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Eastern Woodland Eastern Woodland Indians Tribes Indians Tribes

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  • Eastern Woodland Indians Tribes

  • Tribes The group of Native American known as the Woodland Indians is made up of several tribes. These are some of the major tribes.

    DelawareWampanoag HuronNarragansetPowhatan IroquoisMohawk Oneida Onondaga Cayuga Seneca Tuscarora

  • Location These tribes lived east of the Plains in the forest areas along the eastern part of the United States. They lived there long before the Europeans came to this continent. The people of these tribes found everything they needed to live in the forest.

  • Map of the area the Eastern Woodland Indians lived.

  • Clothing Their clothing was made mostly from hides of animals. In the winter, the men and women wore shirts/skirts, leggings, and moccasins made of buckskin. Buckskin is clothing made from the skins of animals, mainly deer.

  • This is a picture of the traditional dress of men in many of the Eastern Woodland tribes.

  • Dyed quills decorated moccasins in red, blue and violet. These are Seneca quilled moccasins

  • Wampum

    Wampum belts and necklaces were made from wampum beads. These beads were actually white and purple shells. Wampum was used as money between white man and Indians. Wampum belts were used as a form of communication between Indian tribes.

  • Wampum BeadsThe white beads are made from the inner spiral of the channeled whelk shell

  • These are some of the types of shells used in the wampum belts created from around 200 AD to colonial times.

  • The Great Chain, or Covenant Belt, is generally thought to be a belt presented by the U.S. government to the Iroquois in 1794 at the Pickering Treaty at Canandaigua, N.Y. Adapted from The Native Americans. Edited by B. & I. Ballantine. 1993 This is a sample of a wampum belt.

  • How to make dyes The Eastern Woodland Indians used many plants to create dyes to dye fibers, quills/blankets, and other items used to decorate their clothing and household goods.

  • Food Many of the Eastern Woodland tribes hunted small game such as deer, rabbit, and bear. Berries, nuts, and wild plants were also used for food. Since their villages were usually near the ocean, streams, or lakes, they also fished using spears and nets.

  • Food Corn, beans, and squash were the most important crops planted. They were known as The Three Sisters as they were also grown together. Many of these tribes were considered to be excellent farmers.

  • ShelterThe Iroquois Indians lived in wigwams and longhouses.

  • Wigwams were made by bending young trees to form the round shape of the home. Over this shape pieces of tree bark were overlapped to protect the Indians from bad weather.

  • Longhouses were long rectangular homes. Longhouses were made by building a frame from young trees.

  • Tools Snowshoes made winter hunting easier for the Iroquois. They traveled up to 50 miles a day wearing the snowshoes in deep snow.

  • Tools An axe was created from stones to help with carving, splitting, or chipping wood and stone into the needed items.

  • ToolsArrow points and spear points were carved from flint stone and attached to the shaft for arrows or spears as needed by the men using them.

  • Tools The antler was used for flaking secondary chips and notching the points when making arrowheads and spearheads

  • These clay beads were found at Matts Landing near Port Elizabeth on the Maurice River in South New Jersey

  • The copper beads were found near Beasleys Point during the excavation for a housing development. Deposits of copper have been found in northern New Jersey.

  • This clay pipe was found intact on the Riggins Farm in New Jersey.

  • Pots were made using clay coils, etched with sticks and other things, and fired in coals.

  • Tools The men created dugout canoes from tree logs. They used carving and wood burning to create the canoes.

  • Special Groups in the Tribe The False Face Society was a group of medicine men who wore frightening masks made of wood. They were thought to posses special powers when they put on their masks.

  • Sometimes the Indians wore corn husks masks or painted their faces to frighten away the evil spirits.

  • Bibliographyhttp://www.co.cumberland.nj.us/facts/history/unalachtigo/unalachtigo.html , April 25,2004

    http://www.reacheverychild.com/feature/native.html , April 26,2004

    http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports1/iroquois2.htm#tools , April 26, 2004

    http://www.nativetech.org/scenes/ April 26, 2004

    http://www.picadome.fcps.net/lab/currl/nativeam/primary.htm April 26, 2004

    http://www.germantown.k12.il.us/html/woodland2.html April 26, 2004

    http://www.nativetech.org/wampum/wamphist.htm April 26, 2004

    http://jamaica.u.arizona.edu/ic/kmartin/School/iroqcloth.htm April 26, 2004