Post on 31-Jul-2015
Embed Size (px)
1. EDITING SYSTEMS: Continuity System: The Continuity Editing System is the most common way of editing and is a part of the classical Hollywood style of film. The editing is almost invisible to the audience which makes for a seamless viewing of the film. It can be used to achieve a number of effects such as shifting the audiences attention to a particular thing, imply emotion, cut between different events and locations are to vary points of view. Non Continuity System: The Non Continuity System isn't used as often as it's not a part of the Classical Hollywood Style of film. The narrative is not the priority in the Non Continuity System which can often confuse the audience. 2. CUTTING-Shot Reverse Shot: Once a 180 degree line has been established, we can cut from one end to the other which allows us to see both characters. This is often used in conversations as we can see both characters to establish a relationship. 3. Eye Line Match: A cut which allows the audience to see what a certain character was looking at that was previously off screen. This allows the audience to find out extra information. 4. Graphic Match: Where two objects that are a similar shape are dissolved into one another. This is used to show a connection, similarity or relationship between two objects. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sV56Ig e8g14 5. Action Match An action that begins in one shot and ends in the next shot to disguise the cut. This makes the action more flowing so the viewing is seamless for the audience. 6. Jump Cut: A cut from one shot to the next with no attempt at continuity which creates the appearance of a jump. This is a part of the non continuity system. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ov4mQJIHhc 7. Cross Cutting: When two events happening in separate locations are cut together to give the appearance that they are happening at the same time. This can show a relationship between the two events. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmptU7vEkNU 8. Parallel Editing: When two related or similar actions are cut together. This can show that they are similar, related or connected. 9. Cutaway: A shot of an object/person that isnt in the scene but is related to it. This can highlight the importance of it to the audience which otherwise they might not have realised. 10. Insert Shot: A shot of a small element within a scene that is used to draw the audiences attention to it to highlight it's importance. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsUxVJufiUI 11. DISSOLVE: Also known as Mix or Crossfade, the dissolve transition is usually a more relaxed transition than a simple cut. They are commonly used for scenery sequences or photo montages, they can also convey a sense of time passing or a change of location. 12. FADE IN/FADE OUT: Fade ins are when a solid colour is gradually replaced by a picture and fade outs are the opposite, when a picture is gradually replaced by a solid colour or blank film. Even though they are one of the most popular transitions, they are used sparingly in films/TV as they usually imply a beginning or end to a major story segment. 13. WIPE: Wipes are when the new picture pushes the old picture off the screen. The wipe transition is deliberately used for dynamic effect. 14. SUPERIMPOSITION: Superimposition is when a picture is placed over the top of another, but both are visible to the viewer. Superimposition is used for dramatic effect and can also let the audience know what a character is thinking. 15. LONG TAKE/SHORT TAKE: A long take is an uninterrupted piece of film that lasts longer than a usual shot would take. Long takes usually last several minutes and are rarely used in film/TV because they require none or very little editing. A short take is the opposite to a long take, they are very fast shots that last a lot shorter than a usual shot, giving the viewer less time to establish what is happening in the shot. 16. SLOW MOTION: Movements on the screen appearing slower than they would in actual life. A filmmaker achieves slow motion by running film through his camera at a speed faster than the standard 24 frames per second; subsequent projection at 24 frames per second slows down the action. A shot shown in slow motion can make the shot more dramatic and tense for the viewer. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WvKJ2gb9MJA 17. ELLIPSIS/EXPANSION OF TIME: Ellipsis is both a narrative device and the most basic idea in film editing. Ellipsis concerns the omission of a section of the story that is either obvious enough for the public to fill in or concealed for a narrative purpose, such as suspense or mystery. Expansion of time editing is when the time of a video is manipulated into making the video sequence longer than it originally was. This is usually used to make it easier for the audience to see what is happening and is similar to slow motion. 18. VISUAL EFFECTS: Visual effects are used to create scenes that seem/look realistic to the audience when in reality they are impossible to film in real life. The actual shots are integrated with computer generated images to make dangerous/expensive/impossible situations look real to the viewer. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dyvwhhLXl60 19. QUIZ: 1. Where is shot reverse shot often used? 2. What is the effect of a graphic match? 3. Which film making system is a jump cut a part of? 4. What is cross cutting? 5. Why would you use an insert shot? 6. Why would you use visual effects? 7. What are dissolve transitions also known as? 8. Why would you use a superimposition? 9. How is slow motion achieved? 10. Why is ellipsis used in editing?