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  • Economic incentives for land use change: evidence from LantapanIan Coxhead & Bayou DemekeUniversity of Wisconsin

  • Farmers and markets in uplandsPrevious assumption: semi-subsistence productionUpland farmers beyond reach of markets & policiesImplication: direct intervention needed for devt or conservation Projects, command/control approaches to w/shed mgtBut non-market strategies now lag behind reality of commercialized ag.

  • Salespct

    52.6

    100

    76.9

    91.6

    90.9

    92.1

    79.9

    Source: SANREM data

    Sales as percent of major crops,Lantapan, 1994

    Sheet1

    Crop% production sold

    Corn52.6

    Sugarcane100

    Coffee76.9

    Potato91.6

    Cabbage90.9

    Chn Cabb.92.1

    Beans79.9

    Source Coxhead 1995.

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Yellow corn prices, Lantapan farm gate and Agora wholesale market, Cag. de Oro (SANREM data)

    Chart2

    3.9534608

    4.0234615

    4.0834622

    4.2234629

    4.3834639

    4.4534646

    3.734653

    3.734660

    4.2534669

    4.534676

    4.6534683

    4.6534690

    4.985.85

    4.986.55

    6.256.95

    6.257.15

    66.5

    5.856.8

    5.956.65

    5.855.85

    5.926.5

    5.476.2

    6.186.5

    6.236.25

    6.276.9

    6.47

    6.437

    6.46.9

    6.557.45

    6.536.95

    6.656.8

    6.256.4

    6.156.45

    66.9

    6.57.05

    6.36.9

    66

    65.5

    4.55.2019486557

    4.334.9581301167

    4.374.7652788295

    4.64.6201292407

    4.834.5194157969

    4.974.4598729445

    4.534.4382351302

    4.674.4512368004

    4.54.4956124018

    4.734.5680963807

    4.934.6654231839

    54.7843272578

    5.974.9215430489

    6.855.0738050039

    7.15.2378475692

    7.15.4104051914

    7.055.5882123171

    6.55.7680033927

    6.20334331235.9465128649

    6.76.1204751801

    7.756.2866247849

    7.43396667116.4416961258

    6.56.5824236494

    6.17776042096.7055418023

    6.336.8077850309

    6.56.8858877818

    6.456.9365845016

    6.46.9566096368

    6.46.9426976338

    6.46.8915829394

    6.01156199076.8

    5.86.75

    6.156.85

    66.55

    5.556.65

    5.556.85

    5.556.65

    5.856.5

    6.01945673456.5

    6.02197555916.65

    66.75

    66.75

    5.79451922676.7

    5.56.75

    5.256.35

    56

    55.75

    4.75.45

    4.755.55

    4.555.3

    4.855.4

    4.855.35

    4.955.55

    55.55

    4.955.5

    5.055.45

    4.855.4

    4.855.55

    55.7

    55.8

    5.15.7

    5.15.6

    4.855.75

    4.75.55

    5.15.7

    5.15.85

    5.255.65

    5.155.8

    5.36

    5.355.8

    5.256.1

    5.36.6

    6.256.9

    6.257

    5.756.625

    5.656.25

    5.856.25

    5.856.35

    5.86.2

    5.46.55

    5.46.5

    5.46.65

    6.156.7

    6.156.75

    6.156.8

    5.86.6

    5.656.7

    5.50682815636.55

    5.56.7

    5.87

    66.5

    5.76.6

    5.76.75

    5.76.6

    5.7256.2

    5.7256.2

    5.7756.15

    5.8256

    65.3

    65.8

    65.8

    65.8

    5.55.8

    5.555.6

    5.555.45

    5.55.45

    65.45

    65.4

    65.45

    65.3

    75.35

    75.38

    75.35

    75.3

    55.85

    55.8

    5.055.98

    5.055.9

    5.156.1

    5.156.25

    5.26.25

    5.156

    5.056

    5.056.1

    55.9

    5.056.8

    5.056

    5.056

    5.056

    5.056.15

    6.96.2

    6.96.5

    6.96.8

    77.4

    6.97.2

    6.97.2

    6.97.2

    6.97.3

    6.057.2

    6.057.8

    6.057.2

    5.957.2

    6.89

    6.89

    6.89.4

    6.89.6

    6.858.5

    6.858.5

    6.656.5

    6.356.1

    6.46

    6.35.5

    6.455.4

    6.255.4

    45.3

    45

    3.95.1

    3.95.2

    5.25.1

    5.25.1

    5.25.1

    5.25.1

    4.655

    4.654.9

    4.74.9

    4.64.45

    4.24.45

    4.24.7

    4.24.9

    4.155.25

    5.75.4

    5.65.2

    5.54.95

    5.35.25

    5.655.25

    5.65.2

    5.55.3

    55.25

    5.25.3

    55.05

    5.15.35

    65.15

    4.55.45

    4.55.45

    55.35

    55.35

    6.055.35

    6.055.3

    6.055.4

    6.055.35

    3.855.1

    3.854.9

    3.854.85

    3.954.75

    5.95.1

    6.0254.4

    6.14.4

    5.954.4

    5.655

    5.655

    5.55.05

    5.455.5

    5.56.4

    5.55.95

    5.45.85

    5.45.85

    5.25.85

    5.55.85

    5.56.05

    5.56.25

    364966.9

    365036.85

    365106.9

    365177.2

    Lantapan

    Agora

    Pesos per kg.

    Sheet1

    YEARMONTHIDDLantapanMalabalayAgora

    10/1/941013.954.6110/1/94

    10/8/941024.024.2310/8/94

    10/15/941034.084.1610/15/94

    10/22/941044.224.1610/22/94

    11/1/941154.384.511/1/94

    11/8/941164.454.2511/8/94

    11/15/941173.74.1511/15/94

    11/22/941183.74.511/22/94

    12/1/941294.255.0512/1/94

    12/8/9412104.55.3512/8/94

    12/15/9412114.655.412/15/94

    12/22/9412124.655.4512/22/94

    1/1/951134.985.65.851/1/95

    1/8/951144.986.456.551/8/95

    1/15/951156.256.76.951/15/95

    1/22/951166.256.77.151/22/95

    2/1/9521766.46.52/1/95

    2/8/952185.856.16.82/8/95

    2/15/952195.956.46.652/15/95

    2/22/952205.856.25.852/22/95

    3/1/953215.926.46.53/1/95

    3/8/953225.475.86.23/8/95

    3/15/953236.186.26.53/15/95

    3/22/953246.236.61740306976.253/22/95

    4/1/954256.276.756.94/1/95

    4/8/954266.46.7574/8/95

    4/15/954276.436.7574/15/95

    4/22/954286.46.86.94/22/95

    5/1/955296.556.857.455/1/95

    5/8/955306.536.656.955/8/95

    5/15/955316.656.456.85/15/95

    5/22/955326.256.556.45/22/95

    6/1/956336.156.656.456/1/95

    6/8/9563466.86.96/8/95

    6/15/956356.56.927.056/15/95

    6/22/956366.36.966.96/22/95

    7/1/9573766.367/1/95

    7/8/9573866.25.57/8/95

    7/15/957394.55.155.20194865577/15/95

    7/22/957404.334.44.95813011677/22/95

    8/1/958414.374.834.76527882958/1/95

    8/8/958424.64.854.62012924078/8/95

    8/15/958434.835.154.51941579698/15/95

    8/22/958444.975.14.45987294458/22/95

    9/1/959454.535.024.43823513029/1/95

    9/8/959464.675.074.45123680049/8/95

    9/15/959474.55.084.49561240189/15/95

    9/22/959484.735.124.56809638079/22/95

    10/1/9510494.935.264.665423183910/1/95

    10/8/95105055.264.784327257810/8/95

    10/15/9510515.977.44.921543048910/15/95

    10/22/9510526.857.425.073805003910/22/95

    11/1/9511537.17.035.237847569211/1/95

    11/8/9511547.17.035.410405191411/8/95

    11/15/9511557.057.035.588212317111/15/95

    11/22/9511566.57.035.768003392711/22/95

    12/1/9512576.20334331235.685.946512864912/1/95

    12/8/9512586.76.056.120475180112/8/95

    12/15/9512597.756.056.286624784912/15/95

    12/22/9512607.43396667116.526.441696125812/22/95

    1/1/961616.56.426.58242364941/1/96

    1/8/961626.17776042097.426.70554180231/8/96

    1/15/961636.336.586.80778503091/15/96

    1/22/961646.56.436.88588778181/22/96

    2/1/962656.457.036.93658450162/1/96

    2/8/962666.46.86.95660963682/8/96

    2/15/962676.46.276.94269763382/15/96

    2/22/962686.476.89158293942/22/96

    3/1/963696.01156199076.676.83/1/96

    3/8/963705.86.676.753/8/96

    3/15/963716.156.436.853/15/96

    3/22/9637266.236.553/22/96

    4/1/964735.556.46.654/1/96

    4/8/964745.556.46.854/8/96

    4/15/964755.556.46.654/15/96

    4/22/964765.856.036.54/22/96

    5/1/965776.01945673456.16.55/1/96

    5/8/965786.02197555916.16.655/8/96

    5/15/9657966.156.755/15/96

    5/22/9658066.356.755/22/96

    6/1/966815.79451922676.36.76/1/96

    6/8/966825.56.46.756/8/96

    6/15/966835.256.26.356/15/96

    6/22/9668455.366/22/96

    7/1/9678555.35.757/1/96

    7/8/967864.75.35.457/8/96

    7/15/967874.755.455.557/15/96

    7/22/967884.555.55.37/22/96

    8/1/968894.854.85.48/1/96

    8/8/968904.855.255.358/8/96

    8/15/968914.955.355.558/15/96

    8/22/9689255.285.558/22/96

    9/1/969934.955.255.59/1/96

    9/8/969945.055.25.459/8/96

    9/15/969954.855.25.49/15/96

    9/22/969964.855.25.559/22/96

    10/1/96109755.335.710/1/96

    10/8/96109855.535.810/8/96

    10/15/9610995.15.435.710/15/96

    10/22/96101005.15.435.610/22/96

    11/1/96111014.855.45.7511/1/96

    11/8/96111024.75.355.5511/8/96

    11/15/96111035.15.525.711/15/96

    11/22/96111045.15.45.8511/22/96

    12/1/96121055.255.355.6512/1/96

    12/8/96121065.155.555.812/8/96

    12/15/96121075.35.83612/15/96

    12/22/96121085.355.755.812/22/96

    1/1/9711095.255.56.11/1/97

    1/8/9711105.35.96.61/8/97

    1/15/9711116.256.76.91/15/97

    1/22/9711126.257.271/22/97

    2/1/9721135.756.66.6252/1/97

    2/8/9721145.655.956.252/8/97

    2/15/9721155.8566.252/15/97

    2/22/9721165.856.156.352/22/97

    3/1/9731175.86.156.23/1/97

    3/8/9731185.46.456.553/8/97

    3/15/9731195.46.46.53/15/97

    3/22/9731205.46.46.653/22/97

    4/1/9741216.156.456.74/1/97

    4/8/9741226.156.456.754/8/97

    4/15/9741236.156.456.84/15/97

    4/22/9741245.86.456.64/22/97

    5/1/9751255.656.456.75/1/97

    5/8/9751265.50682815636.46.555/8/97

    5/15/9751275.56.46.75/15/97

    5/22/9751285.86.375/22/97

    6/1/97612966.26.56/1/97

    6/8/9761305.76.26.66/8/97

    6/15/9761315.76.26.756/15/97

    6/22/9761325.76.26.66/22/97

    7/1/9771335.7256.02596517656.27/1/97

    7/8/9771345.7255.72379230846.27/8/97

    7/15/9771355.7755.4136368526.157/15/97

    7/22/9771365.8255.215654263867/22/97

    8/1/97813765.255.38/1/97

    8/8/97813865.45.88/8/97

    8/15/97813965.25.88/15/97

    8/22/97814065.555.88/22/97

    9/1/9791415.55.45.89/1/97

    9/8/9791425.555.25.69/8/97