author and the publisher of this work have made every effort to use sources believed to be reliable to provide information that is accurate and compatible with the standards generally accepted at the time of publication. The author and publisher shall not be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from the readers use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this book.

    The publisher has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.

  • v

    Dedication

    Dedicated to,

    James E. Birren, PhD, Dean Emeritus, USC Davis School of Gerontology

    One of the founders of the field of gerontology

    and originator of the first scientific theories in the psychology of aging

    on his 90th birthday.

  • vii

    Contents

    List of Figures and Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi

    Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv

    Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xxi

    Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv

    Part I Setting the Context of Theories of Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Chapter 1 Theories About Age and Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Vern L. Bengtson, Daphna Gans, Norella M. Putney,

    and Merril Silverstein

    Chapter 2 A Metahistorical Perspective on Theories of Aging . . . . . . . . . . 25 W. Andrew Achenbaum

    Chapter 3 An Evolutionary Theory of Human Life Span: Embodied Capital and the Human Adaptive Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven, and Jeffrey Winking

    Part II Theorizing Aging Across Disciplines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

    Chapter 4 Biodemography: Integrating Disciplines to Explain Aging . . . . . 63 Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn and Eileen M. Crimmins

    Chapter 5 Problematic Foundations: Theorizing Time, Age, and Aging . . . 87 Jan Baars

    Chapter 6 Deriving a Sense of Meaning in Late Life: An Overlooked Forum for the Development of Interdisciplinary Theory . . . . . . 101 Neal Krause

    Chapter 7 Understanding Healthy Aging: Key Components and Their Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Carol D. Ryff and Burton Singer

  • viii Contents

    Part III Biological Theories of Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

    Chapter 8 Making Sense of Biological Theories of Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Steven N. Austad

    Chapter 9 The Immunological Theory of Aging Revisited . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Rita B. Effros

    Chapter 10 Modalities of Gene Action Predicted by the Classical Evolutionary Theory of Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 George M. Martin

    Chapter 11 Contribution of a Mouse Model System to Neuroscientific Theories of Learning, Memory, and Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 Diana S. Woodruff-Pak, Michael R. Foy, and Richard F. Thompson

    Chapter 12 Programmed Longevity and Programmed Aging Theories . . . .215 Stavros Gonidakis and Valter D. Longo

    Chapter 13 Free Radicals and Oxidative Stress in Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Reshma Shringarpure and Kelvin J. A. Davies

    Part IV Psychological Theories of Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

    Chapter 14 Convoys of Social Relations: An Interdisciplinary Approach . . . . 247 Toni C. Antonucci, Kira S. Birditt, and Hiroko Akiyama

    Chapter 15 Theoretical Perspectives on Social Context, Cognition, and Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 Fredda Blanchard-Fields and Antje Kalinauskas

    Chapter 16 Dynamic Integration Theory: Emotion, Cognition, and Equilibrium in Later Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Gisela Labouvie-Vief

    Chapter 17 Cognitive Plasticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 Sherry L. Willis, K. Warner Schaie, and Mike Martin

    Chapter 18 The Role of Cognitive Control in Older Adults Emotional Well-Being . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323 Nichole Kryla-Lighthall and Mara Mather

  • ixContents

    Part V Social Science Perspectives on Theories of Aging . . . . 345

    Chapter 19 Toward an Integrative Theory of Social Gerontology . . . . . . . . . 347 Scott A. Bass

    Chapter 20 Toward a Phenomenology of Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375 Charles F. Longino Jr. and Jason L. Powell

    Chapter 21 Theorizing the Life Course: New Twists in the Paths . . . . . . . . 389 Dale Dannefer and Jessica A. Kelley-Moore

    Chapter 22 Cumulative Inequality Theory for R

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