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  • 1.e B UDDHANET' S BOOK LIBRARY E-mail: bdea@buddhanet.net Web site: www.buddhanet.net Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. by Ven. Pa-Auk Sayadaw Knowing and SeeingKnowing and Seeing

2. 3 Knowing and Seeing Talks and Questions-and-Answers at a Meditation Retreat in Taiwan by Venerable Pa-Auk Sayadaw W.K. Ng 2000 The material in this book may be reprinted without the authors permission. It is recommended that, for reasons of kamma, no changes be made. Printed For Free Distribution 3. 3 Contents Knowing and Seeing Foreword .......................................................................................................................................... 8 Editorial Note ............................................................................................................................... 11 Preface to the Second Edition ......................................................................................... 13 Talk 1 How You Develop Mindfulness-of-Breathing to Absorption ............................ 14 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 14 Why Meditate? ............................................................................................................................ 14 What Is Meditation? ............................................................................................................... 15 The Noble Eightfold Path .................................................................................................... 16 How You Develop Concentration ................................................................................ 19 How You Develop Mindfulness-of-Breathing .................................................. 19 How You Balance the Five Controlling Faculties ............................................ 27 How You Balance the Seven Factors of Enlightenment .............................. 31 How You Attain Jhna ......................................................................................................... 32 Questions & Answers 1................................................................................... 37 Talk 2 How You Develop Absorption on Other Subjects .................................................... 44 The Thirty-Two Parts of the Body ............................................................................... 44 The Three Entrances to Nibbna .................................................................................. 47 The Skeleton .................................................................................................................................. 47 The Five Jhna Factors ......................................................................................................... 48 The Ten Kasias ......................................................................................................................... 51 4. 4 The Colour Kasia .................................................................................................................... 51 The White Kasia ..................................................................................................................... 51 The Earth Kasia ...................................................................................................................... 56 The Water Kasia ..................................................................................................................... 56 The Fire Kasia ........................................................................................................................... 57 The Wind Kasia ....................................................................................................................... 57 The Light Kasia ....................................................................................................................... 57 The Space Kasia ...................................................................................................................... 58 The Four Immaterial Jhnas ............................................................................................ 58 The Base of Boundless-Space .......................................................................................... 59 The Base of Boundless-Consciousness .................................................................... 60 The Base of Nothingness .................................................................................................... 61 The Base of Neither-Perception-Nor-Non-Perception ................................. 62 Questions & Answers 2.................................................................................. 64 Talk 3 How You Develop the Sublime Abidings and Protective Meditations ........ 75 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 75 How You Develop the Four Sublime Abidings ................................................ 75 Lovingkindness (Mett) ...................................................................................................... 75 Lovingkindness Towards A Person You Like & Respect ......................... 78 Breaking Down the Barriers (Smsambheda) ....................................................... 81 The Twenty-Two Categories ............................................................................................. 82 The Unspecified and Specified Categories .......................................................... 84 The Ten Directional Categories ..................................................................................... 85 Compassion (Karu) ............................................................................................................ 86 5. 5 Appreciative-Joy (Mudit) .................................................................................................... 87 Equanimity (Upekkh) ........................................................................................................... 88 How You Develop the Four Protective meditations ..................................... 89 Recollection-of-the-Buddha (Buddhnussati) ........................................................ 90 Repulsiveness Meditation (Asubha) ............................................................................ 92 Recollection-of-Death (Maranussati) ..................................................................... 93 Summary ........................................................................................................................................ 94 Questions & Answers 3.................................................................................. 97 Talk 4 How You Discern Materiality............................................................................................. 114 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 114 How You Develop Four-Elements Meditation ................................................ 114 How You Analyse Rpa Kalpas .............................................................................. 125 How You Analyse Transparent-Elements Materiality ............................. 130 The Fifty-Four Types of Materiality in the Eye .............................................. 132 How You See Materiality Produced by Consciousness .......................... 133 How You See Materiality Produced by Temperature ............................... 134 How You See Materiality Produced by Nutriment .................................... 134 Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 137 Questions & Answers 4............................................................................... 139 Talk 5 How You Discern Mentality ............................................................................................... 163 Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 163 6. 6 How You Discern Jhna Thought-Processes ................................................... 165 How You Discern Sensual Plane Thought-Processes ............................... 168 Wise and Unwise Attention .......................................................................................... 168 How You Discern Mind-Door Thought-Processes ..................................... 168 How You Discern Five-Door Thought-Processes ......................................... 169 How You Discern External Mentality ................................................................... 172 Questions & Answers 5............................................................................... 175 Talk 6 How You See the Links of Dependent-Origination ............................................. 188 Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 188 The Three Rounds of Dependent-Origination ............................................... 189 How You Discern the Past ............................................................................................. 190 Examples ...................................................................................................................................... 193 How You Discern the Future ....................................................................................... 195 Questions & Answers 6................................................................................ 197 Talk 7 How You Develop the Insight-Knowledges to See Nibbna............................ 217 Introduction ......................................................................

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